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religious man of sound mind would most favourable to freedom of thought,
permit himself to employ, at any rate, to that sort of freedom which rational
publicly! Yet, if such language took spirits desire ; where no one malignant
its rise from feelings properly religi- feeling or unruly passion has leave to
ous, is it conceivable that we should tyrannize over the soul, where no
find in the sufferer so inconsistent an power or faculty lies dormant, yet
avidity of worldly honours, so sensi. none is tolerated in insubordination ?
tive a perception of the slightest im- What is that state of inind most fa-
putation of censure, so jealous a fcar rourable to beautiful imaginations, to
of being surpassed by other travellers the sublimest musings, to vigour and
in the road to fame? To call a few health and cheerfulness? Is it not
expressions of this sort religious, and that settled and equable state of the
to make Christianity responsible for faculties which the religion of Jesus,
the aberrations of him who uses them, sincerely believed and consistently fol.
is, surely, a gross mistake. I would lowed, induces? Is it not desirable
not insinuate that there may not be a to have rest and peace in believing,
kind of devout feeling in the minds of and thenceforth to accept the noblest
persons who yet appear to have a ideas as things substantial and unfail-
most partial knowledge on the subject ing? If this be the case, then, surely,
of religion itself. It is hardly possi- Religion is justified of her children.
ble, perhaps, for delicate and sensitive Some may have attained to many no-
spirits, whose taste for beauty has ble gifts without ber aid. Many, too
been early cultivated, not to perceive many, have professed to submit to ber
some of the beauties of sacred lore, influence, without sincerity. But the
the exquisite adaptation of Scripture question is (next to that of positive
language to much that passes in their evidence) about the tendency of some
own breasts, and the partial similarity principles to make the heart happier
of the experience of the saints and and the mind stronger, and it is one
sages of oid to their own. All this is which we can hardly think it possible
to be valued in its just measure. But to decide otherwise than in favour of
let not the grand question of the truth religion.
and evidence of revelation be in any There will always be causes enough,
way affected by the defective judg. bodily and mental, to obstruct the
ments of ininds like these.

career of human happiness, to check
It may be thought that the object the freedom of the mind, to break the
of the foregoing remarks has not; spirits, and take away the joy and
hitherto, been very distinctly made pride of indulging those delightful
out. The writer's wish has been to reveries to which the soul, in better
shew the danger of trusting in youth hours, turns with ever new interest ;
to natural feeling and imagination for but who can doubt that the belief of a
the preservation of religious principle; more perfect state hereafter, and a
the probability that those fond antici- habit of perpetual reference to the
pations, awakened by youthful mani. tribunal of a God of mercy, is the
festations of devotional feeling, will most effectual inedicine of the mind,
be cruelly disappointed, if no good the most powerful support to the
foundation bas been laid, by the early weakness of human virtue? Who will
exercise of the judging powers, for a not allow that the contemplation of
cool, a rational and candid exainina- the character of Jesus Christ, in par-
tion of the evidences of Christianity. ticular, to those convinced of the di-
What glories, what gains, however, vinity of his mission, (for without that
human genius may bring to the cause belief he is inconceivably lowered in
of religion, is a question of less prac- our moral judgments,) is one which
tical importance than the inquiry, must tend to exalt every power of the
how far genius itself inay be elevated mind, and refine every feeling of the
by correct views of this grand subject. heart?
What the mind requires, what 'revela- Dr. Channing has beautifully ob-
tion offers, these things must enter served that there is, in those who ap-
into the account, or our calculation ply Christianity. “ habitualiy in their
will be very incorrect. What is that tempers and lives, and who imbibe its
state of mind which is, on the whole, spirit and lopes, a consciousness of

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its adaptation to their noblest facul- Oct. 1711." He appears to have sailties, a consciousness of its exalting ed from England for Madras, with and consoling influences, of its power “ Governour Collet," who was going to confer the true happiness of hu- out in a king's frigate to his governman nature, to give that peace which ment of Bencoolen. The Governor's the world cannot give.”+ *

very kind attentions to himself, Mr. If this sentiment be correct, how Finck acknowledges, and his “readimuch do those individuals lose, who ness to favour the design" of the miscast it from them as worthless, or sion. who have fallen into the habit of con- While the frigate anchored at Jac sidering it as a mere republication neiro, a French fleet successfully atof natural religion! Those influences tacked the Portugueze settlement, and and that power they have never expe- also captured the English ship; which rienced. We must lament it, equally Governor Collet ransomed, sending for themselves and for society at large, his son as a hostage to France. In which would have profited by the en- the amount of the ransom was intrance of these purifying and exalting cluded £300, for the printing press, influences into their deepest retiree types, &c., for which Mr. Finck dements. We cannot so far compromise scribes the Governor as agreeing to the supreme dignity of religion, as to accept £150, as a re-payment, wishwish that minds of this class were reli- ing «s to declare the singular regard gious, for Poetry's sake. But it must he had to the honourable Society, and always be a source of thankfulness, their worthy design in the East Inthat when we haje spoken of the duty, dies." the value, the necessity of religion, we Give me leave to suggest, in referhave got said ALL. We are permitted ence to the P. S. (p. 18), that there. to proceed a step farther-io talk of appears po little danger that the obits beauty, its sublimity-to point to jections to anonymous signatures, it as the fountain of ever new and ever should be carried among your correincreasing delight; the inspirer of no- spondents, to an extent not the most bler thoughts at once their source and friendly to the prosperity of a periodresting-place. Viewing it in this light, ical work. It is obvious that while we are no longer chargeable with the some subjects require real signatures, guilt of accusing the Deity of leaving and many are thus recommended to his best work incomplete-of rearing attention, there are other subjects up that glorious fabric, the human which are discussed much more freely mind, and then leaving it without core and usefully under some respondent and permanent resources guerre. Nor can it be reasonably

of filling the heart brimful of exten- doubted that many an unpractised sive hopes and strong desires, which writer born, perhaps, to were never to be gratified. E.

" Enlighten clines and mould a future

Clapton,
Sir,
Feb. 15th, 1824.

has, while shrinking from publicity, I

been thus encouraged to hazard a first HAD no expectation of offering you any farther account of Gover attempt before the ordeal of an Editor..

J. T. RUTT. nor Collet, till I observed to-day that he is mentioned in Part III. of “A Collection of Letters” on the “ Pro- A Friendly Correspondence between pagation of the Gospel in the East," an Unitarian and a Calvinist. published in 1719. “ Jonas Finck," a German Printer,

(Continued from p. 36.) “sent from England to India,” by

I to N. " the Society for Proinoting Christian

Dear N. Knowledge, with a printing press F you were disposed to discuss the and types for the use of the Danish Mission, writes from St. Sebastian's, mutual conviction, I should, with much the Citadel of Rio Janeiro, “ 20th pleasure, go through all the argil

ments urged on your side. You ought + Channing's Discourse on the Evi- to know enough of the character of dences of Hevealed Religion,

my mind, to give me credit for having

nom de

age,"

Sept. 24.

1

weighed and considered the con as divest myself of the feeling that I am well as the pro of every subject to part and parcel of human nature, and which I attach importance. I, as well that my happiness, present and fuas yourself, was educated in the opi- ture, is involved in theirs. We are nions you maintain; it was not until all of one blood, and members one of after all the objections to the doctrine another. Whatever may be the order of the restitution of all things had in which the several individuals may been fully answered, that I could re- bear the image of the second head of ceive it; and, since then, I have care- the race, if the first-fruits be holy the fully read every work of any character lump will also be holy, the whole will that has been put forth by those who be eventually leavened. With respect insist upon the endless duration of to tiines and seasons the knowledge future punishment. But I do not of these is reserved, and we must not understand you to be desirous of hear. presume to pronounce when they will ing what I have to say, and as you arrive; and, therefore, I leave the can be comfortable with your present subject in the hands of Him who, I views, I have not any intention to am well assured, will do right; of obtrude mine upon you. I could not Him all whose ways are just and true. exist a moment in peace under a In this conviction we are both agreed, doubt of the infinite goodness of the and there the matter must rest. Creator; for, were I to suppose it

Yours, possible, either that he wanted the

1. will, or was deficient in the power to render his creatures, without a sin

I to N. gle exception, happy, I could not

Sept. 29. love him with all my heart and with The feeling which you consider as all my mind, nor my neighbour as indicative of the work of regeneracy myself

. I should also feel that in being begun, is not a new feeling; it praying according to the apostolic has been contemporaneous with my precept, for the salvation of all men, first serious attention to religious matI was offering up a petition contrary ters. I believe the feeling to be very to the will of God; and, therefore, common.

Even Balaam had somewithout any ground for hoping or thing of it when he exclaimed, “ Let expecting that such a prayer would me die the death of the righteous.” be answered.

It is matter of deep humiliation that, You

say, your people do nothing with a conviction of the inseparable to cause their fellow-creatures to in- union of holiness and happiness, those cur future punishment, but seek to who entertain that conviction should preserve them from it.” I admit this, enjoy so little of spiritual comfort; and derive great pleasure from ob- and, I do assure you, that I regard serving how, by his providential deal- myself as scarcely initiated in the ings, God counteracts the evil ten- school of Christ. "I make no pretendency of erroneous creeds. It is not, sions. If ever the time should arrive however, in virtue of their system, when a sense of the Divine favour but in spite of it, that they thus lay shall be experienced by me, it will themselves out to seek the salvation be manifested in appropriate words of their fellow-creatures. It comports and works; with due deference I apnot with the policy of the enemy of ply the same observations to other souls to inspire us with an extreme persons. anxiety for the welfare of others. His As you find the controversy a hinobject is to render us careless of our drance to the enjoyment of religious own interests, and consequently indif- exercises, you had better not pursue ferent to the fate of the rest of man- it. If you use arguments drawn from kind. While under the influence of Scripture, I shall be induced to anfeelings such as you deem dangerous, swer them, and thus we shall be led a man must necessarily be prone to on from one step to another. I have do all in his power to accelerate the no objection to this sort of correperiod when God's kingdom will come spondence, because a 'firin and unand his will be done in earth as it is shaken confidence in the truth of the in heaven.

sentiments which I entertain, leaves For my own part, I cannot possibly ine at liberty to go fearlessly over

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ground which you drezd to step upon. P.S. I cannot refrain from making But out of deference to your feelings, one observation upon à passage in I would rather leave the question to your last communication. You seem he decided by your own experience. to think that the blessed spirits will If, as I believe, I am right, a time will have no wish for the deliverance of come, either in the present or a future those who are tormented. Now, . I state, when the truth of the restitution must beg you to recollect the saying of all things, as spoken of by all the of our Lord, that “there is more joy holy prophets, will be made manifest in heaven over one repentant sinner, to you. "I doubt very much, on vari- than over ninety-nine just persons." ous accounts, (my own failings and I know that an attempt has been made infirmities among the rest,) whether I to make our Lord say, that there is shall ever be made instrumental in the more pleasure over one sinner that correction of what, with my views, I repents than over ninety-nine persons must necessarily regard as your errors. that are self-righteous; but this will

On the other hand, I promise you not do. If our Lord had any such that I will not treat lightly the pas- meaning, he surely could have exsages of Scripture which you point pressed it as plainly as men of modern out; and that I hold myself liable to times. The context distinctly shews reproof for any levity or laxity which that he meant what he said, according you or other good men may observe to its literal sense. He has put this, in my conduct or conversation. As in my humble opinion, beyond doubt, to the young men to whom you allude, by the parables of the lost sheep, of whatever else they may have learnt the lost piece of silver, and of the from me, I trust that of making light prodigal son. In all these cases a of the consequences of sin, is not temporary feeling of mind, perfectly among the number. I must beg of natural, is alluded to ; namely, an exyou to look about you, and to ascer. traordinary feeling of pleasure attentain whether such things as levity and dant upon the recovery of that which dissolute conduct are not to be found was lost. If another sheep had strayed in the families of persons who hold from the fold, or another piece of 'siland inculcate the doctrines which you ver had been lost, or the eldest son believe to be true.

had left his father's house, all pleaLet une tell you, that the circum- sure from the possession of the restance of being the father of a family, maining sheep, (the recovered one inis one great reason why I cannot be cluded,) and so far of the rest, would so much at ease as you appear to be, have been superseded by anxiety to as to what may become of the rest of recover the lost; and the delight conmankind so long as you are assured sequent upon the recovery would have of your own safety. The command to been the same in the subsequent as love our neighbour as ourselves, is not in the first case. The recovered good opposed to, but implies a primary would have excited ninety-nine times regard to our own happiness. I have the joy (for the time) derivable from no fears for the ultimate happiness of the larger possession; and thus we my ebildren (and this is no small are taught that the happiness of the comfort to me); but this persuasion blessed is capable of increase, by every does not diminish my anxiety for their addition that shall be made to the immediate deliverance froin the ty- number from the ranks of sinners. ranny of vicious habits.

A inost reasonable and consolatory I really think that, upon the whole, doctrine! Even Dives, bad as he was, it will be better to allow this corre- had not lost all his philanthropy. He spondence to terminate while we are was most anxious for the welfare of in a disposition to regard each other his brethren, and so far from having with feelings of complacency. I have a wish to see them tormented, he witnessed many controversies in my prayed that a miracle might be wrought time, and scarcely remember an in- to warn them of their danger. He stance in which the contending parties wished that they might live so as to were led to alter their opinions. At go to heaven. No wonder that Abraa certain age this is nearly a hopeless ham recognized his relationship to a expectation.

being, who, while writhing in acute 1. pain, could bestow a thought upon

VOL. XIX.

P

the happiness of others. This is a Torments."-No idea of penivery different picture of the state of tents suffering these turments. "Imthe damned from what your fancy has penitence and torment seem to be painted. Here was no blasphemning suitably allied. Joy over penitents of God, or upbraiding him with the impossible that it should be otherwise. harshness of bis decrees.

Repentance must be proved. If you cannot divest yourself of the Triumph over the damned.-Onidea that the elect alone shall be saved ly to be found on earth (conscience --if you think that those who are to forces me to say on earth) among false be a kind of first-fruits of God's crea- professors, who ought to say,

** Who tures shall constitute the whole that maketh to differ? Let me fear lest those who are to be kings and priests he spare not me." shall be without subjects or laity, still Experience." —You do not know I hope you may attain to that state of my experience, but God does. With miud which led the pious Dr. Watts, the partial view you have of it, what when writing in defence of the doc- you say is just. God is my witness trine of endless misery, to coufess that how joyfully I would welcome Satan if ever a time should arrive when the himself, if he were converted, and redambed shall taste of the mercy of mind bin, with coinplacency, how God, it would be such a display of often he had given me trouble; but I goodness as might well fill all heaven could not do so with respect to tempo with jubilee. That a man should be lations to sin. afraid to weaken the force of scrip- Benevolence and bencficence to tural threatenings, I can readily ex- friends and enemies." - Belong to cuse. I know, from experience, what professors on our side, when they are that feeling is; but that he should what they profess. They would extriumph in the interminable duration tend them, even, as to charitable acts, of future misery, is not, in my view of to a sinner against the Holy Ghost. the matter, a proof of a regenerate “ Purification."—We wish for the mind. I acquit you of any such feel- removal of even a good, which intering. Your feelings, I doubt not, are venes with a greater good. The most better than your creed; and while I intimate nearness to God is wished adınit this, I would not forget, that for, and we ourselves wish to put while we promise liberty to others, we away every thing that interposes and may ourselves live the slaves of sin; hinders. and that it is much easier to hold I hope I am enabled kindly to reforth liberal sentiments than to attain ceive all your wholesome correction. the faith which worketh by love and It is infinitely more to my best inte. purifies the heart. The progress of rests to receive it, than to you that I the Christian religion is, irst, to should. On the other side, I expect change the heart of the believer ; se- that the time when you acknowledge condly, to engage his affections to the not to have seen these things in tbeir household of faith; and, lastly, to true light, will be a time of the realicarry them forth in acts of love to all zation of your best wishes, with joy inankind. This order is not unfre- unspeakable and full of glory; and quently reversed in practice; and full that then, if we are altogether upon well I know that many, whose mouths earth, you will, with triumphant deare full of expressions of love to the light, acknowledge that you have not world, are deficient in acts of benefi- given suitable answers, (as respects cence to those about them, and care- thie main question, conversation and less of their own salvation. Something knowledge,) except what relate to my of this error has very probably marked sins and imperfections, which I am my conduct; if so, I subscribe to the seeking to be cured of. justice of my own coudemnation. " All-Every-Whole-Eternal.

1. You acknowledge that these terms are N to I.

sometimes restrained and sometimes

unrestrained. May God the Holy 30th Sept. 1823. Ghost give us to know and feel their I wish to econoinize paper and time, true ineaning ; else to the ends of our and to make a few brief observations lives we might study even the Scrip; without study or method.

ture itself in vain. We must be led

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