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promise, and is by no means to be treated flip- figures than coat and gown. The pictures of pantly as one of the May-flies of literature. los the peasants in the flat farm lands about No. Io nonto942 Duos Bol113- :5919 jail a'rzorgde hant (that region so beloved by George Sand) RECENT FICTION. ir 15.79 BOL

and in the woods of the Bourbonnais have THE BAGPIPERS. By George Sand. Trans

much of the sharp-cut vigor and grace of nude lated by Katharine Prescott Wormley. Bos- sculpture. People laugh and dance and sing


O BN - ton : : Roberts Brothers.

with the joy and frankness of a primitive race ; 3279 Hinoti ant }} 711 PRINCE FORTUNATUS. A Novel. By William they love and bate with the naïveté of children, Black,i author of "A Princess of Thule,”

and we perceive the fragrance of the fresh wet Macleod of Dare," etc. Illustrated. earth, the austere beanty of forest colonnades,

the sunlit glades, the luxuriance of swamp New York : Harper & Brothers. italizi ET

and thicket, the cruelties of thorn and pitfall - Madame Dudevant's best genius found which have injected the spirit they express pression in pictures of rustic life and character into the souls of men and women. In such The delicacy of her perceptions were never so

personages as Little Boulette, Joseph, Père full and fresh as in dealing with those things Bastien, Tiennet, Thuence, and Hunil

, we the least formed and ordered by the artifices of have mimic lives whose pulses beat with the civilization. She loved the country with the richest red blood and bring into the magic same amorous passion which in her youth exer- light of fancy a realism more genuine than can cised her ardent spirit in a different direction be conjured out of the coarse photography of and gave such a ruddy blash to her pictures of Zola and the whole rank school of modern sexual forces in 'men and women unbridled naturalism. It is not our purpose to analyze by social checks. George Sand became more the story of The Bagpipers," but only to healthy in her literary morals when her gepids give some note of the quality of the work, a fully ripened, and those who shrink from the

breath of an atmosphere scented with the bal. intensity and frankness of utterance with which

sam of fir and pine. Those who love nature she records her own early revolt from conven.

in all its freshness and simplicity will not tion, find in her later books the sweetness and stray in their quest in the pages of this book sanity of conception purified by the ferment of a story-teller who always undresses the which had once raged so violently. 11 V1H doings of people to reveal what they are-an -56. The Bagpipers’’ is a study of peasant life, art in which she is only inferior to Balzac. and it contains abundance of dramatic incident,

to llor rollon as as would be inevitable in painting the ways Given an artist or two (be it actor, singer, and doings of hardy rustics free from the fears painter or whatnot), “swells” condescending and restraints as well as the hypocrisy of city to patronize Bohemia, a few dashes of city life, life, men and women wearing their hearts on the Scotch Highlands, with plenty of deerthe sleeve and as frank in their vices and pas- stalking and salmon-fishing, or a yachting sions as in their virtues. Yet the mere story, cruise-all these and similar elements, violentthe collision of love and hate, the clash of ly shaken together, kaleidoscope fashion, turn greed d and reckless impulse and fierce self- out & "Black" novel. There is a monotony in gratification striking ing with the clinic of sword

the personnel and scenery of Mr. Black's literary blade against their opposites, do not so en- world which is sometimes slightly fatiguing. trance the interest as the lovely visions of sim- We meet the same people too often, the identiple honor and chastity, the glimpses of nature cal old Scotch gillie or Skye boatman is always moulding men and women to the quality of its to the fore, and we are sure of discovering the own majesty or beauty. It is in the power of same dawdlers of fashion or artists under new the inanimate to give a richer substance and aliases.

Yet, like our own Howells, who de fibre to the denizen of the farm or of the woods, votes his precious skill to “ carving cherryand to shape creatures belonging essentially to stones," the way he does it is delightful. their own habitat, that our author works with Those who have read Black's previous stories the skill of the master-potter. The clay as- can give the kaleidoscope a twist and not go sumes shapes which are vital, and we have far afield in guessing at the complexion of the modern fauns and dryads which come forth present story. The hero is a genial and fashfrom myth into life. The novel before us is ionable tenor singer who is the important man a gallery of men and women stripped of the in a popular opera. He falls in love and out garments of artifice, and the smock-frock and

of it with tenor-like facility. He is coddled petticoat are made to drape more charming and petted by the swells, hunts and fishes in

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the Highlands, makes an unsuccessful attempt duration of the action, and the costume, gives to marry a lady of rank, and at last falls back a list of the music-using the New Shakespeare on common sense and happiness in concluding Society's list, etc.—and a good selection of to reward the devotion of a pretty Italian girl notes and criticisms. "I TUDUL who had studied with him at Naples under the

- An influential "committee, consisting of same maestro. The material is as well worn

heads of houses, professors,

sors, and tutors be

, has as Leghorn rags, but it is manufactured into

invited the members of the International Con. fabric on which his genins has written the

gress of Orientalists to hold their next meeting charm we always associate with his work.

at Oxford. Professor Max Müller has been Once again, it is the way he does it, my young asked to accept the presidency of the congress. friend, monsieur or mademoiselle, you who

The invitation has been accepted ; and the indulge so freely in blood and thunder,

standing committee has elected an inte

internader, seduction and infidelity, and the thousand and one infernal things that people country will be represented by one scholar.

nal committee, in which each European sometimes do to give your works that abun.

Among these representatives are Kuenen, Dilldance of condiment which the good cook uses

mann, Whitney, Bübler, Schefer, Guidi, Liebsparely. It is the style which is the mạn, and

lein, Von Rosen, Landberg, Naville, Midhat makes the book. niti hule Front liss Bacon 50% DE LA Szent to a Bey, etc. The congress is to take place in

1892. 277 Otsko DISSOU to stej Evroping anh diib Jonatib nui ta jer Lig Til fyzio 0999FOREIGN LITERARY NOTES. SIN io An interesting discovery has been made in

The Acadeny pays the following compliment Manchester. Mr. J. E. Cornish, the wellto the American Shakespearian scholar, Dr.

known bookseller, possesses an extensive stook Howard Furness : With all Shakespeare stu

of old books and MSS., including a collection dents, we welcome eagerly the new volume

from which there came, some years ago, the of Dr. H. Furness's Variorum edition—the original score of Handels/" Messiah,” inow eighth, containing “As You Like It." He has

one of the treasures of Buckingham Palace. done his work at it with more

we think,

Mr. Cornish's hope of finding other Handel than in any of his previous volumes. Rosa autographs has not yet been realized ; but Dr. lind has charmed hiin. And, though he has Henry Watson, in examining the musical fleeted his time carefully, instead of careless

MSS., has come across

ss several in the hand. ly, he has lived in the golden world of the writing of Mozart. There are two of the conheroine's bright smiles ; and he tells as it i certos written in his childhood, and several all “ as I like it, and as you like it too.

numbers of “ Mithridate,'' the opera which book is a pleasant message from over sea

came into being when the musician was at our kin, honored worker for many

Milan in 1770. These Mozart autographs, like years past at our great poet, and fully sustains

the Handel MSS. already mentioned, form the American selector's and critic's reputation.

part of the collection formerly owned by Mr. May he live long to edit every play of Shake Thomas Kerslake, of Bristol, je doisillee oit speare's in like style! The failure of the Ger- SOME' remarkable discoveries mans to understand and appreciate Rosalind Giordano Bruno have been made by Dr. Remmakes Dr. Furness specially insist on the igius Stölzle, professor of philosophy at Würz

si concerning Englishness of her, and

the whole play ; burg.

10 2001&ivavoisultat jeg otte ut om and he humorously

es to students of In the town library of Angsburg he has anthropology one of Shakespeare's comedies found a MS. of the" Liber (or, more correctly, " as the supreme and final test in determining Lampas) Triginta Statuarum." nationality, at least as between the Gallic, the

a suggestion of Professor

Stölzle, Teutonic, and the Anglo-Saxon races. this MS.,

... which is more complete and more though George Sand's fascination by Jacques correct than the Moscow one, has been sent is unaccountable, surely the elder Théophile to the editors of the works of Giordano Bruno, Gautier's fascination by Rosalind, in “ Mad- Messrs. Tocco and Vitelli, and will be printed emoisello de Maupin," would satisfy even Dr. in the volume containing the Inedita. Furness ; but he has evidently never heard of Again, in the university library of Erlangen, it. For the sources of the plot, he has re- Professor Stölzle has discovered two MSS. printed much of " Gamelyn", and all Lodge's (Nos. 1215 and 1279) containing commenta“Rosalynde ;" he gives a full sketch of George ries, by Jordanas Branus Nolanus, upon Aris. Sand's “Comme il vous plaira,” discusses the totelian works on physical and me ological

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science. From the word " Camaracensis'' searches in the Vatican Library for documents (in No. 1279) it appears that these notes were bearing upon the history of the city of Bâle. made in the Cambrai College at Paris—whether Bále is the first of the Swiss cantons which during the first or the second sojourn of Bruno has availed itself of the liberality with which at Puris it is at present impossible to decide. the present Pope has opened the Vatican LiThe commentaries are in the main short expo- brary to historical students. The results of Dr. sitions of the Aristotelian books in question ; Bernoulli's labor will be found in the first volbut, in some cases, Bruno, thinking that Aris- ame of the new'. Urkundenbuch.” He found totle had not gone deeply enough into natural the documents expressly relating to Bâle to be philosophy, advocates the views of Empedokles fewer than he had expected ; but as he examand Demokritos. No. 1279 is written by ined and noted down as many as seven hunHieronymus Besler, as Professor Stölzle can dred, up to the pontificate of Clement IV., reprove from letters and other writings of Besler lating to Switzerland, and of great importance which he has found at Erlangen. The writer to the elucidation of the history of the Swiss is unknown of No. 1215. Both MSS. are cop- Federation, he is particularly anxious that the ies of what Bruno had composed. No. 1279 Swiss Federal Council should appoint a comfurther contains Bruno's “ Magia Physica” mission to examine and report upon the Swiss and his theses thereto.

documents in the Vatican. He states that Finally, Professor Stölzle has found two let- they are rich in illustration of the morals of the ters of Besler, containing curious details, appar-' clergy, the rise and progress of the mendicant ently referring to Bruno's farewell to the Acad. orders, the conflict over celibacy, the legitimaemy of Helmstadt, bis visit to Wolfenbüttel, tion of the children of priests, the history of his studies in medicine, and the printing of local heresies, and the “ literally countless some work of his at Magdeburg. All these endeavors for ecclesiastical reform." documents will be published by Messrs. Tocco and Vitelli.

DR. F. W. Roti, of Wiesbaden, announces

his discovery of three remarkable treasures MR. WHISTLER has been persuaded to con

during his researcbes in a private collection : found his enemies by publishing a portion of

“ four folio sheets, in a manuscript of the the pirated letters which he has successfully eleventh century, of the beginnings of Book suppressed, in a volume which will immedi

XVIII. and Book XIX, of the history of T. ately be issued in London and New York. It

Livius Patavinus ;" (2) detached fragments of will contain a reprint of one or two early

a fourteenth-century edition of the “Rolandspamphlets of Mr. Whistler's, not taken into

lied,' by the Pfaffen Kvonrad ;" (3) fragconsideration by the editor of the spurious

ments of a bitherto unknown edition by Gutedition, and also of the “ Ten o'clock" lec

enberg of the “ Euriolus and Lucretia." It ture. It may, possibly, be also adorned by an

is either an Entville or Mainz impression in etching from the graver of the artist.

the types of the “Katholikon. Dr, Roth will The first part of “ Luther's Werke für das give a full account of his finds in forthcoming Christliche Haus,” the publication of which numbers of two philological serials. we announced some time ago, has just ap

: The Académie Française has awarded a prize peared. It contains the “ Reformatorische

of 400 francs (£16) to M. Félix Rabbe for his Schriften,” The editors of the serial publica- translation of Marlowe (Paris : Albert Savine). tiou are, as we mentioned before, the well.

M. Rabbe is already known in England by his known theologians Buchwald, Kawerau, Köst

translation of Shelley. The former, like the lin, Rade, and Schneider.

latter, is entirely in prose, including prose L'ABBÉ BATIFFOL, of Paris, has just discov- versions of “Hero and Leander” and “The ered in a manuscript in the National Library Passionate Pilgrim.” But the work, which the Greek original of the apocryphal

" Ascen

forms two volumes, at the inoderate price of sio Isaiæ,” which was only known from the

seven francs, is more than a translation. BeEthiopic version edited by Professor Dilmann.

sides a preface by M. Richepin, it also conThe Abbé proposes to publish this Greek text

tains an introduction, eighty-eight pages in in one of the fasciculi of his

Studia Patris- length, upon the life and works of Marlowe, tica," the first of which contains the “ Pray in which M. Rabbe shows himself to be fully ers of Aseneth.”

acquainted with the latest English literature DR. JOAANN BERNOULLI, of Bâle, was sent to on the subject ; and the same may be seen in Rome in the autumn of 1888 to make re- the numerous notes. Apart from a few parsent a detachment of his wives round to the Materialistic Ethics, Evolutionary Ethics,


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donable misprints, it is altogether a very " Italian Characters in the Epoch of the Uni. scholarly book, worthy to be compared with fication," from the hands of the Countess M. James Darmesteter's popular sketch of Martinengro Cesaresco, published in England Shakespeare in French.

by Mr. Fisher Unwin, and at Milan by the

Fratelli Tréves.
MR. ELLIOT STOCK has just issued the third
volume of Book-Prices Current, covering the
period from December, 1888 to November, 1889,

though why the calendar year should not be

A King's WIVES. - The King of Whydah's adopted we fail to understand. It is pleasant wives were objects of special care to himself to believe that compiler and publisher have

and of enforced veneration to his people. received encouragement to continue their en

The favorite ones lived in the palace with terprise, which must become more and more

bim ; the others were accommodated in advaluable as years roll on. The sales bere re

joining buildings. No men were employed in corded were not of a very exceptional charac

the royal household, and the king was served ter. The most notable was that of the Per

solely by his wives. When visitors came to kins Library, famous for its quartos, which

see the king he received them alone, taking realized altogether £8222 for 2086 lots. It

good care that his wives were out of sight. was here that Mr. Quaritch paid £415 for the

It was, indeed, held a sacrilege to so much as first folio of Shakespeare, £225 for the quarto look at any of these royal spouses. When reof “Henry IV., Part II.,” £164 for the quarto pairs, which could not be done by them, were of “Romeo and Juliet,” and £130 for the

needed in the palace, they migrated from the quarto of “Othello.". The same buyer gave

affected portion, and the plumbers and glaziers £2000 for the Mentz Bible in Lord Hopetoun's coming in had to keep on shouting out the sale, and £650, £470, £365, and £195 for four

whole time they were at work, in case any of Caxtons belonging to the Duke of Buccleuch.

the wives, not acquainted with the fact of The highest average of prices seems to have

their presence, should happen to pass that been reached by the second portion of the Earl

way. When the king's wives set out to work of Crawfurd's library-£7734 for 1105 lots ; but

in the plantations, which they did every mornthe sale which most clearly attested the mod.

ing in batches of three to four hundred at a ern phase of biblomania was that of Mr, J.

time, they used to cry “ stand clear,'' as they M. Mackenzie, of Edinburgh, who had had his

went, and any men who were in their path first editions of Dickens so carefully illustrated and bound that “Sketches by Boz' fetched prostrated themselves, and did not dare to

raise their eyes till they had passed. On ac£30, and “Pickwick” £22, while choice

count of the awe in which his wives were held, Cruikshanks realized even more,

the king found them a very useful and speedy MR. W. S. LILLY'S new book will consist

executive to carry out his commands. If any of ten chapters entitled : The Crisis of Ethics, person was found guilty of a crime the king

man's house in order to strip it of its goods National Ethics, The Ethics of Punish

and pull it down. This was usually very soon ment, The Ethics of Politics, The Ethics of Journalism, The Ethics of Property, The

effected, for on the approach of the king's wives the man

n was unable to remain and deEthics of Marriage, and The Ethics of Art. The author bas, indeed, drawn in the earlier

fend his property. One instance, however, is part from four articles he has contributed to

related by Bosman, in which a native was

clever and bold enough to thwart this powerthe Fortnightly, and a portion of the latter pages of the book has appeared in the United

ful authority. Hearing that he had been ac

cused before the king, and that a company of States ; but the book was planned some considerable time ago as an organic whole. It is

the king's wives had been sent to wreck his intended to treat a practical subject in a prac

honse, he collected all the gunpowder he pos. tical way, suited to intelligent men of the

sessed, and placing it in a henp just beneath world. The volume is dedicated to Canon

his doorway, he awaited the arrival of his Creighton.

spoilers, firebrand in band. When they ap.

proached and cried in the usual formula, The lives of Giuseppe Martinengro, Nino “ Make way for the king's wives," he replied Bixio, the Cairolis, and other makers of " New that he would not stir from the spot on which Italy," have been included in a work entitled he stood, and that if they attempted to cross

his threshold he would blow himself and all ing against the king. This family numbered of them up together. This threat brought the two thousand men, besides women and chilgood women to a halt, and after a consultation dren and many who had died.-Cornhill Magaamong themselves they determined to return zine. to the king and inform him of the reception

Tolonis they had met. But their intended victim was

WAR STRENGTH.-The great disparity that too quick for them. Slipping round another may exist between the war strength of a naway, he reached the king first, and cleared tion and its armed numbers is nowhere better himself of the accusation so satisfactorily that

shown than in this country, which boasts of a the order against him was countermanded. regular army, a reserve, a militia reserve, a This attempt, Bosman remarks, was a very

militia, and a volunteer army. Together these bold one, requiring great nerve to carry it

five classes constitute Great Britain's suffithrough successfully, considering that if it ciently imposing array of armed numbers, had failed a painful death would have been while her European war strength is restricted the punishment. The king's supply of wives

to a portion only of the first, strengthened by was kept up to the full number by three of his the reserves, in wbich is absorbed the best part chief captains, who had very little else to do

of the fourth class. The fifth need not be than select and procure for him the most

taken into account in calculating the country's beautiful virgins. A fresh wife, after pres,

war strength, for it can only be called into ex. entation, lived with the king three or four

istence under conditions which would be more days, after which she was relegated to the accurately described as war weakness. The quarters occupied by the other wives, and be- difference, therefore, between Britain's armed came, practically, a nun for the rest of ber numbers and strength is enormous. In 1868 life, with the unenviable privilege of working the French army, as reorganized, figured on like a slave on the king's estate. Under these paper 1,200,000 men, but in July, 1870, the circumstances it is not a matter of surprise armıy fit to take the ield at the outbreak of that the honor of a royal alliance was little

the Franco German war reached hardly 400,000 coveted among maidens, some of whom had

soldiers scattered broadcast over the country, even been known to prefer a speedy death to

with the final result that the force available the distinction, Bosman mentions the story for despatch toward the Rhine mustered someof a young girl who, having been selected for thing under 270,000, or little more than onethis purpose by the captains, ran away, and, fifth of the war strength on paper. In Geron being closely pursued, in her despair many the discrepancy is far less accentuated. jumped down a well and was killed. “I leuve War strength there being just double peace her case," remarks tho snge historian, " to be strength, the doubling process is accomplishdetermined by the ladies." When each man

ed in a few hours by calling up the reserves, was so well provided in respect of wives, it who not only exist on paper, but who actually was but natural that his children should be are present in the body-troops who have every proportionately

Bosman had year since their service with the colors done heard, in several cases, incredible numbers their month, or fortnight, or week's drill, as ascribed to one man ; but, doubting the truth the case may be, and whose clothing and comof the statements, he one day took aside & plete equipment are ready waiting for them in chief, on whose word he could rely, and asked the arsenal of the territorial district to which him to tell him candidly how many children the men belong. The fusion, therefore, is he himself possessed. This was evidently a immediate and complete. Behind this force, tender point with the chief, for he seemed or rather level with it, the Landwehr springs pained, and at length with a sigh, apparently into existence by the mere stroke of a pen, a of regret, he said : “I must confess tbat I militia, but a militia that formerly was a rehave only seventy children now living, but I serve, and still further back an active army. have had as many more who are dead." A Behind this, again, comes the Landsturm, a hundred and forty was evidently a small num. former Landwehr, an earlier reserve, and a bor in his estimation, and quite unworthy of still earlier active army. Armed numbers and a captain of bis rank, most of his compeers war strength thus run each other very closely possessing at least two hundred. Indeed, he indeed. It may be assumed in these days of assured Bosman that there was one man who, intelligence departments no nation is frightwith his sons and grandsons alone, rose up ened or even deceived by the paper organizaand defeated a powerful enemy who was com- tions of its neighbors. Broad Arrow. ERA


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