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patients, and actually accuses the majority home and in his laboratory. The“ dome of of being arrant impostors ; for such an

thought, the palace of the soul,'' shown by its accusation there is no possible foundation high, without being arched. A man with such

removal, is solidly constructed, spacious, and or excuse, though possibly it may be true

a head could not help making his mark in life. of a small percentage.

The mind is at ease in a dwelling so spacious. There did not seem any great air of

All the lineaments bespeak self-will, and the seriousness among the patients and spec

habit of hard, patient, persevering work. A

nose that would be lumpy if shorter, is tators ; indeed I suspect

that
many
looked

wrinkled in all directions at the bridge. It is on the whole thing as a joke ; a small one, the sort of low nose with a thick, advancing, it may be, still a joke.

downward end, semi-retroussé and semi-dipAs M. Pasteur invites inquiry and criti. ping, which one sees in the effigies of antique cism, I suppose that matters could not be French warriors, and which Mercié has given

to his equestrian statue in the salon of the altered ; still there was an appearance of Constable de Montmorency. A short scant something like a show in the proceedings beard does not hide the massive, fleshy, and and place that would wear away should yet not heavy outline the under part of the the laboratory remain open for years.

face. An air of thoughtful gravity pervades

the countenance. But there is something of Many of the aristocratic gentlemen and the African feline in the topaz-yellow eyes, graceful ladies who passed through the which, when the smoking cap is taken off and rooins were evidently come to look round, the head tbrown back, stare right before them just as they might, later in the day, go to at vacancy as if to rest the optic nerves. I a flower show, or a picture gallery.

have never seen a human being with eyes like

Pasteur's ; they are sometimes lighted up by M. Pasteur was too silent and reserved flashes of scientific inspiration, to get anything out of him. Under such Much of this admirable description agrees circumstances—the centre of such a throng fairly well with my own observations. of inquirers—an English discoverer would

After a time I got hold of Dr. Grancher, have rattled away twenty to the dozen, a tall, slight, bald man of forty, extremely explaining and enlarging upon everything, able and gentlemanly, and proceeded to and offering all the information he bad to

cross-examine him, but not successfull give ; not so Pasteur.

for there must be two parties to a crossThe Fortnightly of July 1886 says of exainination—the questioner and the ques

tioned. I tried the role of the former,

but Dr. Grancher was little less unapHe is obliging to all in the manner of a kindly, hard-worked man, who has no time to proachable than his chief. The main lose in idle talk and empty compliments. His point I wanted to clear up was--what conversation with a newcomer, however im. proof was there that the people coming to portant or well introduced, is limited to ** How do you do? What can I do for you ?”

be treated had been bitten by rabid ani. this not dryly or grufily; and on being told

mals. He very quietly answered, “We that the visitor wants to be inoculated, he have none; we cannot investigate all the says : Good, go and wait your turn with the cases that come here ; we assume that the others." He asks very few questions, indeed people who come have good reasons for sometimes none, as to how applicants for treatment came to be bitten, and does not like

like their journey. Some bring a certificate to hear that the dog which'inflicted the bite from their doctors ; others bring nothing. has not been killed. Dogs suffer so dread. We prefer certificates from veterinary surfully when rabid that it is a humane duty to

geons, as to the condition of the dog. kill them at once." Yet he must know that

When,' continued Dr. Grancher, a dog no diagnosis of rabies is complete unless the dog first dies of that disease. The first thing without obvious cause has bitten three or one notices is that he has the bronzed com. four people, and subsequently becomes plexion of a military veteran, and a good deal rabid, we have no doubt as to his condiin the expression of the face of a grave old tion.'' So far true, but it would be intersoldier. The former must have been inber. ited, us his life has been sedentary, and the esting to find out how often the offending latter may possibly be the result in infancy dog is proved to become rabid ; and, unand boyhood of conscious and unconscious less I ain greatly in error, we should not imitations of his father-un brave de la grande in England accept the ferocity of a dog as armée until 1816 or thereabouts, when he set up a little tanyard near Dôle, in la Franche- any proof that it was rabid. Comté. It is well for those who want to scan Doctor Grancher, through whose medium the savant reading the blue despatches that Pasteur operates, enters and sits down in an he sometimes takes off mechanically his black arm-chair in the recess of the northern winvelvet smoking.cap which he ever wears at dow facing the door. A side light from a west.

him :

He was

men,

ern window falls on his face. On his left is a

their opinions conflicted very much one table with ten glasses, containing a substance with another. For instance, I noticed a which looks like starch, but is peptonized gelatine, having in it pine different degrees of

very large, gentlemanly man, about sixty tamed virus, and the rapid poison in its pris. -evidently a person of ability and mark. tine strength. No. 1 is the weakest, No. 10 With some hesitation I addressed him, the most potent. The doctor is middle-aged, and found him inost courteous. slender, bald, sandy haired, self-possessed, pale, has a Mephistophelian profile, and never

a Russian physician from Moscow. He by any chance says a word to anybody. His had once only seen a case of hydrophobia, air is one of utter indifference. He is merely and when I commented on the incredible Pasteur's authorized medical instrument. But number of rabid dogs that seemed without under his indifferent manner keen watchful. ness peeps out. His hands are in black kid rhyme or reason to be infesting Europe gloves, which on sitting down he carefully ex-like one of the plagues of Egypt, he amines to see there are no holes. The doctor smiled. He appeared to accept the sinoperates on all—the scrofulous, consumptive, cerity and gond faith of Pasteur as above scabby, the healthy, the young, the old, the question, and spoke warmly of his ability maiden, the child, the gallant soldier, etc.,

as a chemist and of his discoveries in etc., with the same hypodermic syringe. He does not wash it between the inoculations, or crystallization ; but, as for physiology, he the categories of inoculations. Each patient, again smiled. On asking the Russian his on coming up to him, bares his or her abdo

opinion as to whether there was any value The ladies have ingenious contrivances in Pasteur's theories and treatment, he to avoid indelicate exbibitions. Nevertheless,

" Time will show ; some of them redden like peonies, and others replied oracularly : all but cry. Grancher pays no heed to their time has destroyed many great reputations blushing, nor to their welling-over eyes, and and exposed many pretensions. As for operates as if they were anatomy-room (sub- truth, where can wo find perfect truth, jects. He takes a bit of the abdominal flesh between a finger and thumb, drives slantingly tain of all truth ?”. This was very true,

but with One above, the Source and Foundown under the skin the needle, and injects. This syringe is an elegant little instrument though it gave me little assistance. like a case pencil. There are times when his Too much has undoubtedly been made eye, it seems to those who watch him, ex.

of Pasteur's not being a medical man, and presses scoffing scepticism. It seems to say Tus d'imbéciles. He is not in Pasteur's secret.

not having studied physiology. I cannot This contemptuous glance may perhaps be ex- see why highly educated inen are necesplained by the fact that the crowd emits a sarily incompetent to judge, and often corworse odor than a collection of old and freshly rectly and impartially, of the merits of worn shoes. French and Belgian peasants are clean and neat, but lower order Spanish, Por

men and things outside their daily work. tuguese, and Russians are dirty to a loathsome The question is not-Is Pasteur a doctor degree. The Kabyles have a passion for clean and a physiologist ? But-Has he the linen and cold water, and never fail to wash intellectual qualifications for mastering the their feet under the tap of the École Normale.

subject he has taken in hand ? Can he This lively Fortnightly Review writer sift and weigh evidence ? Is he unprejcontends, it will be noticed, that “ Dr. udiced ? Is his first and last aim the love Grancher is not in M. Pasteur's secret. of truth and the good of mankind ? These I do not in the least understand what this questions I leave others to answer, though

Dr. Grancher seems to me an ex- there will hardly be two opinions as to his cellent representative of a large class of ability. Most medical men are not originedical practitioners ; he is employed, inal investigators, and few, however well whether gratuitously or not I do not know qualified as regards professional education -to do something, in this particular case and the possession of diplomas, are comto carry out subcutaneous injections of petent to discover or report upon new virns, and that something he does to the truths, and Pasteur might easily be more best of his ability ; that seems his rôle. competent in this respect than most suc

At the time of my visit at least 4,000 cessful and skilful practitioners. people had gone to Paris from all parts of Pasteur's keenness of observation and Europe and America ; but the people are retentiveness of memory did not impress chiefly French ; foreigners bear but a me as remarkable.

The last time I saw small ratio to the whole.

him before leaving Paris, when, wishing I found many people engaged like my- him good-by, he looked at me absently self in making inquiries ; with some of and said : “ You, you have not then been these I entered into conversation, and bitten ?" “Many times," I replied,

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but not of late, nor by a mad dog." must have certificates and proofs whenever Still even of this I will not make much.

we can get them.' Pasteur must be a man of remarkable There is little to add. Of Pasteur's acumen and power, although he may not kindness of heart, or rather of his affecfavorably impress all strangers. At the tion for children, there is no doubt. same time I have known many eminent is in ready sympathy with children.

The men, whose writings and achievements moment a liítle one sobs or whimpers in showed them to be geniuses, who did not go his fingers into his waistcoat fob and convey even to intimate friends the im- out comes a silver coin, which is slipped, pression of conspicuous ability.

with the accompaniment of pats on the On my second morning in the rooms back and head, into the young thing's matters went on much the same. I no- hand. This is done spontaneously, and ticed a dark man of fifty, whom I cross- from pure good nature. examined. He a physician from M. Pasteur's own evident faith in what Cairo, sent to Paris to investigate the mat- was going on-I mean in the value of the ter. He was very reticent as to Pasteur- treatment-I could not possibly doubt ; ism, though he accounted for the large nor could I question in one sense his hunumber of patients from their being drawn manity ; he seemed passionately fond of from a vast area, which did not agree with children, and any little child always atmy own observations and inquiries. The tracted his attention. One of the doctors, Egyptian physician was clever, lively, and the large jovial man, was injecting the intelligent. Among the patients were two virus into a little boy and the latter reforeign women-one tall, the other short, sisted and screamed. The slight disturbboth singularly handsome.

ance attracted M. Pasteur's notice ; he those people ?" I inquired. “One," he hurried up : “What are you doing ?” he replied, " is an Arab; the other I don't exclaimed sharply. “Nothing!” replied know. The short woman whom he had the doctor ; "the little boy saw the in'calle an Arab heard him, and politely strument and was frightened, that is all.”' begged his pardon, disclaiming any Arab Again, a second child cried, when M. blood. She and her tall companion were Pasteur once more came up and said, Spaniards-from Arragon, I think. “Yes, Ah, my child, it is all over !" Once but of Arab type,” the physician retorted. more, a little girl was rather noisy, when Don't

you know that the Arabs ruled he hurried to the spot and said in a tone Spain for 700 years ?'' The woman of real concern,“ Souviens-toi, ma petite, laughed, but doubted her Arab ancestry, que si on t'a fait du mal c'est pour ton or the Arab rule of Spain, I don't know bien, mon enfant.”. Another child he which.

soothed and comforted, giving it a piece Among the visitors there was another of money. I saw one of the medical men tall man, with gold-rimmed spectacles. I kissing a little child he was going to atput him through a long cross-examination ; tend to. I apologize for mentioning these he was a Brazilian physician, investigating trivial matters, but I am bound to be canthe subject preparatory to opening a sim- did in my statements, and some persons ilar institute at Rio. It was quite refresh- have represented Pasteur and his assistants ing at last to meet with a believer in Pas- as monsters of cruelty. But I must re. teur ; he was convinced that the treatment mind the reader that professions and pracwas infallible, and the deaths he got over tice have not always much in common. very comfortably. Some were from the The most indefatigable in their attendance severity of the wounds, other people did at church, and in their observance of renot come soon enough, and some deathsligious forms, are unfortunately sometimes were from other complaints ; that was his those who show least of the true spirit of explanation.

the Master ; the roughest in appearance One morning I heard M. Pasteur speak are sometimes the kindest and gentlest ; to a man, evidently a stranger, perhaps a and the smoothest spoken have occasionforeigner. He had not brought a medical ally the hardest hearts. A friend of mine, certificate, and had been previously or- who would not be considered strictly ordered to get one from his doctor, who thodox, is of all the men whom I know lived at some distance. “ Telegraph at the one who seems best to enter into and once,” said Pasteur peremptorily ; to understand the spirit of the Master;

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another friend, a most enthusiastic sports- than his master, keeps well, though, by man, who thinks little of human life, is the way, age has little to do with the dethe one whose tender love of animals and velopment and course of the disease. Lord birds bas most impressed me. So while Doneraile's was the ninety-eighth death M. Pasteur and his assistants may be dead after treatment at the hands of Pasteur. to all feeling for animals—at least toward As for the value of the treatment, that. those they are going to vivisect—they may seems more doubtful than ever. The in feel deep love for young children, and be jection does not appear to me to produce ready to help and soothe them. Having any local or constitutional disturbance, always regarded vivisection with indis- and so cannot, as far as I can understand, guised aversion, I felt greater curiosity neutralize or destroy any virus in the systhan common to see a man whose fame as “ In hydrophobia,” said Sir James

, in a recent Morton Lecture at the conversations with him I heard nothing of College of Surgeons, “there is a specific a vivisector is world-wide, but during my sem. those terrible and repeated experiments virus, inoculable, probably a microbe ; it that have aroused so much horror in many is everywhere diffused, in the person or hearts. l'asteur is happy in his mar- animal in whom it has been inserted ; it ried life, happy in the marriage of his is in the saliva, and thus matters may condaughter to the M. Valery-Radot who has tinue during good health, but, at last, it written such a charming Life of

a Sa. produces definite disease at the approprivant by an Ignoramus,' and happy in the ate nervous centre." The virus injected company of a grandchild whom Barnet in Pasteur’s treatment is intended to perhas painted standing beside him, the meate the system and destroy the hydrosavant's haud half-hidden among the girl's phobic germs ; whether it does so others clustering curls. Because of his experi. must decide, certainly the terrible. necrol. ments on animals he was once reproached ogy of M. Pasteur seems to show that with cruelty. "Never,” he replied, something is wrong somewhere.

never in my life have I taken the life of. Wishing to get the niost recent scientific an animal for sport, but when it is a opinion on the subject, I wrote to Dr. tion of niy experiments, I claim the right Thomas Michael Dolan, the very distin. to make them; I am deterred by no guished editor of the Provinciul Medical scruples !''

Journal. IIis words are strong, and are The public interest in the subject de- dated February 11, 1890. “I am satisclined for a time, when the death of Lord fied,” he writes, " that M. Pasteur has Doneraile of hydrophobia following the not only not diminished the average deathbite of a tame fox reopened, as from the rate from hydrophobia in any part of the rank of the sufferer it could hardly fail to world, but that by bis intensive process he do, the whole question of Pasteurism, and has increased it—by introducing a new as the case was typical of a large class I disease in man-paralytic hydrophobia." will relate it. Lord Doneraile was an el- When I noticed that, though the paderly nobleman, of rather quiet country tients were drawn from a large area, most habits, and very fond of dogs. He was were French, and not a few from Paris or bitten by a tame fox, and soon after the the district, I felt that one inight doubt latter became rabid. Of course Lord whether the majority of the dogs that had Doneraile was a good deal alarmed, and inflicted the bites were rabid. It must without delay went to Paris, where he and not, however, be forgotten that, though his coachman, who had also been bitten hydrophobia is often a nervous complaint at the same time, underwent that curious -in other words, many of its victims die treatment with which the name of the il- of terror—it is possible that some of the lustrious Frenchman will henceforth be in- more nervous people treated by Pasteur separably connected. The patients re- have been saved from death. This conturned home apparently well. Unfortu- fidence in the value of the treatment must nately, after a time the master became ill vadish as numerous cases are published of and developed hydrophobia, and in a few well-marked hydrophobia following on the days passed away, adding another to the treatment, and deaths from dread of hydrolong list of failures that have thrown such phobia will again be as common as ever. increasing discredit on Pasteur's treatment I also heard Pasteur speak of the inestiof hydrophobia. The man, much younger mable good a thorough belief in a cure for NEW SERIES.- VOL. LI., No. 4,

33

ques.''

rabies was certain to effect. The nerves mysteries, will show. : Pasteur's worldof many persons were so shattered by fear wide reputation, and the way in which that, although the bites were inflicted on bydrophobia appeals to the imagination, them by non-rabid dogs, they died as in part account for the crowds attracted to painful deaths as though a virus in the his rooms, more particularly as the treatcanine saliva had got into their blood.”' ment is free, and no applicant is turned

Time, as the Russian physician oracu- away, or has any fee or charge to meet. Jarly remarked, that great clearer away of - Gentleman's Magazine.

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Oh, I came to London Town, in the days of long ago,
With the springtide on my head, and a heart with spring a-glow;
Glad of soul and blithe was I, who had oftentimes been told
How the streets of London Town they are surely paved with gold ;
I should bask in Fortune's smile, I should never see her frown

In the heart of London Town.

Then the life of youth was mine, and I dreamt the dreams of youth,
And I thought of beauty's self, and the very truth of truth ;
I should fight and I should win, I should strive and I should gain ;
Yea, a goodly life were mine, and a mastery o'er pain ;
I should do as strong ones do, and my brow should wear the crown

Of true work in London Town.

I should keep my heart of love for the dear old country folk ;
I should stand erect and strong as the stalwart ash and oak ;
In these golden-paven streets I should gather heaps of gold
For my well beloved ones ; they should have and they should hold ;
Broadcloth brave should father don, mother wear a silken gown,

Gained for them in London Town.

Now a many years are gone, and a many dreams are fled,
And a many hopes are lost, and a many friends are dead.
Have I proved all vanity, as the world-sick preacher saith,
In the bitterness of loss, and the bitterness of death ?
Have all splendid hopes that grew in the field of youth died down

On thy beart, O London Town?

feet;

'Twas for London Town, long since, I gave up the country sweet,
Gracious air about my head, gracious grass about my
Voice of woodland, torrents' rush, mountain summits grand and proud,
Songs of birds that cannot sing ’mid the cry and throng and crowd ;
For the busy traffic's roar, and the fogdom dun and brown

Of thy streets, ( London Town !

Loss, and nought but loss, ye say, and ye say I ne'er shall know
Any beautiful delight like the joy of long ago ;
Never more the tranquil sweets of the country dear and fair,
Never any coolness like mountain breath upon my bair :
Oh, the glory is gone for aye, do ye say, life's end and crown,

As I sit in London Town ?

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