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Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1844, by WILLIAM STEWART,
in the clerk's office of the district court of the United States in and for the eastern district of Pennsylvania.
PRINTED BY T. K. & P. G COLLINS, PHILA.
AGREEABLY to a regulation of the Associate Reformed Church, the Presbytery of Philadelphia, on the 15th November 1805, assigned the author the cx. Psalm, as the subject of a critical discourse. The chief difficulty in that psalm is the parallel between the priesthood of Melchisedec and that of Messiah. He had before that time read various hypotheses on the subject, without being satisfied with any of them; and without that careful and patient examination of the scriptures, which is necessary to obtain satisfaction. on such a point. He was now obliged to study the psalm and the apostle's commentary on it. At a subsequent meeting of the Presbytery, the substance of the following dissertation was read. It did not produce much conviction; and was but feebly supported by the author, who, though strongly impressed with the correctness of the views exhibited, was neither dogmatically certain, nor prepared to repel detailed objections. During a part of the years 1808, and 1809, he was engaged in expounding the epistle to the Hebrews to his congregation, and was not displeased with
the necessity imposed on him of analysing, with what accuracy he could, the apostle's phraseology and argument respecting Melchisedec. The consequence was that every doubt evanished.
When the discourse was moulded into its present
form, the intention was to publish it in a periodical pa
per; with which view it was divided into parts. But the extent to which the matter spread, and the injury which a continous discussion suffers from being cut up into shreds, induced the adoption of the present mode of publication. During the composition, but chiefly since, he has examined every author he could procure, who has treated the subject: in one or other of whom he found most of the ideas here communicated, some apparently thrown out at random, others stated for refutation. The only thing he could refer to, as affording any support to his general views, is a passage in the third volume of Wolfius's Curæ Philologicæ.
Care has been taken that the Hebrew and Greek quotations should create as little embarrassment to the English reader as possible.
Passages of scripture where Melchisedec is mentioned 11
That the priesthood of Jesus is the subject of the epistle
Analysis of the passage beginning at the 11th verse of
An inquiry whether there is any reason to believe that
the apostle has kept back any thing he knew about
I. The divine origin of the priesthoods of Melchisedec,
Of the priests mentioned, Exod. xix. 22
Of the promise Exod. xix. 6. "Ye shall be unto me a
Conclusion that Melchisedec was the first that ever
II. The sense in which Jesus is said to be a priest after
the order of Melchisedec, and after the order of
III. The reason why David spoke of Messiah as a priest
after the order of Melchisedec, and not after the
The reasons why Paul found it necessary to argue this
subject so pertinaciously with the Jews..
An inquiry what particular man he was
II. Explanation of the name Melchisedec..
Explanation of the name Salem ....
III. The meaning of Heb. vii. 3, viz. " without father,"
Hypotheses on the subject examined, viz. that Melchise-
dec was without human descent, without predecessor
or successor in office, without human genealogy.. 77
That the passage relates wholly to Levitical genealogy 84
IV. Of the duration of Melchisedec's priesthood; expla-
nation of Heb. vii. 3, 8, 15, 16, 17, 23, 24...... 94
Meaning of y, and ɛis awva, and ɛs to dinvexes 95
V. The dignity of Melchisedec's priesthood..
VI. Comparison of Jesus with Melchisedec.