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employed. As a benefactor to others the list departure of any of his critics to the major. of his donations and endowments is almost ity. endless. He has not confined these either to
A NEW HUMORIST. the United States. The Stratford-upon-Avon
THE IDLE THOUGHTS OF AN IDLE FELLOW. A fountain, the Memorial Window in Westmin. ster Abbey to Cowper and George Herbert,
Book for an Idle Holiday. By Jerome K. and similar gifts show how little possible it is
Jerome, author of " Three in a Boat,” etc. to confine Mr. Childs's swelling generosity by
New York : Henry Holt & Company. national or continental bounds.
Our age is prolific in alleged humor. Fun. Among the chapters in this volume of most makers have become as much a sub-class in interest are personal reminiscences of the the profession of journalism and literature as dead hero, General Grant, of whom Childs a throat or eye doctor is a specialist in medi. was the bosom friend, as he was indeed also cine. America is more than usually fertile in of Sherman and Sheridan. But in the case of her product, and while these are generally General Grant the friendship had the closest racy of the soil, not a few of them lack uncconfidential intimacy. For this reason Mr. tion and freshness, and depend on artifices of Childs has been able to cast a bright light on phrase or method to produce an effect on the certain vexed political questions, in revealing public. Many of our humorists are about as what passed between President Grant and spontaneous as a town pump, and the creak himself. There have been few recent chapters of the apparatus is far less exhilarating. Huof memoirs more illuminating than these. mor manufactured to supply a stipulated news. They have been so widely quoted in the news- paper demand is generally pretty dreary stuff. papers from their original publication in maga Mr. Jerome, the new English humorist, one zine form, that they are now almost as familiar of whose books we have before us, seems to as copy-book platitudes to the schoolboy. have aroused lively differences of opinions. By
Mr. Childs has probably known on familiar some of the more austere critics (with a certerus as many or more distinguished people, tain Scotch density of brain-pan so amusingly Americans and Europeans, than any other caricatured in Sydney Smith's story) Mr. man in America. It has been his delight to Jerome is pooh-poobed as a weak imitation of extend a splendid hospitality at his beautiful Mark Twain, Robert Burdette, Bill Nye, and Philadelphia home or at his country seats, of others of our American jesters. Some, again, which he has several. All the great men, celeb- find in the new man scintillations of a tertium rities in literature, art, science, and politica, quid, original, fresh, and genuine, something who have visited America have been Mr. which is neither imitation nor the feeble gropChilds's guests, and some of the banquets being of a man uncertain of his own hand. For has given have been Lucullus. like in their per- our own part, we incline to the latter judg. fection. As a collector of books, pictures, ment, and utterly fail to discover those marks bric-à brac, curios, etc., he stands among the of imitation which would make Mr. Jerome nuost notable Americans. Among his auto. in any true sense a disciple of our transatlangraphs, several of which are the manuscripts tic school. There is, on the other hand, a of world-famous novels in whole or in part, distinctive English quality in his humor, a there are many specimens which are simply playing with ideas and not with words, a keen beyond all price. of these and of many other but genial sense of the discrepancies and con. things the book before ns chats in a pleasant, tradictions of things, and a firm hold on the gossiping way. The impression left on the underlying gravity of life about which its mind is that of a shrewd, practical, sensible follies and absurdities break like foam on a man, with a heart of gold and sympathies as rock. Most of the subjects which nominally wide as humanity, who is determined to leave lead these brief sketches are trivial, but they this world as much better than he found it as lead the humorist by easy steps to many possible. If at times a certain harmless and things wise and witty, funny and sometimes joyous vanity bubbles through these reminis. again very sad. It was long ago recognized cences, it rather augments than lessens their that the best humor lies hard by pathos, just charm. If now and then a cynic and reviler as laughter and grief run close together in finds pleasure in ridiculing Mr. Childs, he real life. Measured by this test, Mr. Jerome's may rest assured of the public conviction humor is genuine, for its mirth often leads to that the death of such a man as himself will melancholy, and it is truly April-like in mood. leave a much bigger public gap than will the Indeed, his method often takes him from a
strain of sparkling gayety or airy cynicism ours, but the marmur of the great sea is in (cynicism, however, which is never coarsened our ears, and we may not linger. We must into a sheer) at once into reflections full of hasten down, for the shadowy sails are waiting the salt of human tears, and sombre with a to spread their sable wings.” sense of the wretchedness and misery which
A STUDY OF ANCIENT DRAMA. may come to any man or woman like a thief in the night. No one can read this man's THE ANCIENT CLASSICAL DRAMA. A Study in words without feeling, even in his liveliest Literary Evolution. By Richard G. Moul. fooling, that he kaows the taste of the Dead ton, A.M.
London and New York : MacSea fruit. Yet there is but-ittle of the pes
millan & Company. simistic mood in his thoughts, and life, with Mr. Moulton has approached his interesting all its burdens, yields so much that is piquant subject with great fulness of knowledge and a that it yields to his vision abundant harvest perfect understanding of his own purpose. of light and pleasantness. We are glad to Many writers in treating abstruse and compli. welcome Mr. Jerome to the ranks of those cated subjects, even when properly equipped who cheer and illuminate, even if it be with with all the fruits of the latest research, show a sort of fire-fly light.
that they havo not fully mastered their own The only substantial cause for classing this methods. Mr. Moulton betrays none of this English writer as a disciple of American ha
structural weakness in his interesting work. mor is his occasional use of something like The book is a study in literary evolution. American slang ; but as this offshoot of the
The author is a Cambridge lecturer, and tells Anglo-Saxon tongue has become so freely im.
us that his experience has found the ancient bedded of late years in the habits of our Eng. tragedy of the greatest interest to student aulish cousins, the charge is scarcely broad
diences. The great reason for being fur this enough to build on After all, generalization bock and his method of treating his subject can give no one any notion of an author's
is that a knowledge of the ancient drama is quality, so we make free to quote a bit in the
essential to an understanding of the modern more serious mood under the caption On
stage, so close is the connection. As a con. Babies."
clusion to the study of the ancient tragedy we “The world, the small, round world ! have a most striking arrangement of “MacWhat a vast, mysterious place it must seem to beth" on the principles of the classical methbaby eyes! What a trackless continent the
od. No better illustration of the differences back garden appears ! What marvellous ex
of the Greek and the Romantic modern school plorations they make in the cellar under the
could be possibly found. Greek and Roman stairs! With what awe they gaze down the comedy are brilliantly treated, and, on the long street, wondering, like us bigger babies, whole, no student in or out of college could wben we gaze up at the stars, where it all have a sounder guide or a more illuminating ends!
teacher than this scholarly and interesting “And down that longest street of all, that book, long, dim street of life that stretches ont be
A NEW “APPLETON” NOVEL. fore them-what grave, old-fashioned looks they seem to cast! What pitiful, frightened
THE CRAZE OF CHRISTIAN ENGELHART. By looks sometimes! I saw a little mite sitting
Henry Faulkner Darnell, author of “ Philip on a step in a Soho slum one night, and I
Hazelbrook,” “ Flossy," etc. (Appleton's shall never forget the look which the gas-lamp Town and Country Library). New York : showed on its wizen face-a look of dull de- D. Appleton & Company. spair, as if from the squalid court a vista of The professional hero of this novel, who its own squalid life had risen, ghost-like, and shares the honors with Christian Engelhart, is struck its heart dead with horror.
a typical German professor, who, however, is “ Poor little feet just commencing the only of German descent and a New York scistony journey! We old travellers, far down entist, profoundly interested in the phenomthe road, can only pause to wave a hand to ena of biology, spiritism, etc. The professor you. You come out of the dark mist, and we, is visited in his study late one night by a looking back, see you so tiny in the distance, romantic young man who makes a most rostanding on the brow of the hill, your arms mantic confession, which at once comes home stretched out toward is. God speed you! with intense interest to one of tbe doctor's We would stay and take your little hands in most recondite theories. This statement on rifinto.” Miss Busk has also received for transmilitary events down to the battle of Mollwitz
the part of the said Christian Engelhart is ered at the museum of Buda-Pesth. They are that he has the gift of second sight, by which expected to be published shortly. at certain times and under certain moods be
Many are aware that in Constantinople anis able to foresee his own future, or what his future would be if he yields to certain guiding the modern forms of the West, and this is ex
cient literary processes come in contact with impulses. He asks the professor's advice, if
emplified by the following: Vebhi Effendi is he would recommend that he should put the
a Turkish journalist, editor of a leading daily matter to a most dangerous test. The enthu
paper and of a marine journal. Five war vessiastic Wilderhaft urges at once that he should,
sels having lately been launched from the Ad. if necessary, immolate himself on the altar of miralty, Vebbi Effendi celebrated the occascience, and experiment regardless of results.
sion with a poem. It is a chronogram, the Such a golden opportunity should not be
verses of which are composed of the names of missed. So Engelhart departs at once for his
the five ships, and so arranged as to be a gold mine in the far West and is summarily panegyric on the Sultan, at the same time that blown up by his superintendent, who has dis
the numeral letters give the present year of covered an immense pay streak and wishes to
the Hejira 1307. Sometimes a minister of rob his employer.
state is invited to compose a chronogram to When the professor learns all he is struck
decorate a new public building. It is fortuwith remorseful horror at the thought that he
nate that no such feat is demanded of a mei. had helped the young Engelhart straight to
ber of the Cabinet in England. his doom, and so he proceeds at once to give up the futile and gloomy gropings of science,
It is expected that the Riga'sche Zeitung, and devotes bis millions (fur he is that favor
which can boast of an existence of 112 years, ite American hero, a millionaire) to the pre
will shortly cense to appear. The cessation cious uses of philanthropy. The end is some- will be brought about by the Russian Govern. what inconsequential, and the latter part of ment's persistent refusal to sanction the ap. the novel dull. The reader is interested in pointment of any editor proposed for the the “ second-sight” business and its test. Be- post. The publication of the Nordische Rundyond this there is but little to attract either schau has already been stopped. the intelligent general reader or the habitual THE Committee of the Beatrice Celebration novel devourer.
in Florence during May and June have carried out a happy idea in inviting the poets of
Europe to contribute a sonnet of homage to FOREIGN LITERARY NOTES. Beatrice, the autographs of which will be
framed and hung in perpetuity in the new “ DIE KRIEGE FRIEDRICHS DES GROSSEN" is
Sala Dantesca now being added to the Billi. the title of an important and voluminous
oteca Nazionale for the purpose of commemopublication which will be issued by the Gen
rating the festival and enshrining all that is eralstab of Berlin. The work will be based
best in the Beatrice Exhibition. Miss R. H. on all the available sources, and contain a
Busk - who undertook to canvass the poets of number of hitherto unknown materials and
England-has already received contributions documents. Each military period in the life
from Mr. Swinburne, Mr. Lewis Morris, Mr. of the great king will be treated separately.
Andrew Lang, Mr. Edmund Gosse, Mr. TheoPart I., consisting of two volumes, will em
dore Watts, showing that Beatrice has not brace the events of the first Silesian War
ceased to be an “ispiratrice." Lord Tenny(1740–42), while Part II. will be devoted to the
son's state of health, unfortunately, precludes second Silesian War (1744-45). The first vol.
him from leading this poetic chorus ; but it is ume of Part I., which is expected to be issued
hoped he will at least be able to send an autoshortly, will furnish a general military, politi- graph line to be hang with these poems oxcal, and geographical introduction to the whole work, together with an account of the pressing the very valid reason of his “gran'
mission to Florence photographs from Miss (April 10th, 1741), in which Frederick was vic
Rossetti of her brother's paintings and drawtorious in spite of himself.
ings of Beatrice ; and from Mr. John AddingEight posthumous poems by the famous ton Symonds the promise of a copy of the Hungarian poet Alexander Petöfi, dating from forthcoming new edition of his work on the the year 1848, ure said to have been discov- study of Dante.
PROFESSOR ABEL, of Berlin, who is at pres- in order to ascertain what materials exist for ent living at Wiesbaden, proposes to lecture such a work. at the forthcoming Oriental Congress in Lon
MR. SUTHERLAND EDWARDS is writing an hisdon on the affinity of the Indo-European and
torical work on Russia, " The Romanoffs : Egyptian languages and its etymological uses.
Tsars of Moscow and Emperors of Russia." Professor Abel has, as our readers are aware,
Mrs. Sutherland Edwards has finished a novel endeavored to prove, in a series of mono
entitled The Secret of the Princess," in graphs, that Egyptian and Indo-European which she has endeavored to make use of her roots are mainly identical, and subject to the knowledge of Russian society, and to supply same phonetic, conceptual, and formative
a truthful and not unfavorable picture of changes. If the laws governing these changes town and country life in Russia in the period and increments are more easily recognized in immediately preceding the emancipation of Egyptian, this, he thinks, is solely owing to
the serfs. Mr. Joseph Hatton is also going to the difference inevitably prevailing between a
bring out a novel dealing with Russia called primitive and a highly developed stage of the
By Order of the Czar.” Its particular theme same linguistic type. In Egyptian words have
is the persecution of the Jews ; but Nihilistic many phonetic variants with the same mean.
conspiracies play a considerable part in the ing equally attaching to all, while every one of
book. them may include a separate cognate meaning as well—in the former case a comprehensive
THE next volume of the “ Dictionary of phonetic variability, in the latter a wide National Biography” will bear upon its titlephonetic and conceptual fluctuation is freely page the words “ edited by Leslie Stephen displayed to the observer. In Indo-European,
and Sidney Lee." It is probably not known
outside a narrow circle that Mr. Lee has for on the contrary, phonetic differentiation is, as a rule, employed to express conceptual
some years most ably exercised the office of variety, the words created in this wise being assistant editor to Mr. Stephen. His share in accordingly kept asunder by signification as
the work has long been so important that it is well as sound, and admitting apparently of no
a mere act of justice that he should now be reunion until subjected to the tests of Egyp- placed in the higher position of co-editor. tian cognate etymology. On these general
It is rumored that Messrs. Longman will principles, amplified by copious special traits,
be the English, and Messrs. Scribner the Egyptian and Indo-European etymologies are
American, publishers of Mr. William O'Brien's shown to be mainly identical, the exploration novel, which, in spite of the reputation of the of the younger branch being rendered depen- author, is said to be unpolitical. The scene, dent upon the comparative study of the older however, is laid in the Bantry district, and and more primitive idiom.
the hero is an Irishman, so it is not improbA MONUMENT in honor of Fritz Reuter is to able that English readers will find a stronger be erected at his native place, Neubranden. political view expressed than the writer is at burg.
all aware of. Except for an unlucky accident
the book would now be in the press ; but THE Berlin Academy has now ready for pub. after the manuscript was completed Mr. lication another volume of the new Corpus O'Brien had the misfortune to lose or mislay Inscriptionum Græcarum,” which will con
ìve chapters. He is now busily engaged in tinue, besides the inscriptions of Italy and making good his loss, and still hopes to have Sicily, the Greek inscriptions found in Gaul, the book ready for the spring publishing Germany, and Britain.
THE Italian Government has resolved to In addition to the Yasna ms, presented to celebrate the fourth centenary of Columbus's the Bodleian, Destoor Jamaspji Minocheberji, discoveries by the publication of as complete Hon. D.C.L. Oxon., has sent to Dr. Mills for a collection as possible of all documents and collation a very ancient Yasna ms. with Sanpapers bearing upon the early history of skrit translation, written soon after the death America and its discoverer. A royal commis- of the celebrated Parsi commentator Neryosion has been formed to carry out the scheme, sangh (probably in the fourteenth century). and the Minister of Public Instruction is This ms, is in a most fragile condition, and making inquiries of the custodians of the parts of it are to be photographed, the Li. various public archives and libraries in Europe brarian of the Bodleian having made a grant
for that purpose. A later Yasna ms., with San- bleside, in her eighty-ninth year. Wordsskrit translation, made by one of the Destoor's worth lost his mother when he was eight years ancestors in the seventeenth century, has also old, and his father when he was about four. been sent, together with a ms, of the “ Ven. teen ; and then his paternal uncle, Richard didad” with Pahlavi translation. The learned Wordsworth, and his maternal uncle, ChrisDestoor Darab Peshotan Sanjana has sent a topher Crackanthorp, became his guardians, valuable, but not particularly ancient ms. of and sent him to Cambridge. This Richard the Yasna with Pablavi translation.
Wordsworth was the grandfather of the old MR. W. H. SMITH has ordered a grant of
lady just dead. £200 to be made from the Royal Bounty Fund
PROFESSOR PIAZZI SMYTH, late astronomer to Sir George Duckett, in recognition of his royal for Scotland, has, since his retirement, literary labors. Sir George has been before been engaged at Ripon in revising his remarkthe public as an author for nearly fifty years, able work, “ Our Inheritance in the Great his first appearance in print being made in Pyramid.”
The new edition-the fifth 1841. Among his chief works have been his which is to appear next week, has been largely “Technological Military Dictionary, German, rewritten, and one third of it is new, containEnglish, and French,” dedicated by permis. ing some important facts bearing on this in. sion to the Prince Consort, which took the teresting controversy. The publishers are author sixteen years to compile, and obtained Messrs. C. Burnet & Company. for him gold medals from France, Prussia,
PROFESSOR JAGIC' of Vienna has just edited, and Austria ; his two volumes on the “ Penal
with a preface, a document interesting to all Laws and Test Act : Questions touching their
students of Slavonic bistory and philology. Repeal propounded by James II, to the Dep. It is a chrysobull of King Stephen Urosh II., uty Lords Lieutenant and Magistrates of the
given in the year 1318 to a church dedicated several Counties of England and Wales ;'' and his “ Monasticon Cluniaciense Anglican- Professor Vambéry in the old Seraglio at Con
to St. Stephen the Martyr, and was found by um : Charters and Records of the several
stantinople. Professor Jagic' tells us that Cluniac Foundations in England and Scot
great pains have been taken to make the copy land,” for which the French Government
exact, since this edition must supply the place awarded him the Palmes d'Or.
of the ms, to Slavonic students, as the original GERMAN papers report that Tolstoi's work, will shortly be sent back to Constantinople. “ The Kreutzer Sonata,” which has been for
MR. W. M. FLINDERS PETRIE has finished bidden in Russia, will shortly appear at Berlin
his winter's work in the Fayum, and is now jn the original language, as well as in German,
staying at Jerusalem, preparing for his excavaEnglish, and French translations.
tions on a Canaanite and Israelite town near The late Count Andrassy is said to have left Gaza, on behalf of the Palestine Exploration ready for the press a collection of his speeches. Fund. The expectation of finding his memoirs among
The Austrian Government having imposed, his papers has not been fulfilled.
since the beginning of the present year, & Signor SAKKELION is about to publish in stamp duty on the weekly papers published Athens his catalogue of the mss. of tho library in Germany, several publishers have made arof the celebrated monastery of Patmos, con- rangements for issuing special editions of taining a list of 730 codices, and enriched their periodicals, edited and printed in Auswith lithographic plates of fac-similes of tbe tria, in order to evade the additional burden. writing of different centuries.
These Austro-Gerinan editions are expected to MR. EDWARD ARNOLD has retired from the be adapted to the taste and the wants of the
Germans in Austria. editorship of Murray's Magazine. Mr. Arnold was most reluctantly compelled to sever his The first volume of the collection of docuconnection with the magazine (of which he ments relating to Prince Bismarck's economic has been editor from its foundation) in order policy will shortly be issued. The publication to devote himself entirely to the work of the will thus serve as a supplement to the work new publishing business he has recently “ Fürst Bismarck als Volkswirth." started in Warwick Square.
At a meeting of the Goethe Gesellschaft reA RELATIVE of Wordsworth, Mrs. Dorothycently held at Weimar, Dr. Bellermann, of (Wordsworth) Harrison, died recently at Am- Berlin, read some remarkable fragments of an