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ness not often met with in his speeches. He said, has said, speaking of Mr. Sheil's personal appearas a climax to his anticipations of good, that when ance, these reforms should have been effected, 6 the “Small in stature and make, like so many men bloated paunch of the unwieldy rector would no of genius, he bears the marks of a delicate organilonger heave in holy magnitude beside the shrink- zation. The defects of a figure not dispropor. ing abdomen of the starving and miserably prolific tioned, and yet not strictly symmetrical, are overcurate."
looked in the play of the all-informing mind, Sometimes his sarcasm on individuals is really which keeps the frame and limbs in rapid and harsearing, sometimes playfully severe. We remem- monious motion when in action. The body, though ber one amusing instance of the latter. One day, so small in itself, is surmounted by a head which at the Catholic Association, a volunteer patriot lends it dignity-a head, though proportionately a Mr. Addis, we believe-came forward and made small in size, yet so full of intellectual developa very strong speech, more remarkable for enthu- ment, so wide-browed, that, while it seems large siasm than prudence, in which he offered, if neces- in itself, it raises the apparent stature of the wiry sary, to lay his head on the block in the cause of frame on which it rests. The forehead is broad Ireland. His address was rather a dangerous one and prominent, but, at first sight, it rather contrato those whom he professed to serve, as the crown dicts the usual development of the intellectual ; lawyers were at that time more than usually on though really deep and high, it seems to overhang the alert. Mr. Sheil desired publicly to counter- the brow. Under it gleams an eye, piercing and act the possible mischief. He rose, and, with his restless even in the repose of the mind, but indepeculiar sarcastic emphasis, observed, “ The hon- scribably bright and deep-meaning when excited. orable gentleman has just made us an oblation of The mouth, small, sharp—the lips chiselled fine, his head; he has accompanied his offer with till, under the influence of passion, they are almost abundant evidence of the value of the sacrifice.” transparent like a shell-is a quick ally in giving Columns of abuse from Mr. O'Connell would not point and meaning to the subtlest ideas of the have proved half so effectual as this quiet rebuke. ever-active brain ; apt in its keen-like expression,
Bat we must draw these observations to a close. alike of the withering sarcasm, the delicate irony, The characteristics and defects of his speeches or the overwhelining burst of sincere and passionhave been more dwelt upon, because his eccentrici- ate vehemence. The features generally are small, ties of delivery have been frequently and power-but, under the influence of ennobling emotion, they fully described. There is a striking correspond- seem to expand, until, at times, they look grand, ence between his personal peculiarities and the almost heroic. Yet when the baser passions leading features of his speeches. He is unique as obtain the mastery over this child of impulse-as an orator. There is a harmony between the outer they will sometimes over the best in the heat of and inner man which you do not find in others- party warfare—these features, so capable of giving for instance, in Mr. Macaulay. Having read his expression to all that elevates our moral and intelspeeches, if you see him, you are not surprised to lectual nature, become contracted, the paleness of find that it was from him that they proceeded. concentrated passion overspreads them. Instead Small in stature, delicately formed, with a strongly of the eloquent earnestness of high-wrought feelmarked countenance full of expression, he looks ing, you see (but this is rare, indeed) the gloating the man of genius, and betrays in every motion hue of suppressed rage, the tremulous restraint of that impolsive temperament on which excitement cautious spite. In place of the dilated eye, and acts like a whirlwind. He seems “ of imagination features flushed with noble elevation of soul, or all compact." You see the body, but you think conscious pride of intellectual power, you have a of the mind. It is embodied passion, thought, keen, piercing, adder-like glance, withering, fasfancy; not mere organized matter. "Look! what cinating, but no longer beautiful. Yet the intelcomes here?-a grave unto a soul, holding the lect, though for a time the slave of passion, is the Eternal Spirit against its will !" you are tempted intellect still." to exclaim with the poet who of all others could His peculiar style of eloquence, his rapidity of have appreciated such rare products of nature's utterance, variety and impressiveness of action, love-labor, such unusual blendings of the spiritual and harmonious tones of voice, now deep and and the material. Yet there is nothing of the richly melodious in the expression of solemn emobeautiful in a physical sense, little of that personal tion, now loud and piercing in the excitement of perfection or refinement which made a Byron or a passion, almost defy description. Imagine all the Shelley so loved or worshipped by their intimates. beauties of Kean's performance of Othello crowded The charm of Mr. Sheil's appearance consists in into half an hour's highly sustained eloquence, and the striking and powerful development of intel- you have some tangible idea of what is the effect. lect; in the quick reflex of thought in the fea- | While the impulse is upon him he seems as if postures; the mobility of body, the firm grasp, as it sessed, his nature is stirred to its very depths, the were, which is taken by the mind of the corporeal fountains of his soul pour forth unceasingly the frame, making it the ready and obedient slave of living waters. His head glows like a ball of fire, its slightest and most sudden will. Thoroughly the soul struggles through every outlet of expresmasculine in moral strength, in the intensity of sion. His arms, now raised aloft, as if in imprecahis feelings, and the strong power with which he tion, are, in a moment, extended downwards, as impresses them on others, Mr. Shiel has also all if in supplication, the clenched fingers clasped like the feminity which we attach to our idea of the those of one in strong agony. Anon, and the small, poetical temperament, though it shows itself not in thin, delicate wiry hand is stretched forth, the face personal delicacy or symmetry so much as in a assumes an expression the very ideal of the sarcassopreme and serene control over the body by the tic, and the finger of scorn is pointed towards the spirit. There is more of Edmund Kean than of object of attack. A thousand varying expressions, Shelley in this transparency of the corporeal man each powerful and all beautiful, are crowded into to the intellectual light within. A writer, who the brief time during which his excitement (which, would seem to be well acquainted with his subject, I like that of actors, though prepared, is genuine while it lasts) hurries him on to pour forth his slightly literal and feeble. His composition has a whole soul in language of such elegance and singular mixture of the simplicity of the old divines force.
with the peculiarity of the modern Methodist tract, Mr. Sheil occupies a position different from that and something of that original unkempt character of most of his countrymen in parliament. The which people acquire in solitude, and which gave Irish member who most approaches him in intel-such individual raciness to the men of the middle lectual qualities, though not in actual eloquence, ages, and even to our grandfathers. His weakis Mr. Wyse. Like Mr. Wyse, he has associated ness and peculiarities, however, impart interest to himself with the wbig party, who chose him to be the book, as they present a truer view of the com one of their ministers when they desired to frater- mon life of the country, and of course homelier nize with the Irish Catholics, because he was at information, than if a more judging eye had once talented, moderate, and respectable. For selected the subjects and a more skilful pen prejoining them, he has been made the subject of sented them. They are also foll of suggestions virulent abuse by the extreme party in Ireland : and intimations. In the superstitions of the people but he has too much steadiness of purpose and respecting haunted houses, supernatural warnings, good sense to be much affected by it. His position unearthly horsemen riding by night, and other in the house is well earned, not merely by his elo- sounds as mysterious, we have a picture of " old quence, but also by the general amenity of his dis- England" such as it was before rapid locomotion position, whether as a politician or a private indi- had banished the belief of the invisible world, or vidual. Were all the Irish members like Mr. at least the avowal of it, save in those out-of-theSheil, the Irish question might be speedily and way places which modern improvements have not satisfactorily settled.
reached. More striking still is the manner in which it enables us to read and realize many
things in the olden time : we transport ourselves From the Spectator.
" beyond the ignorant present." Mechanical and MEMOIRS OF A CHURCH OF ENGLAND MIS- material facilities have induced in this country a SIONARY IN THE NORTH AMERICAN COLO
division of labor and a fastidious refinement which
attach fully enough if not too much to conventional NIES.
and external forms. We are so accustomed to a MR. MUSGRAVE, whose colonial life as a clergy. " professional gentleman," much more a clergyman is narrated in this volume, was, by dint of man, not soiling his hands by doing anything use books on geography, early smitten with “roman-ful, that when we read of ancient enactments tic ideas concerning America ;' and it was his against divines frequenting public-houses or keep boyish determination to settle in what he then ing them, or pursuing any secular occupation for thought an earthly Paradise. This idea passed gain, no effort of the mind can reconcile us to the away ; but in very early manhood “a circum- idea ; and much the same might be said of the stance occurred, involving in its consequences so farming parson, not yet entirely extinct. In the much of sorrow and misery as led him to form a Memoirs before us, we are led to see the absolute more true and correct estimate of the comparative necessity of many of these things in the outset value of the things of heaven and earth than he (however improper or corrupt they might fina'y had ever done before.” He studied for the become ;) and that in a poor country, where church; took orders ; passed some time as a hard- money is scarce and population thin and scattered, working curate in a large town ; and in the year the clergyman cannot receive a money salary, bu 18- was appointed a missionary for a township in must derive his subsistence to a great extent from une of our North American Colonies, (which his own exertions. Where tradesmen of any kind seems to have been Canada,) by the Society for are rare and there are no capitalists, he must work the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Paris. himself, or overlook the workmen he hires ; ride
The Memoirs contain an account of his life and like a post-boy or a jockey, and indeed harder, in experiences, from his first arrival in the colony, full the mere fullment of his duties; and put up with of the hope and buoyancy of youth, till he has any accommodation that may offer. No doubt, the reached mature age, somewhat broken by toil, forms of things are different. In Canada there are narrowed circumstances, and domestic afflictions. no tithes, which the Romish Church in Europe The topics of his pen are-the character of his managed to exact at a very early period ; on the parish duties and of his parishioners; the troubles other hand, a money salary, though insufficient, in he had in raising money to build churches, and in paid to the missionaries ; and the knowledge even contending with sectarians ; various incidents of a of the most ignorant settler is very different from singular, or, as Mr. Musgrave is inclined to think, I popular opinion in the dark ages. The picture of of a “providential" kind, occurring among the a clergyman's life in Canada also suggests the rough and simple people by whom a district is first advantage of celibacy to a missionary: as his broken up; with accounts of occasional conver- labors indicate that monasteries in the first case had sions among his flock. The more biographical a real utility. Independently of the obvious ad subjects involve his own adventures on various vantage of dividing labor according to the aptitude uccasions when travelling about the country, the of men's natures, transferring the coarser business personal difficulties he experienced in household to the coarser mind, and reserving the religious affairs, from the peculiar position of a clergyman duties and the scholarly pursuits to the better and and the backward state of the district ; together more refined character, one man was really insufwith some domestic incidents-his marriage, the ficient for the duties of a large district. To tlm deaths of children, &c.; and a sketch of the cam. Protestant church this separation cannot well take paign against the rebels, when he turned out, on place; and in new or poor countries a divine must armed, at the head of his armed parishioners, who become something like a jack-of-all-trades-with rose en masse.
no great advantage, we suspect, to his intellect or With a slight touch of provincial fine writing, his delicacy. the narrative of Mr. Musgrave is very real, but! These opinions will be best tested by a peramal of the book : the proper extracts to support them | tions on my trunks, and questioning not only my fully would occupy more space than we can spare; servant but myself also, my name and purpose had bat here is one.
been successfully made out before I had been an
hour in their company. I was far from being A CLERGYMAN'S DUTY IN A COLONY.
sorry for this, as I received from them the most * On one occasion I was called upon one Satur- marked and flattering attentions. * * day morning, I well remember it yet, to marry al “I thought at first, that, as far as good society couple at a settlement fifteen miles off. I started was concerned, I had fallen on my feet :' but, very early, and got back about five o'clock in the alas! my judge turned out to be a petty shopevening, weary and almost worn out, more by the keeper, a doler out of drams to the drunken raftsexcessive heat than by the length of the journey ; men; the magistrate, an old rebel soldier of the and was very thankful to return to my comfortable United States, living upon a pension of 201. a year home. But on giving my horse, which was about from that government as the reward of his treason, as tired as myself, to my servant, I was informed and at the same time holding a commission of the that a man was waiting for me, and had been for peace under the one against which he had success. several hours, to go with him twenty-five miles to fully fought. The colonel, the most respectable see his wife, who was thought to be at the very of my dignified companjons, had been a sergeant point of death. I directed my servant to give the in the regiment, and was now living upon his man his dinner, and got my own; and then imme- pension of a shilling a day; and to complete my diately set off with him on a fresh horse, and catalogue, the major was the jolly landlord of a arrived at my journey's end about ten o'clock at paltry village-tavern." night. I found the poor woman very ill, worse indeed than she had been represented to be. I sat
COLONIAL POVERTY. op and talked and prayed with her, or read to her, "The people belonging to the church, although all four o'clock in the morning; when her happy more numerous than those of any other single despirit ascended to Him who gave it.
nomination, were still very few : and the first time "I then threw myself on a sofa, which I found in I administered the holy sacrament of the Lord's an adjoining room, for an hour or two; and Supper, I had only nine communicants. They starting again for home, got there in time to we
me to were also very poor, as new settlers generally are ; take a hasty breakfast, and to dress for church, at and this was comparatively, with the exception of eleven.
the small village, a new settlement; and yet, "Morning service over, I rode nine miles to one
strange as it may appear to a dweller in the old of my oatposts, for evening service; and then country, they were all well off in the world. home once more.
They had all the necessaries and comforts of life "I was up early the next morning, in order to at their command, and even some of the luxuries : be off in time for the poor woman's funeral, which still they were poor, as far as the ability to pay was to be at ten o'clock, by my own appointment.
money was concerned ; they had it not, neither As I mounted my horse, my servant, a raw but could they obtain it without great exertions, and well-meaning Irish lad, said to me- An is 't off still greater sacrifices ; and nothing else would agin ye are? Sure an the horses 'll be kilt, if the build the church. Some of the work, it is true, waister bisself is n't.'
could be done by themselves ; and they willingly " I cannot help it, John,' I replied ; 'I must and freely did it."
** Well, well!' he rejoined ; . I never seen the likes o'this afore! But there's no rest for the The Annual Meeting of the members of the wicked, I see.'
London Library took place, some days since, at cast upon him a searching look, to ascertain their new mansion in St. James' square,-the whether his remark was to be imputed to imperti- Earl of Clarendon in the chair. It appeared. from nence : but the simple expression of commisera
the report, that this institution is fast progressing tion on his countenance at once convinced me that in public favor. The plan (which includes the he meant no harm.
lending of the best books in every language at the "I pushed on, for fear of being too late, to meet homes of the subscribers, and some of these the the funeral at the burial-ground, about three miles most rare editions of standard works and books of from the house of mourning. I was there far too the highest price, for the small annual subscripsoon, and had to wait several hours. There is an tion of 21. with an entrance fee of 61.,) has obtained onwillingness on such occasions to be punctual ; such success, that, independently of the presents arising, I am inclined to believe, from the fear of made by his royal highness Prince Albert and being guilty of an undue and disrespectful haste
others, there have been expended upwards of 'in bury their dead out of their sight.'
75001. in the purchase of books. The library "It was late in the evening when I got home;
already contains upwards of 10,000 volumes. and, what with the fatigue and the heat of the weather, and the want of rest, I was fairly worn AMONG the public works in Ireland about to be oat, and so ill as to be obliged to keep my room immediately commenced, for the purpose of fur. for three days."
nishing labor to the poor, we observe that preparaCURIOSITY AND GOOD COMPANY.
tions are making for the erection of the new col
lege in Galway, on the site selected, and approved "I had for fellow passengers a country judge by the Board of Works. The design is described of the Court of Requests, a magistrate, and a as being that of a splendid edifice of the architeccolonel and major of militia, all belonging to and tural style of Henry the Eighth's time-well residing in my intended mission. Through the adapted to the accidental resources of the locality, indefatigable exertions of some or all of these titled which abounds in limestone of the very best gentry, in examining the partially-defaced direc- quality.
CXVI. LIVING AGE. VOL. X. 15
From Chambers' Journal. I us." Such were the fatal effects of a disease deJENNER AND VACCINATION.
scribed by Sir Matthew Hale, eren in those who
recovered, as “the very next degree to absolute No more fatal or formidable disease has ever rottenness, putrefaction, and death itself." scourged the human race than one-now happily The world was in this distressing condition when becoming the subject for history—the small-pox. a remedy at once mild, harmless, and effectual, Authoritative evidence has of late years been ad-first attracted the attention of Jenner, then a young duced to show that it existed in the Mosaic period, man pursuing his studies under a practitioner at and in China it has been known from the earliest Sodbury, in Gloucestershire ; where the subject ages. Most of the fearful plagues which from of small-pox being in the presence of a country time to time, on various portions of the earth's sur-girl who came for advice, she exclaimed, “I canface, have swept myriads into untimely graves, not take that disease, for I have had cow-pox." were no other than devastating visitations of this ! " This incident riveted the atlention of Jenner. dreaded disease ; and even pursuing its ordinary It was the first time that the popular notion, which course, it carried off one in fourteen of all that was not at all uncommon in the district, had been were born. In Ceylon, whenever it broke out, brought home to him with force und influence. entire villages were abandoned ; and in Thibet, on Most happily, the impression then made was never one occasion, the capital was deserted for three effaced. Young as he was, and insufficiently acwhole years. In the Russian empire, two millions quainted with any of the laws of physiology or paof human beings died of small-pox in twelve thology, he dwelt with deep interest on the commonths. Bernouilli calculated that fifteen millions munication which had been casually made to him fell victims to it every twenty-five years, taking by a peasant, and partly foresaw the vast consethe whole world, or six hundred thousand annu- quences involved in so remarkable a phenomeally, of which number not less than two hundred non."* Possessing much patience and firmness and ten thousand were estimated for Europe alone. of purpose, Jenner was willing to wait the fruition And to come down to more recent times, the read- of his ideas; and contenied himself 'at first with ers of Mr. Catlin's work on the Indians of North speaking of the prophylactic virtles of the cow-pox America will remember the terrible accounts of the among his friends, which he recommended them 10 destruction of whole tribes by this deadly malady. I investigate. But they treated it as an idle notion; Regarded as inevitable, it came also to be consid- and as he persisted in bringing it before them, they ered as irremediable, and the world submitted to threatened to expel him from their society, “if its ravages as a calamity of fate. In 1714, Dr. he continued to harass them with so unprofitable a Timoni of Constantinople published a work on the subject." His firmness of purpose came to his subject; and to the good sense, courage, and influ- aid; he persevered in his inquiries. It was conence of Lady M. W. Montagu, who caused her tinually urged, in reply to his assertions, The son to be inoculated in the Turkish capital by Mr. evidence is altogether so inconclusive and insatisMaitland, surgeon to the embassy, England is in- factory, that we put no value on it, and cannot debted for the counteracting practice. In 1722, think that it will lead to anything but uncertainty her daughter was inoculated in this country by the and disappointment." His opinions, in many insame gentleman; and the method was generally stances, met with abhorrence and contempt, and adopted until 1740, when it had fallen nearly into were treated with general indifference. disuse ; but favorable accounts coming from abroad, Jenner was fortunate in possessing the friendit was again reviveď; and, to propagate the saluta- ship of the celebrated John Hunter, under whom ry modification, the then Princess of Wales caused | he had studied in London, and to whom he comtwo of her daughters to be inoculated. The new municated his views. The reply of the great anatremedy, however, met with great opposition. omist supported and stimulated his courageSome denounced it as an attempt, " at once impi-" Don't think, but try; be patient, be accurate." ous and unavailing, to counteract the visitations of He knew how to wait. In 1975, his ideas and prosan all-wise Providence;" asserting that, in the pects began to assume a definite form : he foresaw case of adults who voluntarily submitted them- something of the great work before him. To one selves to it, the crime was that of suicide ; but in of his friends, to whom he had explained his theorespect to children, “it was horrid murder of the ry, he said, “I have intrusted a most important little unoffending innocents." It was anathema- matter to you, which I firmly believe will prove of tized from the pulpits as an invention of Satan, and essential benefit to the human race.” He vaccinits" abettors" as sorcerers and atheists. A cler-ated his own son on three different occasions. gyman of London, named Massey, declared that it Many years, however, elapsed before he had an was no new art, as Job had been inoculated by the opportunity of completing his experiments, in the devil.
course of which a formidable obstacle was encounOwing to the careless practice of the time, there tered: he found that cow-pox was not, in every was some show of right in the opposition. The case, an effectual preventative of the small-pox. infected were not kept separate from others; and This led him to discover the true from the spurias inoculation always produced the true disease in ous vaccine matter ; of which the former alone its usual infectious form, it became more widely produces any specific action on the constitution. disseminated, and the mortality frightfully in- | Though this disappointed, it did not discourage creased. In the year 1800, it broke out no less him. He investigated the facts, and arrived at than twenty times in the Channel fleet alone ; and last at the true explanation. He talked of it; the records of the Asylum for the Indigent Blind showed that three fourths of those relieved lost * In after-life, Jenner was accustomed to relate an antheir sight from small-pox. Its victims in Great ecdote of the days of Charles II. Some one telling the Britain amounted to forty-five thousand annually : beautiful Duchess of Cleveland that she would soon de. and the celebrated La Cóndamine, pleading for the plore the loss of her beauty from the effects of the smalladoption of a remedy in France, said, “ La petite
pox, then raging in London, she replied there was no
ground for fear, as in her own country she had undergone vérole nous décime''--" The small-pox decimates an attack of the cow-pox, which was a preservative.
wrote of it to his friends; and it was mentioned in the emperor and king," became “rude, and truly London in 1788 by medical professors in their lec- imperious,” in proportion as his arguments were tures.
confuted. We are informed that she knew no In 1798, he published the result of his observa- more of the real nature of con-pox than Master tions in a quarto of about seventy pages, * in which Selwin did of Greek.” Bui, said Jenner, writing he gave details of twenty-three cases of successful to a friend, “ 'Tis no use 10 shoot svans at an vaccination on individuals, to whom it wos alter- eagle. * * My friends must not desert me now: wards found to be impossible to comunicate the brick-bats and hostile weapons of every sort are small-pox either by contagion or inoculation. After fiying thick around me. * * My experiments weighing every sentence with the greatest care, it move on, but I have all to do single-handed." In was submitted to the judgment of his friends. The a subsequent letter to Ingenhousz, he explains, work is interspersed with remarks on the identity “ Ere I proceed, let me be permitted to observe of the matter in the cow, and in the heels of the that truth in this and every other physiological inhorse, when suffering from the disease known as quiry that has occupied my attention, has ever “ grease "t and concludes, “ Thus far have I pro- been the first object of my pursuit; and should it ceeded in an inquiry founded, as it must appear, appear, in the present instance, that I have been on the basis of an experiment in which, however, led into error, fond as I may appear of the offspring conjecture has been occasionally admitted, in order of my labors, I had rather see it perish at once, to present to persons well situated for such discus-than exist and do a public injury." sions objects for a more minute investigation. In Many eminent professional men now appeared the mean time, I shall myself continue in prosecute to favor bis views, while others received them with this inquiry, encouraged by the hope of its becom- derision and distrust. Somne doubted all the facts ing essentially beneficial to mankind." ' and reasons adduced in his “Inquiry ;'a second
The publication of this work, so modestly and party denied the merit of bringing forward a fact temperately written, immediately excited the great which had been long known in obscure places in est attention. In the same year the author had the country; a third affirmed that everything reoccasion to visit London, where, during his stay lating to it had yet to be discovered ; and a fourth, of nearly three months, he could not meet with a that the discoverer's opinions were worth nothing single person willing to come forward to test the —that he had originally obtained the vaccine virus experiment. Mr. Cline, however, afterwards tried from another practitioner; and, even admitting his the vaccine maller, and proved that, when it had reasons, the protective powers of the new remedy gone through the system, it was impossible to com- would be lost after the lapse of four years. The municate small-pox 10 the same person. Two declared enemies to the practice were less fatal to ladies, whose names are deserving of record-its success than its pretended friends : the latter Lady Ducie, and the Countess of Berkeley-broke had a professional status, which lent authority to through the prejudices of the day, and caused their their statements, that imposed on the unthinking children to be vaccinated. The countenance and part of the community. Experiments were made coöperation of the higher classes of London were at the Small-pox Hospital in London, which proved in great part secured by the instrumentality of Mr. most disastrous to the infant cause; as, from want Knight, inspector-general of military hospitals : of care, the true variolous matter, as Jenner exand it appeared that females were most conspicu- pressed it, was "contaminated" with small-pox, ous in the good work; arising, probably, from and differed in effect but very slightly from the their natural anxiety as mothers for the safety of (real disease. This drew upon him the indignation their offspring. Lady Peyton urged the profes- of the metropolitan practitioners: who, however, sional men in her neighborhood to adopt the prar- jas it was afterwards established, had been actually rice. In the following year the children of itel disseminating the tainted matter over many parts Duke of Clarence, then residing at Bushy, were of England and the continent. vaccinated ; and a feeling began to spread in favor In 1799, Dr. Woodville, a physician of London, of the protective remedy.
published a report throwing doubts on the real effiJenner watched for the realization of his hopes. cacy of vaccination, which tended to check the 'The happiness appeared to be his “ of removing, high expectations that had been formed of it. Anfrom among the list of human diseases, one of the other member of the medical profession, Dr. Pearmost mortal that ever scourged our race.” But son, lectured on the subject, and issued circulars, the opposition was browing, and first, after the offering to distribute the matter to all who applied; publication of his “ Inquiry," came that of Dr. thus constituting himself the chief promoter of the Ingenhooya name celebrated in medical and sci- new method, to the prejudice of the discoverer, to entific history. He was on a visit to Lord Lans- whom his nephew wrote, “ All your friends agree downe at his seat in Wiltshire, when, hearing of a that now is your time to establish your fame and forcase of small-pox in a man who had previously tune : but if you delay taking a personal active part caught the cow-pox while milking at a dairy, he any longer, the opportunity will be lost forever.” It wrote to Jenner, pointing out the mischief his doc- had been intimated to Jenner, that if he would settle trine would cause, “should it prove erroneous.” in London, he might command a practice of £10,000 Jenner replied temperately and conclusively; but per annum. He observes, in his reply, “ Shall I, his opponent, who signed himself “physician to who, even in the morning of my days, sought the
lowly and sequestered paths of life-the valley, * An Inquiry into the Causes and Elects of the Vari
and not the mountain-shall I, now my evening is ole Vaccine ia disease discovered in some of the west. (fast approaching, hold myself up as an object for ern countirs of England, particularly Gloucestershire, and fortune and for fame?” known hy the naine of the Cow-pox.
But the good cause continued to make progress. + It is now kuowa "that there are at least four animals Its authri, in a letter written to the Princess Lou--nuinely, the horse, the cow, the sheep, and the goat-lic
isa at Berlin, in December of the same year, states which are affected with a disorder cornmunicable to man, and capable of securing him froin what appears to be a that 5000 persons had then been vaccinated, and malignant form of the same disease."
a“ erwards exposed to the contagion of small-pox ;