The success of all worldly proceedings doth shew that prudence hath compassed the prosperous event of human actions, more than force of arms or other power. Mens una sapiens plurium vincit manus. Eurip.

Prudence is either natural, or received from others : for whoso can counsel himself what is fit to be done, needeth not the advice of others; but they that want such perfection, and are nevertheless capable, and are willing to know what others inform, ought to be accounted wise enough. Laudatissimus est qui cuncta videbit, sed laudandus est is qui paret recte mai nenti. Hesiod.

« 3. The Prerogative of Parliaments in England, proved in a Dialogue between a Counsellor of State and a Justice of Peace; dedicated to King James, and first printed at Middleburg, 4to, 1628.

4. A Discourse, touching a Match propounded by the Savoyan, between the Lady Elizabeth and the Prince of Piedmont; written in 1611.

* 5. A Discourse, touching a Marriage between Prince Henry of England and a Daughter of Savoy; written in 1611.

“6. A Discourse, touching a War with Spain, and of the protecting of the Netherlands; addressed to James I. and first published, with two more discourses, by his grandson, Philip Ralegh, Esq. 8vo, 1702.

7. A Discourse, of the original and fundamental Cause of natural, arbitrary, necessary, and unnatural War; first printed in his Essays, 8vo, 1650.

“8. A Discourse, of the Invention of Ships, Anchors, Compass, &c.; the first Natural War ; the several Uses, Defects, and Supplies of Shipping; the Strength and Defects of the Sea Forces of England, France, Spain, and Venice; together with the five manifest Causes of the sudden appearing of the Hollanders ; an unfinished piece, first printed in his Essays, as above.

* 9. Observations concerning the Royal Navy and Sea-service. Dedicated to Prince Henry, and first printed in his Essays, as above.

“ 10. Observations touching Trade and Commerce with the Hollander, and other Nations, presented to King James; wherein is proved that our sea and land commodities serve to enrich and strengthen other countries against our own; printed in 12mo, 1653.

" 11. An Introduction to a Breviary of the History of England, with the Reign of King William I. entitled the Conqueror; published in 8vo, 1693, by Dr. John Moore, (afterward bishop of Ely) from the MSS. of archbishop Sancroft, with a preface by Dr. Moore.

“ 12. The Seat of Government, upheld by the two great Pillars thereof, viz. Civil Justice, and Martial Policy, which are framed out of Husbandry, Merchandize, and Gentry of this Kingdom; a fragment, first printed in his Remains, 12mo, 1651.

“ 13. Observations concerning the Causes of the Magnificency and Opulency of Cities; a fragment, also printed in his Remains.

“ 14. The Sceptic; founded on the doctrine of Pyrrho, and printed in his Remains, as above.

“ It seems highly probable that many of sir Walter's writings are yet unpublished. David Lloyd, in his State Worthies, informs us, that Mr. Hamden, a little before the wars, was at the charge of transcribing 9,452 sheets of Ralegh's MSS. as the amanuensis himself told him; who had his close chamber, his fire and candle, with an attendant to deliver him the originals, and take his copies as fast as he could


write them. I need not add, that the extant writings of sir Walter, at that time unpublished, with which we are acquainted, appear to bear a small proportion to this quantity.

The following is a list of the pieces known and ascribed to the knight, yet omitted by Dr. Birch, of which I have been able to collect the titles.

“ A Report of the Truth of the Fight about the Isles of Azores, already noticed in chap. iii. of this work.

“ A Relation of Cadiz Action, in the year 1596, printed at length in chap. v. of this work.

A Discourse of Tenures which were before the Conquest, namely, knight service, soccage, and frankalmoign; and the effect of those tenures, wards, 'reliefs, heriots escuage, or warfaring by tenure, reservations of rent or victuals, and provisions or purveyors in the Saxon times; that the same estates in the soil of this land were due unto the subjects by birthright of their ancestors, the inhabitants of the land, before duke William's time, namely, to have land in fee simple, freeholders, copyholders, customary tenants, and villains, before the year 1066; together with the

resemblances or disresemblances of those, in outlandish, ancient or modern, estates; printed in Gutch's Collectanea Curiosa, from Tanner's MSS. in the Bodleian library.

“A Discourse, how War may be made against Spain and the Indies; referred to in the Discourse touching a War with Spain, but not known either in print or MS.

“ Memorial touching the Port Dover, already noticed in chap. v. of this work.

“ Treatise of ihe West Indies, referred to in the dedication to the first Guiana Voyage, (see chap iv.) but not known either in print or MS.

“ Considerations of a Voyage to Guiana, MS. in the British Museum. (See Ayscough's Catalogue, p. 692, No. 1133.)

“ Journal of Second Voyage to Guiana; MS. in the Cotton library (Titus, B. viii), being notes from which the Apology was written.

“ The Present State of Spain, with a most accurate account of his Catholic Majesty's Power and Riches; also the names and worth of the most considerable persons in that kingdom; MS. noticed by Anthony Wood, and in Shirley's Life of Ralegh.

“ The Present State of Things, as they now

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