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Should bigotry, with baneful art, Attempt to keep the saints apart, Love shall remove th' partition wall, And Jesus Christ be all in all.
The cause of Gospel Missions bless ; At home, ubroad, give great success; Let truth o'erspread this earthly ball, And Jesus Christ be all in all.
Now forward bear thy gracious sway,
And JESUS CHRIST be all in all.
A MOTHER AT HER CHILD'S TOMB.
I mourn for thee in vain ;
To allay my bosom's pain !
As you smiled upon my knee;
That fondly beamed on me!
Thou wert dearer than all my kin-
Nor the weight my heart within.
And hush thee to sweet reposé ;
To snatch thee from earthly woes.
On eternity's darksome sea ;
And thy parent weeps over thee !
She thinks of thee morning and even; And from this earth she would fain depart,
To meet thy sweet smiles in heaven! For thou wert her only hope and joy
She had no one to love but thee; She had hop'd to deck thee in bride's array,
And thy bridal bed to see. But my darling's bed is the winding-sheet,
And her bridal room the tomb; And the worm is the bridegroom, most unmeet,
To my rose of the lovely bloom. But God has decreed we should part, my dear
Our Maker decreed we should part; And our loved Saviour will pardon the tear,
That wells from a broken heart.
The Lord's my banner! Forth I go,
The Lord's my banner! Grief may low'r,
But never shall earthly joy renew
My soul which thrills with pain ; Till in a land beyond our view,
I shall meet with my child again. E. B.
The Lord's my banner! Round my tomb
THE MAY MEETINGS ANTICIPATED.
LORD, send thy Spirit from above,
REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS,
THE HISTORY OF THE HEBREW COMMON. We do not know that the author of these
WEALTH, from the Earliest Times to the volumes, the late Dr. Jahn, was directly and Destruction of Jerusalem, A.D. 72. Trans. personally engaged in any of the active lated from the German of John Jahn, movements to which we have referred. His D.D. With a Continuation to the Time of living under the jealous and ruthless Aus. Adrian. 2 vols. 8vo.
trian government, the nature of the official Hurst and Co.
stations which he held, and the manner in
which he discharged the duties of those The present condition of the Roman Ca. stations, as is proved by his numerous pubtholic Church, in some of the most en. lished works distinguished for learning, judglightened and influential parts of the Conti- ment, and extensive research, scarcely allow nent, is a phenomenon calculated to excite of such a supposition. But it is abundantly great interest and expectation. Above all, manifest that he did much, very much, to is this the case in the east and south of help forward the cause of enlightened ChrisGermany. In those countries, there are mul- tiad knowledge, by his contributions to the titudes in the papal communion, both clergy advancement of Scripture studies. Dr. Jahn and laity, who openly profess their conviction was, for many years, professor of oriental of the unwarrantable and pernicious character languages and of doctrinal theology, in the of many of the claims of the see of Rome, University of Vienna, and afterwards first and the disciplinary usages which it rigidly canon of the Metropolitan Church of St. enforces as laws of the church. In nu. Stephen, in that city. He died at the age of merous publications, within the last few sixty-six, in 1816. The serious and reverential years, replete with scriptural and ecclesias. spirit with which he treats religious subjects, tical knowledge, distioguished by forcible places him in an advantageous distinction reasoning, and sometimes by the spirit of from the arrogantly styled Rationalists of reverential piety, relief and reform are loudly Protestant Germany; and the comprehendemanded ; and it is evident, that a conscien. siveness, independence, and impartiality of tious belief of the spiritual supremacy of the his investigations, must have been perfectly pope, as an institution of Jesus Christ, is the disagreeable to a thorough-going Papist. It only imp ent to a declaration of independ. is no wonder if his writings have been put ence, and to taking into their own hands under the ban of prohibition at Rome; which the cause for which they are now pleading, we have some reason to believe to be the as dutiful, but aggrieved and importunate case. The principal of his works are, a children, before their earthly head and father. Hebrew, a Chaldee, and an Arabic GramThe chief objects, for the attainment of which mar; a Chaldee Chrestomathy; a critical the struggle is going on, are, the free use of edition of the Hebrew Bible, in four volumes; the Scriptures, that public worship shall be Introduction to the Divine Books of the Old in the vernacular language of every country, Testament, two volumes, or, more properly, the enjoyment of the sacramental cup by the four, according to the division of parts ; laity, the abolition of the law compelling Manual of the Rules of Scripture Interpreclerical celibacy, a thorough reformation, if tation; Bible Archæology, three volumes, not an abolition, of the monastic orders, that and a Latin Compendium of the same, in a the bishops shall be freely elected by the single volume ; besides various Dissertations clergy and representatives of the laity in on Scriptural Topics, and the work which we each diocese, and that the confirmation by now introduce to the attention of our readers. the pope
shall follow, as a matter of right, It has been translated by the Rev. C. E. unless he can prove heresy against the bishop Slowe, late of the Theological Seminary of elect.
Andover, in New England ; and is now Another numerous body, existing chiefly reprinted, without any indication of further in the south of Germany, is distinguished by editorship, by London booksellers. the holding in an inferior degree, and in no deeply lament that the invaluable productions case but as means and helps, the ceremonies of the Andover Theological School cannot of their church ; while the genuine Scripture be had, in the way of regular purchase, in doctrines of salvation by grace, through faith Great Britain. Stray copies find their way in the only Redeemer, the renewing work of among us, and are held as sealed treasures the Holy Spirit, and the obligations of uni. by their possessors; but our theological stuversal holiness, are faithfully preached in dents, and the public in general, cannot obthe pulpits, and are life and joy to the hearts tain them. This is a great disadvantage to of mulutudes. Lot our readers fervently pray us; and one of its effects is, the reprinting that these interesting signs of the times may of some of the works which we so desire, by increase, and proceed to the most happy re- English or Irish booksellers, merely as matsults.
ters of trade, and without any guaranted for
care and accuracy. Thus, also, the original gined emendations of either the American or authors, Dr. Woods, Mr. Stuart, Mr. Gibbs, the English printer : such as substituting the Mr. Robinson, and their associates, are diphthongal' Æ for the two vowels, when deprived of whatever pecuniary advantage they form distinct syllables, Esdralon for might accrue from British sale, to which Esdraslon ; Michælis, for Michaelis ; also, they are well entitled, though it would be Chalde-Babylonian, for Chaldæo. Babylonian; far short of a compensation for their self- and Ptolomey for Ptolemy. denying and most arduous labours.
The author follows the common represenMr. Stuart has written a preface to this tation, that Sennacherib was assassinated soon translation, a few words from which will best after his ignominious flight from Jerusalem. characterize the work.
(vol. I. p. 145.) It was impossible that he - The Christian religion is built upon the could be acquainted with the remarkable Jewish. The Christian Scriptures are inti- evidence, (brought to light by the recently mately connected with the Jewish sacred discovered Armenian version of the Chronicon books; and they cannot be understood and of Eusebius,) that Sennacherib lived, and explained, except by means of them. The performed important transactions, in Western words of the New Testament are Greek ; but Asia, through several years after the miracuits idioms, its costume, its manner of thought
lous destruction of his army. A minute and reasoning, its allusions, in short, the statement of the remarkable bringing to light tout ensemble of it, is Jewish; nor can these of this portion of ancient history, may be ever be duly understood by any person who seen in one of the notes to the new edition of is ignorant of the Jewish nation, its laws, Dr. Pye Smith's Discourse on Prophetic Inand history.
terpretution, “ The design of the principal part of the There is, at the close of this work, an In. present volume is to impart a succinct and dex of Prophecies Illustrated. This is useful; critically arranged History of the Hebrews. but we much regret that there is not also We have no book in our language which a complete index of subjects. Such an apdoes this in such a manner as to satisfy the pendage would be an important benefit to wants of a critical student at the present the reader. This English edition is printed time. The works of Shuckford and Prideaux, in a clear and handsome manner. which, in respect to learning, may be men. tioned with approbation, particularly the latter, are so copious, and contain so much The ABOLITIONIST; or Notices of Colonial irrelevant, not to say uninteresting, matter,
Slavery, with a view to its Extinction. that the student goes through them with
Edited by a Sub-Committee of the Edin. great toil, and with little fruit of his labour. burgh Anti-Slavery Society. Nos. I., II., Other books are of a popular form, and ill
and III. adapted to the wants of a critical inquirer. The Edinburgh Anti-Slavery Committee
“Jaun has bestowed great pains and have, at length, buckled on their armour, and labour on the following work. None of his taken the field in earnest. The succinct, yet numerous publications give higher evidence clear and comprehensive, views of colonial of critical research than the present. The slavery, contained in the pamphlet before labour bestowed in harmonising the various us, cannot fail to make a deep impression in accounts of persons and occurrences con- Scotland; where, we trust, the Committee tained the Old Testament, is, in itself, great are scattering them by thousands. None can and useful ; and that bestowed on the pro- regret more than we do, the recent commophecies contained in the sacred volume, in tions in the West Indies. But, though they order to exhibit the fulfilment of them, the afflict, they do not surprise us. They are student will find to be valuable.
the necessary consequence of the light “ Besides a regular and continuous His- which, in spite of every barrier, is daily tory of the Jews, Jahn has also given a suc- breaking more and more brightly on the cinct account of all the other nations con. mind of the negro; and they who imagine nected with them ; so that the student may that slavery, under any form, can long exist regard the present book as containing an in our colonies, are shutting their eyes epitome of the Ancient History of Western against conviction. Unless full and speedy Asia and of Eastern Europe.
justice be rendered to the slave by the British “I would urge it upon every theological legislature, he will decide the matter himself, student, in a particular manner, to make him. and that by physical force. If he be not self familiar with this work throughout." emancipated by us, he will emancipate him
After these opinions, from an authority so self; and then woe to his oppressor! competent as that of Professor Moses Stuart, Such are our views of this momentous no further recommendation is necessary. question ; and they correspond with those of
We have observed some errors, which seem the Edinburgh Committee. Our northern to have proceeded upon system, but which friends do not blink the question. They state cannot have come from the translator; and the matter fairly, openly, and strongly; as which must, therefore, have been the ima the following extracts from the third number
will prove. We trust that such statements forward the enlightened views of the British will not be made, nor such arguments used government.” pp. 17, 18. in vain. The present era is pregnant with “ Such, then, is another feature of that events; and one of these, we feel assured, is revolting system, to uphold which, the inthe abolition of Negro slavery.
habitants of this country are assessed to the “If colonial slavery were a system which amount of three millions annually, either in had sprung up in our own day, no argument the form of direct taxation, or in that of boun. would be necessary to convince our country- ties and protecting duties. Such is another feamen of its horrors. If, with our present views ture of the system which, but for the presence of personal and political freedom, we had of British soldiers, and the conuivance of a seen a British navy set sail from Portsmouth British parliament, could not exist for an or Plymouth, proceed to the coast of Africa, hour. It forms the foulest spot on the page and thence carry off some thousands of the of our country's history, and the time is now unoffending natives, for the purpose of selling arrived when it must be wiped away. Reathem into permanent bondage in the West son recommends, religion pleads for, huIndies, a torrent of indignation would have manity demands its abolition. The inha. burst forth from every part of the United bitants of this country have talked of slavery Kingdom; and liberty to the oppressed, and so long, that they have actually become death or expatriation to the oppressors, would insensible to its horrors. They have been so have been loudly demanded.
habituated to pay the price of maintaining it, “ And is the injustice of retaining these that they have ceased to grudge the unpoor Africans in bondage one whit less pal- natural impost. But there is a spirit abroad pable, because twenty-five years have elapsed among the nations of the earth, which is alike since the last of their number was borne hostile to slavery in all its ramifications. across the Atlantic ? Because men, who That spirit has breathed over our country never injured us, were reduced to slavery, also, and awakened an echo in every British through our apathy or connivance, at the age heart. The apathy with which we have of twenty, does that circumstance render it looked on our own political privations, has just and equitable to retain them in bondage given place to an enthusiasm in the cause of because they have now reached the age of liberty. Nor is it to be believed that now, forty-five? Or if, in the course of nature, or when so completely roused to the assertion through hardship and oppression, very many of their own rights as Britons and as freeof the originally imported slaves are num- men, the inhabitants of this country will look bered with the dead, does the fact of their tamely on, while the Negro, who IS ALSO A having died in that state of servitude, to BRITISH SUBJECT, is robbed at once of his which they were cruelly and iniquitously political and his natural rights. reduced by Britons, render it just and equi. “ The time, we repeat, is now come when table that their children should be kept in slavery must be abolished. Nor let the timid bondage ? Most assuredly not. And grant- philanthropist imagine that by its abolition ing, for the sake of argument, (what, in the slightest injury will be done to any one. point of fact, we deny) that the length of Monstrous as the system is, and loud and time, during which the Negro population of frenzied though' its advocates may be, there our colonies have been subjected to slavery, is no one benefited by upholding it, but the had made them unfit for freedom and unable hireling champions of a venal press. As a to appreciate its blessings, would that form nation, we are not benefited. On the cona reason for prolonging their servitude ? trary, we are taxed to a grievous amount for Again we answer, assuredly not; since, by the maintenance of the system ; while hunour opponents' own showing, the longer they dreds of brave men annually fall victims to were kept in bondage, the less fitted would the climate, whose place, under other cirthey be for liberty.
cumstances, might be advantageously occu“Let it not be supposed, then, that because pied by native troops. The planters are not we have undertaken to draw aside the veil, benefited. This we fearlessly assert; else which the planters and their hireling advo- why the frequent bankruptcy, and the still cates have thrown over the state of the ne- more frequent mortgage? Why, if the sysgroes in our colonies, we concede the ques- tem be a good one, the frequent change of tion of equity even for a moment. On the proprietorship in the colonies? why the procontrary, our object in exposing the utter tecting duty, and the loud and bitter comhollowness of the professions, made by the plaint that all will not do?. It is unnecescolonists, of a desire to prepare the negroes sary to add, that the Negro is not benefited. for liberty, is to convince our countrymen Defrauded of his birthright, fettered to the that nothing effectual ever will be done to- soil, and borne down to the earth by labour, wards this end, by those whose interest it is and famine, and insult, and oppression, what (or, what is the same thing, who imagine it can he lose by the abolition of slavery? to be their interest) to thwart the benevolent While we, as a nation, will be relieved from wishes of the British people; and to coun- intolerable burdens, intolerable, because teract, while they hypocritically profess to unnecessary, and doubly intolerable because
ministering to tyranny and injustice,) and while the planter will be enriched by the willing labour of a happy and flourishing peasantry, in room of a sullen and rebellious slave population, the Negro will be raised to the level of his species ; restored to his rights as a man, a husband, and a parent; and protected alike in the enjoyment of his poli. tical privileges, and the exercise of his reli. gious duties. Is there any man deserving of the name of Briton, who can look forward to such a state of things, and not hope to see it realized ! Is there any man deserving of the name of Christian, who will not, with us, put his shoulder to the wheel, and assist in the cause of Negro emancipation ?” pp. 21 --23.
Memoir of the LIFE OF TUE Rev.MATTHIAS
Bruen, of New York. 12mo. pp. 440.
Edinburgh, William Oliphant. Next to spiritual communion with our God and Saviour, the reciprocations of Chris. tian friendship present the purest source of enjoyment, of which our nature is capable ; and if such friendship have been formed in early life, before the warmer feelings of the beart have been chilled by disappointment and ingratitude, it will often glow with an ardour which absence only serves to fan, and distance to hallow. It is in the mutual and unre. strained interchange of sentiment, whether in conversation or correspondence, to which such friendship gives rise, that the heart feels itself drawn out, as it were, to commune with a kindred spirit; and we feel a foretaste of that more exalted enjoyment which we have reason to believe shall accompany the fellowship of the saints in heaven.
We are aware that there are some very estimable persons, whose natural temperament is so litile liable to excitemeut, even from the most hallowed sources, that they will be ready to characterize the sentiments, which we have expressed, as bordering on romance. Be it so. We nevertheless know that there are many who have felt all that we have stated; and we believe that there are not a few who, in the want of such a communion of feeling and of interest, have experienced not a little of that spiritual desolation expressed by the Psalmist when he said, “Oh, that I had wings like a dove! for then would I fly away and be at rest.”
It is to such a friendship, pure, ardent, and spiritual, that this volume owes its origin. In our Magazine for March, 1830, we inserted a brief memoir of the Rev. Matthias Bruen, of New York; and we then stated, among other incidents which marked his brief career, that he visited Europe in 1816, in company with his friend and preceptor, the Rev. Dr. Mason. During that visit he became, for a season, the guest of a clergy
man of the church of Scotland ; and having met, under his roof, with a spirit congenial to his own, an intimacy commenced, which terminated only with his life. One of the fruits of that intimacy was a frequent, confidential, and animated correspondence, out of which, with the occasional aid of other friends, the narrative before us has been constructed. Though compiled in Scotland, it was originally published in America, but is now reprinted in Edinburgh, under the superintendence of the author; and we are mistaken if it meet not with a rapid sale.
The Character presented to us, in these pages, is one of singular interest. Possessed of a cultivated mind, and placed in easy circumstances, he early devoted himself to the cause of his Redeemer, willing at once to spend and to be spent in a service so noble. Of this a striking proof was given on the occasion of his first visit to Europe, already alluded to. The objects of his tour had been accomplished; he had seen Britain, France, and Italy ; had laid in a stock of renovated health, and had actually taken his passage home, when he received a pressing invitation to become the pastor of an infant church in Paris, accompanied by the candid avowal that perhaps they should be unable to pay him for his services. After a brief struggle he consented, was ordained in London, and proceeded to Paris. The congregation, among whom he continued to labour while there was any prospect of usefulness, con. sisted chiefly of his countrymen, and a few English residents in the French capital. His labours were in some measure blessed; and an affecting account is given of the death-bed of an American lady, to whom he appears to have been eminently useful. The fluctuating nature of his congregation, however, discouraged him; and, in 1819, he returned to America.
In his native country he found an ample field of usefulness opened up to him. After preaching in various places, and acting for a season as secretary to the Domestic Missionary Society, he gradually collected around him a congregation of his own, over whom he was ordained pastor by the Presbytery of New York, and among whom he laboured till his death, in 1829.
Valuable and interesting as the materials are, out of which this volume is constructed, there is an additional charm thrown over it by the kindred spirit under whose auspices it is given to the public. Although the compiler has endeavoured to make Mr. Bruen as much as possible his own biographer, yet there were links in the chain of narrative to be connected, and occasional gaps to be filled up, all which has been done in the same elegant and pious manner in which his own letters are composed. We have often had cause to regret that, in the portrait presented to us of a departed friend; the features