eye of the public from Bishop WAR- to make a rate to gather benevolence BURTON's regard. Your approbation for better propagating such good inalone, my lord, is fame; is more than ftruments. place and dignity; than wealth or title; 'This excellent scribe of the corpoihan the voice of the senate and peo- ration was author of a Differtation, ple; than the interest of the minister written in the same indefinable style, or the favour of the prince."-Well on Birmingham halfpence. A gentle. might his lord hip have faid_" Had it man of character and learning informed been an enemy I could have borne it.” me that it was handed about the UniChurchill's abuse was more tolerable versity as a great curiosity; that he than the flattery of Hunter.

himself had read it, but was never in TERMOLENSIS. poflession of it. The alderman was P.S. By way of poitscript to the fond of writing, and accompanied above, I will transcribe, as a specimen every message and every present with a of fingular felicity of expression, an bit of epiftolary elegance. The followADVERTISEMENT drawn up by Al- ing, in particular, accompanied the DERMAN NUTTING of the town of present of a hare, to a gentleman of Cambridge, and actually printed in the Caius and Gonvil College. news-paper of that place.

WHEREAS a multiplicity of da- “ Have fent you a fmall present mages are frequently occurred by da- who humbly hope may prove worthy mages of outrageous accidents by fire, acceptance, which is a hare, who is we whose names are underwritten, your humble fervant have thought proper that the necessity

Nutting." of an engine ought by us for the better Will any one call in question Mr. preventing of which by the accidents Nutting's right to the title of " Apolo of Almighty God, may unto us happen lo's alderman*?"

* Vid. Pope's Dunciad. “Apollo's Mayor and Aldermen."

“ SIR,

cast away,


A SATIRE ON ROUSSE AU, BY M. BORDE. IN N those days a strange person thall And he shall declare the theatre a

appear in France, coming from the source of proftitution and corruption, borders of a lake, and he thall cry to and he shall write operas and comedies the people, Behold I am possessed by And he shall affirm savages only are the demon of enthusiasm; I have re- virtuous, though he has never lived ceived the gift of incoherence; I am among favages, but he shall be worthy a philosopher, and a professor of para- to live among them. doxes.

And he shall say to men, And a multitude thall follow him, your fine garments and go naked, and and many shall believe in him.

he himself fhall wear laced clothes And he shall say to them, You are when they are given him. all knaves and fools; and your wives And he fall say to the great," they and daughters are debauched; and I are more despicable than their for. will come and live arnong you. And tunes;", but he shall frequent their he shall abuse the natural gentleness of houses, and they shall behold him as a the people by his foul speeches. curious animal brought from a strange

And he shall cry aloud “ All men land. are virtuous in the country where I And his occupation shall be to copy was born; but I will not live in the French music, and he shall say there is country where I was born."

no French music. And he shall maintain, that arts and And he shall declare romance de. fciences neceffarily corrupt the inan- structire to morality, and he shall write ners; and he shall write upon all arts a romance, and in his romance, the and sciences.


words shall be virtuous, and the morals And he shall receive his mistress's wicked; and his characters shall be picture, and his imagination shall kinoutrageous lovers and philofophers. dle at the sight; and his mistress shall

And he Thall say to the universe, “I give him obscene lessons on solitary am a favourite of fortune; I write and chastity. I receive love-letters;” and the uni- And this mistress shall marry the verse shall see the letters he received first man that arrives from the world's were written by himself.

end, and, notwithstanding all her craft, And in his romance he shall teach he shall imagine no means to break off the art of suburning a maiden by phi- the match; and the shall pass intrepidly losophy; and the shall learn from her from her lover's to her husband's arms. lover to forget thame, and become ri- And her husband shall know, before diculous, and write maxims.

his marriage, that she is desperately in And the thall give her lover the first love with, and beloved by another kiss upon his lips, and shall invite him man; and he shall voluntarily make to lie with her, and he shall lie with them miserable; but he shall be a good her, and she shall become big with man, and, moreover, an Atheist. metaphysics, and her billet-doux shall And his wife shall immediately find be homilies of philofophy.

herself exceedingly happy, and shall And he shall teach her that parents write to her lover, that were the still have no authority in the choice of a free, the would prefer herhuiband to him. husband, and he thall paint them bar- And the philofophic lover shall rebarous and unnatural.

folve to kill himself. And he shall refuse wages from the And he shall write a long dissertafather, because of the delicacy natural tion, to prove that a man ought to to men, and receive money under-hand kill himself when he has lost his miffrom the daughter, which he shall tress; and his friend fhall prove the prove to be exceedingly proper. thing not worth the trouble; and the

And he shall get drunk with an philosopher shall not kill himself. English Lord, who shall insult him; And he thall make the tour of the and he shall propose to fight with the globe, to give his mistress's children English Lord; and his mistress, who time to grow, that he may return to has lost the honour of her own sex, be their preceptor, and teach them shall decide upon that of men; and the virtue, as he taught their mother. Thall teach him, who taught her every And the philosopher shall see nothing, that he ought not to fight. thing in his tour round the globe. And he shall receive a pension from

And he shall return to Europe. the lord, and shall go to Paris, where And the husband of his mistress, he shall not frequent the society of though acquainted with their whole well-bred and fenfible people, but of intrigue, shall bring his good friend to Airts and petit-maitres, and he shall his house. believe he has seen Paris.

And the virtuous wife Mall leap upAnd he shall write to his mistress on his neck at his entrance, and the that the women are grenadiers, go husband shall be charmed; and they naked, and refuse nothing to any man

shall all three embrace every day; and they chance to meet.

the husband shall be jocose upon their And when the same women shall re- adventures, and shall believe they are ceive him at their country-houses, and become reasonable: and they shall conamuse themfelves with his vanity, he tinue to love with extacy, and shall shall say they are prodigies of reason delight to remember their voluptuousand virtue.

ness; and they shall walk hand in And the petit-maitres shall bring him hand, and weep. to a brothel, and he shall get drunk And the philosopher being in a Jike a fool, and lie with strange women, boat, with his mistress only, shall be and write an account of all this to his inclined to throw her orerboard, and fnittress, and the fall thank him, jump after her

D da

marry another.

And they shall call all this virtue talk of virtue, it is useless to practice and philofophy,

it. And while they talk of virtue and

And that it is the duty of a young philosophy, no one shall be able to girl to go to bed to one man, and comprehend, what is either virtue or philosophy.

And that it is sufficient for those And they shall prove virtue no lon- who deliver themselves up to vice to ger to consist in the fear and flight of feel a temporary remorse for virtue. temptation, but in the pleasure of be

And that a husband ought to open ing continually exposed to it; and his doors and his arms to his wife's lophilosophy shall be the art of making ver. vice amiable.

And that the wife ought to have And the philosopher's mistress Mall him for ever in her arms, and take in have a few trees, and a small fream good part the husband's jokes and the in her garden; and the shall call her lover's whims. gardens Elyfium, and no one shall be And the ought to prove, or believe able to comprehend her.

she has proved, that love between inarAnd he shall feed the wanton spar- ried people is useless and impertinent. rows in her Elysium; and she hall And this book thall be written in watch her domeitics, male and female, an emphatic ftile, which thall impose left they should be as amorous as her- upon timple people. felf.

And the author Thall abound in And she shall fup with her day-la- words, and thall suppose he abounds bourers, and hold them in yreat re- in arguments. fpect; and ihall beat hemp with them, And he shall heap one exaggeration with her philosopher at her fide. upon another, and he shall have no ex

And her philofopher will determine ceptions, to beat hemp the next day, the day And he shall with to be forcible; and after, ani every day of his life. he shall be extravagant; and he shall

And the labourers thail fing, and always industrioully draw general conthe philofopher fruit be enchanted by clusions from particular cales. their melodies, although not Italian. And he thail neither know fimplici

And the frali educate her children ty, truth, or nature; and he Mall apwith grcat care, and hall not let them ply all his force to explain tiieeilieit, speak betcre itrangers, nor hear the or molt trifting things; and farcasm naine of God.

Mall be thought reason, and his talents And the fl all gormandize; but llie shall caricature virtue, and overthrow fall eat beans and peas feldom only, good fense; and he shall gaze upon the and in the temple oi Apollo, and this pliantoms of his brain, and his eyes hall be philosophic forbearance. ihall never fee reality.

And Ihe shall write to her good And, like empirics, who make friend that the continues as the began, wounds to thew the power of their that is, to love him pathionatuly. fpecifics, he shall poison fouls, that he

And the husband thall send the let- may have the glory of curing them; ter to the lover.

and the poison shall act violently on And they fall not know what is the mind and on the heart; but the become of ihc lorer.

antidote shall act on the mind only, And they shall not care what is be- and the poison shall prevail. come of the lover.

And he shall raunt that he has dug And the whole romance Dall be use- a pit, and think himself free from reful, god, and moral, for it thall prove proach, by saying,

« Voe be to the that daughters have a right to dispose young girls that fall into my pit; I of their hearts, hands, and favours, hare wamed them of it in my preface" without consulting parents, or regard - And young girls never read prefaces, ing the inequality of condicions.

And when, in his romance, he fall "And if all thew that, while you have mutually degraded philofophy by manners, and manners by philofophy; And hall threaten to despise all he shall say, ". A corrupt people must those who do not believe in his book. have romances."


And virtuous people fhall consider And he shall also say, a corrupt peo- his folly with an eve of pity. ple must have rogues.

And he shall no longer be called a And he hall leave the world to draw philosopher, but the most eloquent of the conclusion.

all the fophitts. And he snail add, to justify himself And they thall wonder how a pure for having written a book where vice mind could conceive such an imputo predominates, that he lived in an age book. when it was impofl.ble to be good. end those who believed in him,

And to excuse himself he shall ca- shall beiiere in him no more. lumniate all mankind.


Eye) cisty
EDEX pater: 77.wax cu Tuya

Æfch. Prom. Vinct. 480.
BIOGRAPHY, perhaps, of all the men altid uity and quickness

. At nine , is years of age, he could translate from most delightful, and of the highest uti- the Greek, and was acquainted with lity; and never does it wear fo ai- the first rudiments of the Hebrew tractive a form, as when the lives of language. He composed for his own those happy Few are described, who use a Chaldaic grammar, and a Greek have extended the paths of science, and lexicon. He extracted from Bayle and improved the morals of their fellow Moreri, an historical dictionary, which creatures.

he afterwards deftrored. Albert de Haller, whose memoirs He was intended for the church, and we now present to our readers, affords placed under the care of a tutor, who a splendid instance, that the arts flou

was more eminent for the perfecution, sith with most vigour when they are to which his religious tenets had exin grafted on virtue, and that the ta- posed him, than for his learning or belents, which are directed to the service nevolence of heart. The conduct of of mankind, enfure fuccess, and lead this pedagogue was rigorous and auftere, to high honours, and eternal renown. though hailer was of a weak conititu

This great man was the fun of Ni- tior, and required no harsh treatment cholas de Haller, advocate, and chan- to induce him to profecute his studies. cellor of the county of Perne, and was The pupil's fondness for learning born on (tober 1-th 1708. He was was invincible, and instead of raising a of an ancient patrician family, and his disguit to literature, this asperity only mother, Anne Mary Engel, was daugh- produced a satire, in Latin verse, ter to a member of that republic's fo- against the tutor. Haller was then vereign council.

only ten years old, but the conduct of Albert, at a very early period of life, this Or ilius made so deep an impresgave uncommon proofs of genius. He fion on his youthful mind, that the appeared to poflefs an active mind, a light of him ever afterwards occafioned capability of enduring labour, a reten- an involuntary terror. tive memory, and a taite for the form- Haller, however, lost his father when ation of useful and curious collections. he was thirteen, and though he found

his family had always been distin- himself in possession of little besides his guithed for their piety, and Haller was natural abilities, he acquired the liberty taught to remember his creator in the of chusing a profession, and of directing days of his youth. While religion, his studies to those objects which seemhowever, formed his moral character, ed beit adapted to the natural bent of he cultivated his mind with uncom- his genius.

He spent some time at the public which was occafioned by his witnessing school, where he was soon distinguished the excesses of the students at Tubinfor uncommon abilities. He exhi- gen, restrained him within due bounds, bited his theme in Greek, when Latin and prevented the dangers, which only was prescribed, and, before the might have rendered destructive the liusual age, he paised through his claf- berty which he enjoyed at that early fical examinations.

period. Eighteen months were spent in the He arrived at Leyden in May, 1725, trammeis of so tedious a mode of edu- where Boerhaave then divided his time cation. Haller then obtained permis- between medical consultations and fion to visit a school-fellow, whose fa- academical lectures. This great man ther lived at Bienne. He was an emi- had, about fifteen months before, renent physician, but enthusiastically at- covered from an illness, of which the tached to the syitems of Descartes. Con- history can scarcely be read without formable to these tenets were the instruc- horror. tions which his youthful guest received. For five months he lay on his back Poetry, however, was preferred to phi. in bed, without daring to attempt any losophy, and he wrote several poems, motion. “ The leait effort renewed which he saved, at the risque of his his torments (says his biographer) life, when the house at which he re- which were so exquisite, that he was fided had taken fire; and congratulated at length not only deprived of motion, himself that he could fo preserve, what but of sense.” This recovery, which he then deemed inestimable treasures. had been ardently desired, was celebra

The fictions of poetry, however, ted with general joy, and public illuwere foon discarded, and philosophy minations. occupied his mind without a rival; and Boerhaave soon discovered the rare so matured was his judgement, that he abilities of his scholar, who found not resolutely condemned to the flames only a professor of talents the most those very productions, which but fplendid, but every concomitant akittwelve months before, he had so ha- ance that could encourage students, zardoufly rescued. Among these poems and invite their application. were several satires. This species of He was soon, however, obliged to composition seemed to have been weil take a journey, for the recovery of his adapted to Haller's genius. As he ad- health, into lower Germany. He was vanced in life, however, his knowledge not long absent from Leyden, and, at of human nature, and his natural good- his return, took the degree of doctor ness of heart taught him that a virtuous of Physic. In his thesis, which was man should rarely employ punishment eminentiy ingenious, he exposed Cowhich cannot correct.

witz's pretended discovery of a salivary The bent of Haller's difpofitions had duct; and confuted it by diflections strongly urged him to the contempla- of brutes and human bodies. tion of nature. In order, therefore, He went to England in 1727, and to pursue this favourite object, he deter- formed an intimacy with Sir Hans mined to devote himself to the study of Sloane, whose natural collections were phyfic. By this choice he was not pre- then an object of universal attention. cluded from offices in the state, though He became acquainted with Plumtree, the occupation did not lead to them; Cheselden, and Douglas, whose proas the government of Berne admit the feffional abilities were then highly diuseful and learned professions, though stinguished. they confine their offices to a fixed After visiting Oxford, he paffed over number of families.

to France. His residence at Paris was In 1723 he went to Tubingen, and, of short duration, for a neighbour inunder Camerarius and Duvernoi, pro- formed against him, on account of the secuted his studies with unabated ar- offensiveness of a body which Haller dour. At fixteen years of age, he be- was diffecting. He apprehended that gan his travels ; his disguit for wine, the laws against those who take up


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