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dos plan, he considers to be the influence to renew. holiness in denial that “salvation is wholly men ;” and that, they “ were of God.”
alarmed at the appearance of the Our author, under this head, Unitarian doctrine, and took deciundertakes to shew, that the doc- sive measures to arrest its protrines of grace all stand ne- gress, as an evil of most perni. cessarily connected with “the cious tendency.” p. 78.91. divinity and perfect atonement of In the sixth and seventh chapJesus Christ.” p. 22. His ters are brought into view, the proofs of this connexion are in- Arian and Pelagian doctrines, genious, and we think scriptural which are shewn to be a deparand conclusive.
ture from the faith of the primiThe third chapter is divided tive Christians. into two sections. The first The eighth chapter exhibits a gives the scripture character of plain summary of the “ doctrines Christ.” The second shews of the reformation :" the ninth, that the design of the gospel an interesting account of the and epistles of St. John proba- “ revival of the ancient heresies bly was to confute the error of after the reformation,” by the those, who denied the divinity modern Socinians, Arminians, and atonement of Christ.” The Methodists, and Free-will Bapscripture proofs of the supreme tists, whose opinions are shewn Deity of Jesus Christ, in this to be subversive of that scheme chapter, are exhibited in a clear of religion which rests on this and convincing light; and that truth, that salvation is wholly the passages adduced for this of God." purpose are not misapplied, is The last chapter is designed shewn from the nature of the to shew “in what respect, and gospel, and the design of St. how far those systems of docJohn's epistles to confute those trine, which have been exhibited, who denied this doctrine.
come within the general descripThe fourth and fifth chapters tion of heresy." This is an exhibit the faith of the primitive interesting chapter, and deserves Christians, and their conduct to- the serious attention of the reaward those who denied the di- der. vinity and atonement of Christ. The author subjoins some From copious extracts, both from juclicious and seasonable reflecChristian and heathen writers, in tions and remarks, resulting the first ages of Christianity, our from the view of religious opinkuthor satisfactorily proves that ions, given in the preceding the primitive Christians believed work—and then closes with an what are denominated the doca Address,” Ist. “ To those who itines of grace—that they were adopt the Unitarian system.” " Trinitarians," that “they be- 20. « To those who have trust. lieved in the ruin of mankind by ed in Christ as a divine Saviour, the sin of the first man, and that and are established in the docthe Son of God became incar- trines of grace." nate, to deliver sinners from the The subject of this work is deplorable effects of the fall;"- manifestly of great importance. also “in the necessity of divine There is certainly an essential
difference between that system, On the whole, we consider which is founded on the princi- this a valuable and very seasonaple, that Christ is a divine per- ble performance, and we cordially son, and salvation wholly of God; recommend it to the attention of and that which considers him as the public. To exposé dangera mere creature, though ever so ons error shows no want of chari. exalted, and salvation, either in ty or candour. In an age of whole or in part, of the creature. prevailing infidelity, when many So different are these systems, openly reject the articles of our that if the former be true, the most holy faith, it yields high latter, by whatever name it is satisfaction to the good man, called, is a practical error, which who “ trembles for the ark of his tends to destroy the soul. God," to see a man of piety, tal• We think the author incorrectents and learning employed in in his distinction between an vindicating the pure doctrines of error in judgment and heresy. Christianity, and displaying them We believe with him, that heresy in contrast with those sentihas its origin in an “evil heartments, which essentially change of unbelief;" but that error in the Christian scheme, and coun. judgment has a different source teract those salutary effects, may be justly questioned. That which the gospel in its purity is a person should be destitute of calculated to produce. sentiment for want of proper means of information, can easily The Shade of Plato; or, a defence be conceived ; but that any one of religion, morality and governe should embrace error instead of mont. A Poem, in four parts. truth, without any kind or de- By DAVID НетсHсоск. То gree of evidence, can be account- which is prefixed, a Sketch of ed for only on the principle of the Author's Life, Hudson, evil propensity
Printed at the Balance Press. The style of this work corres- 1805. ponds with the design of the HAVING read the introductoauthor, which is to enlighten ry sketch of the author, the and establish the minds of the reader will not expect to find in honest but unlearned, in the this poem the choicest beauties great truths of our religion, and of linguage. The poetry, it to guard them' against the perni- must be confessed, is not of the cious and prevalent errors of the most elevated kind. The figures day. It is plain, familiar, and are not all expressive of refined commonly correct. The plan taste, and the versification is of the work is judicious, tie sometimes unharmonious. But arrangement of the sereral parts though in these respects the natural, and the principles advo- Shade of Plato will not rank Cated, in our opinion, scriptural. with the Pleasures of ImaginaThe facts stated are supported by tion, the Deserted Village, or proper evidence, and the reason the Essay on Man, it is by no ing grounded on these facts, in- mcans destitute of merit. It has telligible, and in general conclu- many excellencies, but of a difsive. The closing addresses are ferent kind. The author discov, scrious, pertincnt and useful. ers some knowledge of heathen
mythology, to which he has seve ed with so much zeal and emphaeral allusions, and a good ac- sis by a heathen philosopher ;; quaintance with the nature and and were in doubt, whether to history of man. But his princi- attribute it to an oversight in the pal aim is to illustrate the truths, author, or to an undue use of poand inculcate the duties of mo- etic licence. But, on further rerality and religion. On these flection, neither of these supposubjects his knowledge appears sitions appeared necessary. The to be extensive, and his senti- human mind being supposed caments correct. These are the pable of endless progression in topics, he professes to have been knowledge and virtue, it requires most interested in and devoted to no stretch of imagination to confrom early life. He developesceive, nor of credulity to admit, the origin of several foibles and that the venerable shade, sublirices, greatly prevalent in socie- mated and improved by inter ty; describes their ruinous ten- course with immortals for more dency; and points out the means than two thousand years, must of correcting them. He incul- possess other stores of knowl. cates contentment, and resigna- edge, than those which it receive tion to Providence, by showing, ed from Pythagoras, or commuthat the evils, incident to man in nicated to Aristotle, while inhabthis world, are necessary for the iting its ancient tenement of clay. trial of his virtue, and, if rightly We are glad to see proposals regarded, will augment rather for a second edition of this pothan diminish the sum of human We think it calculated to happiness in the present state. do good. Though it may not
This poem is presented, as the stand on the shelves of the critsubstance of what passed in a ic or the virtuoso, it will find its visionary scene of its author with way to a numerous class of readthe spectre of a venerable Gre- ers, among whom it will be neician. We were at first surprised ther less useful nor acceptable at finding the Christian religion for the plainness and simplicity culogized, illustrated and enforc- of its appearance.
also considerable attention in CoruLITRACT OF A LETTER FROM MID
#'a!l, under the preaclning of the Rev. DLEBURY,
Mr. Bushnell. The Lord has done VERMONT, July 30, 1806.
much for us in this part of the coun. try, and to him be the glory. There
is more than usual attention to religYou may have heard of an atten- ion at this time, in the towns of New don to religion in this, and some of Haven, Weybridge, Salisbury, and the neighbouring towns. There has Shoreham. "The attention has also in "heen an awakening in Middlebury some degree reached the college. about a year, and 94 persons have, in We may hope that God will uphold consequence, been added to the his cause, notwithstanding the wotul church. The attention still continues apostacy of many. What reason have in some parts of the town. There is we to be thankful that we may trust.
the interests of our own souls, and proposed that we should join together those of the church in the hands of the in prayer and praise, which was read. great God, even our Saviour Jesus ily agreed to, although the Jews had Christ.
not heretofore seen such a thing, and
perhaps' such a thing had not taken We are happy to learn, that the place since the time of the apostles. College in Middlebury is in a prosper. I led in the exercise, the missionary ous state for an infant seininary in a followed, and the Jew minister con. newly settled country. The present cluded. When the exercise was pumber of students, we understand, over, the Jews took us by our hands is about sixty, of whom a greater pro. with such expressions of love and portion than is usual in colleges are brotherly affcction, as was truly gratverious. The religious interests of ifying."
Assemb. Mag. Vermont are thought to be intimately connected with the success of this In. MISSIONS IN INDIA. stitution, which is accordingly patro
The Rev. Charles Buchanan, a. M. nized by the body of the clergy in Vice Provost of the college of Fort the western division of the State, William, has iately published a mewho yet faithfully adhere to the doc- moir concerning ecclesiastical estabtrines of the reformation.
lishments in India, which contains
much curious and valuable informaIn Northampton, (Mass.) a very tion. The subject is no less than thut pleasing and general attention to re- of giving Christianity, and with it ligion prevails, and is extending to civilization, to myriads of human be. several of the neiglıbouring towns. ings, now sunk in the grossest ignoNumbers in these towns, particularly rance, and abased by the most atruin Northampton, have been added cious superstitions. For the promotion to the church, we hope of such as of this object, Mr. B. divides his shall be saved.
tract into three principal parts; the
first relates to the care and preservaExtract of a Letter from Capt. Benja. tion of the Christian faith among his min Wickes, duteil
0\n countrymen set:led in India: the
second treats of the practicability of London, April 2, 1806. civilizing and converting the natives; “We are going from London to and the third states the progress al. Calcutta ; two missionaries with their ready made in that civilization, and wives are going with us from the Bup in the planting of Christianity, Un, tist Society, and a young woman es- der each of these heads is contained poused to a missionary already in many articles which deserve the atten. Bengal, from the London sveiety; and tion of every person anxious to prothere to be married.
mote the progress of the Redeemer's One evening last week, I went with kingdom ; and which furnish motives one of the missionaries who is going for encouragement for nuissionaries with me, with two or three others, to to proceed in their labours. drink tca with the Jew minister, [ Mr.
The following facts are stated in the Frey.) While we were at tea, there dedication : came in two Jews that were awaken. “ New sources of information on all ed under that sermon, which you Oriental subjects, have been opened heard me speak of hearing liim preuch by the college of Fort William in last tall, which was the first-fruit of Bengal. Those persons who have bis labours. Those took tea with held ufficial situations in that instituus, and after tea was over, there tion during the last four years, have came in three other Jers, the fruit had constant opportunities of observ: of his ministry. When they had ing the conduct, and of learning the sat down, I counted our number, opinions, of the most intelligent na. and found there were an equal nuin. tives. There are attached to the colber of Jews and Gentiles, six of cach; lege, at this time, upwards of one on which I observed, that there was il hundred learned men, who have arrir. reinarkable instance before our eyes, ed from different parts of India, Perof the partition wall between the jew's sia, ad Arabia. 'In such an assem und Gentiles being broken do:vn, and blage, the manners and customs of
remote regions are distinctly describ. of Hindostan, will be read with in., ed; and their varying sentiments, re. creasing interest. The following are ligious and political, may be accu. some of his observations on the subject. rately investigated and compared.
“ To civilize the Hindoos will be “Of the learned Hindoos who considered by most men our duty; but have been employed as teachers, is it practicable? and if practicable, there were lately two from the De. would it be consistent with a wise can, who profess the Christian faith ; policy? It has been alleged by some, and comport themselves according to that no direct means ought to be used Christian manners. Two Protestant for the moral improvement of the namissionaries have also been attached tives ; and it is not considered liberal to the institution; one of whom is or politic to disturb their superstilecturer in the Bengalee and Shan- tions. scrit department; and has been for “ Whether we use direct means or many years employed in preaching in not, their superstitions will be disthe Bengalee language to the natives turbed under the influence of British in the North of Hindvostan. The civilization. But we ought first to other is a teacher of the Tamul or observe, that there are multitudes, Malabar language; and has been long who have no faith at all. Neither attached to a mission in the South of Hindoos nor Mussulmans, outcasts the Peninsula.
from every faith, they are of them. "More desirable means of obtain. selves fit objects for our beneficence. ing accurate and original intelligence Subjects of the British empire, they could not have been presented to any seek a cast and a religion, and claim one, who wished to investigate the from a just government the franchise state of the natives of India, with a of a human creature. view to their moral and religious im. “ And as to those, who have a provement.
faith, that faith, we aver, will be “Under the auspices of Marquis disturbed, whether we wish it or not, Wellesley, who, by favour of Provi. under the influence of British princi. dence, now presides in the govern. ples : this is a truth confirmed by exment of India, a version of the holy perience. Their prejudices weaken Scriptures may be expected, not in daily in every European settlement. one language alone, but in sev. Tbeir sanguinary rites cannot now en of the Oriental tongues; in the bear the noonday of English observaHindoostanee, Persian, Chinese, and tion; and the intelligent among them Malay; Orissa, Mahratta, and Ben. are ashamed to confess the absurd galese ; of which the four former are principles of their own caşts. As for the primary and popular languages extreme delicacy towards the super. of the continent and isles of Asia. stitions of the Hindoos, they under.
"In the centre of the pagan world, stand it not. Their ignorance and & at the chief seat of superstition and apathy are so extreme, that no means idolatry, these works are carried on; of instruction will give them serious and the unconverted natives assist in offence, except positive violence.* the translations. The Gospels have « The moral state of the Hindoos alread; been translated into the Pere is represented as being still worse sian, Hindoostanee, Mahratta, Orissa, than that of the Mahometans. Those, and Malay languages; and the whole who have had the best opportunities Scriptures have been translated into the Bengalce language. One edition of the Bengalee Bible bas been dis. tributed amongst the natives ; and a The Christian missionary is always second is in the press for their use. followed by crowds of the common peoA version of the Scriptures in the ple, who listen with great pleasure to the Chinese language (the language of disputation between him and the Brahthree hundred millions of men) has mins; and are not a little amused when also been undertaken ; and a portion the Brahmins depart, and appoint of the work is already printed off.” another day for the discussion. The The second division of this memoir, people sometimes bring back the Brah. treating of the practicability of civil. mins by constraint, and urge them to izing and christianizing the natives the contest again." Vol. II, No. 4.