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his style is a complete model; there are few works, which are better suited, than this, to regulate the taste of young men, who contemplate the ministry, and to form them to a manly, impressive, and divine eloquence.
His style, though not perfectly free from faults, possesses, in a high degree, that ease, perspicuity, and force, which are so essential to pulpit oratory. Tho' we cannot say of Dr. Lathrop, nor perhaps of any writer, that
"Our Magazine has never, probably, been the vehicle of intelligence more interesting and pleasing, than that which will be found in the following pages. No one who possesses any measure of the Christian spirit can fail to rejoice, when he sees that the Holy Scriptures, the words of eternal life, are likely soon to be translated into all the most important and extensive languages of the East, and to be read by the many millions of men who inhabit that most populous portion of our globe. Those of our countrymen who have liberally contributed to promote this benevolent enterprise, will receive some additional pleasure in reflecting, that as the sun of revelation rose in the East and pursued his course till this Western world was enlightenei by his rays, so they have been, in a measure, instrumental in reflecting back his beams to the region on which they had first dawned, but from which they had been long and mournfully withdrawn." As. Mag.
To the Christian congregations in the United States, who have contributed their aid towards the translation of the Sacred Scriptures into the languages of the East.
DEARLY BELOVED BRETHREN,
AMONG those principles implanted in the heart by the Holy Spirit, none is more amiable, more fully demonstrative of our being made partakers of the divine nature, or productive of more happy effects, than that of Christian love. This removes all distance of place, overlooks all peculiarities of name and denomination; and unites in the firmest bonds all those who serve the same Lord, causing them to bear each other's burdens,
and to participate with delight in those labours of each other which have for their object the glory of the Redeemer and the welfare of mankind.
These ideas have seldom been more fully impressed on our minds than when we heard of that instance
of Christian liberality and attachment to the cause of the Redeemer, which you have exhibited in aid of the translation of the Sacred Scriptures into the languages of the East. Employed in a part of the globe so renote from you, and personally unknown to most of you, judge what were our feelings when we heard that you had, without the least solici-tation on our part, interested yourselves in so effectual a manner, in that arduous yet delightful work, in which the Lord has bidden us engage for the sake of his people yet to be gathered from among the heathen.
For this display of Christian philanthropy we entreat you to accept our warmest thanks, not merely on our own behalf, but in behalf of those heathens, who, though at present unconscious of your compassion towards them, shall, nevertheless, bless you to all eternity for having thus contributed to unfold to them the pages of everlasting truth.
work, we derive very great encouragement from the countenance and support of our dear Christian brethren in America, as well as in Europe; and we beg leave to assure you, that every degree of support afforded shall be applied to the furtherance of the work in the most faithful and economical manner.
We remain, dearly beloved brethren, most affectionately yours in our common Lord,
J. CHATER, J. MARSHMAN, JOSHUA Rowe, W. WARD, WM. ROBINSON, R. MARDON, FELIX CAREY. J. Biss, Mission-house, Serampore, Oct. 14th, 1806.
Extract of a Letter from the Missionaries to Capt. Wickes. Think, dear brother, what the king of Zion has done for India, since you first, in 1799, brought out missionaries; not merely by our means, but in a variety of ways: what a pro gress in the translation and distribution of the word of God into so many languages spoken by so many millions of men; how many thousands of missionary tracts have gone all over Hindostan, how many natives have been baptized, and some landed safe in glory; what a broad foundation laid for the future extension of the gospel; what an increase of missionary strength. Episcopal, Independent, and Baptist, beside the number of native itinerants. How emphatically true respecting India, "Behold, the fields are already white for the harrest." Let this be acknowledged as a constant and infallible proof that you have not run in vain, neither laboured in vain.
To Mr. Joseph Eastburn, Philadelphia.
Captain Wickes tells me that I am a letter in your debt. Excuse this omission, of which, indeed, I was not conscious. Our dear captain can tell you how full our hands are. I have been reading a proof now, till my eyes smarted so that I was induced to throw myself on the couch to rest them. I now begin to write to you.
By this voyage of our dear captain, we have received in comfort two brethren and their wives; and we are
now eleven missionaries. Except brother Chamberlain, we are, also, all at Serampore. You know the English company don't like the Hindoos to be converted, and it is a part of their charter that they will not do any thing to change their religion. They, also, allow none (except by suf ferance) but their own servants to settle in the country. We have been, also, lately prohibited by the govern or from interfering with the prejudices of the natives, either by preaching, distributing tracts, sending out native itinerants, &c. In short, the governor said, as he did not attempt to disturb the prejudices of the natives, he hoped we should not. Thus, if we were to obey this request, in its literal meaning, we must give up our work altogether, and instead of wanting fresh missionaries, we might reship those we already have. But it is impossible to do this. We avoid provoking the government, but we dare not give up our work at the command of man. We have written home on the subject, and sought relief from these painful restrictions, but what will be the result we know not. In the mean time our junior brethren are getting the languages, and as soon as we can place them in separate stations, we shall. At pres ent the gospel sound has spread so extensively that we have now more inquirers than we have in general. Our native brethren, too, are not idle.
The school, translations, printing, college, &c. &c. are concerns so weighty that there is no appearance of the governor's restriction at the Mission-house. All is bustle here, morning, noon and night.
This is the time for you, American Christians, to pray for the Serampore mission, for God only can open to us an effectual door. "He openeth and no man shutteth."
"For where his servants have his cause to plead,
Brother Wickes will give you all
the news about us.
I am, my dear brother, yours very cordially, W. WARD. Serampore, Oct. 15, 1806.
[Some obstructions are made to the exertions of the missionaries by the gov
ernmental agents in India. The preceding letter will serve to explain the nature and cause of these obstructions. Some of our readers may need to be informed that Serampore, fifteen miles only from Calcutta, is a Danish settlement, where the missionaries are both protected and encouraged in their work, and where the "mission house" is erected. Captain Wickes being informed that the missionaries whom he last took out might meet with something unpleasant if he landed them at Calcutta, to which he was bound, carried them immediately to Serampore. The British superintendant wrote to the Danish governor of Serampore, inquiring about the missionaries, and whether he considered them as under the protection of the Danish government. The Danish governor returned the following answer.]
here, but also to protect them, not doubting but they, as good citizens, would pay due obedience to our laws and regulations.
To C. T. MARTIN, Esq. Magistrate.
I have been favoured with your letter of the 13th instant, informing me that Messrs. Chater and Robinson, two missionaries recently arrived at Serampore in the American ship Benjamin Franklin, had, among other papers, produced a certificate with my signature, stating that they reside at Serampore under the protection of the Danish flag, and in consequence thereof you wish to be informed at whose suggestion, and under whose patronage, these gentlemen left England, or whether they have come out under the promise of protection from any person on the part of his Danish majesty.
With regard thereto I beg leave to inform you, that some years back, and at a time when several members of the Baptist society took up their resi dence at this place, the former chief, now deceased, colonel Bie, reported to his superiors in Europe their arriv. al, and that an additional number of them might be expected hereafter, requesting, at the same time, permission for them to stay, as they appeared not only to be good, moral, but also well informed men, who, in many respects, might be useful to this settlement; upon which an order was issued to the chief and council, dated Copenhagen the 5th of September, 1801, not only granting full permis. sion for them to establish themselves
The certificate' granted by me is founded upon this high order, and as Messrs. Chater and Robinson were represented as belonging to the mission society (which is really the case) I have acknowledged them as such, and extended the protection to them. The persons alluded to, can, therefore, not be considered as refugees or poor debtors, merely under a temporary protection, but must be looked upon as countenanced and protected by his Danish majesty himself, as long as they continue to live in a settlement subject to his crown, and are found to pursue only their respective professions, without attempting innovations, which I, from their uniform good conduct, have reason to expect will never be the case. .
I have the honour to be, &c.
Extract of a Letter from the Missionaries to Robert Ralston, Esq. dated Serampore, Oct. 16, 1806.
VERY DEAR SIR,
We have heard with gratitude of the generosity of several individuals respecting the procuring and forwarding benevolent aids to the translations of the word of God. We have also heard of your many personal exertions to promote the subscriptions throughout the United States.
Very dear Sir, we feel ourselves incapable of expressing our sense of these many marks of Christian love. We doubt not but the great Head of the church looks down with peculiar pleasure on these disinterested proofs of love to him and his cause on earth: and we hear him saying (of you and a great many) of the distinguished friends of this his cause, " Verily I say unto you, they shall in no wise lose their reward." We know, Sir, you do not work for reward; but the approbation and smile of Jesus are better than life itself; and this is our joy, that those who express their love to us, for the sake of the cause in which we are engaged, so far as it is under the influence of the divine Spirit, shall be rewarded, though we are not able to do it.
Captain Wickes, who, when here, is always one of us, will communicate
to you all our state, internal and external. The cause is making progress, though we are constantly taught that it is not by might, nor by power, but by the Spirit of Jehovah.
To ROBERT RALSTON, Esq.
VERY DEAR SIR,
Your kind favour I received by Mr. Bayley of the Bainbridge, and your second by the, giving an account of a further sum of two thousand dollars generously collected in America, for the purpose of assisting us in the translation of the word of God into the Eastern languages. I need not say that this and what we received per the Bainbridge, shall be faithfully applied to the purposes for which it was sent. A public letter from our whole body will inform you what we have already done, and what we are now doing.
What a mercy it is that we may be permitted to do any thing for Christ, and that he does not reject us and our offerings too.
I have no need to say much about our affairs, because our dear friend, captain Wickes, will inform you of all things, much better than I can do by writing. Suffice it to say that the work of God is gradually going on, few ordinance days occur without some addition from among the heathen, and inquirers frequently come from different parts, some of whom not only seek, but find. We have met with some obstructions from government, which are to us highly afflicting but, I trust, a gracious God will cause all these things to work together eventually for the furtherance of the gospel.
There are some very encouraging stirrings in Calcutta. Till our public preaching was stopped, there was a large body of the natives daily attend
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THE
ing on the gospel; and since the prohibition, some Armenians and Portuguese have taken so decided a part on the side of the gospel that one of them is fitting up a part of his house for the express purpose of having preaching in it to the Hindoos, and another house has been, also, opened by another man through their suggestion. These are circumstances which give us great encouragement, and will, I hope, be the occasion of great good.
How it rejoices my heart to hear such good tidings from America. Į find there are still very glorious displays of divine grace in many parts, and that the greatest part of those awakened in the late remarkable revival, turn out well: nothing will so effectually silence all objections to the word, as the suitable conduct and conversation of those who were the subjects thereof.
I am greatly pleased with the many attempts to spread the gospel through America, by itinerancies and missionary excursions. The journals published in the Magazine were to me a treat indeed. I hope that the spirit of missions will increase a hundred fold throughout the United States.
Pray has a mission to St. Domingo been ever thought of? It is a very desirable thing that the inhabitants of that extensive island should hear of and know him, who can make them free indeed.
Cease not to remember, at a throne of grace, the cause of the Redeemer in India, and one who is yours very affectionately.
Calcutta, 28th Oct. 1806. W.CAREY
Further extracts from these interesting letters will be presented in our next Number.
dained in Feb. 1759. The same year he took his degree at Philadelphia College, and settled in the ministry on James' Island, near Charleston, S. C. Obliged on account of his ill health, to quit that place in about
eighteen months after his first residence there, he removed to Bordentown, N. J. where he continued two years, supplying two different congregations. Afterward he visited New. England, and having officiated at the Second Baptist Church in Boston about one year, was installed over the First, Jan. 9, 1765.
Dr. Stillman was by nature endow. ed with a good capacity, and an uncommon vivacity and quickness of ap. prehension. His feelings were pecù, liarly strong and lively; which gave energy to whatever he did, and under the influence and control of religious principles, served to increase and diffuse his eminent piety. To this constitutional ardour, both of sentiment and action, which led him to enter with his whole soul into every object which engaged his attention, he united a remarkable delicacy of feeling, and sense of propriety, and such sprightliness and affability in conversation, such ease and politeness of manners, and at the same time, such a glow of pious zeal and affection, as enabled him to mingle with all ranks and classes of people, and to discharge all his duties as a Christian minister, and as a citizen, with dignity, acceptance and usefulness. The lively interest he appeared to take in whatever affected the happiness or in creased the pleasures of his friends, the gentleness of his reproofs, and the gratification he seemed to feel in commending others, united to his social qualities, endeared him to all who knew him.
in the Assembly's Shorter Gatechism, the doctrines of the Reformation, which were held very precious, as the truths of Scripture by the fathers of New-England. These doctrines he explained and enforced with clearness, and with an apostolic zeal and intrepidity. He opened to his bearers the way of salvation through a DIVINE REDEEMER. Though an advocate for Christian candour and liberality, he was no friend to modern refinements in theology; but viewed their progress with deep concern, and opposed to it vigorously all his eloquence and influence. He considered these refinements as cankerous to pure and undefiled religion, and subversive of Christian morality. He felt a deep concern for the interests of Zion. His heart mourned at her depression, and exulted in her prosperity.
Dr. Stillman was favoured by the Anthor of his being, with a pleasant and most commanding voice, the very tones of which were admirably adapted to awaken the feelings of an audi, ence; and he always managed it with great success. His cloquence was of the powerful and impressive, rather than of the insinuating and persuasive kind; and his manner so strikingly interesting, that he never preached to an inattentive audience. And even those, who dissented from him in religious opinions, were still pleased with hearing him; for they knew his sincerity-they knew him to be a good man. There was a fervour in his prayers, that seldom failed to awaken the devotion of his hearers; for, coming from the heart, it failed not to reach the hearts of others. In his sermons, he was animated and pa, thetic. His subjects were often doctrinal, but he commonly deduced practical inferences from them, and every one acknowledged his great usefulness. He addressed not only the understandings, but the hearts and feelings of his hearers. He was an experimental preacher, laid open the deceitfulness of the human heart, exhibited the various trials and com forts of Christians; guided them in the way to eternal life, and led the
The popularity of a preacher commonly declines with his years. Dr. Stillman, however, was a singular exception to this general remark. He retained it for upwards of 42 years, and his congregation, which, upon his first connexion with it, was the smallest in this town, at the age of 70, the period of his death, he left amongst
the most numerous.
As a minister of Christ his praise was in all the churches. For this great work he was prepared by the grace of God in his early conversion, and a diligent improvement of his natural talents in a course of theological studies under the direction of the late excellent Mr. Hart. He embraced what are denominated the distinguish ing doctrines of the gospel, or the doctrines of grace, as they are summed up
In the chamber of sickness and affliction he was always a welcome visitor. So well could he adapt his conversation, as to comfort or to cau tion, soothe or to awaken-just as the