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certain national type, 299—it revealed no Druids, 24-most learned and distinguished
on, 321-our ability to pay been demonstra-
that of Louis XVI., ib.-national
bankrupt, ib.---great suffering, 330—the Eng-
lishman, or American pays a heavier debt
than the Russian, 331 et seq.-our resources
constitute our wealth, 332-sinking fund of
no advantage, ib. means of restraining the
ib.-raising loans and increasing taxes, ib.
et seq.-our seven-thirty bonds safe because
our resources are great, 337-the national
debt a political tie, ib.-bonds the only basis
currency a bond of union, ib.-effect of in.
crease of population and manufactories, ib.
payment of the debt by subscription regarded
criticism, 367–plars of education, 368 et seq.
205-it requires a poet to translate poetry,
ib.-other qualifications indispensable, 206–7
-Homer superior to all other poets, ib.-
a thorough knowledge of Greek nécessary to
understand the Iliad, ib.—the laws of nature
never stationary, 208_beauty not the same
in all lands, ib._language constantly chang-
ing, ib.-one language powerless to reproduce
what is sublime in another, ib. - Greek lan-
Homer, Derby's translation inferior to most
others, 210_deficiency in poetic spirit, ib.-
poets admired most in their own tongues, ib.
to enlighten the world, 2-the Druids ob- the result of unalterable laws, ib.—Lord Der-
ib. translation of, ib.--the same by Mumford,
220-injury to literature by false
first view of the study of languages, ib.-essay
on the basis of the Basque language, ib.-cor-
rections and additions to Adelung's article,
ib. --second step commenced with the Sanscrit,
ib.--contributions to the Prussian Academy,
233_transformed ideal points to the order
ib.-its relation to language, ib.-important
nature of lan-
et seq.--Humboldt's answers, Congreve, a brilliant young wit, 264-his
viewed, 183 et seq.
civil tribunals more judicious than courts
martial, 158-object of execution of crimi.
nals, ib. — martial law subordinate to cvil,
158 — the assassins, ib.-not
to laws nations to execute the
leader of a rebellion, 25.-nothing to be gained
by executing Davis, 160—his wife justised
in assisting him, ib.-leading English journals
regard the resuscitation of the Union impos-
sible, ib - Lee's manner of surrender entitles
him to his liberty, 168-confiscation next to
capital punishment, .-injudicious to deprive
the rebel states of their rights, ib.-denying
the rights of the rebel states would be ac-
knowledging the dissolution of the Union,
169—Slavery abolished forever, ib.-all these
glorious career, 169.
Savage, John, his Sybil reviewed and criticised,
Smith, Francis 0. J., his Grant to aged indigent
mothers noticed, 396-7.
ies in article on, 131-a skilful physicians, 132
-restrictions placed on human dissections, ib.
-effect mistaken for cause, ib.-ignorance of
provement down to the times of the Ptolemies,
ib.-dissection the true means of shedding
light on disease i. -discoveries of the
Alexandrian doctors, 133—noted physicians,
ib. -system of empiricists led to valuable
discoveries, ib. - benefits resulting from
change in the medical mind, ib.-systems of
tions, 134-the Italians gave little attention
to medicine, ib.--temples dedicated to deities,
Rome, ib.--Mahometanism forbade dissection,
137-modern medicines preventive of disease,
to the community than drugs, 156, et seq.
Queen Anne, Wits of the Reign of, 251—most Statesmanship, English, Phases of, article on,
splendid in the annals of literature, v.- 96—-essays, 98-English history, 100—Macau-
ib.—Peel's administration, 2. et seq.-Russell
Trollope, T. A., his History of Elorence noticed,
Wise, James A., his Address reviewed, 397-9.
Wallenstein, article on, 27–played a conspicu-
ous part in Europe, ib.-his career a most
35—a powerful ally to Ferdinand, ib.-his
NATIONAL QUARTERLY REVIEW.
JUNE, 18 6 5.
Art I.-1. Celtic Researches on the Origin, Traditions, and Language
of the Ancient Britons, with some Introductory Sketches of Primitive Society. By EDWARD DAVIES, Curate of Olveston, Gloucestershire. London, 1804.
2. Histoire des Gaulois. Par AMEDEE THIERRY. Paris, 1845. 3. The Celtic Druids. By GODFREY Higgins, Esq., F. S. A, of
Skellow Grange, near Doncaster, Yorkshire. London, 1827. 4. La Religion des Gaulois. Par D. MARTIN. Paris, 1727. 5. Commentatio de Druidis. J. G. Frikius. Ulm, 1744. 6. Ueber die Druiden der Kelten. Von KARL BARTH. Irlangen,
1826. 7. The Ecclesiastical Antiquities of the Cymry. By J. WILLIAMS.
London, 1844. 8. Les Fées du Moyen Age. Par ALFRED MAURY. Paris, 1842.
It is impossible to estimate the amount of valuable knowledge the world has lost by the unwillingness of certain sects of philosophers to commit the results of their researches to writing. And if this fact be admitted, it must follow that no argument can justify such a course. Few, if any, will dispute that those who avoid recording their discoveries, lest the public at large might have the benefit of them in common with themselves, are guilty of a most reprehensible selfishness; and yet it is to be feared that this has been the prevailing motive. That some have been influenced only by
VOL. XI.—NO. XXI. 1
modesty in avoiding publicity is well known; others have brought valuable truths to the grave with them, rather than seem actuated by vanity or the love of praise. But each have seriously erred. Modesty is indeed a virtue, but when carried to excess it degenerates into a vice. Nor is vanity always culpable or pernicious in its influence ; on the contrary, it often, if not always, prompts us to deserve the good opinion which we wish our neighbors to entertain of us. In short, vanity, as well as modesty, has been implanted in us by nature, and it is the abuse, not the use of her gifts which is injurious. Man is a social being, and as such he should not conceal from his neighbor any knowledge which would benefit him without injuring himself. If he persistently does so, he violates a law of nature, for which he will have to pay the penalty, in one form or other sooner or later.
In no instance has this been more forcibly exemplified than in that of the sects of philosophers who have hoarded up
their knowledge as jealously as the miser dues his gold. Thus the Druids, who form the subject of our present paper, would have occupied a very different position in history from what they do to-day had they committed their speculations to writing. Because they have failed to do so they are spoken of alternately with contempt and horror by all who lack either the ability or the disposition to investigate their history. The number who do this must ever be small, because all the knowledge we possess as to what the Druids really were is scattered over a wide field, and has to be carefully searched for in every direction. The authors who tell us most of what is reliable about them are seldom read but by the learned. This affords the unscrupulous halflearned an opportunity of blackening their character more and more from one lustrum to another, so as to pander to the prejudices of those who regard the Druids as belonging to a different race from their own. Thus, not only does the memory of the Druids suffer at this day more than it did centuries ago, because they failed to vindicate themselves by placing their ideas on record, but the people whose priests and philosophers they were are as much as possible made partakers in their odium.
What our object is in this paper is to show how grossly the Druids have been misrepresented. In doing so, however, we have no intention of representing them as models worthy of imitation. Far be it from us to deny that they had grave faults, or to assert that their system of theology, however superior it