perforated by a quill, for the admission forts and fall to the ground perhaps of air ; the insects seemed carefully twenty times in succession, yet, by unto avoid each other, retiring to opposite remitting perseverance, and the aid of şides of the bottle, which was placed reinforcement, they always succeeded. horizontally. By giving it a gradual A struggle of this description once inclination, the scorpion was forced in amused the officers for nearly half an contact with the spider, when a sharp bour : a large centipede entered the encounter took place, the latter receiving gun-room, surrouoded by an immense Tepeated stings from his venomous ad- concourse of ants; the deck for four versary, apparently without the least in- or five feet around was covered with jury, and with his web, soon lashed the them, his body and limbs were encrustscorpion's tail to his back, subsequently ed with his lilliputian enemies, and alsecuring his claws and legs with the though thousands were destroyed in his same materials. In this state I left efforts to escape, they ultimately carried shem some time, in order to observe him in triumph to their dwelling. wbat effect would be produced on the In the woods near Sierra Leone, I spider by the wounds he had received. have several times seen entire skeleOn my return, bowever, I was disap- toos of the snake beautifully dissected pointed, tbe ants baving entered, and by these minute anatomists. destroyed them both.

From these circumstances, it would In the West Indies I have frequently appear, that ants are a considerable witnessed crowds of these little insects check to the increase of those venomous destroying the spider or cockroach ; as reptiles, so troublesome in the torrid soon as he is despatched, they convey zone; their industry, perseverance, him to their best. I have frequently courage, and numerical force, seem to seen them drag their prey perpendicu- strengthen the conjecture ; in that case, larly up the wall, and although the imply remunerate us.for their own weight would overcome their united ef- a atioos.

I Curiosity bed

From the Literary Gazette.


Commanding the Swiss troops in the service of Spain. (Extracted from the Journal of a German Officer in the Spanish Service at the Battle of Baylen.

CANNOT refrain (says the officer)from quence of their crime. At last the such a pleasing light on the character drawn together some young officers, to of the immortal Doo Theodore Reding, whom Reding said, " Gentlemen, form a man who by bis intrepidity, personal a circle. These men (continued he advalour, and sound judgment in the mil- dressing us with great seriousness), itary art, greatly contributed to the suc- were conveying to the enemy, who are, cess of that day. On the evening be- we know, suffering for want of water, fore the battle, several dragoons of one that necessary article ; now determine of our most distant pickets of cavalry their punishment-I will collect your brought bound into the camp, about votes. “ The gallows, according to twenty Andalusian peasants, who were the laws of war," said the first, the secconducting a number of mules and ond, and the third. The peasants turnasses loaded with water, by a secret ed pale. Some voted for shooting them; road to the French, when they were the most compassionate for drawing seized by our people. The heat was lots, and punishing every fifth man. 80 excessive, thai persons of eighty “ But do not let us," said the General, years of age remembered nothing equal “ decide too hastily in a case of such to it. The peasants trembling awaited importance ; which of you, gentlemen, their sentence before the General's tent, can know how many of us may survive well kuowing that death was the conse- to-morrow ?

What induced you

camp !"

(turning to the peasants) to act in this Our sons are here in the army, and we manner ? You ought to contribute to also are prepared to die fighting for our our success ;-you, whose interest it is country. A part of this very money to do the French all possible harm, even was intended for powder, as we are you bring provisions to the enemy's too poor to procure our ammunition,

as is required of us.” Tears sparkled “General, we have done wrong (said in the eyes of the hero. . He went into one of the peasants) but have some ex- bis tent, came out with a purse in his cuse to offer. Our buts and our corn hand, and gave every peasant a piece were a prey to the flames. We are all of gold worth five ducats, saying, “ Difathers of families, and no prospect vide the water among your countrymen, but starvation remained to us for the and leave the French to me; to-inorapproaching winter. We knew very row they will have something to drink.” well that the French paid two reals for He would not stop to receive their a glass of water,--with this money we thanks, but immediately after this poble boped to relieve ourselves from want. action withdrew.


From La Belle Assemblee, Jan. 1820.

ITALY, &c. FROM THE FRENCH OF M. CHATEAUVIEUX. This volume is written in a series of letters,each agree. Thus a great many convents appear ably diversified and descriptive, but each having the main subject in view. The translator has done am

only heaps of rubbish ; many palaces ple justice to the work.

are no longer habitable, and have not ROME.


even a porter to guard them. IT is probable that we are arrived at universal abandonment

, this Tartar that period of history, when this population which tills the streets, the queen of cities will lose her splendour, flocks which overrun them, and the genand preserve nothing more than the eral appearance already exbibit the glory of a name, which, in the lapse of character of decay and destruction. * * ages, will never be forgotten. In Rome,

On the other side of the Tiber, toas within the walls of Volterra, will be wards St. Peter's church and the gate seen only an immense assemblage of Angelica, I passed through streets enmonuments, palaces, and ruins of all tirely deserted, and where no other joages ; under the porticoes will then ve- habitants remained but the shepherds, getate the shepherds, the goatherds, and who came thither to pass the night, the husbandmen. The grotto of though they even found them but a Evander will then no longer be sought dangerous refuge. All the environs of for, he will seem to live again to be the the Vatican are also abandoned to the king of this rustic people. Thus will shepherds: I was particularly struck terminate the history of Rome ; long with this loneliness in going, at break will she have survived her rivals, but of day, to St. Peter's church. The sun like Athens and Persepolis, she will un was rising just at the moment of my dergo the fate of every thing raised by arrival, the gates of the temple were the hand of man, she will be destroyed. still shut, a profound and universal

The marks of ruin, produced by the stillness prevailed; I heard only the ravages of time, are every where im- distant sound of the bells of the Hocks printed in Rome. As there are more wbich were returning to the fields. The houses than inhabitants, no one thinks obelisk rested on its brazen base, and of repairing that in which he lives; the two fountains ejected their unceaswhen it falls into decay be changes it ing streams. Neither passengers nor for another ; he never thinks of repair travellers crowded the pavé, and I aring his gate, his roof, or bis stair-case ; rived at the vestibule without baving they break, fall down, and remain on met a single human being. The freshthe spot wbere chance bas tbrown them. Dess of the morning, and the tiots of


Aurora threw an inexpressible sweet- speak; perceiving his intention I adness over this divine solitude. I con- dressed him first; this temple, said I, templated at once, the temple, the por. in Italian, is very magnificent; yes, ticos, and the heavens ; and, for the answered be, but fortupately it was first time my soul was impressed with built in former times, it could not the august ceremonies of nature when have been built at the present period; she gives and when she withdraws the no, I replied, I am of your opinion. light of day.

At length the church doors were opened, and the bells solemnly proclain I took tbe road to Portici, and I did ed the beginning of day. But this An- not stop until I arrived at Pompeia, gelus io vain called the Christians to where I spent the remainder of the day. prayer ; none came to implore the I will not repeat to you what has been blessing of heaven. Alas! this tem- so well said, on the unexpected impresple, the most beautiful homage that the sions produced on seeing these beautiworld bas rendered to the true God; ful remains of antiquity. The ashes this temple is already in a state of soli- have kept them in perfect preservation, tude; the grass grows in its courts, and and they appeared to want only inbabits sides are covered with moss. itants. I shall merely add, that, within

Having lifted up the curtain which the last four years, the digging has been covers the gate of the church, I found much extended. They have discovermyself at the entrance of that monumented an entire new quarter, the buildings which every where excites veneration, in which being much ornamented, indiI proceeded under the domes and cate the residence of richer proprietors reached the altar ; a few wax tapers than those of the houses previously diswere still burning, but the odour of in- covered. They have found a second cense was not perceived,... it is no longer gate of the city.

With a few years burned there.

more labour, Pompeia will rise conA solitary female, an old ivhabitant pletely from the tomb, in which it has of the temple, approached me, and ask- been buried so many ages. ed alms, which she had se dom the There are no ruins in Italy, nor, chance of receiving. The noise of my probably, in the world, wbich excite so steps alone interrupted the silence of much interest as those of Pompeia, for this sanctuary. The dead repose un- there is nothing conjectural in what we disturbed in their tombs, but the living see there : the imagination has nothing no longer come near them. Jo vain to fill up, and nothing to suppose. Eva the walls display the wonders of art; ery thing remains there as the Romans there are no eyes to behold tbem ; in left it; every thing indicates their habvain the seven altars expect prayers and its. We live with them, we use their sacrifice ; in these days of mourning, furniture, we eat at their tables, we the sacrifice is to desert them.

view their drawings, we read their mane Struck by the religious solitude uscripts. The time which has elapsed wbich surrounded me, I stopped near since the day when Pliny met his death the altar ; I was seated on the steps of there, seems to be lost, and it might a confessional, and involuntarily repeat- have been yesterday. ed the-e words of Abner, Que les temps I remained a long while looking at sont changés,when a slight noise arrested the workmen, who were digging. They my attention ; I turned round and per- bad just gotten into the inside of a ceived an aged priest, who was come house, and every stroke of the spade still to pour out his prayers at the feet of made a discovery.

I know nothing the Almighty. He also saw me, and likely to excite so lively an interest as approached me : be was advanced in the digging in such a celebrated spot. years; bis dress shewed that he was Expertation and curiosity equally affect joor, and that be resided in the country, us. The imagination is excited by the for bis shoes were covered with dust ; historical recollections, at tbis instar

, t. he sat down by me, but hesitated to called forth. The eyes are involuntari

ly fixed on the trowel with which the known, but astonishing nations who workman cautiously removes the ashes, built, in Italy, Cyclopean walls, while for fear of breaking the articles which in Africa they raised the pyramids of he may chance to expose.

Gize and the avenue of the Sphinx ? I was immoveably fixed near these History is silent, and gives us no inforlabourers : they threw shovels full of matioa respecting the miracles of that ashes into wheel-barrows. They dis- age, whose monuments confound our covered a wall; it was painted ia fres- reason, and almost our imagination, for co, beautiful arabesques gradually ap- they appear above buman power

. Nopeared. May not these medallions thing in nature has, to this day,explainexplain some of the secrets of antiqui- ed the singular mysteries of this moduty? But our expectation, in this in- mental civilization ; a civilization so stance, was disappointed : they repre- great as still to astonish the world by sented only bacchants and cupids. its ruins, so religious as to bave raised

The work went on : in emptying a colossi for the altars of its gods, and room of the ashes with which it was mountains for the tombs of its dead. filled, we came to the lower part of it How is it that all the traces have and the precautions were increased, as been lost of that race of giants who had they expected to find furniture and mammoths for their domestic animals, some valuable articles.

The trowel and who constructed their ramparts touched a hard and resisting body. with rocks? The ruins wbich they

The workman removed the ashes very bave left us, astonish us the more, beslowly, and he perceived a bronze orna

cause we cannot conceive that genius of ment. Beautiful carved leaves rose the ages which presided at their birth

. from the ground ; they adhered to it is a world, the secret of which has branches, baving fruit upon them, wbich

never reached us, and with respect were oranges. The stem of the tree to which we

can do nothing, but rested in a vase of the same metal; it remain mute before those august monuserved as a pedestal : this bronze, of ments, which time bas preserved by an elegant form, was only a candelabra, placing them in wildernesses. in the fruit of which were inserted sockets, which diffused around the light of

Nature in our days, does not seem twenty lamps. Art has produced no these ruins ; they are so massive, and

to have strength sufficient to destroy thing more natural

, or more graceful, the earth has been so long accustomed than this candelabra, whose reappearance I witnessed after two thousand

to support them, that they seem even

like a work of the creation, years, as clean and as polished as when it first came out of the hands of the


On the side of this bronze, and on Antiquity presents Rome to us great the same pedestal, was a bust of Marius; and noble above all other cities; but I was gratified at being present at disa modern ages exbibit it under an aspect coveries of so much interest ; but night still more august. The throne of its put a stop to the work; the workmen, earthly glory has been broken down, for as well as the antiquarians, went away, it was the will of God to raise his altars and I followed them with regret. lá amidst its ruins and desolations. He this short time I could not help think- bas depopulated the country surrounding, how one might pass a whole life in ing this sanctuary, with a scourge wbich these places without experiencing a mo- unceasingly carries death with it, as if to ment's fatigue or ennui.

teach Christians, that it is not the delights of this world wbich are promised

them, but the hope of that which begins GIGANTIC PRODUCTIONS.

beyond the grave. A boly resignation, At what period of history, at what therefore, involuntarily affects the soul age of the world, must we fix the op entering the temples of Rome. The epoch of the existence of those ud- spirit of God alone resides in them at


this time, for religious ceremonies are had tapestried the sides of the walls; there no longer celebrated : and this it had crept to the top of the building, noble solitude inspires a respect, per- and, like the convolvulus,had surroundhaps, more sacred, and a sort of regret, ed the pilasters of the ballustrade, wbich which render divine worship, in these ornamented the top. On the terraces temples, still more solemn.

with which these palaces were crowned, RUINED PALACES AT FERRARA. some jas mines and pomegranate, left in

I went into some of these places, vases, bad, from time and neglect,spread struck with the beauty of the architec- about their branches ; they hung down, ture : there were neither doors, win- full of flowers, on the marble cornices, dows, or furniture ; but their stair-cases, the former decorations of these ruined their sculpture, and their colonades, palaces. still remained. Ivy, with its foliage,


From the Monthly Magazines, February 1820.

were, by way of revenge. Prince MirW

HY did Adam bite the ap- za bad been betrothed to the niece of a

ple ?” said a school-master Nabab ; he had been appointed to the to a country boy. “ Because he had office of aumildar, which signifies suno koife,” said the boy.

perintendant of direct and indirect tas

es; finally, he had been created a genOne of the Paris opposition papers eral, for in Asia, the art of levying taxes bas revived the following anecdote. is very much like the art of war; and "A_minister is sick. His colleague in a great victory he bad had the honM. P. to induce him to take the medic or to kill a Rajah. In spite of all these cine presented by the physician, said, titles to public esteem, he was hurled “ Take it, I intreat you: I'll be hanged from his exalted rank; but, instead' of if it does not do you good.” “ Take retiring to the country, or writing for it," added the doctor, after the assu- the opposition Journals, as our disgracrance that Monsieur bas given you, you ed European statesmen do, he bade may be convinced that, one way or adieu to the banks of the Ganges, and other, the remedy must have a good ef- embarked on board of a European vesfect."

sel, without caring whither he went ;

and, as he himself says ;- in the hope PERSIAN PRINCE,

that some accident might put a period

to his life and his sorrows.' ( Reviewed from a French Journal.)

“ Prince Mirza arrived in England. This Persian Prince, whose por- There he was enchanted by a thousand trait still decorates the print-shops new objects. He forgot his political of the Boulevards, excited extraordina- disasters, and observed and described ry interest during this late visit to Pa- every thing from Windsor Castle to ris. Our ladies were all anxious to the humblest cottage, from the English gain iotroductions to bim, and they kitchen to the institution of the jury. would have thought bim the most England became his favourite country. charming Ambassador in the world, However, the Oriental observer is far could he have been prevailed on to bring from approving all the customs of the his Fair Circassian to the Opera. It three Kingdoms. The English, he appears, however, that he visited Eu- says, have (welve vices or detects :rope on a former occasion. About They are haughty, voluptuous, dull, twenty years ago, having unexpectedly indolent, cholerick, and vain ; they are forfeited the favour of the Persian atheists, gourinands, spendthrists, egoCourt, he set out on his travvels, as it tists, and libertines ; and they affeci a



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