by motives more honourable, more the heart saddens while listening powerful, than interest itself. to the impatient inquiries of many Whenever a new levy is made for who are soon deprived of their the army, a given number (accor- dearest hopes by the information ding to the state's necessity) is ta- that another country contains their ken from every five hundred vas- offspring : perhaps another world. sals capable of bearing arms. Most of the villages have been thus de- ORIGIN AND DESIGN OF CARDS. prived of some of their inhabitants, About the year 1300, cards and it is with the affectionate hope were invented to divert Charles of again seeing their different re- the VI. then king of France, who latives, that many aged men ac- was fallen into a melancholy discompany these frozen caravans. position, St. Petersburgh is the extent of That they were

not in their views. The knowledge of before, appears highly probable. that city and of their own village, First, Because no cards are to be bounds their geographic acquire- seen in any painting, tapestry, ments; it is thither all their wishes &c. more ancient than the precedtend; for to that spot alone, they ing period, but are represented in falsely believe, is fixed the object many works of ingenuity, since of their fond solicitude. Ignorant that age. Secondly, No prohibiof any particular corps, and only tions relative to cards, by the conscious that it is a soldier they king's edicts, are mentioned, seek, under the liveliest impres- although some few years before a sion of expectation and affection, most severe one was published, they momentarily look for the forbidding, by name, all manner blessing of again embracing a son, of sports and pastimes, in order a brother, or some other near and that the subjecis might exercise beloved kinsman. Actuated by themselves in shooting with bows similar feelings, hundreds of sol- and arrows, and be in a condition diers are seen going from group to oppose the English. Now it is to group, searching for their own not to be presumed, that so luring parents among these patriarchal a game as cards would have been strangers. To the observation of a omitted in the enumeration, had benevolent individual, these scenes they been in use. Thirdly, In all are delightful. Nothing can be the ecclesiastical canons, prior to more affecting than to witness the said time, there occurs their joyful meetings; fathers em- mention of cards; although, twenty bracing their sons; brothers their years after that date, card-playing brothers. But expressions of dis- was interdicted the clergy by a appointment frequently excite Gallican synod. About the same more distressing sympathies; and I time is found, in the account-book



of the king's cofferer, the follow- Dutch call the French word caring charge : “Paid for a pack of reaux, stieneen, stones and diapainted leaves, bought for the monds, from the form. Trefie, king's amusement, three livres." the trefoil leaf, or clover grass Printing and stamping being then (corruptly called clubs) alludes to not discovered, the cards were the husbandmen and peasants. painted, which made them so dear. How this suit came to be called Thence, in the above synodical clubs I cannot explain, unless canons, they are called pagilla borrowing the game from the pictæ, painted little leaves. Spaniards, who have bastos (staves Fourthly, About thirty years after or clubs) instead of the trefoil, we this, came a severe edict against gave the Spanish signification to cards in France; and another by the French figure, The history of Emanuel, duke of Savoy ; only the four kings, which the French permitting the ladies this pastime, in drollery sometiines call the pro spinulis for pins and needles. cards, is David, Alexander, Cæsar, The inventor proposed by the and Charles, (which the names figure of the four suits, or colours, were then, and still are, on the as the French call them, to repre- French cards). These respectable sent the four states, or classes of names represent the four celebrated men in the kingdom. By the monarchies of the Jews, Greeks, coeurs (hearts) are meant, the Romans, and Franks under Chare gens se chaur, choir-men, or lemangne. By the queens are inecclesiastics; and therefore the tended Argine, Esther, Judeth, Spaniards, who certainly received and Pallas (names retained by the the use of cards from the French, French cards] typical of birth, have copas or chalices, instead of piety, fortitude, and wisdom, the hearts. The nobility, or prime qualifications residing in each military part of the kingdom, are person. Argine is an anagram represented by the ends or points for Regina, queen by descent, of lances or pikes, and our igno- By the knaves were designed the rance of the meaning or resem- servants to knights [for knave blance of the figure induced us to originally meant only servant; and call them spades. The Spaniards in an old translation of the Bible, have espades (swords) in lieu of St. Paul is called the knave of pikes, whieh is of similar import. Christ]; but French pages and By diamonds, are designed the valets, now indiscriminately used order of citizens, merchants, and by various orders of persons, were tradesmen, carreaux, (square formerly only allowed to persons stones, tiles, or the like). The of quality, esquires, [esquiers] Spaniards have a coin, dineros, shield or armour bearers. Others which answers to it ; and the fancy that the knights themselves

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were designed by those cards, speak of it---"As you Like it;" because Hogier and Lahire, two and if you are disappointed call names in the French cards, were me a “Country GirlToo famous knights at the time cards Friendly by Half."---With such were supposed to be invented. charms as you possess; I know

all that

you want is The Will.

---Once married you may, quite The following is said to be an in the fashion, act as you choose ; original Letter from Lady Craven, and if your spouse proves “A to one of her Theatrical female Provoked Husband,” why you friends, who asked how she liked

may take your own “Revenge,her change of situation.

and make him a “Suspicious MY DEAR T * * * * *

one."---If now (notwithstanding No doubt you are interested in all I have said) you reinain obstithe question by asking me so soon nate and single, I hope, as “Time's my opinion of “Matrimony"---it a Tell-tale," I may present an would be “Love's Labour Lost,” additional inducement. indeed if I disliked it in the Adieu, your's, &c. Honey Moon.--If you continue such a prude, as to retain your old opinion of “Marriage à la The Derivation, &c! of some of the

, Alode,and still consider it as

principal Buildings and Streets

in London and Westminster : foolish, I would advise you by all means to catch the “Folly as it

Ald-Gate, i. e. Old Gate, was one of

the four original gates of the city, beFlies,provided you 'hit upon ing mentioned in King Edgar's reign some sober spark who has sown

in 967. The late Gate was rebuilt in

1609. his Wild Oats" ---Trial's all,"

Aldermanbury was so called from you know-----however, if upon the mayor and alderman holding Review"

their berry or court, in a hall which shouldn't like the you

formerly stood on the east side of that staté, why you may cause The street, till the New Berry Court, or

Guildhall that now is, was finished. Devil to Puy” in the “School

Ave-mary Lane was so called in the for Scandal ;” and of course the Popish times, from text-writers and result of

your Wedding Day" bead-makers who dwelt there. will then form a very pretty built in 1732, and finished in 1734.

Bank of England was begun to be "Winter's Tale's ! Thus, at all

Bloomsbury was anciently a village events, like a fashionable woman, named Lomsbury, in which were the

king's stables, till they weru burnt you will “Raise the Wind.Do in 1354. not “Wonderat my trifling, for Blossom's-Inn, Lawrance-Lane, was you know “Laugh when you Can” Lawrance, the deacon, in a border of

so called fron having for its sign St. has been ever my maxim. But to Blossoms, or flowers. bé serious---follow my advice---in

Covent (i. e. Convent) Garden, was

formerly à Garden belonging to the ** Three Week's after Marriage?' Abbot and Convent of Westminster.


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It was granted in 1352 to John, Earl

Humour. of Bedford.

Fenchurch-street took its name from Telling Wonders.-A person a fenny, or moorish ground, so made had been relating many incrediby a stream (called Lang-bourn) that $formerly passed through it,

ble stories, when professor EnGrace Church-street, formerly call. gel, who was present, in order to ed Grass Church-street, was so called from Grass or Herbs sold there.

repress his impertinence, said, Piccadilly was so called from the “ But, Sir, all this amounts to Piccadillos, i. e. the stiff collars, or


little, when I can assure you, bands, formerly worn, by which a tailor got an estate, and built the first that the celebrated organist, Abbé houses there.

Vogler, once imitated a thunder

storm so well that for miles round FECUNDITY OF FLIES. the country, all the milk turned A Fly lays four times during

sour." the summer,

each time eighty eggs, which makes

320 Half of these are supposed

The following is a copy of a to be females, so that each of the four broods pro

very curious Painter's Bill, for duces forty:

work done at a small parish 1. First eighth, or the forty

church near Bath : females of the first brood, also lay four times in the

The Churchwardens of of the

summer, which makes

To 12,800

Dr. The first eighth of these, or

To gilding the wings and paint. s. d. 1600 females, three times 384,000

ing the faces proper and natu-
ral of three Cherubim

17 The second eighth, 'twice 256,000 To new gilding many of the The third and fourth eighth,

words and altering the Belief 10 at least once each

256,000 Totouching up and writing three 2. The second eighth, or the

entire new Commandments in forty females of the second

gold letters, backshadowed 15 0 brood, lay three times, the

£2 2 0 produce of which is

9,600 One sixth of these, or 1600 females, three times


Professional Toasts. - The The second sixth, twice 256,000

school masters of London held a The third sixth, once 128,000 3. The third eighth, or the

meeting in the year 1794, and forty females of the third

after dinner the following toasts brood, lay twice, and produce

6,400 were given from the chair, with One fourth of these, or 1600

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three times three: females lay twice more 256,000 Addition to the whigs ! 4. The fourth eighth, or forty

Subtraction from the tories ! females of the fourth brood,

Multiplication to the friends of peace! 3,200 Division to its enemies !.

Reduction to abuses! Half of these, or 1600 females,

Rule of hree to King, Lords, and at least once


Commons !

Practice to reformation ! Total produce of a single fly,

Fellowship to the patriots in one summer

2,080,3201 Discount to the national debt!


that no

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The Law and the Prophets.-- Duke of Chandos, to assist at the A dispute about precedence once performance of an Oratorio in the arose between a Bishop and a chapel of Whitechurch, such was Judge, and, after some alterca- the throng of company, tion, the latter thought he should provisions were to be procured at quite confound his opponent by the Duke's house. On going to quoting the following passage :- the Chandos' Arms, in the town “ For on these two hang all the of Edgeware, we made our way Law and the Prophets.” “Do into the kitchen, were we found you not see,” said the Lawyer, nothing but a solitary leg of mutin triumph, “ that even in this ton on the spit. This, the waiter passage of Scripture, we are informed us, was bespoke by a mentioned first?” I grant you," party of gentlemen. The Doctor, says the Bishop, "you hang first,” rubbing his elbow, (his usual man

ner) says to me, “I'll have that UNIVERSAL REFORM.

mutton; give me a fiddle string." For one to mend us all, such pow'r He took the fiddle-string, cut it

must ask, No man of sense will e'er attempt the in pieces, and privately sprinkling But yet ihe needful thing might soon

it over the mutton, walked out of be done,

the kitchen. Then waiting very Would we divide the toil, and each mend one.

patiently till the waiter had served

he heard one of the gentle. The Advantage of having a men exclaim, “Waiter! this meat Vote.---An honest John Ball tra- is full of maggots : take it away." velling through Germany, on ar- This was what the Doctor, who riving at the gate of a city, was was on the watch, expected requested to describe himself; not “Here, give it me."-'0, Sir!' knowing exactly what designation says the waiter, you can't eat it; to apply to himself, he answered 'tis full of maggots.'—“ Never that he was an Elector of Mid- mind, cries the Doctor, fiddlesex. ” As an Elector in Ger- dlers have strong stomachs.So many is rather a more important bearing it away, and scraping off personage than those who bear the fiddle-strings, we made a that honourable title in England, hearty dinner on the apparently the Germans immediately threw maggotty mutton. open their gates, and the guard

A gentleman having a horse that turned out, and did military ho

started and broke his wife's neck, nours to the English Elector!

a neighbouring 'squire told him, he Anecdote of Dr. Arne.-The wished to purchase it for his wife writer of this article having many to ride upon. "No says the other, years ago accompanied the Doctor “ I will not sell it, I intend to to Cannons, the seat of the late / marry again myself!.

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