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floor, we could rake the premises, and run After this, and after various vicissi. no risk of shooting each other or the tudes, Euphemia and her husband settle women of the family:". One night one of down in the country in a house which the alarms goes off. The husband im- they call Rudder Grange, in affectionate mediately takes his revolver out of the remembrance of their home in the canaldrawer, and rushes to wake the boarder, boat. Here it is that Pomona rejoins who keeps bis pistol under his pillow. them under somewhat singular circum“In an instant he was on his feet, bis stances. They have purchased a watchhand grasped my throat, and the cold dog which growls at them in the most muzzle of his Derringer pistol was at my savage and terrible manner, and of which forehead. It was an awfully big muzzle, they stand in great and natural dread. like the mouth of a bottle. I don't know He has been let loose to frighten a supwhen I lived so long as during the first posed tramp, who turns out to be a reminute that he held me thus. Rascal,' spectable tradesman, and Euphemia, ber he said, 'do as much as breathe and I'll husband, and the maid have taken refuge pull the trigger.' I didn't breathe.” When on the top of a shed. To them enters this mistake is cleared up the two inen Pomona, who has not been seen for a make their way cautiously and pistol in long time, and she walks up to them, takhand to the spot where the alarm has ing no notice of the dog. The dog, upon gone off. Then by the light of the moon this, gives up barking and growling, and they see the burglar standing on a chair follows quietly at her heels. “Jeaning out of the window evidently just know, ma'am,' said she to Euphemia, ready to escape.”. They agree, instead that if I had come here yesterday, that of shooting, to hoist the rascal into the dog would have had my life's blood ?' water. As they are barefooted their apAnd why don't he have it to-day?' said proach is unhéard. “ We reached the Euphemia.” What is the answer to this chair. Each of us took hold of two of its question, and what other things befall the legs. One

three !' said the young couple and Pomona, all readers boarder, and together we gave a tremend. who care for a very bright, original, and ous lift and shot the wretch out of the amusing story will like to find out for window.” Then they run up on deck to themselves. see what the burglar is about.“ *Just then our attention was attracted by a voice from the shore. Will you please let down the gang-plank?' We looked ashore and there stood Pomona, dripping from

From The County Gentleman.

DEER ANTLERS. every pore. We spoke no words, but lowered the gang-plank. She came aboard.

We can trace a regular gradation •Good-night!'said the boarder, and went through the deer kind, ancient and mod. to bed. Pomona!' said I, ' what have ern- - from deer with absolutely no antlers you been doing?' 'I was a-lookin' at the of any sort, through those with mere tiny moon, sir, when pop! the chair bounced, bosses or dags, to those with fully devel. and out I went.'' It is strangely charac-oped branched headgear like that of the teristic of Pomona that two years or more moose and the Scotch red deer. The later she refers to the incident in this earliest ancestors of the race had abso. way: “ " I felt mad enough to take her by lutely no horns at all, and at least one the feet an' pitch her out, as you an' the existing member of the true deer tribe – boarder,' said Pomona, turning to me, the Chinese water deer — still retains this

histed me out of the canal-boat winder.' early peculiarity. The reason why one This, by the way, was the first intimation such outlying species should never have we bad had that Pomona knew how she attained the stage of producing antlers came to fall out of that window.” This, is clear enough. It lives much in the as has been said, takes place a consider marshes and pools, where the mode of able time after the incident itself, shortly fighting by butting with the head is not after which the young couple are com- likely to be very much practised, and it pelled to leave their strange and pictur- has accordingly acquired long, sharp tusks esque dwelling place in consequence of instead of horns, which it uses in the Pomona's smartness in cutting a little combats with its rivals for the possession window in the side of the kitchen to throw of the does. The so-called musk deer, things out. One night there is a high which is really more closely related to the tide, the water gets in through this little antelopes, shows us the antelope type in a window, the boat heels over and its occu- similar stage of arrested development, pants escape from it only just in time. and is equally provided with long tusks.


In April

Indeed, almost all kinds of deer in which cies faithfully reproduces from season to the antlers are small or little evolved tend season, in its own growth, the various to supplement them by fighting-teeth. On stages through which its ancestors have the other hand, it is the more usual habit passed; and we can place side by side a of all prairie or forest ruminants to fight perfect series of corresponding forms in one another by butting with the head, and the two modes of development, each year under such circumstances the possession of the red deer or wapiti being paralleled of any protuberance or knob upon the by a close similar adult animal of some forehead, of whatever sort, would be cer: other species. It is noteworthy, too, that tain to give the animals which happened the fossil order exactly answers to what to display it a great advantage over their we should expect it to be in this respect; rivals in the annual wager of battle. the earliest deer kind whose remains we Hence it happens that three diverse types know bave very simple and rudimentary of headgear have been separately devel- antlers indeed, and they gradually in. oped in three groups of ruminants. In crease in complexity from the first fossil the giraffes a distinct conical bone, cov. species till the extinct kinds of the period ered with skin and hair, buds out from immediately preceding our own. each side of the brow, and forms a dan: the stags exhibit the first beginnings of gerous weapon of offence capable of the new year's growth. A pair of knobs fracturing the skull of a rival, as hap show themselves about the scar lest by pened once during a giraffe fight at the the burrs of last autumn's antlers, and Zoo. In the hollow-horned ruminants, the smooth dark velvet that covers them such as antelopes and cow.kind – that is gives hardly any sign of active life. With to say, all those sorts which have true the warmer weather, however, the knobs horns, as distinguished from antlers - the have begun to bud more vigorously, and bony core forms a part of the skull itself, the pulses in the velvet show clearly and is coated by a horny covering, which that the arteries are busy at work build. is never shed during the animal's life. ing up a bony layer on the new pair of And in the deer tribe, which possess ant- dags. As long as the bone continues to lers instead of horn, the weapons of of- grow, the skin inside the velvet remains fence are also' bony, but without any warm and richly supplied with blood, for coating of horn, and in the final state at of course the work of depositing the least are quite naked. Each of these dense material of the antler is carried on: three distinct types of butting apparatus by this vital covering, which acts to the must have been separately evolved from core much as the delicate skin of a bone a primitive bornless ancestor; and each does to the hard mineral mass beneath it. (except that of the now quite unique While the work of deposition goes on, giraffes) has undergone many subsequent the stags are very shy and retiring, keepchanges and modifications in adaptation ing out of the way as much as possible, to special needs. Some isolated species for any injury to ihe velvet causes them of the deer, such as the American brock to bleed profusely, and also prevents the ets, bave hardly got at all beyond the very due growth of the subjacent antler. As first stage in the production of antlers; soon as the horns have attained their full they have only a pair of small knobs on growth, howe er, the arteries in the velvet the forehead, like the simple dags of dry up and the skin becomes reduced to a those young red deer in their first year mere papery covering, which the stag which the keepers know as brockets. So, proceeds to rub off against the ground or again, a Chinese muntjac has little beams on the trunks of trees. Once the core of hardly an inch long, supplemented by a bone alone remains, he begins to toss his powerful pair of canine tusks. One stage head, to seek the hinds, and to do battle above this early type in evolution comes for them with his rival stags. On the the common muntjac of India, well known Scotch bills much harm has been done to to sportsmen in the Deccan, with antlers the development of antlers by the foolish about four inches long, and possessing a and unscientific practice of killing off the single rudimentary brow tine beside the finest heads, which leaves only the less beam. This second stage is reached and developed to perpetuate the species, so passed by the red deer in the second year. that our British stags have seldom more Thence we can trace a constant progress, than ten or twelve tines; but on the Con. through kinds which have triple branches, tinent, where nature is allowed to have like the staggard, to the very much sub- her own way to a greater extent, stags divided antlers of our own red deer, or have been shot with between sixty and the still more complex armor of the wapiti seventy branches to their lordly antlers. and the Barbary deer. Each higher spe

Fifth Series, Volume XLIII.


No. 2040.- July 28, 1883.

From Beginning,




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Quarterly Review,

Blackwood's Magazine,
III. LUTHER. By J. A. Froude,

Contemporary Review, . IV. THE WIZARD's Son. Part XI.,

Macmillan's Magazine, V. MRS. DELANY IN IRELAND, .


Cornhill Magazine, VII. TERRA COTTA,



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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Tor Eight Dollars, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING Age will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office money-order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks and money-orders should be made payable to the order of LITTELL & Co.

Single Numbers of THE LIVING AGE, 18 cents.


What for the days, when side by side. Up and down the terrace pacing, where the We wandered on, nor thought of rest, winter sunlight glowed,

Will these arise and leave their bed, And the sound of falling waters timed my foot. The day the sea gives up her dead?

steps as I trode, Pacing where the tall yew hedges kept the Ah, nevermore ! dead joy is dead, bitter blast away,

The sunshine dead ne'er smiles again. And the noontide smiled like summer on the 'Tis evening gathers on the shore, January day.

Our kiss was kissed, our words were said.

Naught lasts for e'er save sin and pain, Up and down the terrace pacing, for a musing Love dead, is dead forevermore. hour alone,

Silent he lies, in his cold bed, While the river's music mingled with the baf- Though all life's seas gave up their dead ! fled east wind's moan;

All The Year Round And a presence seemed beside me, very close

and very dear, A strong hand my hand was clasping, a low voice was in my ear.

IN SARK. Words of counsel, words of comfort, words of ABREAST and ahead of the sea is a crag's front dear companionship,

cloven asunder And the blue eyes spoke as softly as the mobile With strong sea-breach and with wasting of

winds whence terror is shed eager lip; Hope grew brighter, grief grew sweeter, doubt, As a shadow of death from the wings of the

darkness on waters that thunder ashamed, shrank quite away,

Abreast and ahead. As we two paced on together in the January day.

At its edge is a sepulchre hollowed and hewn

for a lone man's bed, Swift and sweet the moments passed me, as Propped open with rock and agape on the sky the sunshine paled o'er head,

and the sea thereunder, And to common life returning, fell thc slow But roofed and walled in well from the wrath reluctant tread;

of them slept its dead. Yet my hushed heart from its commune, pa

tience, strength, and courage drew; And north skies with southern splendor gilded Here might not a man drink rapture of rest, or all the darkling yew.

delight above wonder, All The Year Round.

Beholding, a soul disembodied, the days and

the nights that fled, With splendor and sound of the tempest around

and above him and under, Abreast and ahead.

Academy. WHEN THE SEA GIVES UP HER DEAD. THEY tell us with the quiet voice Of perfect faith, and hope, and trust, That on the day when Christ shall come

G. To bid bis chosen ones rejoice,

(Air: Treue Liebe. — Thuringian Volkslied.) To breathe new life in death's dark dust, To give new speech where death struck dumb,

Ring'D with blue mountains Fiom out the sad sea's restless bed,

Oft, when a little lad, Shall rise once more the hidden dead.

Dreamed I of something glad

Hidden beyond;

Ships and the shining sea, They tell us this with upraised eyes,

Towns and towers haunted me; That gaze beyond the present's woe,

Dreams made me glad — and sad; And whisper of a Heaven and God,

Life lay beyond !
Draw pictures of star-laden skies,
Where angels, wander to and fro.
When those now 'neath the churchyard sod,

Ring'd with blue welkin,

Oft now, as when a lad, Will rise from out their dreary bed,

Dream I of something glad The day the sea gives up her dead.

Hidden beyond ;

Something I cannot see Yet will they raise once more the past,

Haunts and entices me; Or give me back the faith that died,

Dreams make me glad and sad; Or breathe new breath in love's dead breast?

What lies beyond ? What for the love that did not last?

Good Words.


From The Quarterly Review. that, at least in later years, something LORD LAWRENCE.

similar might have been said of John. On the 4th of July, 1857, amid the Eleven years ago the “ Life of Sir crash of the enemy's near artillery, and Henry Lawrence” was issued in two vol. the incessant roll of musketry, the spare umes from two very different pens. The and shattered frame that had encased the first, by Sir Herbert Edwardes, was writ. ardent soul of Henry Lawrence was com- ten as it were from within ; full of brothmitted to earth, with hasty prayers, within erly, almost filial, affection; the work of the beleaguered lines of Lucknow Resi- a friend and disciple; hearty to the utterdency. Three weeks later, ignorant of most, but failing perhaps at times in the calamity, the Court of Directors, with taste; and recalling to some long memothe crown's approval, named the same ries the "early decorated” style, which Henry Lawrence as provisional successor was well known in the local press of of the governor general, Lord Canning. upper India, before Edwardes's courage

Twenty-two years later, almost to a day, and genius snatched those opportunities on the 5th of July, 1879, Henry Law. which made him famous in England at rence's younger brother John, after hav- eight-and-twenty. The second volume ing filled for the usual term of years that was by the late Mr. Herman Merivale, great office to which Henry had been des- whose destiny it was, a singular destiny ignated, was laid in the nave of West- for one so accomplished, - to finish up minster with all the solemn glories of mu- the stories left half told by other men. sic and lofty ritual, and amid such a depth The volume was not by any means inapof emotion, and such a crowd of mourn-preciative of its subject, but it was writers, as no funeral for well-nigh forty years ten critically and from without. Those had evoked or assembled. No royal who knew India, and loved Henry Law. prince took part, unless by proxy, in the rence, preferred Edwardes's contribution last tribute to the man who had done more with all its faults. Many others, however, than any other, dead or living, to preserve doubtless assigned the palm to Merivale's India to the crown of England; but states. chaster style and better knowledge of the men and soldiers of renown, and old, and to that calmer review, which rades who bad borne by his side the bur. sometimes jarred on the sympathies of den and heat of the day, now supported the former class of readers, by its tone as his pall, and carried the symbols of his of one regarding Sir Henry not merely honors.

from without, which was inevitable, but (as An old Arab traveller in India tells that, it seemed) also from a higher level, which when a king in that country died, there was inexcusable. were certain persons bound to him by Some months after the funeral at West. special ties of devotion, who cast them. minster, when it became known that the selves upon his funeral pyre. These were widow of Lord Lawrence had committed styled the faithful lieges of the king, the task of writing her husband's history whose life was their life, whose death was to a Harrow master - to one who had their death. That is not the custom now, never seen India — there were grievous Indian or Anglo-Indian. But Lord Law- misgivings and great searchings of beart rence's biographer, in speaking of the among the Anglo-Indian legions. Itis no elder brother's unique power of attracting purpose of this review to add an essay on and influencing men through the heart, Lord Lawrence to the many (some of them says that he was a man ior whom (as sober most able and worthy) which appeared persons, knowing whereof they spoke, bad four years ago; but we desire to show, so repeatedly told him) not one only but a far as our space and ability permit, what dozen men in the Punjab would have the book is like. In three years Mr. been prepared to die. And we believe Bosworth Smith has carried through a

work representing an enormous amount of Life of Lord Lawrence. By R. Bosworth Sniith, M.A., late Fellow of Trinity College, Oxford. 2 vols toil. In spite of an inevitable slip now Loodoo, 1583.

and then -- but rarely of moment — liis

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