Prescott learnt what there was to learn of cause of these attacks, no one could her niece's extraordinary conduct. All soothe and manage her like her niece. of this she had to keep to herself; for, Her son pitied her from his heart, but, after a burst of outraged love and trust, not one whit understanding the reason of on the receipt of a few lines from Kath- what, to his mind, was her causeless deerine in defence of a step which she said pression, he generally attempted to rouse he would one day understand and pardon, her when she needed sympathy, and to Sir Stephen would never hear her name sympathize with her when she only wanted mentioned. He began at once to make to be assured and rallied. Until her suppreparations for a lengthened tour, and, port failed her, Mrs. Prescott never knew as soon as was possible after the an- how entirely she had leaned upon Kathernouncement of the marriage, he was on ine. No one else understood her, no one his way ; leaving poor Mrs. Prescott soli- else was a companion to her: and when tary and heart-broken, to brood over her mutual acquaintances would speak of her shattered hopes. Many a bitter tear did niece's altered appearance, – how she she shed over Katherine's letters, which avoided all society, looked pale, and worn she had given a promise to her son she by the devoted attention she paid to her would not answer. Eagerly did she catch sick husband, whose side she seldom left, at every straw of gossip relating to the — Mrs. Prescott's heart would ache for strangely matched couple ; how that it the girl's sufferings, and she would long was impossible for Mr. Labouchere to to take her in her arms, and seek comfort live a year ; that his wealth was enor- for both in their mutual bond of sorrow. mous ; and that Mrs. Dormer (who had Well she knew that, though Katherine no managed the whole business) said every longer wrote to her, her love was in no thing was left solely to her granddaughter, way diminished. Each birthday or recurwho she did not hesitate to add, would in rent period of home festivity, some simple all human probability soon be free. Free ! | gift would arrive, with no word or donor's and if so? would Stephen ever forgive name, but showing how fondly the her? And Mrs. Prescott, remembering heart of the absent one still clung to the fierce words her son had spoken, the the old memories. These little tokens bitter accusations he had brought against Mrs. Prescott hoarded and treasured, Katherine, shuddered as hope was swal- often wondering, as she fondly handled lowed up by fear. In a letter written the them, if the old hopes, now growing dim, night before her marriage Katherine had would ever be realized. Nearly five years said

had passed away, and Mr. Labouchere "It is to save our hopes from total still lived — kept alive, it was said, by the wreck that I make a sacrifice, which you unwearied care of his young wife. He at least will comprehend, for you have had never dared to leave Italy, but moved often told me all that you have suffered from one invalid resort to another, acfor Stephen's sake ; and surely it is cording to the change of season and temworth giving up a few years of my life to perature. know that our ambition is attained, and Old Mrs. Dormer had not lived to see our aim accomplished ; for I can make a Katharine sole possessor of the fortune will to-morrow leaving to whom I please she had procured for her. When she the reversion of the money which will died, she left her all she had to leave ; so virtually then become mine, aunt. If Ste- that not a few spoke of the wonderful phen will not see this, if he is bitter and catch Mrs. Labouchere would one day be, misjudges me, entreat, plead for me, re- and rather hinted that Sir Stephen would membering that you have taught me that not remain long abroad after he heard for those we love we can endure · all that she was a widow. things."

And at length the long-looked-for event Yes, that was true. What had not she, came to pass, and Katherine, with her his mother, endured for his sake — a dead husband's body, returned rich and burden which had robbed her of peace, free to the country which, nearly six years health, and all internal comfort ; a sorrow, before, she had left an affianced bride, repentance for which, in all save repara- | poor in all save the lowe she had seemtion, was complete ?

| ingly set small store upon. Under the shelter of delicate health and "Forgive me, Stephen, if I have been over-strained nerves, Mrs. Prescott bid weak,” wrote Mrs. Prescott some two the storms of agonized fear and remorse months after her niece's arrival ; “but which every now and then would sweep when I learned that Katherine was in over her. Though quite innocent of the London, sorrowful and lonely like myself,

with health gone and spirits broken, Ilmore weight with Stephen than a volume could not refuse her entreaties to see me.” spoken by any one else. Dear fellow,

Sir Stephen's answer was that, if, see- how I long to see him! It seems hard ing his cousin afforded his mother any that you should go, Katey." pleasure, he should be sorry to think any “But it is best, aunt, and I know you misgivings on his account would prevent will do better for me than I could do for her from gratifying her desire. Further, myself. I feel I cannot know any real he begged that she would entirely follow happiness until Stephen is reconciled to her own wishes, and if she desired to re- me, and we are friends again." new her old terms of intimacy with her. For thus the two, woman-like, fenced niece, he should be the last to place any with the word, and though they each knew barrier between them.

the other's meaning, no warmer name Gradually therefore, and by slow de- than friendship had ever been given to grees, Mrs. Prescott and Katherine saw the tie sought to be renewed between the more and more of each other. At first cousins. Stephen's name was hardly mentioned ; ! From this time until her son's arrival but as their conversations grew more Mrs. Prescott's whole mind was enlengthy and confidential, reserve was grossed by the one object of effecting a thrown aside, and they combined their reconciliation. Not a moment of the day energies to bring back the heart-broken but she was going through imaginary lover, as they both secretly pictured him. scenes in which she delicately, and seemSo in each letter Mrs. Prescott wrote to singly unconsciously, led round to Kathher son, increased mention was made of erine's name. This diplomatic opening Katherine ; and because, though he did well received, she proceeded to imagine not answer, he did not forbid these re- what she should say, what he would say, marks, much hope was indulged in that the answers she should make, the arguall might yet go well.

· ments she should use, until she had the Mrs. Labouchere's first year of widow-crowning happiness to know that her hood was over, before Sir Stephen an-point was gained, and Stephen and Kathnounced to his mother that he was on his erine brought face to face. way to England and home.

Indeed so much time did she spend in “I shall go to Scotland at once,” Kath- arranging and perfecting her plans, that erine said, as soon as their delight at the she felt quite vexed when Stephen, on the welcome intelligence had somewhat sub- evening of his arrival, during their aftersided. “It will be best for us not to meet dinner chat, said, in the most easy manuntil you find out how he feels towards ner and unemotional tone of voice

“ And so you have seen a great deal of “I fear," said Mrs. Prescott, “ that we Katherine lately. How is she, and how must be prepared for coldness at first-is she looking ? and bitterness, too, Katherine. Stephen's Was it possible ? Had she heard love for you was of no common kind, and aright ? She could scarce stammer out he has always been unreasonable about her confused answers. The tables were money. Oh! what a time that was !” she indeed turned. It was she who was to exclaimed, clasping her hands, as if in have been calm, and he ill at ease and thankfulness for its being over. “I often agitated, and when he went on to make wonder that I am alive after all I have further inquiries about her plans, her

gone through:— you lost to us ; Stephen house, her fortune, Mrs. Prescott was en· mad, reckless, not caring what became of tirely puzzled and completely perplexed.

anything. Why, each time he has come “Perhaps you have no objection to back, I have had to plead for keeping meet her?" she asked timidly. Pamphillon as if I was begging for a life.” “I! not the least; I expected to find

“Forget it now, dear aunt; you have her in town, perhaps here." forgiven me ?”.

L “ Certainly," reflected Mrs. Prescott, "Entirely; - a temptation of that kind “ Stephen is peculiar.” And she decided is so terrible. But Stephen will never that it was quite impossible to know bow understand it. Men forget that love to deal with men, who she began to think makes women weak and prone to act had very little sensitiveness in their nafrom impulse. In some things Stephentures. is very hard."

1 “I only thought," she said, nettled by “Will he ever forgive me, aunt?” This coolness, “that after what has passed,

“ Oh ! love changes a man's whole na- you might still feel unwilling to meet ture, and your slightest word had always her."


"What, bear malice all my life ?” he/she elected, should now own the beauty said, stretching himself into a more com- he had so often praised ? fortable position, “because once upon a Yes, she had wonderfully recovered time she preferred a rich old gentleman her good looks; her eyes were no longer to a spooney boy? On the contrary, I surrounded by dark rims ; her cheeks have lived to applaud her for such an un- were fast regaining their roundness; and commonly sensible decision, which has her fair pale complexion had once more tended to enlarge my views considerably. the hue of health, which for a long time In love, those who are first cured are best seemed gone for ever. cured."

“Oh! that time !” the shadow of it “My dear boy, pray don't lay down passing across her memory caused a those horrid maxims as any rule of life," shudder to run through her, and she said Mrs. Prescott, regarding her son turned away and sat down again to her with a troubled gaze ; “I am sure they letter, lingering over, and dwelling upon only tend to shake one's faith in every- every sentence which related to Stephen thing and every person."

and herself. Sir Stephen laughed.

“Rich, handsome, and free," not a few “ Don't be alarmed, my dear mother," mouths watered over the good gifts forhe said. “My doctrines are most sound, tune had so liberally lavished upon Kathand my faith unshaken. All I want you erine Labouchere ; and thought, that if to understand is this, that, as long as it any one in the world was to be envied, it affords you pleasure to receive your niece, was the woman thus happily situated. it will give me 10 uneasiness to meet Katherine herself perfectly concurred her.”

that the position she held was most desirMrs. Prescott kissed him as she thanked able, and yet she wondered, whether to him, but she could not recover from her obtain this heaven of worldly good, many, disappointment. Reflecting, after they knowing all, would consent to pass had parted, on what he had said, she felt through the purgatory by which she had that her son had very much altered dur-attained it. ing these past six years. Each time he Influenced greatly by all she had heard had returned to her she had noticed a from her aunt, it was Katherine's earliest change, but now all the slight alterations dream of ambition to become the means had seemingly culminated in producing a of restoring the decayed splendour of man who thoroughly differed from the Pamphillon. Many a long hour had she ardent, impassioned lover Katherine beguiled in weaving a tangle of schemes Douglas had ruled and slighted. From a and plans by which this purpose was to natural love of home, and the constant be effected. Her aunt was to do this, companionship of the two in whom all Stephen was to become that, various peohis affections were centred, Sir Stephen ple were to lead up to the end by various had formerly seen but very little of the ways ; but she was the showman who world, and so had retained a boyish held the puppet wires ; she piped, while freshness which his lady-love did not they but danced to her music. Of course always appreciate. But these six years of Stephen would marry her, about fiat she absence and constant change now told in never entertained a doubt; and when the his altered bearing, and Mrs. Prescott time came, and he told her of a love difsaw but a fresh cause for fear lest Kath-ferent from aught he had ever felt, called erine should disapprove of the change, into being and fresh-born for her alone, and her regard diminish in consequence. she cheated herself and him into the beShe betrayed, however, none of her anxi- lief that she shared the feeling, instead of ety in the letter which she at once des- regarding it primarily as an essential to patched to Mrs. Labouchere. After giv- the scheme she was resolved to carry out. ing a minute account of his arrival, his Not but that Katherine had more love for looks, and what he had said and done, Stephen than her self-imposed restraints she went on

permitted her to indulge in; but hers was “ And suddenly he spoke of you, ask- a nature to undervalue all that she was ing me how you were, if you were at thoroughly secure of ; and, believing that home, and how you were looking ?” Stephen's love could never be shaken,

And with the triumphant smile which she became indifferent, and made her the reading of these words produced on own plans and wishes the sole guide of her face, what wonder that Katherine her actions. Her marriage with Mr. L1Labouchere was satisfied with the answer bouchere was mainly brought about by her presence would give the man, who, 'Mrs. Dormer's influence. It was throwing away the gifts of Providence, she “ Katherine, I have left everything to said, for a portionless girl to give up a you. In spite of what I used to say to fortune which the man, who could not urge you to a marriage which I foresaw carry it to his grave, was imploring her to would turn out happily, I never meant accept. Every one knew that Mr. La- that any but you should ever possess a bouchere was suffering from a mortal farthing of my money — " her misery complaint ; every doctor he had consult- seemed greater than she could bear, and, ed agreed that nothing could keep him hiding her face in her hands, she cried alive beyond a few years. He was not out that fate had dealt very hardly with ignorant of all this himself, and indeed her. had freely spoken to Katherine on the But why recall these clouds now, when subject.

all their darkness has passed, and only And then the old temptress drew cun- the silver lining remains in the shape of ningly devised pictures to the girl of her- wealth and hopes which make life again self, possessed of a large fortune and look rosy and smiling? able to marry whom she pleased. She Mrs. Prescott's letter concluded by constantly intimidated her by saying, that begging that her niece would not delay if she set so little value upon money, she her return to London, and that immediwould take care that hers should be left ately after her arrival she would come to to some one with more sense ; until, har- her; and as this was the very thing Mrs. assed by the dread of losing all on the Labouchere longed to do, the next week one hand, and, on the other, buoyed up saw her back again in town and driving by the idea that there was something towards her aunt's house. grand in sacrificing herself for the man she loved, Katherine gave a sudden consent, and, when all was over, she began gradually to realize that, to a woman not unprincipled or hardened enough to calm

From The Contemporary Review. ly wait for the end, which Mr. Labou-ON THE HEREDITARY TRANSMISSION OF chere's fits of illness seemed to con ACQUIRED PSYCHICAL HABITS.* stantly threaten, her true position was by ' PROCEEDING now to inquire how far no means an enviable one.

the Physiological principles developed in At cach attack Katherine, knowing how the previous paper * are applicable to the greatly in her secret heart she desired case of Man, we at once encounter a the sufferer's death, was seized with mis- series of difficulties arising out of the folgivings, grew anxious and nervous, and lowing considerations : -(1) The Human was tormented by gnawings of con- Infant comes into the world in a far less science. To still these reproaches she advanced state, as compared with that would devote herself to her husband by which he is ultimately to attain, than the day and night; calling in every available young of most of the higher Vertebrata ; aid, consulting each authority, carrying (2), his Congenital Instincts are inuck out the most minute suggestions, until more limited in their range, sufficing only those around her marvelled at an anxiety, to enable him to take advantage of the which was so evidently unfeigned, as to food and nurture that are provided for leave no doubt that aught but love could him by others, and not enabling him in call it forth.

any degree to take care of himself; (3), In addition to her self-inflicted tor- the development of his Intelligence is ments, she had to listen to Mr. Labou- relatively very slow, and is obviously chere's praises, and accept his thanks guided in a great degree by the Experiand blessings, every word of which ence of the Individual ; and (4), in ultiseemed to humiliate and stab her. And mately attaining a much higher elevation when, to the wonder of all about him, the than can be even approached by the highinvalid would begin to rally again, then est among the lower Animals, the Human Katherine's strength seemed to fail, her Intelligence has the benefit of the spirits began to droop, and hope would accumulations of Knowledge and Wisdom sicken and die out while contemplating made by all previous generations ; so that visions as far out of reach as ever. It the improvement which is the result of was a terrible life of struggle, although increased capacity for thinking, is not she hid the conflict from all who saw her. easily separated from that which proceeds But when Mrs. Dormer, feeling death from increase of acquired knowledge. drawing near, called her to her bedside and said —

* See Living Age, No. 1498.

Compare the Infant“ mewling and puk-nity of making in my earlier life, in reing in the nurse's arms ” with the Chick, gard to the visual perceptions of older which makes its own way out of its shell children, born blind, who had acquired by chipping it round in a circle at some sight by operation, — that the Distancedistance from the large end, and speedily judging and Muscle-regulating power is gets upon its legs and runs about, pecking acquired in the Human infant by the genwithin a few hours, at insects or other eralization (which I believe to be for the small objects; or with the Lamb, which, most part unconsciously made) of the exwithin a few minutes of its birth, seems to periences it gains in the first twelve or find itself quite at home in its new dwell-eighteen months of its life. Mr. Spalding-place, moving from place to place with ing's deduction from the exactness with freedom and activity, and in a manner which his unhooded Chicks followed the which clearly indicates that it possesses movements of crawling insects, and the complete control over its Muscles, and is precision with which they pecked at them, guided in the use of them by its Visual — that “their behaviour was conclusive and other Senses. It is true that Kittens against the theory that the perceptions of and Puppies are relatively less advanced ; distance and direction by the eye are the being in respect of power to use their results of experience, of associations eyes, even behind the Human infant. formed in the history of each individual But this power they come to possess in a life," – is, I doubt not, perfectly sound few days, and their progress both in Sen- as regards the Chick; but it will not bear sorial and in Muscular activity is thence-extension to Man. forth very rapid, so that they soon be- l I entirely agree with Mr. Spalding (see come capable of in a great degree taking “Nature,” Feb. 20, p. 300) that the abcare of themselves; a week or two suf- sence of this faculty in the new-born Inficing to bring them up to a stage corre- fant might be fairly ascribed, if we had sponding to that which is only reached by no evidence to the contrary, to its backthe Human infant between the first and ward general development; and that the second year.

Infant's evident possession of it when it Nothing, as it seems to me, can be a comes to walk alone, might be simply a greater mistake, than for the Pyscholo- result of the evolution of its faculties, gist to build up any argument as to the without any dependence upon individual congenital or the acquired nature of Hu- experience. But there is evidence to the man Instincts, - especially such as de- contrary. Having been introduced into pend on Visual Perception, and the regu- the Medical profession by an eminent lation of Muscular Movements thereby, Surgeon of Bristol (the late Mr. J. B. - on the basis of observation or experi- Estlin), who had a large Ophthalmic pracment on the lower Animals. The ques- tice in the West of England and South tion is one to be determined entirely by Wales, I had the opportunity of seeing observation and experiment on the Hu- many cases of congenital Cataract cured man infant; for we have no more reason by operation; the condition of these to affirm à priori, that, because a Chick children being exactly parallel in respect can do so, a Human infant can judge of of Vision to that of Mr. Spalding's hoodthe directions and distances of objects, ed chicks. Generally speaking, the opso as to be able to regulate its motions eration was performed within the first accordingly, than we have to say that be-twelve months; but I distinctly rememcause a Lamb can get upon its legs and ber two cases, in one of which the subrun about, an Infant can do the same if it ject was a remarkably sturdy little fellow would only try. The experiments re-of three years old, whilst the other was a cently made by Mr. Spalding,* afford alad of nine. In the latter case, however, very complete and interesting confirma- there had been more visual power before tion of what was previously known as a the operation, than in the former ; and I fact of observation, as to the congenital therefore present the well-remembered possession of this power by Birds. But, case of Jemmy Morgan as the basis of on the other hand, I do not hesitate to my assertion, that the acquirement of the affirm, as the result of observations, ad power of visually guiding the muscular hoc, prolonged through the infancy of five movements is experiential in the case of successive children, — and also on the the Human infant. basis of observations which (as I shall Jemmy had most assuredly come to presently state) I had often the opportu-that stage of his development, which

would justify the expectation that if he • Macmillan's Magazine" for February, 1873. had his Sight, he would at once use it for LIVING AGE, VOL. II. 68

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