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abroad. The purposes of the remaining paragraphs of section 104(c) of that Act shall be carried out by the Department of Agriculture, utilizing where appropriate, the expertise of other agencies.
(3) The Secretary and Administrator shall transmit the reports required by the provisions of paragraph 5 of the Act of August 13, 1957 (71 Stat. 345; 7 U.S.C. 1704a), as related to the use of foreign currencies accruing under title I and title III of the Agricultural Trade Development Act, respectively.
Sec. 3. Policy Coordination. (a) To ensure policy coordination of assistance provided under the Agricultural Trade Development Act and the Food for Progress Act, there is hereby established a Food Assistance Policy Council (hereafter referred to as the "Council").
(b) The Council will include senior representatives of the Department of Agriculture, the Agency for International Development, the Department of State, and the Office of Management and Budget. Meetings of the Council shall be called by the Secretary or his designee at the request of any senior representative of the Council.
(c) The Council shall advise the President on appropriate policies under the Agricultural Trade Development Act and the Food for Progress Act and shall coordinate decisions on allocations and other policy issues, as well as prepare the report required by section 407(g)(1) of the Agricultural Trade Development Act.
(d) As necessary for effective coordination, the Council shall provide its advice to the President through the appropriate Cabinetlevel body.
Sec. 4. Delegation of Responsibilities. (a) The consultation required by section 401(a) of the Agricultural Trade Development Act shall be undertaken through the Council.
(b) The function conferred upon the President in section 403(j) of the Agricultural Trade Development Act is hereby delegated to the Secretary of State.
(c) The function conferred upon the President by section 407(h) of the Agricultural Trade Development Act is hereby delegated to the Administrator.
(d) The functions conferred upon the President by section 411 of the Agricultural Trade Development Act are hereby delegated to the Secretary, in consultation with the Council and the Department of the Treasury.
(e) The functions conferred upon the President by section 412(c) of the Agricultural Trade Development Act are hereby delegated to the Director, who shall consult with the Council on these functions.
(f) The functions conferred upon the President by title V of the Agricultural Trade Development Act are hereby delegated to the Administrator.
(g) The functions conferred upon the President by the Food for Progress Act, as amended, are hereby delegated to the Secretary.
Sec. 5. Regulatory Review. Policies, regulations, and analyses required by this Executive order shall be fully consistent with the standards and criteria, analyses and procedures set forth in Executive Order Nos. 12291 and 12498.
Sec. 6. Revocations. Executive Order No. 12220 of June 27, 1980, and Executive Order No. 12583 of February 19, 1987, are revoked.
2. Food for Peace Act of 1966
Partial text of Public Law 89-808 [H.R. 14929], 80 Stat. 1526, approved November 11, 1966, as amended by Public Law 95-501 [Agricultural Trade Act of 1978, S. 3447], 92 Stat. 1685, approved October 1, 1978; Public Law 97-98 [Agriculture and Food Act of 1981, S. 884], 95 Stat. 1213 at 1274, approved December 22, 1981; Public Law 99-198 [Food Security Act of 1985, H.R. 2100]; 99 Stat. at 1354, approved December 23, 1985; Public Law 100-418 [Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988, H.R. 4848], 102 Stat. 1107, approved August 23, 1988; and by Public Law 101-624 [Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990; S. 2830], 104 Stat. 3359, approved November 28, 1990
AN ACT To promote international trade in agricultural commodities, to combat hunger and malnutrition, to further economic development, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Food for Peace Act of 1966”.
Sec. 2. Amended the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, as amended, commonly called Public Law 480.
Sec. 3. Amended the the Act of September 6, 1958 (7 U.S.C. 1431b), the Food and Agriculture Act of 1965 (7 U.S.C. 1446a-1), the Agricultural Act of 1949, (7 U.S.C. 1431), and the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 Extension.
1 Sec.4 (7 U.S.C. 1707a) was repealed by sec. 1574 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-624; 104 Stat. 3702). For the Mickey Leland Food for Peace Act (title XV, subtitle A of Public Law 101-624), see page 1406.
3. Agricultural Trade
a. Agricultural Competitiveness and Trade Act of 1988
Partial text of Public Law 100-418 [Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988, H.R. 4848], 102 Stat 1107 at 1388, approved August 23, 1988, amended by Public Law 101-624 [Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990; S. 2830], 104 Stat. 3359, approved November 28, 1990
AN ACT To enhance the competitiveness of American industry, and for other
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
TITLE IV—AGRICULTURAL TRADE
SEC. 4001.1 SHORT TITLE.
This title may be cited as the "Agricultural Competitiveness and Trade Act of 1988".
SUBTITLE A-FINDINGS, POLICY, AND PURPOSE
SEC. 4101.2 FINDINGS.
(1) United States agricultural exports have declined by more than 36 percent since 1981, from $43,800,000,000 in 1981 to $27,900,000,000 in 1987;
(2) the United States share of the world market for agricultural commodities and products has dropped by 20 percent during the last 6 years;
(3) for the first time in 15 years, the United States incurred monthly agricultural trade deficits in 1986;
(4) the loss of $1,000,000,000 in United States agricultural exports causes the loss of 35,000 agricultural jobs and the loss of 60,000 nonagricultural jobs;
(5) the loss of agricultural exports threatens family farms and the economic well-being of rural communities in the United States;
(6) factors contributing to the loss of United States agricultural exports include changes in world agricultural markets such as
(A) the addition of new exporting nations;
(C) increased use of export subsidies designed to lower the price of commodities on the world market;
17 U.S.C. 5201 note. 27 U.S.C. 5201.
(D) the existence of barriers to agricultural trade;
(E) the slowdown in the growth of world food demand in the 1980's due to cyclical economic factors, including currency fluctuations and a debt-related slowdown in the economic growth of agricultural markets in certain developing countries; and
(F) the rapid buildup of surplus stocks as a consequence of favorable weather for agricultural production during the 1980's;
(7) increasing the volume and value of exports is important to the financial well-being of the farm sector in the United States and to increasing farm income in the United States;
(8) in order to increase agricultural exports and improve prices for farmers and ranchers in the United States, it is necessary that all agricultural export programs of the United States be used in an expeditious manner, including programs established under the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (7 U.S.C. 1691 et seq.), the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714 et seq.), and section 416 of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1431);
(9) greater use should be made by the Secretary of Agriculture of the authorities established under section 4 of the Food for Peace Act of 1966 (7 U.S.C. 1707a), the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (7 U.S.C. 1691 et seq.), section 416 of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1431), and the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714 et seq.) to provide intermediate credit financing and other assistance for the establishment of facilities in importing countries to
(A) improve the handling, marketing, processing, storage, and distribution of imported agricultural commodities and products; and
(B) increase livestock production to enhance the demand for United States feed grains;
(10) food aid and export assistance programs in developing countries stimulate economic activity which causes incomes to rise, and, as incomes rise, diets improve and the demand for and ability to purchase food increases;
(11) private voluntary organizations and cooperatives are important and successful partners in our food aid and development programs; and
(12) in addition to meeting humanitarian needs, food aid used in sales and barter programs by private voluntary organizations and cooperatives
(A) provides communities with health care, credit systems, and tools for development; and
(B) establishes the infrastructure that is essential to the expansion of markets for United States agricultural commodities and products.
SEC. 4102.3 POLICY.
It is the policy of the United States
37 U.S.C. 5202.
(1) to provide, through all possible means, agricultural commodities and products for export at competitive prices, with full assurance of quality and reliability of supply;
(2) to support the principle of free trade and the promotion of fair trade in agricultural commodities and products;
(3) to support fully the negotiating objectives set forth in section 1101(b) of this Act to eliminate or reduce substantially constraints on fair and open trade in agricultural commodities and products;
(4) to use statutory authority to counter unfair foreign trade practices and to use all available means, including export promotion programs, and, if necessary, restrictions on United States imports of agricultural commodities and products, in order to encourage fair and open trade; and
(5) to provide for increased representation of United States agricultural trade interests in the formulation of national fiscal and monetary policy affecting trade.
SEC. 4103. PURPOSE.
It is the purpose of this title
(1) to increase the effectiveness of the Department of Agriculture in agricultural trade policy formulation and implementation and in assisting United States agricultural producers to participate in international agricultural trade, by strengthening the operations of the Department of Agriculture; and
(2) to improve the competitiveness of United States agricultural commodities and products in the world market.
SUBTITLE B-AGRICULTURAL TRADE INITIATIVES
PART 1-GENERAL PROVISIONS
SEC. 4201.5 LONG-TERM AGRICULTURAL TRADE STRATEGY REPORTS.
SEC. 4203. JOINT DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE AGREEMENTS WITH CERTAIN TRADING PARTNERS.
SEC. 4202.5 TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE IN TRADE NEGOTIATIONS pealed-1990]
(a) DEVELOPMENT OF PLAN.-With respect to any country that has a substantial positive trade balance with the United States, the Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation with the Secretary of State and (through the Secretary of State) representatives of such country, may develop an appropriate plan under which that country would purchase United States agricultural commodities or products for use in development activities in developing countries. In developing such plan, the Secretary of Agriculture shall take into consideration the agricultural economy of such country, the nature and extent of such country's programs to assist developing countries, and other relevant factors. The Secretary of Agriculture shall submit each such plan to the President as soon as practicable.
+7 U.S.C. 5203.
Sec. 1571 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-624; 104 Stat. 3702) repealed secs. 4201, 4202, 4205, 4206, 4211, 4212, 4213, 4305, and 4311 (7 U.S.C. 5211, 5212, 5215, 5216, 5231, 5232, 5233, 1736t note, and 1691 note, respectively) of this Act. 67 U.S.C. 5213.