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of it at his return to London. In the mean time he would have your lordship give direction to the

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. master of the rolls * and Mr. Attorney † to stay the examination. And so I rest

MY HONOURABLE LORD, Your lordship’s most assured to do you service,

UNDERSTANDING that there is a suit depending G. BUCKINGHAM.

before your lordship, between Sir Rowland Cotton, **

plaintiff, and Sir John Gawen, defendant, which is Hampton-Court, March 18, 1617.

shortly to come to a hearing; and having been likewise informed, that Sir Rowland Cotton hath under

taken it in the behalf of certain poor people; which TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR OF IRELAND.I find so good acceptation with your lordship, that

charitable endeavour of his, I assure myself, will MY LORD CHANCELLOR,

there shall be no other use of recommendation: yet, I will not have you account the days of my not at the earnest request of some friends of mine, I answering your letter. It is a thing imposed upon have thought fit to write to your lordship in his the multitude of my business to lodge many things behalf, desiring you to show him what favour you faithfully, though I make no present return. lawfully may, and the cause may bear, in the speedy

Your conjunction and good understanding with the despatch of his business; which I shall be ever deputy & I approve and commend; for I ever loved ready to acknowledge, and rest entire and good compositions, which was the old Your lordship’s most devoted to serve you, physic, better than fine separations.

G. BUCKINGHAM. Your friendly attributes I take as effects of affec

Whitehall, April 20, 1618. tion; which must be causes of any good offices, wherewith I can requite you.

We conceive that kingdom is in growth. God send soundness to the increase ; wherein I doubt not :

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.IT but your lordship will do your part. God keep you.

Your lordship's very loving friend,

I will not go about to excuse mine own fault, by

making you believe his Majesty was backward in York-house, April 15, 1618.

your business; but upon the first motion, he gave me directions for it; which it was my negligence, as

I freely confess, that I have no sooner performed, TO THE LORD CHIEF JUSTICE OF IRE

having not been slack in moving his Majesty, but in despatching your man.

All is done, which your LAND.||

lordship desired, and I will give order, according to MY LORD CHIEF JUSTICE,

his Majesty's directions, so that your lordship shall I THANK you for your letter, and assure you, that not need to trouble yourself any farther, but only to you are not deceived, neither in the care I have of expect the speedy performance of his Majesty's the public in that state, nor in my good wishes, and gracious pleasure. the effects thereof, when it shall lie in my power I will take the first opportunity to acquaint his towards yourself.

Majesty with the other business, and will ever rest I am glad to receive your testimony of my lord

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, deputy, both because I esteem your judgment, and

G. BUCKINGHAM. because it concurreth with my own.

Theobald's, May 8, [1618]. The materials of that kingdom, which is trade and wealth, grow on apace. I hope the form, which giveth the best living of religion and justice, will not be behind, the rather by you, as a good

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. II instrument. I rest

Your lordship's assured friend,

Whereas in Mr. Hansbye's cause, $$ which forYork-house, ** of Apri), 1618.

merly, by my means, both his Majesty and myself * Sir Julius Cæsar.

came to live at London at the request of Sir Alen Cotton, † Sir Henry Yelverton.

his father's younger brother, who was lord mayor of that city Dr. Thomas Jones, archbishop of Dublin, who died April in 1625. Sír Rowland was the first patron of the learned Dr. 10, 1619.

Lightfoot, and encouraged him in the prosecution of his ☆ Sir Oliver St. John, afterwards viscount Grandison. He studies of the Hebrew language and antiquities. died at Battersea in Surrey, December 29, 1630, aged seventy. ti Harl, MSS. Vol. 7006.

11 Ibid. || Sir William Jones, to whom upon his being called to that $ This seems to be one of the causes, on account of which post, the lord keeper made a speech, printed in his works. lord Bacon was afterwards accused by the house of commons; Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

in answer to whose charge he admits, that in the cause of Sir ** A gentleman eminent for his learning, especially in the Ralph Hansbye there being two degrees, one for the inheritHebrew language, in which he had been instructed by the ance, and the other for goods and chattels; some time after famous Hugh Broughton, who died in 1612. He was son of the first decree, and before the second, there was 5001. deMr. William Cotton, citizen and draper of London, and had livered to him by Mr. Tobie Matthew; nor could his lordship an estate at Bellaport in Shropshire, where he resided, till he deny, that this was upon the matter pendente lite.



recommended to your lordship’s favour, your lord him for my cause. It now rests only in your lordship thought good, upon a hearing thereof, to decree ship's power for the assessing of costs; which, besome part for the young gentleman, and to refer to cause, I am certainly informed, Sir Rowland Cotton some masters of the chancery, for your farther satis- had just cause of complaint, I hope your lordship will faction, the examination of witnesses to this point; not give any against him. And I do the rather move which seemed to your lordship to be the main thing your lordship to respect him in it, because it conyour lordship doubted of, whether or no the leases, con- cerns him in his reputation, which I know he tendreyed by old Hansbye to young Hansbye by deed, ers, and not the money which might be imposed were to be liable to the legacies, which he gave by upon him; which can be but a trifle. Thus prewill; and that now I am credibly informed, that it will suming of your lordship’s favour herein, which I appear upon their report, and by the depositions of shall be ready ever to account to your lordship for, witnesses, without all exception, that the said leases I rest are no way liable to those legacies; these shall be Your lordship's most devoted to serve you, earnestly to entreat your lordship, that upon con

G. BUCKINGHAM. sideration of the report of the masters, and deposi

June 19, 1618. tions of the witnesses, you will, for my sake, show as much favour and expedition to young Mr. Hansbye in this cause, as the justness thereof will permit.

And I shall receive it at your lordship’s hands as a
particular favour.

So I take my leave of your lordship, and rest
Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant,

WHEREAS it hath pleased his Majesty to recom

mend unto your consideration a petition exhibited G. BUCKINGHAM.

by Mr. Fowle, together with the grievances and Greenwich, June 12, 1618.

request for the rectifying of the work of gold and silver thread; and now understandeth, that your

lordship hath called unto you the other commissionTO THE LORD CHANCELLOR..

ers in that case, and spent some time to hear what

the opposers could object, and perceiveth by a reMY HONOURABLE LORD,

lation of a good entrance you have made into the UNDERSTANDING, that the cause depending in the business ; and is now informed, that there remaineth chancery between the lady Vernon and the officers great store of gold and silver thread in the merchants' of his Majesty's household is now ready for a decree; hands brought from foreign parts, besides that which though I doubt not, but, as is Majesty hath been is brought in daily by stealth, and wrought here by satisfied of the equity of the cause on his officers' underhand workers ; so that the agents want vent, behalf

, who have undergone the business, by his with which inconveniences, it seemeth the ordinary Majesty's command, your lordship will also find course of law cannot so well meet: and yet they are their cause worthy of your favour; yet I have inforced, for freeing of clamour, to set great numthought fit once again to recommend it to your lord-bers of people on work; so that the commodity lying ship, desiring you to give them a speedy end of it, dead in their hands, will in a very short time grow that both his Majesty may be freed from farther to a very great sum of money : To the end therefore, importunity, and they from the charge and trouble that the undertakers may not be disheartened by of following it: which I will be ever ready to ac- these wrongs and losses, his Majesty hath commanded knowledge as a favour done unto myself, and always me to write unto your lordship, to the end you Test

might bestow more time this vacation in prosecuting Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

the course you have so worthily begun, that all

differences being reconciled, the defects of the comG. BUCKINGHAM.

mission may be also amended, for prevention of Greenwich, June 15, 1618.

farther abuses therein ; so as the agents may receive encouragement to go on quietly in the work with

out disturbance. And I rest TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR +

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. MY HONOURABLE LORD, I WROTE unto your lordship lately in the behalf of

From Bewly, the 20th day of Aug. 1618. Sir Rowland Cotton, that then had a suit in dependence before your lordship and the rest of my lords in the star-chamber. The cause, I understand, hath

TO TIIE LORD CHANCELLOR. gone contrary to his expectation; yet he acknowledges himself much bound to your lordship for the

Most HONOURABLE LORD, noble and patient hearing he did then receive; and HEREWITHAL I presume to send a note enclosed, he rests satisfied, and I much beholden to your lord both of my business in chancery, and with my lord ship, for any favour it pleased your lordship to afford Roos, which it pleased your lordship to demand of • Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

+ Ibid.


me, that so you might better do me good in utroque and my desire to give you any fartherance in your genere. It may please your lordship, after having fortunes and occasions, whereof you may take perused it, to commend it over to the care of Mr. knowledge and liberty to use me for your good. Meautys for better custody.

Fare you well. At my parting last from your lordship, the grief

Your very loving friend, I had to leave your lordship's presence, though but for a little time, was such, as that being accom

FR. VERULAM, CANC. panied with some small corporal indisposition, that York-house, this 1st of Sept. 1618. I was in, made me forgetful to say that, which now for his Majesty's service I thought myself bound not to silence. I was credibly informed and assured, when the Spanish ambassador went away, that

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.) howsoever Ralegh and the prentices * should fall

MY HONOURABLE LORD, out to be proceeded withal, no more instances would be made hereafter on the part of Spain for justice His Majesty is desirous to be satisfied of the fitto be done ever in these particulars; but that if ness and conveniency of the gold and silver thread slackness were used here, they would be laid up in business ; as also of the profit, that shall any way the deck, and would serve for materials (this was accrue unto him thereby. Wherefore his pleasure the very word) of future and final discontentments. is, that you shall, with all convenient speed, call Now as the humour and design of some may carry unto you the lord chief justice of the king's bench, I them towards troubling of the waters ; so I know the attorney-general, ** and the solicitor,tt and conyour lordship’s both nature and great place require sider with them of every of the said particulars, and an appeasing them at your hands. And I have not return them to his Majesty, that thereupon he may presumed to say this little out of any mind at all resolve what present course to take for the advancethat I may have to meddle with matters so far above ment of the execution thereof. And so I rest me, but out of a thought I had, that I was tied in

Your lordship's faithful servant, duty to lay thus much under your lordship's eye ; because I know and consider of whom I heard

G. BUCKINGHAM. that speech, and with how great circumstances it Theobald's, the 4th October, 1618. was delivered.

I beseech Jesus to give continuance and increase to your lordship's happiness; and that, if it may stand with his will, myself may one day have the TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.11 honour of casting some small mite into that rich

MY HONOURABLE LORD, treasury. So I humbly do your lordship reverence, and continue

I have been desired, by some friends of mine, in

the behalf of Sir Francis Englefyld, to recommend his The most obliged of your lordship’s many

cause so far unto your lordship, that a peremptory faithful servants,

day being given by your lordship's order for the TOBIE MATTHEW.

perfecting of his account, and for the assignment of Nottingham, August 21, 1618.

the trust, your lordship would take such course therein, that the gentleman's estate may be redeemed from farther trouble, and secured from all danger,

by engaging those, to whom the trust is now transTO MR. (AFTERWARDS SIR) ISAAC WAKE, ferred by your lordship’s order, to the performance

HIS MAJESTY'S AGENT AT THE COURT OF of that, whereunto he was tied. And so not doubtSAVOY.

ing but your lordship will do him what lawful favour

you may herein, I rest MR. Wake,

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, I have received some letters from you ; and hearing from my lord Cavendish † how well he affects

G. BUCKINGHAM. you, and taking notice also of your good abilities

Indorsed, and services in his Majesty's affairs, and not forget

Received October 14, 1618. ting the knowledge I had, when young, of your good father, t I thought myself in some measure tied not to keep from you my good opinion of you,

* Who on the 12th of July, 1618, had insulted Gondomar, baron Cavendish of Hardwicke in Derbyshire, in May 1605, the Spanish ambassador, on account of a boy's being hurt by and earl of Devonshire, July 12, 1618. him as he was riding. (Camdeni Annales Regis Jacobi 1. Arthur Wake, rector of Billing, in Northamptonshire, p. 33.) They were proceeded against by commissioners at master of the hospital of St. John in Northampton, and canon Guildhall on Wednesday the 12th of August following ; seven of Christ-Church, Oxford. being found guilty, and adjudged to six months' imprison. He had been created lord Verulam on the 12th of July, ment, and to pay 5001. a piece. Two others were acquitted. 1618. MS. letter of Mr. Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton, || Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

Sir Henry Montagu. London, August 15, 1618.

** Sir Henry Yelverton. tt Sir Thomas Coventry. † William Cavendish, son and heir of William, created 11 Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.


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quent offences upon the whole matter, your Majesty, TO THE KING, CONCERNING THE FORM if you so please, may not with justice and honour give

AND MANNER OF PROCEEDING AGAINST warrant for his execution upon his attainder. And SIR WALTER RALEGH.*

of this whole proceeding we are of opinion, that a

solemn act of council should be made, with a memoMAY IT PLEASE YOUR MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, rial of the whole presence. But before this be

ACCORDING to your commandment given unto us, done, that your Majesty may be pleased to signify we have upon divers meetings and conferences, your gracious direction herein to your council of considered what form and manner of proceeding state; and that your council learned, before the against Sir Walter Ralegh might best stand with calling of Sir Walter, should deliver the heads of your Majesty's justice and honour, if you shall be the matter, together with the principal examinations pleased, that the law shall pass upon him.

touching the same, wherewith Sir Walter is to be And, first, we are of opinion, that Sir Walter charged, unto them, that they may be perfectly inRalegh being attainted of high-treason, which is the formed of the true state of the case, and give their highest and last work of law, he cannot be drawn in advice accordingly. All which nevertheless we, in question judicially for any crime or offence since all humbleness, present and submit to your princely committed. And therefore we humbly present two wisdom and judgment, and shall follow whatsoever forms of proceeding to your Majesty : the one, that it shall please your Majesty to direct us herein, together with the warrant to the lieutenant of the with all dutiful readiness. Tower, if your Majesty shall so please, for his exe

Your Majesty's most humble and faithful cution, to publish a narrative in print of his late

servants, &c. crimes and offences : which, albeit your Majesty is not bound to give an account of your actions in York-house, this 18th of October, 1618. these to any but only to God alone, we humbly offer 10 your Majesty's consideration, as well in respect of the great effluxion of time since his attainder, and of his employment by your Majesty's commission, TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR." as for that his late crimes and offences are not yet pablicly known. The other form, whereunto, if

MY HONOURABLE LORD, your Majesty so please, we rather incline, is, that where Whereas there is a cause depending in the court your Majesty is so renowned for your justice, it may of chancery between one Mr. Francis Foliambe and have such a proceeding, as is nearest to legal pro- Francis Hornsby, the which already hath received ceeding; which is, that he be called before the a decree, and is now to have another hearing before whole body of your council of state, and your yourself; I have thought fit to desire you to show principal judges, in your council-chamber; and that so much favour therein, seeing it concerns the some of the nobility and gentlemen of quality be gentleman's whole estate, as to make a full arbitraadmitted to be present to hear the whole proceeding, tion and final end, either by taking the pains in endas in like cases hath been used. And after the ing it yourself, or preferring it to some other whom assembly of all these, that some of your Majesty's your lordship shall think fit : which I shall acknowcounsellors of state, that are best acquainted with ledge as a courtesy from your lordship; and ever rest the case, should openly declare, that this form of

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, proceeding against Sir Walter is holden, for that he is civilly dead. After this your Majesty's council

G. BUCKINGHAM. learned to charge his acts of hostility, depredation, Hinchinbroke, the 22d of October, 1618. abuse as well of your Majesty's commission, as of your subjects under his charge, impostures, attempt of escape, and other his misdemeanors. But for that which concerns the French, wherein he was TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. rather passive than active, and without which the

MY VERY GOOD LORD, charge is complete, we humbly refer to your Majesty's consideration, how far that shall be touched. I SEND the commission for making Lincoln's InnAfter which charge so given, the examinations read, Fields into walks for his Majesty's signature. It is and Sir Walter heard, and some to be confronted without charge to his Majesty. against him, if need be, then he is to be withdrawn We have had my lord of Ormonde I before us. and sent back; for that no sentence is, or can be, We could not yet get him to answer directly, whether given against him. And after he is gone, then the he would obey the king's award or no.

After we lords of the council and judges to give their advice had endured his importunity and impertinences, and to your Majesty, whether in respect of these subse- yet let him down to this, that his Majesty's award

• He was beheaded October 29, 1618, the day of the in- right was contested by Sir Richard Preston lord Dingwell, anguration of the lord mayor of London.

supported by the favour of king James I. who made an award, 1 Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

which Walter, earl of Ormonde, conceiving to be unjust, reWalter, earl of Ormonde, grandfather of James the first fused to submit to, and was, by the king's order, committed to cuke of Ormonde. This earl, upon the death of Thomas, earl the Fleet, where he remained eight years before the death of of Ormonde and Ossory, succeeding to those honours, should that king'; but in 1625 recovered his liberty. bare inherited likewise the greatest part of the estate : but his

God pre

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was not only just and within his submission, but in his favour; we concluded in few words, that the

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.: award must be obeyed, and if he did refuse or im

MY HONOURABLE LORD, pugn the execution of it in Ireland, he was to be punished by the justice of Ireland ; if he did mur- I send your lordship the bill of the sheriff of mur or scandalize it here, or trouble his Majesty Hereford and Leicester, pricked and signed by his any more, he was to be punished in England. Then Majesty, who hath likewise commanded me to send he asked, whether he might be gone. For that, we unto your lordship these additions of instructions, told him, his Majesty's pleasure was to be known. sent unto him by the surveyor and receiver of the

Sir Robert Mansell hath promised to bring his court of wards; wherein, because he knoweth not summer account this day seven-night.

what to prescribe without understanding what observe and prosper you.

jections can be made, his pleasure is, that your lordYour lordship’s most obliged friend, and faith- ship advise and consider of them, and send him your ful servant,

opinion of them, that he may then take such course FR. VERULAM, CANC.

therein, as shall be fit.

His Majesty commanded me to give you thanks November 12, 1618.

for your care of his service: and so I rest
Your lordship's faithful servant,


Newmarket, 22d of November. MY HONOURABLE LORD,

Indorsed, 1618. I SEND your lordship the commission signed by his Majesty, which he was very willing to despatch as a business very commendable and worthy to be taken in hand.

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. For the earl of Ormonde, his Majesty made no

MY VERY GOOD LORD, other answer, but that he hopeth that he is not so unmannerly, as to go away without taking leave of We have put the Declaration & touching Ralegh his Majesty.

to the press with his Majesty's additions, which For Sir Robert Mansell's account, his Majesty were very material, and fit to proceed from his Masaith he is very slow, especially being but a sum- jesty. mary account, and that he promised to bring it in For the prisoners, we have taken an account, before: and therefore would have him tied to the given a charge, and put some particulars in examinday he hath now set, without any farther delay. ation for punishment and example.

This last his Majesty commanded me to put in For the pursuivants, we staid a good while for after I had written and signed my letter.

Sir Edward Coke's health ; but he being not yet Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

come abroad, we have entered into it; and we find G. BUCKINGHAM.

faults, and mean to select cases for example: but in

this swarm of priests and recusants we are careful Royston, the 13th of November, 1618.

not to discourage in general. But the punishment of some, that are notoriously corrupt, concern not the good, and will keep in awe those that are but in


The balance of the king's estate is in hand, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

whereof I have great care, but no great help. Having formerly moved your lordship in the

The sub-committees for the several branches of business of this bearer, Mr. Wyche, of whom, as I

treasure are well chosen and charged. understand, your lordship hath had a special care to

This matter of the king's estate for means is like do him favour, according to the equity of his cause;

a quarry, which digs and works hard ; but then, now seeing that the cause is shortly to be heard, I

when I consider it buildeth, I think no pains too have thought fit to continue my recommendation of much; and after term it shall be my chief care. the business unto you, desiring your lordship to

For the mint, by my next I will give account, for show what favour you lawfully may unto Mr. Wyche,

our day is Wednesday. according as the justness of the cause shall re

God ever preserve and prosper you. quire: which I will acknowledge as a courtesy from

Your lordship’s your lordship, and ever rest

FR. VERULAM, CANC. Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant,

November 22, 1618.

Newmarket, the 18th of November, 1618.

Of council-business. * Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

Ralegh, Knight, as well in his Voyage, as in and since his re+ Ibid. Ibid.

turn, &c. printed at London 1618, in quarto. Ś “Declaration of the Demeanor and Carriage of Sir Walter

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