probability, that, as God has in his goodness been pleased to guide us ordinarily in one of these manners, (namely, by information and impulse communicated to the mind through the medium of the senses ;) he may not, on fit subjects and occasions deteminable only by himself, direct us in another, (namely by immediate communication to the mind itself :) nor can it be shewn that this gift of grace any way derogates from the endowments of nature, or may not influence us in perfect consistency with the free operation both of the un. derstanding and the will. But these rational subsidiary arguments in support of a truth revealed, you may not readily make intelligible or useful to an ordinary congregation : you will rather think it sufficient to lay before them the doctrine with the scriptural proofs ; and then lead them to practical conclusions ; you will exhort them “ to work out their own salvation" with a mixture of confidence and anxiety, because God worketh in them both “ to will and to do*;" encouraged by the assurance of his gracious assistance, but “trem bling" at the thought of not co-operating with it, and so receiving it in vain.

These few examples may serve to shew you the manner, in which I conceive you may be an edifying preacher of sound doctrine ; stating it clearly ; proving it from the scriptures ; confirming it from reason, if the case permit; and drawing from it practical inferences; but referring all curious disputations concerning it to their prop. er place and occasion. It is the duty of the whole Christian Church to preserve unimpared “the faith which was once delivered to the saintst," and recorded for the use of all succeeding generations.It will be your duty, as a minister therein, to declare it to the people committed to your charge; and to provide to the extent of your situation and ability, that it may be handed down in perfection and purity from age to age, nothing being " added thereto, nor aught diminished from itt." The several articles of this scriptural faith are to form the substance, and colour the language of your discourses : and though some of them, on account of their high order and practical tendency, demand more frequent handling and application than others, you are to suffer none to be forgotten.

But the three great points of Christian doctrine, in which the whole is virtually comprehended, are for that reason, subjects which you can never treat too frequently or too copiously ; the means, the conditions, and the consequences, of our final acceptance with God. The progressive communication of these saving truths seems to have been the object of all divine revelation ; and therefore to propound and recommend them, appears to be the proper scope of all human and ministerial instruction. For this gracious purpose, “ God did at sundry times and in divers manners speak” in former ages to mankind, by sensible manifestations of his presence, by the ministry of angels, and by the embassy of prophets; and he hath in these last days spoken unto them by his Son." For this, the Apostles in obedience to the last injunction of their divine master, “ went into all the world and preached the Gospel to every creature:ll" they be* Philip. ii. 12. 13. + Jude 3.

# Deut. iv, 2. s Heb. i. 1.

11 Mark xvi, 15.

came voluntary exiles (most of them) from their country, and ex posed themselves to persecution, imprisonment, and death. For the same end, their immediate successors made it the object of their studies and lives to propagate the faith of Christ, and to guard it against misconception or perversion. With the same view in succeeding ages, the piety of princes and people conspired in building places of Worship, and founding seminaries of religion. « The gates, of hell,” the devices of Satan or misguided men, or the natural mortality of its members, “ have not prevailed against the Church of Christ*.” A succession of ministers has been continued for near eighteen centuries : some indeed, for many ages past, labouring under the oppression of Mahometan tyranny ; " their candlestick removed out of its place t," and their light obscured. Others, protected by Christian governments, respected and listened to by their congregations, and leading them as we trust, with successful diligence, in the ways of faith, virtue, and happiness.

You will, therefore, as I just now intimated, be continualy impressing upon the minds of your congregation the nature and tenor of the Gospel covenant; explaining to them what God hath in his mercy done for us through Jesus Christ, what his holiness and jus. tice require of us, and what, if we conform to this requisition, his goodness hath prepared for us. You will speak of the obedience due from every creature to the Creator: which is paid implicitly and uniformly by the natural or necessary agent, and " is the stay of the whole" material “worldt:” which the rational agent has the high privilege of presenting as an elective, voluntary, offering ; and of deriving from the divine bounty, through his own free choice, the perfection and happiness of his being. You will call to their recollection (a fact to which every man's conscience bears testimony) the imperfect obedience of all mankind; the consequent necessity which they feel, of mercy; and the only channel and mediation through which God hath been pleased to offer it. You will state, explain, and inculcate the conditions upon which we may receive this covenanted mercy : you will display the free gift or reward proposed to us, if we accept the conditions; the loss and punishment, if we reject them.



THAT forms of prayer in public worship are far preferable to extempore effusions, may be clearly shewn to every candid and unprejudiced mind.

The advantages of a liturgy, says Archdeacon Paley, are these :

1. That it prevents absurd, extravagant, or impious addresses to God, which, in an order of men so numerous as the sacerdotal, the folly and enthusiasm of many must always be in danger of producing, where the conduct of the public worship is entrusted wit res int or assistance, to the discretion and abilities of the officiating minister. * Matth. xvi. 18.

t Rev. ii. 5. Hooker Eccl, Pol. i. 2, 3, &c.

2. That it prevents the confusion of extemporary prayer, in which the congregation being ignorant of each petition before they hear it, and having little or no time to join in it, after they have heard it, are confounded between their attention to the minister and their own devotion. The devotion of the hearer is necessarily suspended until a petition be concluded ; and before he can assent to it, or properly adopt it, that is, before he can address the same request to God for himself, his attention is called off to keep pace with what succeeds. Add to this, that the mind of the hearer is held in continual expectation, and detained from its proper business by the very novelty with which it is gratified. A congregation may be pleased and affected with the prayers and devation of their minister, without joining in them, in like manner as an audience oftentimes are with the representa ation of devotion upon the stage, who nevertheless come away without being conscious of having exercised any act of devotion themselves. Joint prayer, which amongst all denominations of Christians is the declared design of " coming together," is prayer in which they all join; and not that which one alone in the congregation conceives and delivers, and of which the rest are merely hearers. This objection seems fundamental, and holds even where the minister's office is discharged with every possible advantage and accomplishment. The labouring recollection and embarrassed or tumultuous delivery of many extemporary speakers, form an additional objection to this mode of public worship; for these imperfections are very general, and give great pain to the serious part of a congregation, as well as afford a profane diversion to the levity of the other.



A DISMAL blank of time now follow'd sad;
A waste of untold years dragg'd slowly on.
Extinct the light of science, arts, and all
The rich embellishments of polish'd life,
Beneath whose fostering hand, no more the hills
And vallies smile, with yellow harvests deck’d;
The sea-beat strand no more with cities crown'd,
Where commerce spreads the frequent whitening sail,
And swarming thousands crowd the busy street,
Green rolling Rhine, and Danube's ancient flood
Deep trenching, downward seek the distant main,
By devious lonely tracks to fame unknown.
Old Eridanus, wrathful tosts his foam
From rock to rock, bellowing to the wild waste:
And Tyber scarce can grope his uncouth way,
Crawling beneath huge desolation strew'd
Along his once gay margin chequer'd, o'er

green enamelld meads, and hallow'd groves,
And Villas, dazzling to the solar beams;
And towns, and cities climbing up the slope,

Or spreading, turret-crown'd, across the plain.
Lo! where ascends in awful majesty,
Resistful to the hand of wasting time.
The Pantheon's* rotund dome, dispeopled quite,
Frowning defiance to the northern blast,
That through his ample circuit whirls, and roars,
And drives the wither'd rubbish eddying forth.
Here points the trophy'd pillar to the sky,
And cross the barren heath its dun shade throws :
There shapeless ruinst huge bestrew the ground;
Unsightly, inocking vain ambitions toil;
Thy pride, Vespasian, humbling to the dust.
Amid the once throng'd Forum silence reigns ;
All blank and gloomy round, the sun-beams play
In quivering haze, from bursting walls and towers
Moss-grown, with tufting olives crown'd above.
The besom of destruction sweeps thy streets,
O city fam'd! () wonder of the world!
And o'er thy mouldering ramparts swift decay
Triumphant rides, and revels in thy tall;
Portentous, threatening to recorded time,
And all the ways of art-embellish'd man
Oblivious shade, from memory quite foreclos'd.

But mark bis power and wisdom infinite,
Whose spirit erst upon the great deep mov'd,
Brooding the mass of unessential things,
When now the all-creating word he spake,
Let there be light, light with the fiat beam'd:
Who sits on Heaven's arch enthron'd, and views
Beneath his feet, the earth-born race of man,
As atoms of the dust that float, uprais'd,
The high etherial void : Within whose ken
The nations rise, and evanescent sink,
As bubbles borne along the torrent stream
Of time, down flowing to the ocean's bourn
Of vast eternity, to him disclos'd:
Who to his chosen seer, on Ulai's banks
Foreshew'd the wondrous scene of providence,
In mystic vision veild, of horned beasts
Up-rising from the watery waste, o'erblown
And striven by the tempest-brewing winds;
Dreadful in wrath, gnashing their iron teeth;
In might resistless, trampling to the earth
Opposing foes, till stay'd by Heaven's high will.
Then sa west thou, o man belor'd of God,
Far down the tract of time, by Gabriel taught;
The burry'd years pass'd fitting by, and short
The date of empires to thy quicken'd sight,
By days prophetic told; and lo! self-mov'd,
Shard from the mountain's side, the stone foretold
By prophets eld, the clay-mixt image sinites,
By Babel's mighty monarch nightly seen,
Vain-glorious dreaming on his proud estate,
Enthron’d and Jording o'er the conquer'd world,
The baseless vision crumbles, hurl'd away,
As chaff dispers'd before autumnal winds.

Instead, behold, a mountain rises fair, • A Temple so called at Rome. + The Amphitheatre of Vespasian. Danieli

On sure foundations laid, Mount Zion callid
In sacred dialect, that spreads and spreads,
Till all of mortal birth shall sit beneath
Its shade. Mysterious, but instructive scene,
Portraying fit ambitious greatness rear'd
On human woe, with blood of millions stain'd;
When the Almighty ruler of the skies,
In vengeance due, made bare his holy arm,
And with his unresisted might brought down
The lofty looks of Rome, weaning to sit


till time should be no more. O blind to fate, and God's unchang'd decree! For now the ages rolld, in order set, To usher in the kingdom of his Son ; A kingdom boundless as the circling light, And ending only with the world's last date: Before whose sceptre righteousness and peace In bright patrole shall march, coursing around This habitable sphere. Already see, From Calvary's mount, the sacred lore gone forth, Wide o'er the lands by million tongues confess'd, And seald by blood of holy martyrs slain. See from the sky the radiant cross descend * Triumphant wav'd o'er potentates and thrones, With high imperial ensigns interwove; And fierce barbarian chiefs, by Rome's wide sway Unaw'd; unreverend of her hoary years; By arts untam'd, bow down their stubborn necks; Their fierceness curb, before his humble name; To whom all earth and heaven shall bend the knee, When forth he comes, enthron’d, ricing sublime, Salvation's chariot down the nether sky. Sacred to him, inviolated now The solemn temple's awe-inspiring dome; The peaceful cell, by no rude foot profan’d, Inviting stands, and opes its friendly doors, Where heavenly contemplation dwells serene; And holy Anchorets their morning songs Breathe soft and slow; or when the evening throws Around his mantling shades, loud Vespers chant, Hymning devout their Saviour, and their God. Here long repos'd from Gothic hands secure, The works of deathless fame, and science found A safe retreat, shorn of her brightest beams: Religion's hallow'd train, with guardian care, Here watch'd assiduous round her unquench'd fires, That dormant lay 'neath smoldering embers pent; Till re-enkindld by his quickening breath, Who first from darkness call'd etherial light, To cheer the embrian world. Alluding to Constantine's vision of the cross.

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