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ALLSPICE.

will never bring his mind to drive away this them off so quickly, as to employ three below playful, merry bird, or allow his gardener to in picking them up; and an industrious take its life, for the value of a handful of picker will fill a bag of 70 pounds' weight in cherries.-Magazine of Natural History. a day. The berries are then spread on a

terrace, in the sun, to be dried; but this is an operation which requires great care, from the necessity of keeping them entirely free from moisture. By drying they lose their green colour, and become of a reddish brown; the process is known to be completed by their change of colour, and by the rattling of the seeds within the berries. They are then packed into bags or hogsheads for the market. When the berries are quite ripe, they are of a dark purple colour, and filled with a sweet pulp.

Pimento is thought to resemble, in flavour, a mixture of cinnamon, nutmegs, and cloves; whence it has obtained the name of all-spice. Its use, as a condiment, is well known, and for this purpose it was originally brought to this country. It is also employed in medicine, as an agreeable aromatic, and forms the basis of a distilled water, a spirit, and an essential oil.

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Retrospective leanings.

BRICKS.

Allspice, or pimento, is the dried berry of a The use of bricks is coeval with the earliest West Indian species of myrtle, which grows buildings of which we have any trace or to the height of 20 feet and upwards. It has record. Indeed, the art of making bricks has somewhat oval leaves, about four inches long, been" variously practised among different of a deep, shining, green colour; and nume. nations of every period. The bricks of the rous branches of white Aowers, each with ancients differed from ours, inasmuch as they four small petals. In the whole vegetable were dried in the sun, instead of being burnt world there is scarcely any tree more beau- or baked by fire, and were mixed with chopped tiful or more fragrant than a young pimento- straw to give them a tenuity of substance. tree about the month of July. Branched on The most ancient specimens are among the all sides, richly clad with deep green leaves, ruins of Babylon, where, (according to Řich, which are relieved by an exuberance of white the traveller,) on the hill supposed to bear the and richly aromatic flowers, it attracts the relics of the temple of Belus, or the tower of notice and admiration of all who approach it. Babel, are immense fragments of brickwork of

Pimento-trees grow spontaneously, and in no deterininate figures, tumbled together, and great abundance, in many parts of Jamaica, converted into solid vitrified masses : they whence the berries are sometimes called are completely molten, it is presumed from Jamaica-pepper; but they cannot be propa. the temple having been destroyed by fire. gated without great difficulty. The usual Brickmaking, we learn from sacred history, method of making a new pimento walk, or was one of the laborious indignities by which plantation, is to appropriate for this purpose the Israelites were oppressed during their a piece of woody ground in the neighbour- bondage in Egypt. hood of an already existing walk, or in a The ancient Babylonians often impressed part of the country where the scattered trees or engraved inscriptions on their bricks, in a are found in a native state. The other trees character which has given rise to much disare cut down; and in a year or two, young cussion among the learned. Specimens of pimento plants are found to spring up in all them may be seen in the archaiological departs, supposed tɔ have been produced from partment of the British Museum, the Museum berries dropped there by birds which eagerly of the East India Company, and in the library swallow them. About the month of Septem- of Trinity College, Cambridge. ber, and not long after the blossoms have The ancient Greeks chiefly used three fallen, the berries are in a fit state to be kinds of bricks : those of two palms in gathered. At this time, though not quite length, those of four palms, and those of five ripe, they are full grown, and about the size palms. of pepper berries. They are gathered by the The Romans, from a comparative deficiency hand: one labourer on a tree will strip of marble, built more with bricks than the Greeks: they used both burnt and unlıurnt. We gather, however, from Pliny, that the Most of the old houses of Rome were built bricks most in use among the Romans, were of unburnt bricks ; which may be infered from about 17 inches long, and 11 inches broad, the boast of Augustus, that he had found and scarcely thicker than our paving bricks ; Rome of brick, and left it of marble; although on which account, bricks subsequently made this must be taken in some respects as an to resemble them in thickness, have been imperial hyperbole.

called wall-tiles. These bricks have occa. The first use of baked bricks is uncertain. sionally been found in various parts of Eng. Vitruvius informs us that three sorts were land in the foundations of buildings erected used in his time:—the didoron, which was by the Romans during their sway in this in general use among the Romans; the te- country. One of the most interesting of tradoron, and the pentadoron, chiefly used these discoveries was that of a Roman brick by the Greeks. This account, with trifling dug up at Cambridge, a few years since, variations, is confirmed by Pliny; but that among the ruins of a temple dedicated to the Romans had no exact moulds for their Diana, on the foundation of which the prebricks, appears from a table of measurements sent church of St. Peter is supposed to have of 13 different specimens, all of which vary in been erected, within the site of the Roman their dimensions. They inscribed mystical city, or station.* This stood on the northcharacters upon their bricks in imitation of west side of the river Cam, and occupied the Jews; and Leland, in his Collections, about 30 acres of ground of an irregular gives an engraving of a brick, on which is figure: the ramparts are yet discoverable in represented the story of Sampson, with the several places. foxes and firebrands.

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This brick, which is six inches long, four really of a kindred quality, this antique (for inches wide, and two in thickness, was incor- ancient it certainly is) must be regarded as a porated in the wall of a dwelling-house oppo- most valuable one." site to the south side of St. Peter's church, « The immediate object of the represenbut has since been removed, and in 1817, tation is very obvious ; though the particular was for sale, in the possession of Mr. Kettle,

. The fact of several churches in Britain occuof Cambridge. It probably now occupies a

pying the site of pagan temples has often been proved snug corner, or is imbedded in the wall of, by the discovery of Roman remains in digging for the museum of some zealous collector of alterations or repairs. A discovery of this description antiquarian treasures. The figures are raised is at the present moment exciting considerable interest between a quarter and half an inch, and have supposed that the abbey church at Bath was built been surrounded by a projecting border, since upon the site of a Roman temple dedicated to Mi. mostly chipped or broken off, as may be seen

nerva ; an opinion advocated by Mr. Britton, and by the Cut.

espoused by other eminent antiquaries. The Corpo

ration recently ordered the removal of the rubbish Mr. Brayley, who inspected this brick, &c. which had accumulated round the church, and, when at Cambridge, some years since, is not in consequence, there have been discovered under the certain whether the substance of which it is

eastern facade, the clustered columns of a building,

which must have been of considerable extent. made, is the same as that employed in the hypothesis may, therefore, be set down as established, composition of the Roman tile : « if it be to the credit of those who advanced it.

The

9

to a wide circle of friends :

my readers.

event it was intended to commenvrate is

who departed this life

on the 1st of April, 1823. probably beyond the reach of conjecture. The

The integrity of his conduct and the amiability of his two men who form the middle figures of the

temper endeared him group, and who are bound together with thongs, are evidently British captives, wear

he has left an inconsolable Widow,

and by her ing the Scotch bonnet on their heads, the

this Monument is erected." Scotch plaid on their bodies, and the Scotch

[After enumerating the good qualities by philibeg for breeches. Those who have them

which he became popular, Mr. Smith proin custody are as evidently Roman soldiers

ceeds:] leading the unfortunate captives either to execution or to prison. This is strikingly some of my readers as less probable, but,

What I have now to relate may strike marked by the two foremost figures, the atti- nevertheless, it is not one jut the less true. tude of the Roman being expressive of the I was anxious not ouly to attain a degree of exertion of a strong degree of muscular force; popularity which should survive my brief whilst that of the prisoner, whom he is drag, existence'; 1 panted to witness that popuging along, exhibits a tardy and reluctant larity; unseen, to see the tears that would be gait, mingled with an attempt to excite pity shed, -unheard, to mingle with the mute or commiseration, the palms of his hands

mourners who would lament my death. Where being expanded.

is the advantage of being lamented if one “ In Horseley's Britannia Romana, Scot

cannot hear the lamentations ? But how was land, No. III., is an engraving of a stone, this privilege to be attained ? Alas! attained representing three captives, all with their it was ; but the means shall never be divulged hands bound behind them, two with the

to Scotch dirk, and the third with the very

I had perused St. Leon ; I, therefore, knew bonnet which is so decidedly exhibited on

that perpetually-renovated youth had been the heads of the captives,” in the brick sought and had been bought. I had read found at Cambridge.

Frankenstein, and I had seen that wonders, The sculpture described by Horseley has been considered as a valuable illustration of been attained by mortals. I wanted to watch

equally astonishing and supernatural, had British weapons and dresses: yet it is very my own weepers, nod at my own plumes; inferior to the representation before us. The former has not the plaided drapery of the with my own eyes the laudatory paragraph

count my own mourning-coaches, and read Britons, which is so particularly noticed by that announced my own demise in the county Dion Cassius, when he speaks of Boadicea's

newspaper. I gained my point,—I did all dress, as a robe marked with various colours.

“ It can hardly be affirmed, however, that this, and more than this ; but I would not the plaided drapery formed a distinctive fea- and fondly-idolized husband to follow my

any, universally-admired gentleman ture of the British dress, as stained garments example. What devilish arts I used, what are mentioned by different writers as being spells, what conjurations, never will I reveal; in use among the Gauls and other barbarous suffice it to say that I attained the object of nations."*

my desires. Two peeps was I to have at * Mr. Brayley, in Antiq. and Topog. Cabinet, those I left behind me,—one exactly a month

after my demise, the second on that day ten The Public Journals.

And now for the result of peep the first.

In some degree my thirst for posthumous

popularity was certainly gratified; and I will I died on the 1st of April, 1823; and if the begin with the pleasantest part of my own

post mortem examination.” reader will go to the parish church of Smith

My own house (or rather the house that ton, ask the sexton for the key, and, having had been mine) looked doleful enough : no gained admission, if he will walk up the mirth, no guests, no music ; the servants in left-hand side aisle, he will perceive my family deep mourning, and a hatchment over the jew, beneath which is my family vault, where door. My own wife (or rather my relict) was my mortal remains are now reposing; and

a perfect picture of misery and mourning, in against the wall, over the very spot where I the extreme of the fashion. She heaved the used to sit every Sunday, he will see a very deepest sighs, she was trimmed with the handsome white marble monument: a female deepest crape, and wore the deepest hems figure is represented in an attitude of despair, that ever were seen. The depth of her deweeping over an urn, and on that urn is the spondency was truly gratifying. Her cap following inscription :

was most conscientiously hideous, and be

neath its folds every hair upon her head lay to the Memory

hid. She was a moving mass of crape and ANTHONY SMITH, Esy.,

bombasin. In her right hand was a pocketof Smithton Hall,

handkerchief, in her left:a smelling-bottley

vol. i.

years !

THE LATE POPULAR MR. SMITH.

“ Sacred

of

and in her eye a tear. She was closeted with grandmother's funeral. The village butcher a gentleman, but it was no rival-nothing to stood disconsolately at the door of his shop, arouse one jealous pang in the bosom of a and said to the village baker, who was dedeparted husband. It was, in fact, a marble spondingly passing by, “ Dull times these, masonic meeting. She was giving directions neighbour Bonebread ! dull times. Ah! we about my monument, and putting herself into miss the good squire, and the feastings at the attitude of lamentation in which she the hall." wished to be represented (and is represented), On a dead wall I read, “ Smith for ever.” bending over my urn : she burst into a tor- “For ever,” thought I, " is a long time to rent of tears, and in scarce articulate accents talk about.” Close to it, I saw,

“ Mitts for called for her “ sainted Anthony.” When ever," written in letters equally large, and she came a little to herself, she gruinbled much more fresh. He was my parliamentary soinewhat at the extravagance of the esti- successor, and his politics were the same as mate, knocking off here and there some little my own. This was cheering; my constiornamental monumental decoration, bargain. tuents had not deserted my principles--more ing about my inscription, and cheapening than that I could not expect. The “Smith,” my urn !

who, they said, was to be their representative She was interrupted by the entrance of a FOR EVER,” was now just as dead as the milliner, who was ordered to prepare a black wall upon which his name was chalked ! velvet cloak lined with ermine; and no ex- Again I retired to my resting-place under pense was to be spared. Alas! thought I, the family pew in the church of Smithton, the widow's "inky cloak” may well be warm; quite satisfied that, at the expiration of ten my black marble covering will be cold com- years, I should take my second peep at equally fort to her. “ Just to amuse you, ma'am,” gratifying, though rather softened, evidences said the marchande des modes, “ do look at of my popularity, some things that are going home for Miss TEN YEARS! What a brief period to look Jones's wedding.”.

back upon! What an age in perspective ! The widow said nothing; and I thought How little do we dread that which is certain it was with a vacant eye that she gazed apa- not to befall us for ten years! Yet how thetically at satin, blonde, and feathers white swiftly to all of us will ten years seem to fly! as the driven snow. At length she cried What changes, too, will ten years bring to abruptly, “ I cannot-cannot wear them !” all! Yon schoolboy of ten, with his toys and and covering her face with her handkerchief, and his noise, will be the lover of twenty! she wept more loudly than before. Happy The man now in the prime of life will, in ten late husband that I was surely for me she years, see Time's snow mingling with his dark wept ! A housemaid was blubbering on the and glossy curls! And they who now are old stairs, a footman sighing in the hall; this is —the kind, the cheerful, looking, as we say, as it should be, thought I: and when I heard so much younger than they really are-what that a temporary reduction in the establish- will ten years bring to them ? ment was determined on, and that the weep- The ten years of my sepulchral slumber ing and sighing individuals had been just passed away, and the day arrived for my discharged, I felt the soothing conviction, that second and last

peep at my disconsolate leaving their living mistress tore open the widow and wide circle of affectionate friends. wounds inflicted by the loss of their late The monument already mentioned opened master, and made them bleed afresh. My“ its ponderous and marble jaws” for the last dog howled as I passed him, my horse ran time, and invisibly I glided to the gates of wild in the paddock, and the clock in my my old domain. The old Doric lodge had own sitting-room maintained a sad and stub- been pulled down, and a Gothic one, all born silence, wanting my hand to wind it thatch and rough poles, little windows and up

creepers, (a sort of cottage gone mad,) had Things evidently did not go on in the old been erected in its stead. I entered, and routine without me, and this was soothing to could not find my way to my own house ; the my spirit. My own portrait was turned with road had been turned, old trees had been its face to the wall: my widow having no felled, and new plantations made; ponds had longer the original to look at, could not en- been filled up, and lakes had been dug ; my dure gazing at the mute resemblance! What, own little Temple to Friendship” was not after all, thought I, is the use of a portrait? to be found, but a temple dedicated to the When the original lives, we have something blind God had been erected in a conspicuous better to look at; and when the original is situation. “ Ah!" thought I,“ her love is a gone, we cannot bear to look at it. Be that buried love, but not the less dear. To meas it may, I did not the less appreciate iny to her dear departed—to heró sainted Anwidow's sensibility.

thony,'—this temple has been dedicated !” On the village green the idle boys played So entirely was the park changed that I cricket; they mourned me not-but what of did not arrive at the mansion until the hour that ? a boy will skip in the rear of his of dinner. There was a bustle at the hall. door, servants were assembled in gay liveries So then, after all, I had come out on an excarriages were driving up and setting down, ceedingly cold day to see my widow doing and lights gleamed from the interior. A the honours as Mrs. Mitts ! dinner party !--no harm in that; on the con- " When is your birthday ?” said Sir Martrary I deemed it fortunate. Doubtless my maduke to his daughter-in-law. widow, still in the sober gray of ameliorated " In June,” she replied, “ but I have not mourning, had summoned round her the best been in the habit of keeping birthdays till and the dearest of my friends; and though lately: poor Mr. Smith could not bear them their griefs were naturally somewhat mel- to be kept.” lowed by time, they remembered me in their “ What's that about poor Smith ?” said calm yet cheerful circle, and fondly breathed the successor to my house, my wife, and my my name! Unseen I passed into the dining- other appurtenances. “ Do you say Smith room-all that I beheld was new to me—the could not bear birthdays ? Very silly of him, house had been new built on a grander scale then; but poor Smith had his oddities.” -and the furniture was magnificent! I cast “Oh!” said my widow, and Mr. Mitts's my eyes round the table, where the guests wife, “We cannot ulways command perfecwere now assembled. Oh! what bliss was tion; poor, dear Mr. Smith meant well, but mine! At the head sat my widowed wife, all every man cannot be a Mitts.". She smiled, smiles, all loveliness, all pink silk and Aowers and nodded down the table; Mr. Mitts look—not so young as when I last beheld her, ed, as well he might, particularly pleased; but very handsome, and considerably fatter. and then the ladies left the room. At the foot (oh! what a touching compli. “ Talking of Smith,” said Sir Marmaduke, ment to me!) sat one of my oldest, dearest,

“ what wretched taste he had, joor man! best of friends, Mr. Mitts, the son of a This place was quite thrown away upon him; baronet who resided in my neighbourhood: he had no idea of its capabilities.” his father too was there, with his antiquated “ No," replied a gentleman to whom I had lady, and the whole circle was formed by per- bequeathed a legacy—" with the best intensons whom, living, I had known and loved. tions in the world, Smith was really a very My friend at the bottom of the table did the odd man.” honours well, (though he omitted to do what “ His house," added another, who used to I think he ought to have donedrink to my dine with me three times a-week," was never memory,) and the only thing that occurred thoroughly agreeable ;—it was not his fault, to startle me before the removal of dinner was poor fellow !" my widow's calling him “ my dear.But “No, no,” said a very old friend of mine, there was something gratifying even in that, at the same time taking snuff from a gold for it must have been of me she was think- box which had been my gift, “ he did every ing; it was a slip of the tongue, that plainly thing for the best; but, between ourselves, showed the fond yearning of the widowed Smith was a bore." heart.

“ It is well,” said Mr. Mitts, " that talking When the dessert had been arranged on of him has not the effect which is attributed the table, she called to one of the servants, to talking of another invisible personage ! saying, “ John, tell Muggins to bring thé Let him rest in peace: for if it were possible children.” What could she mean? who was that he could be reanimated, his reappearance Muggins ? and what children did she wish here to claim his goods and chattels, and to be brought? I never had any children! above all, his wife, would be attended with Presently, the door flew open, and in ran

rather awkward consequences.” eight noisy, healthy, beautiful brats. The So much for my posthumous curiosity ! younger ones congregated round the hostess; Vain mortal that I was, to suppose that after but the two eldest, both fine boys, ran to Mr. a dreamless sleep of ten long years, I could Mitts, at the bottom of the table, and each return to the land of the living, and find the took possession of a knee. They both strongly place and the hearts that I once filled, still resembled Mitts; and what was my asto- unoccupied ! In the very handsome frame of nishment when he exclaimed, addressing my my own picture, was now placed a portrait of widow, “ Mary, my love, may I give them John Mitts, Esq.; mine was thrown aside in some orange ?”

an old lumber-room, where the sportive chilWhat could he mean by“ Mary, my love ?” dren of my widow had recently discovered it, -a singular mode of addressing a deceased and with their mimic swords had innocently friend's relict! But the mystery was soon ex- poked out the eyes of what they were pleased plained. Sir Marmaduke Mitts filled his to denominatethe dirty picture of the glass, and after insisting that all the com- ugly man.", My presumption has been propany should follow his example, he said to perly rewarded : let no one who is called to his

son, “This is your birthday, Jack; here's his last account, wish, like me, to be peryour health, my boy, and may you and Mary mitted to revisit earth. If such a visit were long live happy together! Come, my friends, granted, and like me he returned invisibly, the health of Mr. and Mrs. Mitts.”

all that he would see and hear would wound

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