virtues in the buds (which are the sweetest) than have been known in a young prince, of long time; CCLXII. A MEMORIAL FOR HIS MAJESTY'S with the realm so well beloved, so much honoured,

SERVICE.I as it is men's daily observation how nearly you approach to his Majesty's perfections ; how every day For that your Majesty is pleased to call for my you exceed yourself; how, compared with other opinion concerning the sacred intention you have to princes, which God hath ordained to be young at go on with the reformation of your courts of justice, this time, you shine amongst them; they rather set- and relieving the grievances of your people, which ting off your religious, moral, and natural excellen- the parliament hath entered into ; I shall never be cies, than matching them, though you be but a se- a recusant, though I be confined, to do you service. cond person. These and such like meditations I Your Majesty's star-chamber, next your court of feed upon, since I can yield your highness no other parliament, is your highest chair. You never came retribution. And for myself, I hope by the assist- upon that mount, but your garments did shine beance of God above, of whose grace and favour I fore you went off. It is the supreme court of judihave had extraordinary signs and effects during my cature ordinary, it is an open council; nothing I afflictions, to lead such a life in the last acts thereof, would think can be more seasonable, if your other as whether his Majesty employ me, or whether I appointments permit it, than if your Majesty will live to myself, I shall make the world say that I was be pleased to come thither in person, the morrow not unworthy such a patron.

after this term, (which is the time anniversary, before I am much beholden to your highness's worthy the circuits and the long vacation,) and there make servant Sir John Vaughan, the sweet air and loving an open declaration : usage of whose house hath already much revived That you purpose to pursue the reformation, my languishing spirits; I beseech your highness, which the parliament hath begun. That all things thank him for me. God ever preserve and prosper go well, in all affairs, when the ordinary and extrayour highness.

ordinary are well mingled and tempered together. Your highness's most humble and most bounden That in matters of your treasure, you did rely upon servant,

your parliament for the extraordinary, but you were FR. ST. ALBAN.

ever desirous to do what you could by improvements, 1 June, 1621.

retrenchments, and the like, to set the ordinary in good frame and establishment. That you are in the same mind in matter of reformation of justice,

and grievance, to assist yourself with the advice CCLX. TO THE KING.*

and authority of parliament at times; but mean

while to go on with the same intentions, by your IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY,

own regal power and care. That it doth well in I HUMBLY thank your Majesty for my liberty, church-music when the greatest part of the hymn without which timely grant, any farther grace would is sung by one voice, and then the choir at all times have come too late. But your Majesty that did shed falls in sweetly and solemnly, and that the same hartears in the beginning of my trouble, will, I hope, mony sorteth well in monarchy between the king shed the dew of your grace and goodness upon me and his parliament. in the end. Let me live to serve you, else life is That all great reformations are best brought to but the shadow of death to

perfection by a good correspondence between the Your Majesty's most devoted servant, king and his parliament, and by well sorting the FR. ST. ALBAN.

matters and the times; for in that which the king

doth in his ordinary administration, and proceedings, 4 June, 1621.

neither can the information be so universal, nor the complaint so well encouraged, nor the references so

many times free from private affection, as when the CCLXI. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKING- king proceedeth by parliament; on the other side, HAM.T

that the parliament wanteth time to go through with

many things; besides, some things are of that naMY VERY GOOD LORD,

ture, as they are better discerned and resolved by a I HEARTILY thank your lordship for getting few than by many. Again, some things are so me out of prison; and now my body is out, my mind merely regal, as it is not fit to transfer them ; and nevertheless will be still in prison, till I may be on many things, whereof it is fit for the king to have my feet to do his Majesty and your lordship faith the principal honour and thanks. ful service. Wherein your lordship, by the grace Therefore, that according to these differences and of God, shall find that my adversity hath neither distributions, your Majesty meaneth to go on, where spent, nor pent my spirits. God prosper you. the parliament hath left, and to call for the memoYour Jordship's most obliged friend and faithful rials, and inchoations of those things, which have servant,

passed in both houses, and to have them pass the

file of your council, and such other assistance as 4 June, 1621.

FR. ST. ALBAN. | shall be thought fit to be called respectively, accord* Stephens's Second Collection, p. 146.

Ibid. p. 147.

| Ibid.

ing to the nature of the business, and to have your hands, and to receive his pleasure from himself. My learned counsel search precedents what the king riches in my adversity have been, that I have had a hath done for matter of reformation, as the parlia- good master, a good friend, and a good servant. ment hath informed themselves by precedents what I perceive by Mr. Meautys his Majesty's inclinthe parliament hath done : and thereupon that the ation, that I should go first to Gorhambury ; and his clock be set, and resolutions taken, what is to be Majesty's inclinations have ever been with me holpen by commission, what by act of council, what instead of directions. Wherefore I purpose, God by proclamation, what to be prepared for parlia- willing, to go thither forthwith, humbly thanking his ment, what to be left wholly for parliament. Majesty, nevertheless, that he meant to have put my

That if your Majesty had done this before a par- desire, in my petition contained, into a way, if I had liament, it mought have been thought to be done to insisted upon it; but I will accommodate my present prevent a parliament, whereas, now it is to pursue occasions as I may, and leave the times, and seasons, a parliament; and that by this means many griev- and ways, to his Majesty's grace and choice. ances shall be answered by deed, and not by word; Only I desire his Majesty to bear with me if I and your Majesty's care shall be better than any have pressed unseasonably. My letters out of the standing committee in this interim between the Tower were de profundis; and the world is a prison, meetings of parliament.

if I may not approach his Majesty, finding in my For the particulars, your Majesty in your grace heart as I do. God preserve and prosper his Maand wisdom will consider, how unproper and how jesty, and your lordship. unwarranted a thing it is for me, as I now stand, to

Your lordship's faithful and bounden servant, send for entries of parliament, or for searchers for precedents, whereupon to ground an advice; and besides,

22 June, 1621.

FR. ST. ALBAN. what I should now say may be thought by your Majesty (how good an opinion soever you have of me) much more by others, to be busy or officious, or CCLXV. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKrelating to my present fortunes.



I THANK God I am come very well to GorhamCCLXIII. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKING- bury, whereof I thought your lordship would be glad HAM.

to hear sometimes; my lord, I wish myself by you MY VERY GOOD LORD,

in this stirring world, not for any love to place or Your lordship, I know, and the king both, mought business, for that is almost gone with me, but for think me very unworthy of that I have been, or my love to yourself, which can never cease in that I am, if I should not by all means desire to be Your lordship’s most obliged friend and true freed from the restraint which debarreth me from

servant, approach to his Majesty's person, which I ever so

FR. ST. ALBAN. much loved, and admired; and severeth me likevise from all conference with your lordship, which Being now out of use and out of sight, I recomis my second comfort. Nevertheless, if it be con- mend myself to your lordship's love and favour, to ceived that it may be matter of inconvenience, or maintain me in his Majesty's grace and good envy, my particular respects must give place: only intention. in regard of my present urgent occasions, to take some present order for the debts that press me most, I have petitioned his Majesty to give me leave to

CCLXVI. TO THE KING.Ş stay at London till the last of July, and then I will dispose of my abode according to the sentence. I

IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, bare sent to the prince to join with you in it, for

I PERCEIVE by my noble and constant friend the though the matter seem small, yet it importeth me much. God prosper you.

marquis, that your Majesty hath a gracious inclin

ation towards me, and taketh care of me, for fifteen Your lordship's true servant, years the subject of your favour, now of your com

FR. ST. ALBAN. passion ; for which I most humbly thank your Ma20 June, 1621.

jesty. This same nova creatura is the work of God's pardon and the king's; and since I have the

inward seal of the one, I hope well of the other. CCLXIV. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCK

Utar,' saith Seneca to his master, magnis exINGHAM.

Demosthenes emplis; nec meæ fortunæ, sed tuæ.'

was banished for bribery of the highest nature, yet MY VERY GOOD LORD,

was recalled with honour; Marcus Livius was con| Htably thank your lordship for the grace and demned for exactions, yet afterwards made consul farour you did both to the message and messenger, and censor. Seneca banished for divers corruptions, in bringing Mr. Meautys to kiss his Majesty's yet was afterwards restored, and an instrument of Stephens's Second Collection, p. 150. † Ibid. p. 151. | Ibid. p. 152.

§ Ibid.

that memorable Quinquennium Neronis. Many | pardon at the scal. But it is with good respect ; more. This, if it please your Majesty, I do not say for he saith it shall be private, and then he would for appetite of employment, but for hope that if I do forth with write to your lordship, and would pass it by myself as is fit, your Majesty will never suffer me if he received your pleasure ; and doth also show to die in want or dishonour. I do now feed myself his reason of stay, which is, that he doubteth the upon remembrance, how when your Majesty used exception of the sentence of parliament is not well to go a progress, what loving and confident charges drawn, nor strong enough ; which if it be doubtful, you were wont to give me touching your business. my lord hath great reason. But sure I am, both For as Aristotle saith, young men may be happy by myself, and the king, and your lordship, and Mr. hope, so why should not old men, and sequestered | Attorney, meant clearly, and I think Mr. Attorney's men, by remembrance ? God ever prosper and pre-pen hath gone well. My humble request to your serve your Majesty.

lordship is, that for my lord's satisfaction Mr. SoliYour Majesty's most bounden and devoted servant, citor may be joined with Mr. Attorney, and if it be


safe enough, it may go on ; if not it may be amend

ed. I ever rest 16 July, 1621.

Your lordship's most obliged friend and faithful servant,


18 October, 1621. MY HONOURABLE LORD, I have delivered your lordship's letter of thanks to his Majesty, who accepted it very graciously, and

CCLXIX. TO THE LORD ST. ALBAN.. will be glad to see your book, which you promised

MY HONOURABLE LORD, to send very shortly, as soon as it cometh. I send your lordship his Majesty's warrant for your pardon, I have brought your servant along to this place, as you desired it; but am sorry that in the current in expectation of the letter from the lord keeper, of my service to your lordship there should be the which your lordship mentioneth in yours; but havleast stop of any thing; yet having moved his Ma ing not yet received it, I cannot make answer of the jesty, upon your servant's intimation, for your stay business you write of; and therefore thought fit not in London till Christmas, I found his Majesty, who to detain your man here any longer, having nothing hath in all other occasions, and even in that particu- else to write, but that I always rest lar already, to the dislike of many of your own Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant, friends, showed with great forwardness his gracious

G. BUCKINGHAM. favour towards you, very unwilling to grant you any longer liberty to abide there : which being but a

Hinchenbrook, 20 Oct. 1621. small advantage to you, would be a great and general distaste, as you cannot but easily conceive, to the whole state. And I am the more sorry for this re

CCLXX. TO THE LORD ST. ALBAN. fusal of his Majesty's falling in a time when I was a suitor to your lordship in a particular concerning MY NOBLE LORD, myself, wherein though your servant insisted farther than, I am sure, would ever enter into your thoughts,

Now that I am provided of a house, I have I cannot but take it as a part of a faithful servant in thought it congruous to give your lordship notice him. But if your lordship, or your lady, find it thereof, that you may no longer hang upon the inconvenient for you to part with the house, I would treaty, which hath been between your lordship and rather provide myself otherwise, than any way

me, touching York-house ; in which I assure your incommodate you, but will never slack any thing of lordship, I never desired to put you to the least my affection to do you service; whereof if I have inconvenience. So I rest not yet given good proof, I will desire nothing more,

Your lordship's servant, than the fittest occasion to show how much I am

G. BUCKINGHAM. Your lordship's faithful servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. Octob. 1621.



CCLXVIII. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKING. I am glad your lordship understands me so rightHAM. t

ly in my last letter. I continue still in the same

mind, for, I thank God, I am settled to my contentMY VERY GOOD LORD,

ment; and so I hope you shall enjoy yours, with An unexpected accident maketh me hasten this the more, because I am so well pleased in mine. letter to your lordship, before I could despatch Mr. And, my lord, I shall be very far from taking it ill, Meautys ; it is that my lord keeper hath stayed my if you part with it to any else, judging it alike un

* Stephens's Second Collection, p. 153. † Ibid. p. 154. * Ibid. p. 155. § Ibid. p. 156.


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reasonableness, to desire that which is another | upon me, in referring the consideration of my broken man's, and to bind him by promise or otherwise estate to my good lord the treasurer; which as it is not to let it to another.

a singular bounty in your Majesty, so I have yet so My lord, I will move his Majesty to take commis- much left of a late commissioner of your treasure, eration of your long * imprisonment, which in some as I would be sorry to sue for any thing that might respects, both you and I have reason to think harder, seem immodest. These your Majesty's great benethan the Tower; you for the help of physic, your fits, in casting your bread upon the waters, (as the parley with your creditors, your conference for your Scripture saith,) because my thanks cannot any ways writings, and studies, dealing with friends about your be sufficient to attain, I have raised your progenitor, business : and I for this advantage to be sometimes of famous memory, (and now I hope, of more famous happy in visiting and conversing with your lordship, memory than before,) king Henry VII. to give your whose company I am much desirous to enjoy, as Majesty thanks for me; which work, most humbly being tied by ancient acquaintance to rest,

kissing your Majesty's hands, I do present. And Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, because in the beginning of my trouble, when in the G. BUCKINGHAM.

midst of the tempest I had a kenning of the harbour, which I hope now by your Majesty's favour I am entering into, I mad a tender to your Majesty of

two works, A history of England, and A digest of CCLXXII. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKING- your laws, as I have, by a figure of pars pro toto, HAM.

performed the one, so I have herewith sent your

Majesty, by way of an epistle, a new offer of the MY VERY GOOD LORD,

other. But my desire is farther, if it stand with Though I returned answer to your lordship's your Majesty's good pleasure, since now my study is last honourable and kind letter, by the same way my exchange, and my pen my factor, for the use of by which I received it; yet I humbly pray your my talent; that your Majesty (who is a great master lordship to give me leave to add these few lines. in these things) would be pleased to appoint me My lord, as God above is my witness, that I ever some task to write, and that I shall take for an have loved and honoured your lordship as much, I oracle. And because my Instauration (which I think, as any son of Adam can love or honour a esteem my great work, and do still go on with silence) subject; and continue in as hearty and strong wishes was dedicated to your Majesty; and this History of of felicity to be heaped and fixed upon you as ever; king Henry VII. to your lively and excellent image $0 as low as I am, I had rather sojourn in a college the prince ; if now your Majesty will be pleased to in Cambridge, than recover a good fortune by any give me a theme to dedicate to my lord of Buckingother than yourself. To recover yourself to me ham, whom I have so much reason to honour, I (if I have you not) or to ease your lordship in any should with more alacrity embrace your Majesty's thing, wherein your lordship would not so fully ap- direction than my own choice. Your Majesty will pear, or to be made participant of your favours in pardon me for troubling you thus long. God everFour way; I would use any man that were your more preserve and prosper you. lordship's friend. Secondly, if in any of my former Your Majesty's poor beadsman most devoted, letters I have given your lordship any distaste, by

FR. ST. ALBAN. the style of them, or any particular passage, I humbls pray your lordship’s benign construction and

Gorhambury, 20 Mar. 1621. pardon. For I confess it is my fault, though it be some happiness to me withal, that I many times for- CCLXXIV. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE get my adversity : but I shall never forget to be, &c. HIS VERY GOOD LORD, THE LORD MAR5 March, 1621.



These main and real favours which I have lately LENT MAJESTY. I

received from your good lordship, in procuring my

liberty, and a reference of the consideration of my IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MAJESTY,

release, are such as I now find that in building upon I ACKNOWLEDGE myself in all humbleness infinitely your lordship’s noble nature and friendship, I have bourden to your Majesty's grace and goodness, for built upon the rock, where neither winds nor waves that, at the intercession of my noble and constant can cause overthrow. I humbly pray your lordship friend, my lord marquis, your Majesty hath been to accept from me such thanks as ought to come pleased to grant me that which the civilians say is from him whom you have much comforted in res inestimabilis

, my liberty. So that now, when- fortune, and much more comforted in showing your ever God calleth me, I shall not die a prisoner. Nay, love and affection to him; of which also I have farther, your Majesty hath vouchsafed to cast a heard by my lord Falkland, Sir Edward Sackville, second and iterate aspect of your eye of compassion Mr. Matthews, and other ways. • Restraint from coming within the verge of the court.

Stephens's Second Collection, p. 164. + From the original draught.

§ Ibid. p. 157.


I have written, as my duty was, to his Majesty | instantiis impleantur volumina, quæ historiam C. thanks touching the same, by the letter I here put Plinii sextuplicent ? In qua tamen ipsa plurima into your noble hands.

philologica, fabulosa, antiquitatis, non naturæ. EtI have made also, in that letter, an offer to his enim veram historiam naturalem nihil aliud ingreMajesty of my service, for bringing into better order ditur præter instantias, connexiones, observationes, and frame the laws of England : the declaration

Cogita altera ex parte immensa volumina whereof I have left with Sir Edward Sackville, be- philosophica; facile perspicies maximæ solida esse cause it were no good manners to clog his Majesty, maxime finita. at this time of triumph and recreation, with a busi- Postremo, ex nostra philosophandi methodo exness of this nature ; so as your lordship may be cipietur in via plurimorum operum utilium messis, pleased to call for it to Sir Edward Sackville when quæ ex speculationibus aut disputationibus sterilis you think the time seasonable.

aut nulla est. I am bold likewise to present your lordship with Historiam naturalem ad condendam philosophiam a book of my History of king Henry the seventh. (ut et tu mones) ante omnia præopto; neque huic And now that, in summer was twelve months, I de- rei deero, quantum in me est. Utinam habeam et dicated a book to his Majesty ; and this last summer, adjutores idoneos. Neque in hac parte mihi quidthis book to the prince ; your lordship’s turn is next, piam accidere poterit felicius, quam si tu, talis vir, and this summer that cometh (if I live to it) shall primitias huic operi præbeas conscribendo historiam be yours.

I have desired his Majesty to appoint cælestium, in qua ipsa tantum phænomena, atque me the task, otherwise I shall use my own choice ; una instrumenta astronomica, eorumque genera et for this is the best retribution I can make to your usum; dein hypotheses præcipuas et maxime illuslordship. God prosper you.

I rest

tres, tam antiquas quam modernas, atque simul exYour lordship’s most obliged friend and faith. actas restitutionum calculationes, et alia hujusmodi ful servant,

sincere proponas, absque omni dogmate et themate.

FR. ST. ALBAN. | Quod si huic cælestium historiæ historiam cometaGorhambury, this 20th of March, 1621.

rum adjeceris (de qua conficienda ecce tibi articulos quosdam et quasi topica particularia) magnificum prorsus frontispicium bistoriæ naturali extruxeris, et

optime de scientiarum instauratione merueris, mihiCCLXXV.* TO FATHER REDEMPT.

que gratissimum feceris. BARANZAN.+

Librum meum de progressu scientiarum traducen

dum commisi. Illa translatio, volente Deo, sub fiDOMINE BARANZANE,

nem æstatis perficietur : eam ad te mittam. LITERAS tuas legi libenter: cumque inter veritatis Opera tua, quæ publici juris sunt, inspexi; magne amatores ardor etiam candorem generet, ad ea, quæ certe subtilitatis et diligentiæ in via vestra. Nova. ingenue petiisti, ingenue respondebo.

tores, quos nominas, Patricium, Telesium, etiam Non est meum abdicare in totum syllogismum. alios, quos prætermittis, legi. Possint esse tales Res est syllogismus magis inhabilis ad præcipua, innumeri velut etiam antiquis temporibus fuerunt quam inutilis ad plurima.

Anaximenes, Anaxagoras, Democritus, Parmenides, Ad mathematica quidni adhibeatur ? Cum fluxus et alii (nam Pythagoram ut superstitiosum omitto). materiæ & inconstantia corporis physici illud sit, Inter istos tam antiquos quam modernos differentiam quod inductionem desideret; ut per eam veluti figatur, facultatis agnosco maximam, veritatis perparvam. atque inde eruantur notiones bene terminatæ. Summa rei est, si homines se rebus submittere velint,

De metaphysica ne sis sollicitus. Nulla enim aliquid confiet; sin minus, ingenia ista redibunt in erit post veram physicam inventam ; ultra quam orbem. nihil præter divina.

Stabilita jam sit inter nos notitia; meque, ut cæIn physica prudenter notas, et idem tecum sentio, pisti, maxime autem veritatem ama. Vale. post notiones primæ classis, et axiomata super ipsas,

Tui amantissimus, per inductionem bene eruta et terminata, tuto adhi

S. ALBANS. beri syllogismum, modo inhibeatur saltus ad gene

Apud Ædes meas, Londini, ralissima, et fiat progressus per scalam convenientem.

Junii ultimo, 1622. De multitudine instantiarum, quæ homines deterrere possit, hæc respondeo :

Primo, quid opus est dissimulatione ? Aut copia instantiarum comparanda, aut negotium deserendum.

Aliæ omnes viæ, utcunque blandiantur, imperviæ.
Secundo (quod et ipse notas) prærogativæ instan-

IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, tiarum, et modus experimentandi circa experimenta In the midst of my misery, which is rather aslucifera (quem aliquando trademus) de multitudine suaged by remembrance, than by hope ; my chiefest ipsaruin plurimum detrahent.

worldly comfort is, to think that since the time I had Tertio, quid magni foret, rogo, si in describendis the first vote of the commons house of parliament for

* From Niceron, tom. III.


45. + He was a Barnabite monk at Annecy in Savoy, who in his Lectures on Philosophy began to discard the authority

of Aristotle. He died the 23 December, 1622, at the age of 33.

Stephens's Second Collection, p. 158.

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