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denly, an indescribable perturbation passed alarmed the authorities, who, if they were through my being, there was a swimming be.
nuns, knew well enough that it fore my eyes as of a white glimmer in which I felt myself enveloped. I thought I heard
would never do to incur the suspicion of voice murmur to my ear : “ Tolle, lege!' I having proselytized the granddaughter of turned round, believing it was Marie Alicia Madame Dupin. So Madame Alicia, to who spoke to me. I was alone.
, whom she confided her wish to take the She had no thought of a miracle, but veil, threw a judicious drop of cold water recognized at once that she was the subject on her longings. A similar worldly wisof an hallucination. She felt that faith dom was displayed by the Abbé de Préhad laid hold of her, as she had desired, inord, the girl's confessor, who recognized by the heart, and was so grateful that a in her exaggerated accounts of wrongtorrent of tears flooded her face. She doing a nervous disorder, and counselled, tried to pray to the “unknown God” who in place of penance, plenty of activity and had called her to Himself, but broke down amusement. And so the feverish agitain tears and sobs, and fell crushed to the tion and the morbid longing for the life earth. The nun who had arrived to shut of a recluse passed, and Aurore became the church heard the groaning and weep- again, if not exactly a harum scarum ing, and came not without terror to seek Tom-boy,'' at least a bright companits canse ; but Aurore managed to evade ionable girl. her scrutiny and to return to her cell un. Perhaps this return to a comparatively discovered.
orthodox faith, in half-conscious submisThis storm of religious emotion did not sion to the influence of the convent, is leave her where she was. It had driven hardly less memorable than the invention her into a new region far from her late of the Corambé cult. What possibilities comrades, where she found herself floating of religious emotion, one reflects, must onward on a calm yet strong current. It have existed in a girl who, after having was characteristic of the girl that she made been so effectively drilled in the Voltairean no secret of her conversion and cared not scorn, could experience an intense joy in a straw for the jeers of the “ diables."' that act of self-prostration in the convent In truth, however, they did not jeer. She church ! And on the heels of this reflechad been the leader in revolt and was tion comes another : How might it have christened Madcap” by the nuns, and fared with Aurore there had been no her return from the rebels' camp did much grandmother to instil the pride of sceptito tone down their almost savage violence, cisin at that decisive moment in her develand indeed in time to half efface the old opment ? If she had then fallen into the sharp divisions of class among the pupils. hands, say, of Madame Alicia, is it not
The history of the following and last conceivable that we might have had, inyear of the convent life shows us Aurore stead of the errant romancer, a female St. gradually feeling her way to a less intoxi- Bernard, or a second Sister Dora ? And cating and more manageable form of relig- yet there are who seem to say that genius jous sentiment. At first the ardor of the ever bies straight along its one path of girl carried her to the point of deciding to achievement, taking nothing of its direcbe a nun, and she actually began to help tion or of its velocity from its life circumone of the menial sisters in the drudgeries stances.- Longman's Magazine. of the place. But such zeal naturally
DR. MARTINEAU ON SPIRITUAL AUTHORITY.
DR. MARTINEAU's new book on The confidence of a historical jndgment singuSeat of Authority in Religion," published larly decisive, singularly keen, and, we by Longinans, is not one that it is easy to should add, singularly and quite unreasonread and master in a few days, or even in a ably sceptical. Indeed, nothing is more few weeks. It has compressed into it the remarkable than the contrast between the laborious studies of a long lifetime, all skil. vividly sceptical bias of Dr. Martineau's fully marshalled with the sharply outlined historical judgment and the still more and masculine vividness, and the imperious vivid devoutness of his spiritual nature.
In the region of conscience, there is no ure concerning whom all this halo of illumore truly religious writer in England, and sion (as Dr. Martineau holds it) sprang certainly none at once so powerful and so up, is like giving an explanation of the devotional. In the region of historical rainbow which dispenses with the sun. criticism, there is hardly any with so The real difference between Dr. Martiiconoclastic a bias toward pulling to pieces ncau's conception of spiritual authority in all that the religious sentiment of mankind these matters and our own, is this, that has slowly built up. The scorn with Dr. Martineau attributes to God's revelawhich Dr. Martincau treats the beliefs of all tion only the rery few residual phenomena the Christian ages is, we suspect, expressed of Christ's life which his destructive and with a force that he himself has no power very arbitrary analysis leaves us after it has to realize. It has never occurred to him, done its fatal work ; while we attribute to we should think, that the same spirit which it not only the great majority of the facts inspired the spiritual and moral revelation of our Lord's life as recorded in the Gosof which he thinks so highly, may have pels, but the great majority of the impresguided with as much providential care the sions produced upon the minds of his disimpression produced on the mind of the uni- ciples and followers as they grew and versal Church by which that revelation was shaped the traditions of the apostles and received. Is it not a very arbitrary treat- the disciples who constituted the Church ment of history, to insulate the divine of the primitive age. Dr. Martineau rerevelation as Dr. Martineau supposes it to gards the divine revelation as limited to have been given through Jesus Christ, and the life of him who first removed the veil. to ignore entirely, as if it were quite irrele. We regard it as extending to the minds vant and without any bearing on the divine and lives of those from whose eyes the meaning and purpose of that revelation, veil was removed, and as shaping the the impression produced by it on the growth of their faith and love. minds of generation after generation, as we conceive an authority limited as Dr. if that were really no essential part of the Martineau would seem inclined to limit it. phenomena of Christianity ? To us it He brings us to a great tree, tears away seems an essential part of the supernatural its leaves, hews down its branches, strips course of the Christian religion that the off its bark, and then tells us to regard the theology of St. Paul took so profound a naked and fatally injured wreck as the true hold of the Church, and that the theology life of the whole. say
that we must of St. Paul was so soon developed into the look for the life of the whole in the coltheology of St. John. It is about as lective phenomena ; not only those of strange a fcat for a thinker of Dr. Marti- Christ's life (though we regard Dr. Marneau's force and rank to treat all these tineau's analysis of that life as one of the fresh and natural testimonies to the char. most wonderful achievements of destructive acter of Christ's nature and teaching in criticism with which, from a man of great the Church, as if they were mere refrac- genius, and—in a sense too-of great retions and exaggerations of human loyalty ligious genius, we ever met), but also in to an exceptionally pure human being-a the life of the community chiefly affected mere nimbus, as Dr. Martineau calls them, by it, in the faith in which it flowered, in encircling his head in their imagination, the actions in which it bore fruit, in the as it would be for an astronomer to treat devotions which it generated, in the instithe corona and the red prominences of the tutions to which it gave birth—in a word, sun as if they were mere subjective phe- in the whole results which it evolved, nomena that had no int
est except as though not in anything which can be shown throwing light upon the mind of the ob. by reasonable criticism to be a mere ex
We can understand such a con- crescence on, or a parasitic growth upon, tention on the part of those who do not that life. It seems to us that Dr. Martibelieve in Jesus Christ as a special revela- neau's conception of authority, as limited tion of God at all ; but for those who, like to the conscience alone, is infinitely too Dr. Martineau, do so believe, to treat the narrow. The conscience, no doubt, is the steady development of the mind of the centre of authority over the life of man. Church concerning him as a mere growth But the conscience lays hold, by all sorts of human error that bears no likeness at of delicate filaments, of the tastes, of the all to the divine significance of the real fig- imagination, of the affections, of the social
system ; and in all these its manifestations, on Peter's disposition so to proclaim him, the divine inspiration appears to us as real instead of solemnly pronouncing him blessa shaping power while it moulds the con- ed in having received God's own revelation fessions and attitudes of the whole society of the truth, who, in fact, claimed nothtoward Christ, as it is even when it first ing further than to continue John the Bapmanifests itself through Christ himself. tist's message of an approaching kingdom It would be as easy for a child to pick out of God of which he himself was not to be everything in the conduct of its parents the central figure, who never worked a that it might safely disregard, and so to miracle, and after his death on the Cross, lay bare the only justification for true never communicated to his disciples anyfilial reverence, as for a critic to discharge thing but a spiritual impression of his reshistorical Christianity, as Dr. Martineau urrection, who had no sort of connection does, of nine-tenths of its actual contents, with the mythical Christ, as Dr. Martineau and to fix upon the one-tenth which is sup- regards him, of the Fourth Gospel-a figposed to give all its vitality to the remain- ure, according to Dr. Martineau, first conder. He seems to forget that the same ceived in the middle of the second century
authority” which appealed to the con. -and, in a word, who can be safely credscience of man through Christ, spoke no ited only with such acts and words " as less in the gradual development of the plainly transcend the moral level of the Christian worship and the gradual growth narrators"—if this is what “tooking at of the confessions of the Christian creed. the living face” is to signify, we would We can hardly understand how a thinker just as soon look at the living face in a so great as Dr. Martineau was capable of dark
and fancy ourselves after doing writing down, for instance, such a canon so vastly more familiar with its features of criticism as the following, which be than those who had only studied them in calls “the rule for separating the divine a well-lighted mirror. from the human in the origin of our re- As a specimen of Dr. Martineau's scepligion :"-" The former will be found, if ticism, we may take his reasons for believanywhere, in what Jesus of Nazareth him- ing that Cbrist only professed to repeat self was, in spiritual character and moral and continue the message of John the relation to God. The latter will be found Baptist, an assumption contradicted by in what was thought about his person, every Gospel we bave, and of which Dr. functions, and office. It was the Provi. Martineau persuades himself on the slendence of history that gave us him : it was derest conjectural evidence wbich it is
pos. the men of history that dressed up the sible to imagine. This evidence is derived theory of him : and till we compel the from the statement in the Acts of the latter to stand aside, and let us through to Apostles that upward of twenty years after Juok
upon his living face, we can never seize the Crucifixion, a body of disciples was the permanent essence of the gift.” That found at Ephesus under the teaching of is a canon conceived just as if God did not Apollos, who had taught carefully the kindle the faith, as truly as present the things concerning Jesus, knowing only the object of faith. There is no real antithesis baptism of John.” This Dr. Martineau corresponding to Dr. Martineau's. No interprets as meaning that " for neither doubt we must look, as earnestly as we prophet did the Baptist's sect assert a may, at the living face, but does it appear higber claim than that of herald of the a likely mode of doing so, to prepossess kingdom, but regarded both as warning ourselves, as Dr. Martineau does, with the
messengers to prepare the world for meetstrongest possible prejudice against the ing its Judge. That is a fair conjeclegacy left us in the life and teaching and ture, though it is little more, and the fact traditions of those who were the earliest might be susceptible probably of twenty gazers on the living face ! And if look- different explanations, if we bad fuller ing at the living face means, as it means knowledge of the history ; but how does it in Dr. Martineau's book, looking at a Christ show that the Baptist sect which held this, if who never once predicted his death and they did hold it, knew anything adequate resurrection, though it is admitted that he of the teaching of the disciples of Christ ? must have bad sad forebodings of the We know, if we know anything, that John foriner, who never claimed to be the Mes- the Baptist, before his own death, either siah at all, but only imposed a stern veto for his own sake or for that of his disci
ples, sent messengers from his prison to of promise without performance, would elicit from Christ what his own claim was ; bave had no chance of startling, or elicitand it is easy to suppose that disciples who ing blessings from, the poor. had been separated from John the Bap- To our mind at least, Dr. Martineau's tist by his imprisonment, and who had conception of divine authority as maniafterward migrated to Ephesus, would have fested in the whole development of the gone on teaching that, as Jesus bad ac- Jewish and Christian revelations, seems a cepted John's baptism, he was merely one conception of failure to express itself adeof the greatest of his followers, and had quately, instead of a conception of revealnever even claimed to be the Messiah. ing power. If there is one thing more Yet Dr. Martineau builds upon it the certain than another in that history, it is astounding inference that all the express that the belief in God's supernatural power, assertions of the Gospels in a different sense as manifested both in the sharp struggles are ex post facto inventions, and that be- and conquests of the inner life and in the fore the visionary appearance of Christ to wonderful signs given in the external fields his disciples after his crucifixion, they had of history and nature, was the one connever heard from him of any claim to be necting thread of their history, and mouldthe founder of the new kingdom, and that ed the steadily expectant character of their that claim rested wholly on the inferences anticipations of the future. If Christ's which they drew from their newly formed life, death, and resurrection did not fit impression of his spiritual existence and into this long line of supernatural manirestored energy. Surely it is hard to find festation, it was not the future for which an instance of any great man's more cred. the people of Israel had been disciplined ulous incredulity. What would Dr. Mar- and prepared ; it was only a half-and-half tineau have put into the mouth of Jesus as supernaturalism, and not of a piece with the reply to John's messengers ? Surely the long traditional development of which, it would have been this : “Go and show in almost all Christians' belief, it forms the John again the things which ye do hear consummation and the crown. Divine and see : the blind do not receive their authority which is shut up in the conscience sight; the lame do not walk ; the lepers exclusively, and extends to no other part are not cleansed ; the deaf do not hear; of life, may suit a purely philosophical the dead are not raised up ; and least of system like Dr. Martineau's, but it does all have the poor had the Gospel preached not represent in any sense the drist of the to them”!-for such an edition of the teaching of either the Hebrew or the Gospel as Dr. Martineau alone authenti- Christian Church.- Spectator. cates, a Gospel of beauty without power,
BY ARTHUR L. SALMON.
He sits amid the dreamland of the snow,
In lonely desolation ; far and near
Lie barren bluffs of moorland, white as Fear
But the old deity's desponding car
Hears only murmurs of the norland drear,
Hadst hürled old Saturn from his throne supreme,
And neither force nor beauty do we deem
A “POISONED PARADISE.''
BY CLEMENT SCOTT.
On all sides I hear that Monte Carlo is enjoy the hospitality of kindly patrons like not wbat it was. Its most devoted admir- the modern Mæcepas.' ers are gradually becoming faithless in The difficnlty always was in my mind their allegiance ; and their enthusiasm to associate this “ grateful ease" with the strikes me as chillier as year succeeds daily and deadly presence of the gambling year. The deep blue, tideless Mediter
rooms, to separate the refinement and graranean is there ; tbe silver gray background ciousness of Monte Carlo life, from the inof mysterious mountains still shelters this tense vulgarity and rowdyism that are fascinating spot; we still can wander in somehow or other inseparable from games orange gardens and groves of lemon ; the of chance ; to believe that there was instreets and lanes are scented with geranium deed one place in the world that resisted and miinosa bloom ; roses, violets, anem- and withstood the despair and decay that ones, are as plentiful as primroses and inevitably follow in the gambler's train. daffodils in an English garden, the sun stili Chance willed it that holiday rambles from shines alluringly, the air is charged with town to town made me familiar in old exhilaration, but over the whole place days with the most popular gambling rehangs the atmosphere of unhealthiness, the sorts of the Continent. I think I saw miasma of decay and desolation. Under them all at their best ; at the period of each crumpled rose-leaf is a bright-eyed blossoming, not of decay. I have enjoyed asp; beneath the golden fruit in these Hes- the pleasures of (the gaming casino apart) perides gardens gleams the foul-fanged the delicious pine woods that surround the adder. The Paradise made by God is picturesque Spa : the neatness and order, there in its transcendent bcanty, but the toy-box symmetry of the sweltering the poison is paramount, distilled by the little Řhine Valley, where, on the banks devil.
of a tributary of the great river, kings and I was ever anxious to be introduced to emperors and princes came to drink the the inany jogs and delights of Monte waters and to woo the goddess of fortune * Carlo. Year followed year and still found at Ems Baden. I have stood aghast at me chained to the oar, bound to the mast the glittering crowd, luxurious but still reof incessant toil, doomed to fogs and days fined, reckless, but still aristocratic, that of Egyptian darkness, and gas-lighted almost dazzled the senses in the beautiful gloom, and east winds, and persistent mel. gaming rooms at Wiesbaden ; and on loveancholy, wbile others, luckier as I ever ly summer nights I have sat“ under the thought, could fly away like the swallows dreaming garden trees” at Baden-Baden to happier, sunnier climes. The torture listening to the incomparable music of the of what I then thought servitude seemed band of Strauss, delightfully fatigued more intense when boxes of flowers ar- after a ramble up the hills and about the rived, beautiful but scentless-presents ruins of the old Schloss where Æolian from Kellers, the daily rendezvous of harps, artfully concealed in the ivy-covered Monte Carlo visitors-roses that smelt not window frames, were stirred by every pass. of the English garden, mignonette that ing breeze that came softly over the hills. somehow lacked what Matthew Arnold The impression left on the mind after a calls the 56
humely cottage smell,” and visit to these familiar spots was one of clusters of oranges and lemons with leaves luxurious feverishness, never of disgust. attached which ever reminded one of the There was much there to allure ; nothing, decorative wall-papers of William Morris. so far as I could see, to make one shudIt seemed to me from these tributes of der. We did not mix in those days with affection, from these glowing accounts of rowdies, cheats, and blacklegs. There Monte Carlo life, from the happy tone that may have been disputes at the tables- as came in letters from old friends, from there are in many a well-conducted club whispers sent from hill-side villas and fruit from the beat of play, but there was no gardens, that there must be Horatian ease, petty thieving, no grabbing of other peoindeed, to such as were lucky enough to ple's money, no pot-house cavilling, such