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contempt. Nobody now reads Another change, perhaps as those works wbich were pre- widely extended through all clastended to be unanswerable in fa- ses of society, as any which I Your of the New Philosophy. have mentioned, has been graduInfidels themselves do not trou.. ally wrought in the public taste ble their heads about them. As with regard to novels. The they were equally unintelligible time, we can easily remember, to the learned and ignorant, the when these pernicious and corelevated and humble, they are rupting books were almost uniquietly gone into oblivion, with versally diffused. The mischief out leaving friends enough to which they introduced was inmourn their loss. This might calculable. Idleness and false have been augured to be their notions of life were always in end, even in the full run of their their train, evils of no small magpopularity for the great body nitude ; but not unfrequently of mankind will never be pre- they occupied the mind almost vajled upon, for any considerable exclusively, rendered it indislength of time, to read what they posed to serious reflection, and do not understand, and what af- became subservient to seduction fords not the least nourishment and impurity, purposes to which to their minds. Those who ever they were but too well adapted, did peruse the works, to which I Printed on the coarsest paper, with refer, with much attention, were marble covers, they were found in influenced by motives very sim- the cottage ; and constructed of ilar to those by which Dr. John the most costly materials, they son represents the English pop- decorated the libraries of the ulace as induced to read the let opulent. The mechanic and the ters of Junius ; viz. “ that those day-labourer stole time to read who did not know what he them; the belle and the housemeant, hoped he meant rebellion." maid were equally engaged in
The event has been much the their perusal, except that the one same with respect to that species had her toilet laden with them, of poetry, which answers to the and the other was not quite so a: philosophy in prose. The day bundantly furnished. They were of the authors is over; their even quite a prevalent topic of magical spell has lost its force ; fashionable conversation, and igand posterity will never hear of norance of them was counted igDella Crusca, Southey, and a norance of everything delightful. host of other pretenders of less But now we scarcely see them, pote, whose names, even now, or hear of them ; they seem it is difficult to recollect. Their yanished with the dreams which memorial has perished with them, they contain. If ihis assertion Attempts of this sort, when be doubted, let the appeal be compared with productions of made to booksellers, and no one true merit, resemble meteors, will doubt the justness of this which, though they may dazzle criterion. The correction of the children for an evening, lose all public taste, in so important a their fascinating glare, when the respect, must be regarded as an sun rises in his strong and beau- event peculiarly auspicious. riful effulgence.
While we remark these alter, ations for the better, we ought nicious books has diminished. not to be unmindful of the cause' Among these valuable publicaes, nor ungrateful for the labours tions, the works of Mrs. More which produced them. Altho® have been very efficacious, Her common sense. would not long condescension in writing for the continue in absolute slavery to reformation of the humble and the vitiated taste, which a short illiterate;* her noble firmness in time ago prevailed; yet we could reprehending the follies, prejuby no means have hoped for so dices, and wickedness of the speedy a deliverance, if vigorous great; the irresistible cogency efforts had not been made. A of her reasoning against cavilhost of serious, powerful writers lers; and the severity of her rehave arisen, on both sides of the proofs to the licentious and proAtlantic, as champions of truth fane, are equally conspicuous, and virtue. Their works have have been equally useful, equally been extensively spread in this show the courage of a Christian, country, the sale of them har and prove her title to whatever ing increased in a direct pro- is great and good in the human portion, as that of light and per. character.
C. Y. A. (To be continued.)
Review of New Publications. Preparation for war the best se. magistrates in times of public
curity for peace. Illustrated danger. In every part the serin a sermon, delivered before mon shows marks of lively ge-" the ancient and honourable Ar. nius and cultivated taste. The tillery Company, on the anni. following character of a good versary of their election of of: soldier affords a favourable spe. ficers, Boston, June 2, 1806. cimen of the author's talents, By JAMES KENDALL, A. M. and presents a model worthy of minister of the first church in devout imitation. Plymouth. Boston. Munroe “To strengthen the confidence of & Francis. 1806.
his fellow citizens, é soldier, besides
þeing acquainted with the military Few sermons are introduced art, "must be fired with a love of his more beautifully, than this. The country. No man who is not a pasketch of Hezekiah's admin, triot can be fit for a soldier. With. istration, selected for a text, patriotism, he has no claim to the
oyt he be animated with a spirit of 2 Chron. xxxii. 5-8, is pecu- confidence of his country. If he liarly adapted to the author's should possess this confidence, he purpose. He manifests uncom, would be liable to abuse it by becom, mon ingenuity in deriving from ing a traitor. But if he be a patriot, that historical sketch most im- in deed and in truth,” he will always
“ not in word only, nor in tongue, but portant and appropriate hints be influenced by a regard to the pub. respecting the present situation lic good. He will rise superior to of our country, and the duty of any local or party attachments, and
A large proportion of the excellent and useful work, entitled “Cheap Rea pository Tracts,” was from the pen of this pious and ingenious lady,
never suffer himself to become the bat public error and vice, although it dupe, or the instrument of a faction., be at the expense of public favour, His patriot breast will disdain to har. choosing rather to fall in the support bour a spirit, that would immolate and defence of national virtue, than one half of his countrymen with the to rise on the food of national corhope of ruling and reigning with the ruption and wickedness. rest. Equally inimical will he be to “ This is a noble characteristic of a that boasted philanthropy, whose co- soldier. It is something different lossal strides to fraternize the whole from that mechanical courage that is world, are stained with the blood and acquired in a crowd, or from calcu. covered with the victims of all its lations upon chance. It is something parts. His benevolence for his kind distinct from that hardihood, which will never wage war with his affec. arises from general insensibility to tion for his kindred. His friends are evil and to good. However useful the friends of his country, and he is this kind of bravery may be under an enemy to those only, who are at the direction and management of a. war with its rights and liberties. military despot; yet it is not that The language of his heart is, and the true valour, which excites admira. same is inscribed upon every enter. tion and inspires the greatest confi. prize, “If I forget thee, O Jerusa. dence. This is a virtue that arises lem, let my right hand forget her from reflection ; from a consideration cunning. If I do not remember thee, of a greater good, than length of let my tongue cleave to the roof of days ; from a belief of an existence, my mouth."
that can neither be embittered nor “When a knowledge of the milita- destroyed by the wrath of man; from ry art is animated by a spirit of pa- the hope of a reward for noble and triotism, it will seldom fail of being virtuous actions, more sure and more accompanied with true valour. This lasting than national gratitude or popis another essential requisite in the ular favour ; from the prospect of a character of a soldier. Not that crown more honorary and glorious courage, however, which would lead a than the laurels, which the hero gath. man rasbly and unnecessarily to ex-' ers in the field of battle... inore im. pose his life to danger. Not that perishable than the marble, on which mistaken passion, which, rather than is inscribed the conqueror's fame. endure the adversities of life, tempts This godlike virtue is the offspring a man to lay violent hands upon him. of religion, and is nourished by pięty. self. Not that false, impious cour. And we have said, that these are not age, which under the influence of only consistent with the character, personal revenge, sooner than lose but are the brightest ornaments, the the pleasure of quenching the fire of most honourable insignia, the safest resentment in the blood of a fellow and most complete armour of a sol, soldier, looks to heaven, and chal. dier, lenges Omnipotence to preserve that “ With these the pious king of Ju. life, which it has challenged man to dah was adorned, and by them also destroy..... But that true bravery, he was strengthened. They gave which, in obedience to the call of its beauty to his character, and energy country, prefers the post of duty, and splendour to his actions. We although it be in the high road to admire and commend his vigilance danger and to death, to dishonoura. and activity in fortifying his cities ble fight, or dastardly obscurity. and preparing for resistance. But That active, persevering valour, that we venerate inore his humility and never sleeps when its country is in piety in trusting in the God of Israel ; danger...is never weary in vindicating and, in addition to his own exertions, her rights and defending her liber. repairing to the throne of the Most ties against the encroachments and High, and beseeching Him, in a time usurpation of avarice and ambition. of trouble and danger, to be the shield That magnanimity that cheerfully and refuge of his people. We ap. sacrifices private case and emolu. plaud his wisdom and prudence in ment to public security, to national seasonably organizing his forces and prosperity and happiness. That he- amply furnishing them with instru. roic fortitude that nobly dares to com. ments of defence. But we are charm
ed with the faith and confidence, he cause of his existence here, may be expressed, not merely in the height the cause of his existence hereafter. and strength of his walls, nor in the Or, if there is no cause, he may exist number and discipline of his troops ; without a cause, in another state, as but in the wisdom and strength of well as in this. And if his corrupt that Arm, which bringeth salvation, heart and abominable works make and getteth the victory. This was the him so unhappy here, that he had ground of encouragement to his peo. rather be anoihilated, than run the ple....the great animating motive, by hazard of a future existence, what which he roused then to resistance, hinders but that he may be unhappy and inspired them with undaunted forever! The man then is a fool, who bravery against the enemy. “For wishes there were no God, hoping there be more with us than with him: thus to be secure from future misery; with him is an arm of flesh; but for, admitting that there were no God, with us is the Lord our God to help still he may exist hereafter, as well us and to fight our battles.”
as here ; and if he does exist, his corruptions and vices may render him miserable eternally, as well as fue
the present.” Sermons on various subjects,
In the second discourse, the evangelical, devotional, and subject of which is “ Enmity to practical
, adapted to the promo. Religion,” the following objection of Christian piety, famity tion is introduced, “ The gospel religion, and youthful virtue. is mysterious, but if God gives By JOSEPH LATHROP, D. D,
men a revelation, he will give Pastor of the first church in them one, which they can under
stand.” To which the Doctor West Springfield. Worcester. Isaiah Thomas, jun. 1806.
* It must be supposed, that a rer.
elation from God relating to the in. TAAT the author of these ser- visible and eternal world, and to our mons is a man of genius, an ele. preparation for an entrance into it, gant writer, and a well informed will contain some things, which, tho' divine, the public are already intelligible as far as our practice is convinced by undeniable proof. and incomprehensible in many unes
concerned, may yet be mysterious Besides a large number of sin sential circumstances : for, indeed, gle discourses, three volumes of almost every thing which we see, is sermons had obtained an extensive so. Even the religion of nature concirculation, before the publica- ries, as the religion of the gospel
tains as great and inserutable mystetion of that under review. At the
The eternity, self-existence, omniDoctor's age an access of reputa- presence, and foreknowledge of God tion is not ordinarily to be ex- are as inexplicable, as the doctrine of pected; but even in this respect and mind in man is as mysterious, as
the Trinity. The connexion of body he will lose nothing by the pres- the union of the divine and human ent work. The subjects are va- natures in Christ. The influence of rious, and many of them pecul- providence in supporting our frame, iarly interesting. From the first directing our motions, and overruling sermon, “On the folly of Athe
our actions is as ynsearchable, as the
influence of the Spirit in forming us ism," we make the following ex
to the teinper, and assisting us to the tract.
duties of religion. The creation of “If it were true, that there is no the world and of the first man out of God, what evidence can the Atheist nothing, is as inconceivable to our rea. bave, that he shall not exist and be son, as the resurrection of the dead miserable after death? How came he after their bodies are mingled with to exist at all Wbatever was the dust. If, then, we reject the gospel
because we find in it doctrines, which world, a much greater number of We cannot comprehend, we shall not sinners, than of saints; and it is not long retain natural religion, whose credible, that a merciful God will doctrines are quite as incomprehen. doom to misery so great a proportion sible. Every man who pretends to of his intelligent creatures.' believe any thing about religion, must “But do you seriously think, that believe the eternity, omnipresence, the number of sinners is a reason, foreknowledge and universal provi. why God will not punish any? If it dence of God; the existence and im- is, then the greater the number, the mortality of a rational mind united to stronger the reason for impunity. this mortal body; the creation of man And consequently by promoting .vice, by the immediate power of God; and you add to the general safety. I hope our continual dependence on him for you will not act on such an opinion. life and breath, and for all our abili. Though the number of sinners be ties and pleasures. Without a belief ever so great, and their combinations of these grand truths, there is no ever so strong, the wicked shall not foundation for religion. But if every go unpunished. If sin indulged in thing mysterious is, for that reason, the heart, and practised in the life, incredible, these must be discarded not only deserves punishment from with the mysteries of the gospel. The the justice of God, but tends to mis. infidel, who cavils at the latter, will ery in its own nature, then the number Aot long spare the former.”
of sinners is no security; for this will
from these neither lessen sin's demerit, nor ar. words, Thou art good and dost rest its tendency. Though thousands good ; teach me thy statutes, the should, at the same time, be afflicted author has given the following feel his own pain alleviated by the
with a painful disease, not one will title, God's goodness the hope of sufferings of the rest. Vice is the the penitent ; but no security to disorder, as well as the guilt of the the finally impenitent. In this soul ; and the disorder is the same, sermon some of the popular ar- with it. The man tormented with
whether many or few are infected guments in favour of universal envy, malice, pride, ambition, and salvation are answered with great avarice, is still tormented, though clearness and energy
thousands of others may indulge “ You should always keep it in the same passions. You may as well mind, that wickedness tends to mis expect that a general famine will sat. ery, and must, if retained, finally ter. isfy every man's hunger, as expect minate in it. The question, there that general wickedness will prevent fore, is not so much concerning God's each one's misery. Vice will operate immediate execution of punishment like itself in every one, who habitualon sinners, as concerning their bring- ly practises it; and every one must ing misery on themselves. If you bear his own burden. If numbers continue in your sins, and die in your cannot turn vice into virtue, then impenitence, “know ye, that your sins numbers can be no defence against will find you out, and your iniquities punishment. !f it be just to punish will fall upon you”_" His own ini. one sinner, it is just to punish ten, quities shall take the wicked himself; or ten thousand.
The number of he shall be holden in the cords of his sinners alters not the justice of the sins.” It is absurd to start cavils procedure. Human government may, against, and study evasions of the di. on reasons of state, sometimes spare vine threatenings, unless you can an offending multitude; but these prove, that a wicked and ungodly reasons cannot operate with the Dea life, followed with a hardened and ity. His power is as sufficient to impenitent death, is, in its nature, punish many as few. Though the consistent with glory and happiness. whole human race should rebel, his Some, I suppose, will say, “ If we are throne stands firm. He needs not the to judge of men's characters accord. services of his creatures ; and if he ing to the tenor of the gospel, there did, the same power which created is, and probably ever bas been in the bose who now exist, could supply by