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learned librarian, Andrew Coltee Ducarel, LL. D. Fellow of the Royal and Antiquarian Societies, to whose knowledge, industry, and love of history and antiquities, the valuable library of manuscripts of the archiepiscopal see of Canterbury is highly indebted for the order in which it is now arranged ; and by whose obliging and communicating temper it is rendered generally useful. Bishop Gibson's collection, including what is the chief part of it, that of archbishop Tenison, fills fourteen large volumes in folio.
The eighth of these consists merely of lord Bacon's papers.
Of them principally, the work which I now offer the public is formed ; nor has any paper been admitted into it that had been published before, except two of lord Bacon's letters, which having been disguised and mutilated in all former impressions, were thought proper to be reprinted here, together with two other letters of his lordship; one on the remarkable case of Peacham, the other accompanying his present to king James I. of his Novum Organum. These letters I was unwilling to omit, because the collection, in which they have lately appeared, entitled by the very learned and ingenious editor, Sir David Dalrymple, Bat. Memorials and Letters relating to the History of Britain in the reign of James the First, published from the Originals, at Glasgow, 1762, in 8vo, is likely to be much less known in England, from the smahness of the number of printed copies, than it deserves.
The general rule, which I have prescribed myself, of publishing only what is new, restrained me from adding those letters, written in the earlier part of Mr. Francis Bacon's life, which I had before published from the originals, found among the papers of his brother Anthony, in the Memoirs of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, from the year 1581 to her death.
The example of the greatest men, in preserving in their editions of the classics the smallest remains of their writings, will be a full justification of my industry in collecting and inserting even the fragments of a writer equal to the most valuable of the ancients. Nor will the candid and intelligent object to the least considerable of the duke of Buckingham's letters, since they acquire an importance from the rank and character of the writer, as well as from their carrying on the series of his correspondence, acquainting us with new facts, or ascertaining old ones with additional evidence and circumstances, and showing the extent of that authority and influence, which his situation, as a favourite, gave him in all parts of the government, even as high as the seat of justice itself.
POSTSCRIPT, RELATING TO THIS SECOND EDITION.
Since the former edition, there came into my hands, among the collections in print and manuscript, relating to lord Bacon and his works, made by the late John Locker, Esq. two letters of Dr. Tenison, afterFards archbishop of Canterbury, which will enable me to give the public full satisfaction, in what manner that learned divine became possessed of the Letters, &c. of the noble author published by me. One of these letters, the original
, written to Mr. Richard Chiswell, the bookseller, for whom the Baconiana had been printed, is as follows:
Decemb. 16, 1682.
" I have now looked over all the books and papers in the box. In the books there are copies of Es9258, Maxims of Law, &c. all printed already : but they contain some things fit to be printed ; and they and the Letters will make a handsome folio, which I doubt not but will turn to account. For the Letters, there are divers of Sir Thomas Meautys, &c. worth nothing: but there are more than forty letters to the duke of Buckingham, and some of the duke of Buckingham to him.
" There are eight or ten to king James. There are three or four to Gondomar, and Gondomar's answer to one of them.
* There are two or three letters to bishop Williams, and two from him.
" After the holy-days I will methodize all, and put all letters of the same date together, (for as yet they are in confusion,) and then we will take farther resolutions about them. I will get an afternoon (if God permit) to see the remaining papers in Bartholomew-Close. The Greek MS. will not prove much worth. The latter and greater part is only a piece of Tzetzes.
“ It is necessary that you procure for me Tobie Matthew's printed letters, for here are also ten of his to lord Bacon; and I know not which they are yet printed. Also I shall want a copy of the Essays printed in 12mo, 1663, printed for Thomas Palmer, at the Crown in Westminster-Hall, with a preface by one Griffith. I have the book ; and the preface is mentioned in the title page, but is wanting.
“ I am your assured friend,
“ T. TENISON." * If more sheets of Dr. Spencer's are done, pray send them.” For Mr. Chiswell, at the Rose and Crown, in St. Paul's Church-Yard, London.
The other letter of which I have a copy taken by the late Richard Rawlinson, L.L. D. from bishop Tanner's manuscripts, in Christ-Church, Oxford, Vol. XXXV. p. 152, was addressed to archbishop Sancroft in these terms :
MAY IT PLEASE Your Grace, “ I have received your Grace's letter touching my course of preaching in Lent, which I shall be ready, God assisting me, to do my duty at that time according to my poor talent.
“ I did forget on Tuesday to acquaint your Grace, that I had, by a strange providence, lately found out in this town a great many original papers of the lord Bacon. When I have looked over them and sorted them, I will be bold to present your Grace with a catalogue of them. They came to me from the executor of Sir Thomas Meautys, who was his lordship’s executor. Amongst his lordship’s papers are letters from king James, the queen of Bohemia, count Gondomar, and others. Amongst his lordship’s own letters there is one in Latin to Isaac Casaubon. " One just now come from my lord chancellor's * assured me he was not indeed dead, but just dying.
“ I am your Grace's most obliged servant, “ Decemb. 18, 1682."
“ T. TENISON." The reason of the rule, which I prescribed to myself in the former edition, of publishing only what was new, not subsisting in the present, which forms a part of a complete collection of the author's writings, I have inserted in it such letters from and to him, as I had published in 1754 in the Memoirs of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth.
London, January 1, 1765.
LETTERS, &c. OF LORD CHANCELLOR BACON.
MR. FRANCIS BACON TO MR. ROBERT MR. FRANCIS BACON TO THE EARL OF CECIL.
ESSEX. SIR, I am very glad, that the good affection and friend- I did almost conjecture by your silence and counship, which conversation and familiarity did knit tenance a distaste in the course I imparted to your between us, is not by absence and intermission of lordship touching mine own fortune; the care society discontinued ; which assureth me, it had a whereof in your lordship as it is no news to me, so farther root than ordinary acquaintance. The sig. nevertheless the main effects and demonstrations nification whereof, as it is very welcome to me, so past are so far from dulling in me the sense of any it maketh me wish, that, if you have accomplished new, as contrariwise every new refresheth the meyourself
, as well in the points of virtue and expe- mory of many past. And for the free and loving rience, which you sought by your travel, as you advice your lordship hath given me, I cannot corhave won the perfection of the Italian tongue, I respond to the same with greater duty, than by might have the contentment to see you again in assuring your lordship, that I will not dispose of England, that we may renew the fruit of our mutual myself without your allowance, not only because it good will ; which, I may truly affirm, is, on my is the best wisdom in any man in his own matters, part, much increased towards you, both by your to rest in the wisdom of a friend, (for who can by own demonstration of kind remembrance, and be- often looking in the glass discern and judge so well cause I discern the like affection in your honourable of his own favour, as another, with whom he conand nearest friends.
verseth ?) but also because my affection to your lordOur news are all but in seed; for our navy is set ship hath made mine own contentment inseparable forth with happy winds, in token of happy adven- from your satisfaction. But, notwithstanding, I know tures, so as we do but expect and pray, as the hus- it will be pleasing to your good lordship, that I use bandman when his corn is in the ground.
my liberty of replying; and I do almost assure myThus commending me to your love, I commend self, that your lordship will rest persuaded by the you to God's preservation.
answer of those reasons, which your lordship vouch
* Heneage Finch, earl of Nottingham, who died on the early date, and to have been written to Mr. Rob. Cecil, while day of the date of this letter, aged 61 years.
he was upon his travels. † From the original draught in the library of Queen's col. Among the papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. vol. III, fol lege, Oxford. Arch. D. 2. This letter seems to be of a very | 74, in the Lambeth library.
safed to open. They were two, the one, that I in practice. For a time, till your assurance pass, should include
so it pass with convenient speed, because of the 1593, April.
uncertainty of life, I am content to enter into one ; The rest of the Letter is wanting.
looking, nevertheless, for some present of gratification for my very joining in conveyance, and much more having yielded to this. For any warranty or char
ter, I had had neither law nor wit, if I should have MR. FRANCIS BACON TO SIR JOHN PUCK- meant it; and the reforming of the covenant and
ERING, LORD KEEPER OF THE GREAT the deed of feoffment, doth sufficiently witness my SEAL*
intention. Thus bid I heartily farewell.
Your very loving friend, MY LORD,
FR. BACON. It is a great grief unto me, joined with marvel, this 26th of August, 1593. that her Majesty should retain a hard conceit of my speeches in parliament.+ It might please her sacred Majesty to think what my end should be in those speeches, if it were not duty, and duty alone.
THE EARL OF ESSEX TO MR. FRANCIS I am not so simple, but I know the common beaten
BACON.|| way to please. And whereas popularity hath been
MR. BACON, objected, I muse what care I should take to please many, that take a course of life to deal with few. Your letter met me here yesterday. When I came, On the other side, her Majesty's grace and particu. I found the queen so wayward, as I thought it no lar favour towards me hath been such, as I esteem fit time to deal with her in any sort, especially no worldly thing above the comfort to enjoy it, ex- since her choler grew towards myself, which I have cept it be the conscience to deserve it. But if the well satisfied this day, and will take the first oppornot seconding of some particular person's opinion tunity I can to move your suit. And if you come shall be presumption, and to differ upon the manner hither, I pray you let me know still where you are. shall be to impeach the end; it shall teach my de- And so being full of business, I must end, wishing votion not to exceed wishes, and those in silence. you what you wish to yourself. Yet notwithstanding, to speak vainly as in grief, it
Your assured friend,
ESSEX. may be her Majesty hath discouraged as good a heart, as ever looked toward her service, and as void of self-love. And so in more grief than I can well express, and much more than I can well dissemble, I leave your lordship, being as ever,
LORD TREASURER BURGHLEY TO MR.
I have no leisure to write much; but for answer, JIR. FRANCIS BACON TO ALDERMAN JOHN I have attempted to place you: but her Majesty SPENCER.IT
hath required the lord keeper ** to give to her the
names of divers lawyers to be preferred, wherewith MR. ALDERMAN SPENCER, Ş
he made me acquainted, and I did name you as a Though I be ready to yield to any thing for my
meet man, whom his lordship allowed in way of brother's sake, so yet he will not, I know, expect
, friendship, for your father's sake: but he made no nos permit me, that I should do myself wrong. scruple to equal you with certain, whom he named, For me, that touch no money, to have a statute
as Brograve ft and Branthwayt, whom he specially burrying upon my estate of that greatness, were a
commendeth. But I will continue the remembrance thing utterly unreasonable, and not to be moved, of you to her Majesty, and implore my lord of specially, since your assurance is as good without. Essex's help. There is much land bought and sold in England,
Your loving uncle, and more entailed than fee-simple. But for a re
N. BURGHLEY. mainder man to join in seal, I think was never put • Harl. MSS. Vol. 286. No. 129. fol. 232.
William lord Compton, created earl of Northampton, in + On Wednesday the 7th of March, 1592-3, upon the
August 1618. three subsidies demanded of the house of commons; to which || 1593, Sept. Among the papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. he assented, but not to the payment of them under six years, vol. ii. fol. 197, in the Lambeth library. orging the necessities of the people, the danger of raising I Among the papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. vol. iij. fol. public discontentment, and the setting of an evil precedent | 197, in the Lambeth library. against themselves and their posterity. See Sir Simonds ** Puckering. DEwes's Journals, p. 493.' He sat in that parliament, which tt John Brograve, attorney of the duchy of Lancaster, met November 19, 1592, and was dissolved 10 April, 1593, as and afterwards knighted. He'is mentioned by Mr. Francis one of the knights of the shire for Middlesex.
Bacon, in his letter to the lord treasurer, of 7th of June, 1595, Among the Papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. vol. iii. fol. is, in the Lambeth library.
from Gray's Inn, as having discharged his post of attorney of
the duchy with great sufficiency. There is extant of his, in Sir John Spencer, lord mayor of London in 1594. His print, a reading upon the statute of 27 Henry VIII. concern. rast furtune came to his only daughter, Elizabeth, married to
indeed, and access to your royal person, I did ever, SIR ROBERT CECIL TO MR. FRANCIS encouraged by your own speeches, seek and desire; BACON.*
and I would be very glad to be reintegrate in that.
But I will not wrong mine own good mind so much, Cousin,
as to stand upon that now, when your Majesty may Assure yourself, that the solicitor's † coming gave conceive, I do it but to make my profit of it. But no cause of speech; for it was concerning book my inind turneth upon other wheels than those of to be drawn concerning the bargain of wines. If | profit. The conclusion shall be, that I wish your there had been, you should have known, or when Majesty served answerable to yourself. Principis there shall. To satisfy your request of making my est virtus maxima nosse sucs.' Thus I most hum. lord know how recommended your desires are to bly crave pardon of my boldness and plainness. God me, I have spoken with his lordship, who answer- preserve your Majesty. eth, he hath done and will do his best. I think your absence longer than for my good aunt's comfort will do you no good : for, as I ever told you, it is not likely to find the queen apt to give an MR. FRANCIS BACON TO ROBERT KEMP, OF office, when the scruple is not removed of her for
GRAY'S-INN, ESQ. bearance to speak with you. This being not yet perfected may stop good, when the hour comes of Good ROBIN, conclusion, though it be but a trifle, and questionless There is no news you can write to me, which I would be straight despatched, if it were luckily take more pleasure to hear, than of your health, and handled. But herein do I, out of my desire to of your loving remembrance of me; the former satisfy you, use this my opinion, leaving you to your whereof though yon mention not in your letter, yet own better knowledge what hath been done for you, I straight presumed well of it, because your mention or in what terms that matter standeth. And thus,
was so fresh to make such a flourish. And it was desirous to be recommended to my good aunt, to afterwards accordingly confirmed by your man Roger, whom my wife heartily commends her, I leave you who made me a particular relation of the former to the protection of Almighty God. From the negotiation between your ague and you. Of the court at Windsor, this 27th of September, 1593. latter, though you profess largely, yet I make more Your loving cousin and friend, doubt, because your coming is turned into a sending; ROBERT CECIL.
which when I thought would have been repaired
by some promise or intention of yourself, your man I have heard in these causes, • Facies hominis Roger entered into a very subtle distinction to this est tanquam leonis.'
purpose, that you could not come, except you heard I was attorney ; but I ascribe that to your man's invention, who had his reward in laughing; for I
hope you are not so stately, but that I shall be one MR. FRANCIS BACON TO THE QUEEN.
to you stylo vetere or stylo novo. For my fortune
(to speak court) it is very slow, if any thing can be MADAM,
slow to him that is secure of the event. In short, REMEMBERING, that your Majesty had been gra. nothing is done in it; but I propose to remain here cious to me both in countenancing me, and confer- at Twickenham till Michaelmas term, then to St. ring upon me the reversion of a good place, and Alban's, and after the term to court.
Advise you, perceiving that your Majesty had taken some dis- whether you will play the honest man or no. In the pleasure towards me, both these were arguments to mean time I think long to see you, and pray to be move me to offer unto your Majesty my service, to remembered to your father and mother. the end to have means to deserve your favour, and
Yours in loving affection, to repair my error. Upon this ground I affected
FR. BACON. myself to no great matter, but only a place of my profession, such as I do see divers younger in pro
this 4th of Nov. 1593. ceeding to myself, and men of no great note, do without blame aspire unto. But if any of my friends do press this matter, I do assure your Majesty my spirit is not with them.
MR. FRANCIS BACON TO THE EARL OF It sufficeth me, that I have let your Majesty
ESSEX.|| know, that I am ready to do that for the service, which I never would do for mine own gain. And if your Majesty like others better, I shall, with the I thought it not amiss to inform your lordship of Lacedæmonian, be glad, that there is such choice of that which I gather partly by conjecture, and partly abler men than myself. Your Majesty's favour by advertisement of the late recovered man, that is
Among the Papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. vol. iii. fol. § 1593, Nov. 4. Among the Papers of Antony Bacon, 197, verso, in the Lambeth library.
Esq. vol. iii. fol. 281, in the Lambeth library. † Mr. Edward Coke.
|| 1593, Nov. 10. Among the Papers of Antony Bacon, . 1593. Among the Papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. vol. Esq. vol. iii. fol. 283, in the Lambeth library. i. fol. 315, in the Lambeth library.
so much at your devotion, of whom I have some Yet if they had been never for you, but contrarily cause to think, that he * worketh for the Huddler t against you, I thought my credit, joined with the underhand. And though it may seem strange, con approbation and mediation of her greatest counselsidering how much it importeth him to join straight lors, might prevail in a greater matter than this; and with your lordship, in regard both of his enemies urged her, that though she could not signify her and of his ends ; yet I do the less rest secure upon mind to others, I might have a secret promise, the conceit, because he is a man likely to trust so wherein I should receive great comfort, as in the much to his art and finesse, (as he, that is an excel contrary great unkindness. She said she was neither lent wherryman, who, you know, looketh towards persuaded nor would hear of it till Easter, when she the bridge, when he pulleth towards Westminster,) might advise with her council, who were now all that he will hope to serve his turn, and yet to pre- absent; and therefore in passion bid me go to bed, serve your lordship’s good opinion. This I write if I would talk of nothing else. Wherefore in to the end, that if your lordship do see nothing to passion I went away, saying, while I was with her, the contrary, you may assure him more or trust him I could not but solicit for the cause and the man I less; and chiefly, that your lordship be pleased to so much affected; and therefore I would retire sound again, whether they have not, amongst them, myself till I might be more graciously heard; and drawn out the nail, which your lordship had driven so we parted. To-morrow I will go hence of purin for the negative of the Huddler ; which if they pose, and on Thursday I will write an expostulating have, it will be necessary for your lordship to letter to her. That night or upon Friday morning iterate more forcibly your former reasons, whereof I will be here again, and follow on the same course, there is such copia, as I think you may use all the stirring a discontentment in her, &c. And so wish places of logic against his placing.
you all happiness, and rest Thus, with my humble thanks for your lordship’s
Your most assured friend, honourable usage of Mr. Standen, I wish you all honour.
March 28, 1594.
I pray, Sir, let not my jargon privilege my letter
THE EARL OF ESSEX TO MR. FRANCIS from burning ; because it is not such, but the light
BACON. showeth through.
I have now spoken with the queen, and I see no THE EARL OF ESSEX TO MR. FRANCIS
stay from obtaining a full resolution of that we BACON.I
desire. But the passion she is in by reason of the tales that have been told her against Nicholas Clif
ford, with whom she is in such rage, for a matter, I have received your letter, and since I have had which I think you have heard of, doth put her inopportunity to deal freely with the queen. I have finitely out of quiet; and her passionate humour is dealt confidently with her as a matter, wherein I did nourished by some foolish women. Else I find more labour to overcome her delays, than that I did nothing to distaste us, for she doth not contradict fear her denial. I told her how much you were confidently; which they, that know the minds of thrown down with the correction she had already women, say is a sign of yielding. I will to-morrow given you, that she might in that point hold herself take more time to deal with her, and will sweeten already satisfied. And because I found, that Tanfields her with all the art I have to make benevolum audihad been most propounded to her, I did most disable torem. I have already spoken with Mr. Vice-chamhim. I find the queen very reserved, staying herself berlain ; 1 and will to-morrow speak with the rest. tapon giving any kind of hope, yet not passionate Of Mr. Vice-chamberlain you may assure yourself ; against you, till I grew passionate for you. Then for so much he hath faithfully promised me. The she said, that none thought you fit for the place but exceptions against the competitors I will use to my lord treasurer and myself. Marry, the others morrow; for then I do resolve to have a full and must some of them say before us for fear or for large discourse, having prepared the queen to-night flattery. I told her the most and wisest of her to assign me a time under colour of some such busicouncil had delivered their opinions, and preferred ness, as I have pretended. In the mean time I must you before all men for that place. And if it would tell you, that I do not respect either my absence, or please her Majesty to think, that whatsoever they my showing a discontentment in going away, for I said contrary to their own words when they spake was received at my return, and I think I shall not without witness, might be as factiously spoken, as
be the worse. And for that I am oppressed with the other way flatteringly, she would not be deceived. multitude of letters that are come, of which I must
Probably Lord Keeper Puckering. † Mr. Edward Coke.
Among the Papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. vol. iv. fol. 90 in the Lambeth library
§ Probably Laurence Tanfield, made lord chief baron of the Exchequer in June 1607.
|| Among the Papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. vol. iv. fol. 89, in the Lambeth library.
q Sir Thomas Heneage.