in Leicestershire were Tur Langton (to which parts of the other Langtons were then appendant), Lubbenham, Welham, Keythorp, and Tilton.

“ III. Remigius, bishop of Lincoln, was a Norman by birth, of the blood of the Deincourts, who were allied to the Conqueror, and a monk of Fescamp. He held the fee of Lincoln from 1070 to 1092 ; and, besides his property in Leicestershire, had lands in the counties of Bedford, Buckingham, Cambridge, Huntingdon, Lincoln, Northampton, and Nottingham.

“ William of Malmesbury's description of the person of Remigius, is too striking to be passed over in silence : « Quia ipse pro exiguitate corporis penè portentum hominis videbatur; luctabatur excellere & foris eminere animus, eratque

Gratior exiguo veniens è corpore virtus. Quem ideo Natura compegiffe videtur, ut sciretur beatiffimum inge. nium in miserrimo corpore habitare pofle.” To the shortne's of his figure bishop Fuller alludes in these verses, which he caused to be en graven on the tablet over his tomb:

“ Hujus Fundator templi Remigius urna

Hac jacet, atque brevi fit fatis ampla viro.” I could enlarge on the history and character of this prelate ; but am unwilling to anticipate a memoir, compiled by my venerable friend Dr. Pegge, now actually in the press.-From a valuable register of this bishop, recovered by bishop Green from the MSS. of archbishop Wake, and now preserved amongst the archives of the dean and chapter of Lincoln, 'I have been favoured with some extracts by John Fardell, esq. their very intelligent Registrar.

“ IV. Geoffrey, bifhop of Coutance, a noble Norman, was elected to the fee (which is suffragan to the archbishop of Rouen) in 1048. He had a distinguished command at the battle of Hastings; and for his services was rewarded with 280 lordships, amongst which was that of Arcsby in this county; and was constituted chief justiciary of Ireland. He presided also at a great trial in the county-court held at Tenterden in Kent, between Lanfranc archbishop of Canterbury, and Odo bishop of Baieux. In 1070 he is called by Ordericus Vitalis 714ifler militum; and, in 1074, accompanied bishop Odo to suppress a rebellion under the earls of Hereford and Norfolk; and from this prelate the West Saxons, who had assaulted Montacuie, received a lerere check. He allifted at a council at St. Paul's, 1079; and, af. ter having been present at the Conqueror's funeral, joined the bishop of Bajcax in the rebellion against Rufus; and died in 1093.

" V. The abbey of Peterborough, one of the most ancient of our mirred abbeys, had been founded 10 early as 655, by Peada, king of the Mercians. The chief of this house, at the time of the survey, was Thorold, who is represented as a man of boundless profufion. At his entrance into office, in the year 1069, the goods of the abbey were estimated at 15ool, which he reduced to one third of that sum. Be. ing weary of his government at Peterborough, he obtained the biihoprick of Beauvois in France, whither he transported many of the


goods of the English church. But, being expelled thence in the hort time of four days, he gave the Conqueror a large sum of money to be re-established at Peterborough ; where he continued till his dea:h in 1089 or 1100. He had in Leicestershire the manor of Easton, with lands in one of the Langtons.

VI. The abbey of Coventry was another of our mitred abbeys, and had been then but lately founded by Leofric earl of Leicefter. The abbot of this period is believed to have been Leofric Il. who died a little before the year 1095. The abbot was lord of Burbach, Barwell, Marston, and part of Stapleton.

“ VII. The abbey of Croyland was a very early foundation, by Ethelbald king of Mercia, in 916. The abbot, when the survey was taken, was Ingulphus, who became the historiographer of his monaltery, after he had skreened it from severe taxation. He was abbot from 1076 till his death in 1109. His property in Leicestershire was ac Beby, Sutton, and Stapleton.

« VIII. The Kings Eleenjofinary Lands in this county, were fituated at Peatling, Svesbi, Sutton, Elvestone, Swinford, Wiceftan, and Sceneford. What the exact nature of their tenure was, we cannot readily define. They were held by five sub-tenants; three of whoin, Godvin, Ernebern, and Aluric, were priests; the other two were Ingald, and the wife of Quintin. A conjecture on this subject lias been hazarded in p. xl.

“ IX. The earl of Mellent was Robert de Bellomont, a firm adherent to the Conqueror. In 1107, he obtained the earldom of Leicester; and died in 1918. His lordships in the county were, Aylston, Frolesworth, Huncote, and Bosworth. Of this nobleman, and his descendants, a full account is given in the early part of the History of Leicester, p. 22–98.

« X. Earl Aubrey poffefsed fixteen lordships in Leicestershire, ten in Northamptonshire, fix in Warwickshire, two in Oxfordshire, and ten in Wiltshire ; in which last county he had properiy in the time of king Edward the Confeffor, which fews that he was an Englishman; but whence he derived his title of earl has not been discovered. He is a different person from Aubrey de Vere, ancestor of the earls of Oxford ; who married Beatrix, neice and heiress of Manafles earl of Guisnes, whence he is supposed to have been earl of Guifnes, not allowed by Dugdale. He was father of Alberic, the great chamberlain to Henry I. and grandfather to Alberic, who was, by the empress Maud, created earl of Oxford. Four of the nine manors in Northamptonshire are expressly said to be held by Alberic the chamberlain, which was in the reign of Henry II. the other fix by Alberic limply ; and a virgate in Clapton, by Alberic the monk.

• XI. Countess Godira. Of this devout lady, who was sister to Thorold, sheriff of Lincolnshire, and from the year 1057 had continued the widow of Leofric, fixth earl of Leicester, a full account is given in the History of Leicester, p. 17. She possessed three lord. Thips in this county, Norton, Appleby, and Bilfton.

is XII. Countess Alveva was wife to Algar, the seventh earl of Leicester; and mother of Edwin the eighth earl, and of Morcar earl of Northumberland. She possessed some property at Ayleston.


" XIII. Hugo de Grentemaisnell, a companion of the Conqueror into England, and one of his barons, obtained fixty-seven lordships in Leicestershire, twenty in Northamptonshire, and several in other counties; and is memorable for having been appointed hereditary lord high steward of England, In the close of life he embraced the monastic habit at St. Ebrulf in Normandy, where he died in 1094. See a full account of this earl, and his descendants, in the History of Leicester, p. 20, 21,

« XIV, Henry de Ferrieres, or de Ferrariis, son to Gualcheline de Ferieres, a Norman, either accompanied the Conqueror, or followed him before the general survey ; in which great service, as has been al. ready stated, p. xxxiv. he was one of the commissioners. He had thirty-five lord ships in Leicestershire ; one hundred and fourteen in Derbyshire, with many in the counries of Derby, Oxford, Wells, Lincoln, Bucks, and Gloucester. He was the founder of Turbury priory; father to Robert the first earl of Derby; ancestor to the lords Ferrers of Chartley, Groby, and Oakham; and consequently to the present earl of Stamford, the earl Ferrers, and the earl of Leicester. A full account of the family of Ferrers will be seen onder Wymondham, Groby, Bredon, Leicester, &c.

« XV. Robert de Todeni, another noble Norman, and standard. bearer to the Conqueror, was the founder of Belvoir Castle, where his posterity have ever since been honourably feaied ; John-Henry, the present duke of Rutland, between whom and the founder there have been but twenty-iwo generations, being his immediate descendant; as is Thewn under the History of Belvoir, p. 66. Robert de Todeni died in 1088; and was buried in the priory which he had himself founded ; and in the ruins of which, in 1793, his coffin' was examined, as described in p. 79. His property in Leicestershire was at Horninghold, Medburn, Blaston, Harby, Barkston (and Plungar), Bottesford, Redmile (and Muston), Knipton, Laughton, Lubbenham, Barkby, Hungarton, Cropston, Queniborough, Claxton, Howes, and Stathern. The lordship of Belvoir, not mentioned in the record, was probably included in that of Wolsthorpe. For a full account of this illustrious family, fee Vol. II. p. 23–68.

« XVI. Robert de Veci, another of the Normans who assisted William the Conqueror in his expedition, was rewarded with the lordships of Morton, Scentone, part of Cleveliorde, Gumley, Shankton, Thorpe, Basurde, Cliborne, and Newton, in Leicestershire; and with other great estates in the counties of Northampton, Warwick, and Lincoln. From Ivo, called also John de Vefci, a great baron, either brother, or nearly allied to Robert, the present lord Vesci claims his descent by the female line.

“ XVII. Robert de Buci poflessed thirty lordships in this county, . • XVIII. Roger de Busli had five lordships in Leiceftershire ; Closintone, Wimeswould, Saltby, Wyfordby, and Burton. He had one lordship also in Devonshire, eight in Derbyshire, forty-nine in Yorkshire, and eighty-six in Nottinghamshire. His principal residences were at Tickill Castle, Yorkshire; at Hougham, Lincolnshire ; and at Blitb (near Tickhill) on the confines of Nottinghamshire, where he had also another castle. In 2 William Rufus, he founded a priory

for för Benedictine monks, which he annexed as a cell to the abbey of St. Catharine's on the Mount, near Roan, in Normandy. He gave also to the monks of St. Peter's, in Gloucester, his lordship of Clifford ; and, surviving king Henry I. stood firm to his daughter Maud the Empress; on which account, king Stephen seized upon his castle of Tickhill, and the whole honour of Blithe, and gave them to Ranulph then earl of Chester. The barony terminated in John his grandson, who left one daughter and heir, married to Robert de Vipont, a great baron of that tiine.

« XIX. Robert Despenser was steward to the Conqueror; one of his barons; and had seventeen lordships in Leicestershire, fifteen in Lincolníhire, with several others in the counties of Warwick and Gloucester. He was brother to the earl of Montgomery, and to Urso D'Abetot, hereditary sheriff of Worcestershire ; father to Wilfiam le Despenser, who was steward to king Henry I. and progenitor to the noble family of Spenser, now duke of Marlborough.

« XX. Robert the Uther (Hoftiarius) possessed lands in two lord. Mips in this county, Claxton and Howes." He was the son of William the Usher; and his lordships devolved to Roger de Bulli.

" XXI. Ralph de Mortimer was allied, by the mother's side, to the Conqueror, accompanied him into England, and was one of the chicfest commanders in his victorious army. He was afterward fent to encounter Edric earl of Shrewsbury, whom he fubdued, and delivered captive to the king; whereupon he enjoyed Wigmore castle, and all the other lands of that earl. He had only two lordships in Leicestershire, Sberneston and Westone ; but had large poffessions in many other counties,

• XXII. Ralph Firz Hubert held nine plough-lands at Dalby ; and had property also in Derbyshire.

« XXIII. Wido de Renbudcurt had the lordships of Thurstanton, Stormsworth, Misterton, Barrehorde, part of Cleveliorde, and Bare{worde, in Leicestershire , and others in Oxfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Northamptonshire, and Lincolnshire,

“ XXIV. Wido, or Guy, de Credun came in with the Conqueror, and obtained the lordships of Stonesby, Walth am, and Sproxion, in this county, and about fixty in Lincolnshire. He fixed the chief feat of his baronry at Freston, in the division of Holland; where Alan his fon afterward founded a priory of Benedictine monks, which he gaye as a cell to Croyland, and settled on thiem the church of Stonesby. His inheritance passed by a female to the family of Vaux; and afterward by another female into that of the lords Ros, ancestors to the present duke of Rutland. See the pedigrees of Creon and Vaux, under Belvoir, p. 28.

“ XXV. William Peverell was a natural son of the Conqueror, by a Concubine, afterwards the wife of Ranulph Peverell. William had the custody of the castle of Nottingham; with five lordships in Leicestershire (Fofton, Erendesbi, Lubbelthorpe, Carbi, and Etrebi) and others in various parts of the kingdom, to the number of 162.

“ XXVI. William Buenvaleth is mentioned only as holding two ploughlands in Ravenston; which lay waste in the time of the Con.

feffor, feffor, and continued so. He had other lands, at the time of the rura vey, in Warwickshire.

* XXVII. William Lovech, or Levet, had thrce lordships in this county, Dilworth, Thedingworih, and Swestern, and others in Berks and Bedfordhire. He had lands also in Northamptonshire, where we find his posterity feated at Welford, from the reign of Henry III. to that of Edward Ill. on a manor called Lovet's Manor.

- XXVIII. Geoffrey Alfelin had the lordships of Alton, Godeby, Keythorpe, Billesdon, and Rolleiton, in Leiceftershire, and a confiderable barony in the counties of Nottingham, Derby, and Lincoln ; but great part of his estate, after two generations, went by a daughter to the Bardolphs.

“ XXIX. Geoffrey de Wirce, of a nobli family in Bretagne, came over with the Conqueror; who rewarded him with twenty-seven lordships, amongst which was the paramount manor of Melton. He had also large pofleflions in the counties of Warwick, Northampton, Nottingham, and Lincoln.

" XXX, Geoffrey de Cambrai was a land owner at Sproxton in this county, and had possessions also in Lincolnshire.

« XXXI. Gunfrid de Cioches poflefled three ploughlands in Moseley; a lordship which, at the time of the survey, is described as sying waste. He had sixteen lordships in Northamptonshire, and others in the counties of Berks, Bedford, and Nottingham.

“ XXXI), Huinphrey the Chamberlain had two lordships in this county, Dalby and Barneibi; and some others in Surrey, Hants, Berks, Wilts, Dorfeithire, Gloucestershire, and Suffolk.

« XXXIII, Gilbert de Gaunt, fon of Baldwin earl of Flanders, and nephew to the Conqueror, married Alice, daughter and heir of Robert, son of Hugh Montfort. In Leicestershire he had only five plough. lands at Baresworth; but pofleffed several lord ships in different coun. ties. He fixed his seat at Folkingham, co. Lincoln, which he made the head of his barony, Gilbert V. was sun moned to parliament 26 Edward I. but, having no issue, constituted the king heir to all the lands of his barony, and the others went to his heirs female.

- XXXIV. Gilbert had two lordships in this county, Amby and Moseley.

- XXXV. Durandus Malet is supposed to have been nearly allied to the great baron, Robert Malet. He had property at Burton, Prettwould, and Wimelwoul', in this county; and divers lordships in Nottinghamshire and Yorkshire.

* XXXVI. Drogo de Bevrere was a noble Fleming, who attend. ed the Conqueror on the invafion, and was rewarded with the lordships of Orton and Hoby in Leicellershire; and several others in the counties of Northampion, York, Lincoln, Norfolk, and Suffolk. He probably was ancestor of William de Briwere, who stood in great favour with the kings Fienry II. Richard I. John, and Henry 111. and had large property in Somersershire, where he founded several religious houses. William his son died without illue, 16 Henry III. leaving his five fifters his heirs.

« XXXVII. Maino the Briton had in Leicestershire the lordship of Lutterworth, with lands at Misierton and Thorpe ; and other lordhips in the counties of Hertford and Northampton.


« VorigeDoorgaan »