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health must be considerable, though as to this sess himself of a gun who does not kill every we are not in possession of any accurate data. bird which can be reached either from the It would be interesting to know, for instance, shore or from a boat. The galls are pursued, something of the history of the men who work I am told, even as far as the Dogger Bank, in the caissons- those gigantic representa. The beautiful kittiwake is the greatest sufferer, tives of the diving bell of our immediate pred. One of the dealers boasted to me the other
It seems that no great inconven- day that he had passed nearer ten than nine ience was experienced until the pressure ex- thousand dead birds through his hands this ceeded thirty tons to the square inch, but season, chiefly kitti wakes." He added that above that pressure the med all fell ill, sooner he had got 804 carcasses in one batch from one or later, some lightly, others more seriously. sportsman. From inquiries, I judge that this In fact, the men engaged in this hazardous person's trade represents about one third of work had to be replaced three times - a tell. the dead birds which have been sent away ing proof of the insalubrious nature of their from our little town this season. I know the occupation. The ill effects were not due in traffic is carried on at other points, and no their entirety to the high pressure, which doubt this is but an example of what is going never exceeded three atmospheres, but to the on all round our coast. When we consider einanations from the soil which formed the that the carcasses which can be secured repreriver bed. We are in ignorance of the chemi- sent only a fraction of the birds killed or incal constitution of these gases, which are said jured, we gain some idea of the extent of the to have been inflammable, though they did mischief. Indeed, during the past month it not give rise to anything in the nature of an has been possible to take a long walk along explosion, The curious reticence of the our shore without seeing a single seagull. French authorities in such matters prevents Who wishes to see a blank seascape ? Now, any comparison being instituted between the surely, we all have equal rights in these gracemortality attending the construction of the ful birds, and the numerous class who love to Forth Bridge and that entailed in the con- see them alive deserve as much consideration struction of the rival giant the Eiffel Tower. as the miscbievous minority whose pleasure it We are quite in the dark as to the blood tax is to destroy them! It is not as though these levied by the latter, but ugly rumors were latter were worthy persons, compelled to a afloat while the building was going on. The cruel employment for their daily bread : they surgical and medical history of these two un- are, on the contrary, nearly all of a class who dertakings would constitute a text-book of deserve no sympathy—of a comfortable class these two departments by itself, and it is to be who, I verily beliere, would shoot their nextregretted that no one has been found with the door neighbors if they could do so with imnecessary enterprise and ability to place this punity and could dispose of the carcasses ! information at our disposal. – Medical Press, Just imagine the new variety of
which one of them described to me not long SEA-BIRD SHOOTING. —The following protest ago! He said you could catch the gulls at against a brutal amusement appears in Nature, sea by baiting a floating fishing-line with liver, signed G. M, Lamplugh : Is it not time that and in this way, though you did not get quite something more was done to stop the whole. so many as with a gun, you had far better sale slaughter of our sea-birds ? During the fun, especially from the kittiwakes, as they past winter the havoc has been terrible, and are wonderfully.“ game," and, when they feel unless some restraint is imposed we may ex. the hook, “ flacker about and scream like a pect before long to find our shores denuded child''! Is it too much to ask that our Legisof their white wings. When the birds had lature, which has spent so much time in the no value, there was a limit, though a wide past on laws in the interests of the so-called one, to their destruction, because of the cost preservers'' of game, will do something, and of killing them ; but recently a large demand that speedily, in the interests of those who has sprung up for their skins, and an organ- would fain be truly preservers of tho sea. ized traffic is now carried on in the carcasses. birds ? At least they should extend the proThe shooter gets from threepence to sixpence tection afforded to “ game” to these noble per bird from the amateur dealer, and for the birds, and order that those who shoot them sake of this paltry sum (surely the birds are shall pay a heavy license for their despicable worth more to us alive than this !) there is not sport, and those who deal in the dead cara sporting lounger on the coast who can pos- casses a still heavier.
BY ARTHUR V. PALMER, LATE SERGEANT, 79TH HIGHLANDERS.
SIR ARCHIBALD Alison's Highland sand into wbich at each step we sank over Brigade was made up of the 42d, the the arkles, and it was a hard task to keep 74th, the 75th, and the 79th regiments. in line. There was no breath of wind; We always used the good old numbers, we laid bare our chests in the vain hope and never got the hang of the fancy new- to catch a little air. Hands, faces, aud fangled names. I was a corporal in that bodies were streaming with perspiration, good old corps, the 79th (Cameron) High- and soon we were alnıost as wet as if we landers. The brigade landed at Ismailia had been swimming in our clothes. The on the 9th of September. It waited three region we were traversing was a vast tract hours for the order to march, and during of fine loose sand without a leaf of herbthis time many of the men found out a age or any living thing, beaten on by a grog-shop, and some were pretty far gone glaring scorching sun. By and by thirst when at last the · Fall in 'sounded. began to rage. The big stout men suffered
It was about balf-past four in the after- from it and the toil of the march more noon when we started on our march across than did the little ones. The former had the desert. Tents, valises, and rations soon emptied their water bottles, and were were sent by train or carts, and all we car- begging of their neighbors, but to little ried was a rolled blanket, soap and towel, purpose, for every man felt that water water-bottle, glengarry bonnet, mess-tin, was too precious to give away. The old seventy rounds of ammunition, and of boozers suffered worst, and the tongues course our belts and arms. The heat was of some of them seemed actually hangdreadful, footing was difficult in the loose ing out of their mouths. I got along
NEW SERIES - VOL. LI., No. 6. 46
pretty well by carrying a pebble in my vividly in my memory still ; bow men mouth, and occasionally rinsing my were knocked over by the sun and buried mouth with a little water and then spit- where they fell ; how others, falling exting it out.
hausted, were borne to the adjacent rail. As we tramped on many of the men way line to await the chance of a passing were falling out, and some dropped, never train ; how the piteous yells of the pristo rise again ; on them the sun had done oners being flogged cut the darkness like its work. The fellows who had been a knife. Then the mad struggle for water taking too much liquor aboard in the when the “ Halt" sounded—rush to the Ismailia grog-shop were prisoners in charge foul and stinking misnamed “Sweetwater of the guard, who kept flogging them Canal," faces buried in the putrid water, with rifle-slings to urge them on and pre- men fighting for room to kneel, snatching vent them from falling behind ; their sells and emptying the kettles as fast as they under this rough but justifiable treatment were filled, till at last they had to be essounded strange to one's ears in this out- corted to the cooking places under the landish place. I was told off to look after protection of guards, so tbat tea could be a man who had fallen down exhausted. I made, which with ship biscuit was the knew him to be one of those who bad supper of officers and men.
All night we been drinking. When I bade him rise lay in an abominable stench, the cause of and march his reply was, “ Oh, leave me which morning revealed. It came in great here to die, corporal ; I cannot stir.” measure from the canal, which, as The regimental surgeon was near, and I Irishman said, was shtiff'' with the asked him to see the man. “ Has he been dead bodies of camels and horses, and drinking ?” asked the doctor. “Yes, sir." there were many human corpses as well. “Well, get him up somebow, and This ghastly water we
were forced to your rifle-sling if you like, but don't leave drink ; it was that or go without. I filhim on any account.
" All right, sir," tered my water-bottle full, against the I answered ; and I thought what a nice job day's march; the contents still remained was mine, darkness coming on, little the color of mud and had a loathsome water, and left with a helpless man. Re- slimy taste. What of stench the canal turning to my invalid I found him pros- did not yield came from the unburied trate, very sick, and vomiting green mat- bodies of horses and Egyptians that lay ter. “Come, up you get, Jimmy," said around the bivouac. I, or I'll leather you !" There was no While the army lay camped at Kansasstir in him, so I gave him a fow good cuts sin, the brigade' orders issued on the with the rifle-sling. The pupishment morning of the 10th of September forestarted him ; up be got, and marched a shadowed the night march on Tel-elfew yards and then went down again. Kebir, which began the same evening. Another sharp application of the sling One of the injunctions in those orders brought him to his feet, and he went was, I remember, that each man's watersome distance, but then lay down again. bottle should be filled with cold tea-as I left him, and groping through the mov- we supposed, to help to keep us awake. ing masses in the darkness, shouting for The regimental orders issued in the aftermy own regiment and company, I found noon confirmed the brigade orders and my sergeant, to wbom I reported Jimmy's announced that the position of Tel-elplight. “Oh,” said he, leave him Kebir was to be attacked with the bayoalone ; when he sees the camp-fires, and net ; no one to load ; and not a shot to feels cold and hungry, devil doubt him be fired uptil over the intrenchments. The but he'll soon turn up.' The sergeant men cheered vigorously when the orders was right ; I finished the march with my were read to them. They had the fullest company, and just as I was going to sleep confidence in their colonel, who, although with my blanket round me and my mess- severe, was a just and reasonable man; tin for a pillow, Jimmy arrived and and he knew war, for he was a veteran of thanked me for leathering him.
the Crimea and the Indian Mutiny, in The first march was of course which latter the thero next senior officers worst. The men were soft with inaction had also served. There were thirteen aboard ship, and the heat and drink told victories on our colors, but scarce a man on them dreadfully. The scenes of it are of the rank-and-file had ever seen a battle,
for the regiment had been last in action to be fixed till the order is given, and no during the Indian Mutiny.
map is to charge until the last note of the The regiment paraded at 5.45 P. M. ; bugle is finished. The bayonet alone is to when the word “ Stand at ease” had been do the work, and not a shot is to be fired given, the captains of companies explained until the trenches are carried. You are to to their men what they had to do to make fight on so long as a man stands up. Re. Tel-el-Kebir a victory. Our captain was member the country and the regiment you no great orator, but he had a straightfor- belong to ; and fight now as fought the ward manly manner of speech that some- Highlanders of old !" how stirred the blood. As well as I As we were marching the four miles to can remember, this was about what he Nine Gun Hill, chums were giving cach said :
other messages for home in case of being “ Men, you are marching to-night to killed, for all knew there was hard fightattack a strongly intrenched position called ing before us. My comrade was a practiTel-el-Kebir, mounting some sixty guns cal fellow; he had no sentiment. sweeping our line of approach. On the I'm put out of mess, chum,” said he, march from Nine Gun Hill there must be “you'll find two sticks of tobacco in my no smoking, the strictest silence must be pocket that you may have." Nine Gun kept, and unless ordered to the contrary, Hill reached, the brigade, in dense darkyou are to continue the march steadily, no ness, deployed into line of half battalions matter if bullets and shells come hailstone of double companies at deploying intervals fasbion into the ranks. No bayonets are -thns :
During the halt at Nine Gun Hill, two pear to inform him in a whisper. In less tots of rum per man were served out, the than an hour several stars disappeared, first double allowance of strong drink since and as they did so, Lieutenant Rawson in. quitting board-ship. “ Dutch conrage”dicated others for us to watch. The the regimental teetotaler called it, but no- strictest discipline was now maintained, body needed any incentive to fight. The and silence rigorously enforced. Save rum was mighty comforting in the chill that occasionally a horse would neigh and night air ; and when we had bolted it-it another answer, not a sound was to be had to be swallowed on the spot-most of heard but the slow trampling of many feet us went to sleep, for a good many their on the sand, resembling the fluttering of last sleep before their final long sleep of a flock of birds. Once a man on whom all. As we slumbered there was a sudden the rum had taken effect, or whom the alarm, and the troops promptly sprang to weird silence had made ungovernably their arms ; but it was only Sir Garnet nervous, suddenly broke out into wild and his staff riding round to see that all yells. Sir Garnet immediately rode up was in order, and so we lay down again. and ordered the offender to be bayoneted,
About 1.30 A.M. the march was re- but the regimental surgeon interposed, and sumed. The 79th was appointed the di- begged leave to chloroform him instead. recting regiment, and Lieutenant Rawson, This was granted—the man was drugged R.N., had the duty of guiding it by the into insensibility and left lying on the stars. Clouds obscured the sky occasion- sand. ally, but the North Star and part of the After marching at a funeral pace for Little Bear remained visible. Another about two hours a twenty minutes' halt non-commissioned officer and myself had was commanded. As the orders were the honor of being told off to march on slowly passed from company to company the directing flank, and we were conse- in a low tone of voice, they did not reach quently close to the directing guide, Lieu- the flanks of the brigade, which contenant Rawson. We were ordered to take tinucd in motion, retaining the touch off our helmets, and keep our eyes fixed until the extremities all but met in front on a certain star, and if it should disap- of the centre, so that the brigade in effect
formed a great hollow circle. The line with all their power, swept forward on the had to be laboriously straightened out and enemy's position. One of the pipers, just re-formed in the pitchy darkness, and in as he began to play, had his bagpipes all but silence ; and it was a fine proof of pierced by a bullet, and most discordant discipline that this was accomplished in sounds escaped from the wounded instrutwenty-five minutes.
The advance was inent. “ Gude faith,” cried the piper resumed about 4.30. The slowness of philosophically," but the bullet's a deevilthe pace was very tiring, and but for the itch sicht better through her wame than nccessity of steadily watching the stars, I through mine !" certainly should have been nodding in Shoulder to shoulder on we rushed for sleep as I moved, as many men were do- quite 200 yards under a shower of bullets, ing. Sir Archibald Alison, commanding which fortunately were aimed too high the brigade, was close to Lieutenant Raw- and therefore wrought little harm. Sudson, and as the night waned and nothing denly our charge was checked by the first was discerned, he was clearly beginning to trench, twelve feet deep and the same in fear that something was wrong: “ Are width. Many fell into it headlong, and you sure, Rawson, he asked in a low others dropped on the brink under the fire tone, “ that we are on the right track ?” of the enemy on the top of the farther “Yes, sir," said Rawson, we have the bank. The first man up among them was North Star on our right, and"-another
young soldier, Donald Cameron by whose name I did not catch" in our name, who had rushed to the front, deterfront; and soon we ought to be there or mined to show the way. I saw him fightthereabouts.
ing desperately band to hand against a Dawn was just breaking. I could dim- throng of Egyptians, till a bullet through ly see some objects in front of us looking the head finished him and he tumbled like a lot of kangaroos hopping backward back stone dead into the trench. It was and forward--they were Egyptian cavalry, full of Highlanders trying to clamber up we afterward learned. I nudged my com• the steep farther face, and slipping back panion, and Rawson whispered, “We are again, for there was no foothold. I tried not far off now !" Suddenly a shout was in vain three times, and at last, calling to a heard, then two shots were fired from op- comrade “For God's sake, Finlay, give posite our left front, and a man of F com- me a leg up !" I succeeded in mountpany fell dead. No notice was taken of ing. Once on the summit, such was my this, and the brigade marched on silently, state of excitement, I was for the moment every inan now on the alert.
All at once
bewildered, and scarcely knew wbat to do a whole sheet of musketry fire flashed out, —the enemy swarmed around us like bees, lighting up the scene far to right and left. all in white with red fezzes, some brownAbove the crackle of the rifle-fire sounded faced, some black-faced, and all showing loud the roar of artillery. Regardless of their infernal white teeth. I plunged my these portents, our regiments marched bayonet into one of them; the man fallsteadily and silently on. The order to ing toward me, his weight toppled him “ Fix bayonets !” was given ; when it and me back into the trench, and we fell had been obeyed and the men sloped together on top of one of my comrades ; arms, the rattle of the bullets on the bay- but I was soon again on the farther bank, onets was like the sound of hailstones assisted up by four of my mates, and then striking against glass. Soine men, but not took part in the charge of the regiment many, fell wounded.
onward toward the second trench. The 79th had marched quite 100 yards Cheering vigorously, and clearing our with their rifles at the slope when the way with the bayonet, we were soon up command 66 Prepare to charge !” was to and across that obstacle.
Just as I got given. Down came the rifles of the front
on my feet after clambering out of the rank of the unbroken line, the “ Charge !” trench, I was felled by a blow across the sounded, and as the last note of the bugle legs from the clubbed rifle of an Egyptian, died away, a tremendous cheer was raised, and as I fell saw the cold steel coming at the pipers struck up the slogan, and with but
my comrades saved me, and in a our gallant colonel in front shouting moment I was up again, too excited to “Come on the Camerons !" the ranks feel any pain. Suddenly there were shouts broke into doublo time, and still cheering of “Retire ! retire !”- the word