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native art feeling. I am afraid, after tracery-work of the plaster roofs, the tiled some months of living among these ex- floors covered with rich eastern rugs and quisitely decorated Moorish interiors, our thick soft carpets, all form a consistent cold English houses will look horribly bare framework which, for richness and variety and vulgar and commonplace. The fact of ornamental effect, can never be equalled is, that stern Mahommedan prohibition of under our cold gray northern skies and imitative art, while it has made painting wintry light. This land ought surely in and sculpture impossible for Islam, has the future to be prolific in painters, for almost necessarily produced a wonderful everything is arranged just as a painter school of pure decorative design unequalled would have wished to see it. And it is to anywhere else in either hemisphere. The rooms like these, with their niches and best artistic minds of the Mussulman archways, that the oue-eyed calender's world, debarred by that strange rule from brass-work, or Hassan the Kabyle's gracegiving their attention to pictures and ful embroideries, and the thousand-andstatues, have perforce concentrated all one knick-knacks of tbe Thousand-and-one their originality and all their vigor upon Nights are best adapted. You buy a few the evolution of a type of decoration which bits of green and light yellow Morocco could not fail to be purely geometrical and pottery from some picturesque Tangier

ornamental in style. The flowing Arabic Jew in his dark blue jacket at some stall I Jetters, part cause ; part effect of this limita- in the town ; you stick them in the sun.

tion of subject, have lent themselves ad- light on a carved and painted Moorish mirably to the needs of the artists. Verses étagère, or stand them in the recess over from the Koran have had to take the place the carved door of some in-let cupboard ; of men and beasts and flowers of the field.

you intersperse with them a couple of The results produced, when seen in the cheap but graceful Kabyle plates, or a Jarge, are such as fairly to astonish north- beaten brass vase or two from the old ern visitors who have only known oriental Moor in the shop by the mosque ; and the art before from the piecemeal scraps one whole thing when arranged looks as lovely finds here and there in museums or draw- in its way as if you had paid twenty ing-rooms in civilized countries. It is pounds a piece for the pretty baubles at something quite different and dazzling to Liberty's. But how they would look on enter and gaze round upon one of the an English wall and with a Morris wallbeautiful old Moorish houses, oriental paper for their varied background I can throughout in character and ornament, hardly say : good, no doubt, but many with its arcades and courtyards and tiles degrees less good, I fancy, tban against and draperies ; and to see how harmoni- the brilliant white-plaster tracery of Alously the whole effect blends together, and geria, or the pale blue distempered field of how exquisitely every detail fits in with this simple dado in a Moorish villa. the sunlight, the climate, the architectural As a tropical or sub-tropical style of buildplan, and the decoration generally. To ing, indeed, nothing could be more perfect come to Algiers for a winter, and visit or more admirable in its own way than some of these lovely houses, is in itself an Moorish architecture. Some day, when artistic education ; he must have a dull people begin to be wise, it will be adopted, eye and brain indeed who does not return perhaps, for their own homes by the cultito Europe or America, from that great vated classes in Queensland and Jamaica, liring school, with all his ideas on orna- in Georgia and Florida. Southern houses ment in art profoundly modified or even are built at present in a style slightly revolutionized.

niodified from the one rendered necessary The houses, indeed, lend themselves by totally uplike northern requirements : wonderfully to decoration in a way un- they are alien exotics in low latitudes : known among our square-roomed, square- here alone you have a type of house evolved windowed, straight-and-above-board north- expressly for a warm climate, and adapted

architecture. We in Europe and in every detail to its peculiar environment. America bave no rambling holes and cor- Without, the sun is beating down merci. ners : here, the niches and alcoves, with lessly upon arid plain and dusty white their mysterious shade and poetical gloom, roadway. You tuin under a great arch in the horseshoe arches with their broad room some high brick wall, and hi, presto ! you and occasion for drapery, the Saracenic find yourself at once in a cool and spacious

ern

paved outer courtyard, girt round by ar- the beautiful compact and stone-like Moorcades of shady gloom. In its centre, an ish plaster. In some cases, the wall space old-world marble fountain feeds a square between the arches consists throughout of tiled tank, where lush waterweeds rise fat encrusted plaster in exquisite interhigh and green from the shallow water lacing oriental designs, while the roof is into the open air. A clump of date- formed of pendant lace-work in the same palms or a couple of ancient shady orange material and with the same admirable richtrees cast flickering shadows on the cool ness of minor detail displayed in every green and white tiles of the solid flooring. part. A piazza surrounds the court on every sido “But all this decoration implies untold -Saracenic arches supported at intervals wealth! It can only be procured by peoby twisted columns of pure white marble ple who have absorbed, through fair means or solid freestone, their capitals carved into or foul, far more than their due personal quiet curves with almost Ionic simplicity proportion of the world's riches !". Not of design and outline. A string-course of at all necessarily. If it were so, I for one priceless tile-work in dainty antique colors could only speak of it all with utter con---faded yellow and green-surmounts the demnation. 'I have not so learned political arches; the round-topped doorway, with economy and social science. Barbaric its exquisite monldings, stands on one side, ostentation of exceptional wealth is the in the coolest and shadiest corner, where vulgarest outrage still committed by peothe visitor need not linger unduly under ple who ought to possess taste and culture the burning rays of a hot African sun. upon the mass of our modern democratic Attention to these little details of precau- societies. When over-rich nonentities entionary politeness is a graceful tribute to deavor to extort cheap admiration by the comfort of one's guests ; a water- showing us in their houses, dress, and trongh stands even at the door for the equipage, how much their badly-spent dogs, and its breezy inscription, no doubt, money will buy, it is the place of all honinforms one in choice Arabic that a merci- est and well-affected citizens to pass by ful man is merciful to his beast.

unheeding on the other side. But the You enter the house, and find yourself great point to impress upon the world is in the roofed inner court, or impluvium, really this, that beauty costs no the living and reception room in many after all than ugliness. In many cases it Moorish villas, with its upper story richly actually costs a great deal less. Good balustraded and arched, and its glass roof plain work in a severe style is not so exprotected by matting from the heat and pensive as solicitous curves and twists and glare of the midday sun. How charming knobs and wriggles. Stern simplicity and quaint these inner courtyards can be often produces far better effects than soinade with hangings and tiles and wood- called ornament. And even in a highly work, or with draperies richly slot with decorated style like the Moorish, the web of gold, I can hardly tell you ; the money spent on encouraging honest and hanging lamps, the inlaid tables, the brass artistic workmanship is saved on the prime and silver trays, the richly carved brackets, cost of the usually simple and inexpensive that elsewhere look perhaps a trifle affected, materials-brass, wood, clay, plaster. It fit in here to absolute perfection with all is better to pay men a fair wage for mouldthe rest of the decorative style as parts of ing gypsum and carving oak than to pay whose total they were originally developed. them for the essentially gambling occupaNot a tablet of plaster let into a niche, but tions--for hunting useless ivory, toiling bristles with intricate open lattice-work; in mines for barbaric gold, or iuperilling not a square inch of fluor or lintel or door- their lives in search of pearls and diamonds way but shows the living touch of a true and other special materials which derive artist. Io inany houses the entire front almost all their economic and all their artisof the principal reception-room consists of tic value from the peculiar difficulty of dissuccessive arched windows, opening out covering or obtaining them. upon the subdued light of the arcaded court. As a matter of fact the most beautiful yard ; and the upper part of each window, of all the Moorish interiors I have seen from the point where the arch springs from was all but entirely decorated throughout the capital of its carved pilasters, is wholly by its own possessor, a busy man, in the occupied with trellis-work of stone or of intervals of leisure afforded him from time to time by his professional engagements. paint, a few planks of pine, a few model With his own hands, the owner of that sheets of good oriental patterns, a few house painted, carved, and arranged the scraps and squares of tile or marble, and whole ; with his own fingers he let in the you can turn out with a little patience and beautiful marble mosaics into the wall, and perseverance work as rich and dainty as cat out from planks of honest local cedar the Alhambra itself. Let nobody think the exquisite fretwork decorations that fill that intricacy of pattern necessarily means up and diversify the archways of the win- expense and luxury : it means merely dows. No Arab workman could have a time, taste, and industry. With fifteen truer or deeper feeling for Arab art; no shillings, and the spare evenings of a single idle man with all the day on his hands month, any man or woman possessed of could find so much leisure for a casual average brains and fingers can make and handicraft as this hard-worked official has set up an oriental cabinet or corner cupmanaged to steal in stray half hours from board that would be cheap indeed at a the coustant calls of a harassing occupa- shop for twenty guineas. Experto crede. tion. It is easy to make a home beautiful And go thou and do likewise. ---Gentle. if you will only try to do it yourself, Art man's Magazine. after all is no mystery. A few pots of

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A BALLAD OF EAST AND WEST.

BY YUSSUF.

KAMAL is out with twenty men to raise the Border side,
And he has lifted the Colonel's mare that is the Colonel's pride :
He has lifted her out of tbe stable-door between the dawn and the day,
And turned the calkins upon her feet, and ridden her far away.
Then up and spoke the Colonel's son that led a troop of the Guides :
" Is there never a man of all my men can say where Kamal hides ?'
Then up and spoke Mahommed Khan, the son of the Ressaldar,
If

ye know the track of the morning-mist, ye know where his pickets are.
At dusk he harries the Abazai—at dawn he is into Bonair-
“ But he must go by Fort Monroe to his own place to fare,
So if ye gallop to Fort Monroe as fast as a bird can fly,

By the favor of God ye may out him off ere he win to the Tongue of Jagai. “But if he be passed the Tongue of Jagai, right swiftly turn ye then, For the length and the breadth of that grisly plain is sown with Kamal's men.”

The Colonel's son has taken a horse, and a raw rough dun was he, With the mouth of a bell and the heart of Hell and the head of the gallows-tree. The Colouel's son to the Fort has won, they bid him stay to eatWho rides at the tail of a Border thief, he sits not long at his meat. He's up

from Fort Monroe as fast as he can fly,
Till he was aware of his father's mare in the gut of the Tongue of Jagai,
Till he was aware of his father's mare with Kamal upon her back,
And when he could spy the wbite of her eye, he made the pistol crack.
He has fired once, he has fired twice, but the whistling ball went wide.
“ Ye shoot like a soldier,” Kamal said. “ Show now if ye can ride.”
It's

up and over the Tongue of Jagai, as blown dust-devils go,
The dun he fled like a stag of ten, but the mare like a barren doe.
The dun le leaned against the bit and slugged his head above,
But the red mare played with the snaffle-bars as a lady plays with a glove.
They have ridden the low moon out of the sky, their hoofs drum up the dawn,
The dun he went like a wounded bull, but the mare like a new roused fawn.
The dun he fell at a water-course-in a woful heap fell he,-
And Kamal has turned the red mare back, and pulled the rider free.
He bas knocked the pistol out of his band-small room was there to strive-

and away

66

" 'Twas only by favor of mine," qaoth he, "ye rode so long alive ;
“ There was not a rock for twenty mile, there was not a clump of tree,

But covered a man of my own men with his rifle cocked on his knee. If I had raised my bridle-band, as I have held it low,

TEN “ The little jackals that flee so fast were feasting all in a row; “ If I had bowed my head on my breast, as I have held it high, The kite that whistles above us now were gorged till she could not fly."

Lightly answered the Colonel's son :—“Do good to bird and beast, " But count who come for the broken meats before thou makest a feast. “If there should follow a thousand swords to carry my

bones

away, “ Belike the price of a jackal's meal were more than a thief could pay. “They will feed their horse on the standing crop, their inen on the garnered grain,

The thatch of the byres will serve their fires when all the cattle are slain. “ But if thou thinkest the price be fair, and thy brethren wait to sup,

The hound is kin to the jackal-spawn, -howl, dog, and call them up ! “ And if thou thinkest the price be high, in steer and gear

and stack, Give me my father's mare again, and I'll fight my own way back !!!

Kamal has gripped him by the hand and set bim upon his feet. “ No talk shall be of dogs,” said he, “ when wolf and gray wolf meet.

May I eat dirt if thou hast hurt of me in deed or breath. What dam of lances brought thee forth to jest at the dawn with Death ?'' Lightly answered the Colonel's son : “I hold by the blood of my

clan

; Take

up
the mare for

ту father's gift-she will carry no better man !”
The red mare ran to the Colonel's son, and nuzzled against his breast,
“ We be two strong men,

” said Kamal then, but she loveth the younger best. “ So she shall go with a lifter's dower, my turquoise-studded rein, “My broidered saddle and saddle-cloth, and silver stirrups twain."

The Colonel's son a pistol drew and held it muzzle-end, “ Ye have taken the one from a foe,” said he ; “ will ye take the mate from a

friend ?” “A gift for a gift," said Kamal straight ; " a limb for the risk of a limb. “ Thy father has sent his son to me, I'll send my son to him !" With that he whistled his only son, that dropped from a mountain-crest He trod the ling like a buck in spring and he looked like a lance in rest. Now here is thy master," Kamal said, "who leads a troop of the Guides, " And thou must ride at his left side as shield to shoulder rides.

Till Death or I cut loose the tie, at camp and board and bed, “Thy life is his—thy fate it is to guard him with thy head. And thou must eat the White Queen's meat, and all her foes are thine, And thou must harry thy father's hold for the peace of the Border.line, “And thou must make a trooper tough and hack thy way to power“ Belike they will raise thee to Ressaldar when I am hanged in Peshawur,

They bave looked each other between the eyes, and there they found no fault,
They have taken the Oath of the Brother-in-Blood on leavened bread and salt ;
They have taken the Oath of the Brother-in-Blood on fire and fresh-cut sod,
On the hilt and the haft of the Khyber knife, and the Wondrous Names of God.

The Colonel's son he rides the mare and Kamal's boy the dun,
And two have come back to Fort Monroe where there went forth but one.
And when they drew to the Quarter-Guard, full twenty swords flew clear-

est There was not a man but carried his feud with the blood of the mountaineer. “ Ha' done! ha' done !" said the Colonel's son,

the steel at your sides ! Last night ye had struck at a Border thief-to-night 'tis a man of the Guides !" Oh, east is east, and west is west, and never the two shall meet Till earth and sky stand presently at God's great Judgment Seat. But there is neither east nor west, border nor breed nor birth, When two strong men stand face to face, though they come from the ends of the earth.

-Macmillan's Magazine.

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LITERARY NOTICES.

EVERY-DAY BIOGRAPHY, Containing a Collec- are previously present in undifferentiated

tion of Brief Biographies for Every Day in cells. The arbitrary way in which biologists the Year, as a Book of Reference for the have limited the development of the intellectTeacher, the Chatauquan, and Home Cir- ual powers excites our author's criticism. cles. By Amelia J. Calver. New York : According to Romana, for example, only proFowler & Wells Co.

toplasmic movements, such as excitability, are Those very brief biographical notes are ar- noticeable in lower class organisms. His divi. ranged by the date of birth of each subject. sion quite arbitrarily assigns the first evidence The book contains apward of four hundred of memory to the echinoderms; the primary pages, and as there are three hundred and instincts to the larvæ of insects and the ansixty-five days under which subjects are nalids ; the secondary instincts to insects and classed, it will be readily seen that the num. spiders ; and finally the beginnings of reason ber of people falls very for short of those who

to the higher crustaceans, should come in under such a plan. We doubt

Mr. Binet labors, and not without success, the tility of such a book in any case, even for to show that the evidences of psychological the unlearned and illiterate class, who would action are clearly to be perceived in the lowest have few, if any, books at home. But if the orders of animal life. As an interesting in. value of the plan be admitted, it should have stance of this may be cited the case of one of been carried out on a very much more com

the Rhizopods, the diffugia urceolata. This plete scale to possess any thoroughness. The little creature, inhabiting a shell formed of basis of classification, too, is a bad one. Needs particles of sand, emits long feelers, which of reference grow out of the wish to find out

search at the bottom for the materials Deces. the facts concerning the person, and the classi- sary to construct a new case for the filial orfication should be by names, To find the facts gadisni, to which it gives birth by division. concerning Tolstoi, the Russian novelist, for The pseudopod or tentacle seizes a piece of example, one will be compelled to turn over sand, which passes into the body of the ani. all the pages of the book till he reaches page mal. All this shows preadaptation to a re207. This makes such a work nearly worth.

moto end, and therefore the act has the marks loss for reference, and certainly it has no value

of an instinct. for any other use.

The author parsues his studies of the lower

organisms with great acuteness, and these exTHE PSYCHIC LIFE OF MICRO-ORGANISMS. A aminations of the lesser organisnis perhaps

Study in Experimental Psychology. By reveal as interesting facts in nature as we are Alfred Binet. Translated from the French accustomed to associate only with the higher by Thomas McCormack. With a preface by orders. Binet's name is brilliantly known in the author written expressly for the Ameri. science, and this little work will not lessen the can edition. Chicago : Open Court Publish- esteem in which he is held. ing Co.

Binet belongs to that school of biologists IN THE BEGINNING ; OR, STORIES FROM THE BOOK who deny that the phenomena of life, even in

OF GENESIS. By Annie R. Butler, author of the lowest beings, can be explained by the

Children's Medical Mission Stories," working of physico-chemical forces. Even in With thirty-nine illustrations. Philadel the Infusoria, for example, the faculty of seiz

phia : J. B. Lippincolt Co. ing food and of exercising a choice among The title of this Bible juvenile shows prefoods of different kinds proves something be- cisely what it is—a collection of short stories yond the mere mechanism of organization. told in a pleasant way, based on the accounts If the existence of psychological phenomena of Genesis, covering all the more striking in lower organisms is denied, it becomes neces. events and incidents down to the adventures sary to assume that these phenomena are su- of Joseph in Egypt. These legends are among peradded in the course of evolution, in pro. the most charming iu the sacred folk-lore of portion as organism becomes more perfect and the nations, and no child ever failed to read complex. This is branded as inconsistent or listen with absorbed interest. The chil. with the teachings of general physiology, dren's Bible is the name wbich has been given which shows us that all the vital phenomena to the first book of the Pentateuch, and cer

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