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the light? Truth is more precious, than the light of the sun. Don't suffer your enemies to impose upon you."

In January, 1735, deputies from the several clans, which constituted the tribe of River Indians, met in council at Housatonic, to see whether they would approve the conduct of their Housatonic brethren in consent

visit to the Indians, and in July left New Haven intending to pass the remainder of his life at Housatonic. As he found some of the Indians desirous of baptism, it was necessary that he should be ordained in order to administer that rite. Accordingly he was in August solemnly set apart to the service of the gospel. The ordination was pering to be taught the Christian re-formed at Deerfield, under cirligion. On the result of their cumstances calculated to add redeliberation every thing relative spectability to the mission. It to the mission depended. The took place by the direction of Rev. Mr. Williams and Mr. Hop- Gov. Belcher, at a time when he kins of Springfield were there- was in that town, with a large fore present. They found near- committee of the Council and ly two hundred Indians assem- House of Representatives, holdbled, and among them Corlair, ing a treaty with several of the the chief sachem of the whole Indian tribes. The Rev. Mr. nation. Mr. Williams preached Appleton of Cambridge preachto "one of the gravest and most ed the sermon, in the preface to attentive auditories," that he ever which he observes that " many addressed; and after repeated of the Indians were grave specconferences the proceedings at tators of the solemnity, and the Housatonic received the approba- Housatonic Indians sat by themtion of the council. They desir- selves and attended throughout ed Mr. Woodbridge to continue the whole service with great sein the school, and expressed a wish riousness; and were much pleasthat Mr. Sergeant would return. ed to see one, whom they had such a love for, so solemnly separated to the service of their souls."

After business was finished, a "frolic" followed of course. "Their dancing, (says Mr. S.) is a most laborious exercise. They dance round a hot fire, till they are almost ready to faint, and are wet with sweat; and then run out, and stripping themselves naked, expose their bodies to the cold air, and roll in the snow till they are cold, and then return to their dancing again. They repeat this four or five times in a night, concluding with excessive drinking. When they are drunk, they often fail asleep in the open air, perhaps buried in snow."

In May, Mr. S, made a short

Very soon after Mr. S. had returned to the scene of his labours, he baptized the captain and lieutenant with their families, first unfolding to them the nature of the rite and "discoursing upon all the more important points of belief and practice in the Christian religion.' "The lieutenant," he says in his journal, "is a clear-headed, smurt man, of a deep reach and pleasant humour, and is one of the best speakers we hear; is free in conversation, and talks excellently well. has entirely left off drinking te excess, and declaims against it;

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shews great compassion towards tonic tribe to receive the gospel, the rest of the Indians, and seems and of the good Spirit on you to heartily to lament their misera- leave the college and go among ble condition ; wishes they were them. He answers me, that he come to the knowledge of the is always looking out to this gospel; is himself thoroughly quarter of the world for such apconvinced of the truth ; and his pearances. May Jesus, says he, knowledge does not puff. him the head of the church and of naup.”

tions, attend your young missionMr. Sergeant's auditory on ary with extraordinary assistance, the Sabbath gradually increased ; and success.

Methinks I love he was heard very attentively by him, upon your report, for his strangers, who liappened to be courage and zeal. Let your heart, present, and such favourable im- dear Sir, be encouraged, and your pression was made upon their hands strengthened by the love minds, that some of them sent and prayers of men of God at their children to the school, and such a distance from you. They a few families were induced to hear of you, and rejoice and bless, reside permanently with their of whom you neither hear nor brethren at Housatonic.

think.” few months after his ordination, Governor Belcher writes in a he had baptized about forty per manner, which impresses one sons, adults and children, and with the belief of bis own undisthere was the same number of sembled piety and regard to the scholars in the school.

He was truth; Set before you the excheered with much greater suc- ample of the great apostle of the cess, than he could anticipate in Gentiles for your imitation, that so short a time. He beheld the you may approve yourself a chosen wolf dwelling peaceably with the vessel unto Christ, to bear his lamb, and the lion eating stratu name to those, that are perishing like the ox. The interest, which for lack of vision. And may you, good men at a distance took in Sir, be honoured of God by being his labours, will be seen in the made an instrument of taking following extracts from letters the scales from their eyes. May addressed to him.

you be wise to win their souls, Dr. Colman of Boston says, in and be able to say to them, In a letter dated Nov. 18, 1735,

Christ Jesus have I begotten you * It is not easy to tell you, how through the gospel. For these much we have rejoiced here in things will I bow my knees, and your ordination to the good and lift up my heart to Him, with great work, into which you have whom is the residue of the Spir. entered. May the consolations it." of God refresh and enlarge your Rev. Mr. Appleton, of Camsoul from time to time, in all bridge, expresses himself thus ; your self-denials for the sake of “Give my hearty respects to his name, and of the dear souls, ' Mr. Woodbridge. I heartily for whom you are labouring. I commend you both to the grace gave some account to the excel- of God, earnestly praying, that lent Dr. Watts, of London, of the the great Lord of the harvest, strange disposition of the Housa- who has sent you forth, would

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continue to strengthen your hånds and encourage your heart by increasing the fruit of your labours ; and that these poor, neglected, perishing people may be your joy for the present, and your crown in the day of Christ's appearing."

Some parts of Mr. Sergeant's answer to the Rev. Dr. Colman may not be unacceptable to the reader. "Next to the blessing of God on my endeavours, the prayers and good wishes of men of God yield me the greatest satisfaction. In their favour I seem to enjoy the pleasure of society in the deepest solitude. I wish I were worthy of the love of so excellent a man as Dr. Watts, whom all love and admire. And if I may be thought in any measure to deserve the good opinion of my fellow men, it is not a little owing to the Doctor's ingenious writings, which have the force to charm the mind to the love of virtue and piety, and to infuse his own spirit into his readers.

For the Panoplist.

SKETCH OF REV. WILLIAM
BATES, D.D.

"Those who have been bap tized, have behaved very well, though they have several times been tempted to exceed the rules of temperance by the offers of strong drink, which used to be their beloved destruction. They seemed to be surprised with the change they find in themselves, expressing the difference between their former state and the present, by infancy and manhood, dreaming and being awake, darkness and light, and the like metaphors. I pray God, the day star that seems to be arisen in their hearts, may shine more and more to the perfect day."

(To be continued.)

Introductory Remarks.
Messrs. Editors,

If the character of that body
of men, of which the first settlers
of New England were a part,
were more generally known at
the present day, the cause of
truth might be better secured
against the injurious impression
of epithets, which had their ori-
gin in prejudice and party spirit.
During the reign of the Stewarts,
the high church party, headed by
archbishop Laud, Sheldon, and
other tyrannical prelates, brand-
ed all Protestants, whose con-
sciences resisted their unscrip-
tural impositions, with the iron-
ical epithet of Puritans, and
Precisions. Sometimes indeed,
from their attachment to civil
liberty, they were charged with
sedition and rebellion. But their
common appellation was Puri-
tans; an epithet, intended to de-
note no difference in the doctrinal
articles of their faith (for in
these both parties agreed) but
that the Nonconformists or Dis-
senters were a set of weak, nar-
row, ignorant and superstitious
fanatics, who through pride and
obstinacy opposed the govern-
ment and ceremonies of the es-
tablishment, and the subscrip-
tions required by law. The same
epithet is still retained and appli-
ed by some, as a term of oppro
brious distinction; but not so
much to designate Dissenters
the ceremonies of the
from
church, as adherents to its doc-
trines. This application of the
term may be well calculated to
stigmatize the commonly receiv-

ed faith of the reformed church- of Dissenters are not formed upon such slight foundation, as the unlearned and thoughtless may imagine. They were thoroughly considered, and judiciously reduced to the standard of Scripture, and the writings of antiquity, by a great number of men of learning and integrity, I mean the Bartholomew divines, or the ministers ejected in the year 1662; men prepared to lose all, and to suffer martyrdom itself, and who actually resigned their livings (which with most of them were, under God, all that they and their families had to subsist upon) rather than sin against God, and desert the cause of civil and religious liberty; which, together with serious religion, would, I am persuaded, have sunk to a very low ebb in the nation, had it not been for the bold and noble stand, these worthies made against imposition upon conscience, profaneness, and arbitrary power. They had the best education, England could afford; most of them were excellent scholars, judicious divines, pious, faithful, and laborious ministers; of great zeal for God and religion; undaunted and courageous in their Master's work; keeping close to their people in the worst times; diligent in their studies; solid, affectionate, powerful, lively, awakening preachers; aiming at the advancement of real, vital religion in the hearts and lives of men, which, it cannot be denied, flourished greatly wherever they could influence. Particularly they were men of great devotion and eminent abilities in prayer, uttered, as God enabled them, from the abundance of their hearts and affections; men of di

es; but it is such a perversion, as would have excited the resentment of Laud himself. In denominating those Puritans, who refused compliance with their arbitrary requisition, Episcopal ians had no reference to doctrinal articles of faith; nor the least suspicion, that by so doing they should in process of time subject those articles to the stigma of being the creed of weak and ignorant bigots only, and not of men of enlarged and enlightened understandings. Every dissent er from the worship and ceremonies of the church of England is in reality a Puritan in the technical sense of the term. No honest and well informed Dissenter, therefore, can feel himself at liberty to apply this opprobrious term in such a connexion, as to bring the doctrines of grace into disrepute. Of this effect indeed there would be no danger, if the character of the Puritans had not been grossly misrepresented. To remedy this evil, in part at least, as well as to gratify and improve your serious and pious readers, be pleased to insert in your very useful publication a few extracts from the lives of some Puritan ministers. With the same view, and as a natural introduction to the extracts, the following testimony is proposed for previous insertion; being the opinion of a man distinguished by erudition and strength of mind, but certainly not influenced by partiality to the favourite doctrines of the Nonconformists.

Extract from the character of the eject
ed nonconformist ministers, by Dr.
JOHN TAYLOR, of Norwich.
"The principles and worship
Vol. II. No. 9.
DD d

vine eloquence in pleading at the throne of grace; raising and melting the affections of their hearers, and being happily instrumental in transfusing into their souls the same spirit and heavenly gift. And this was the ground of all their other qualifications; they were excellent men, because excellent, instant and fervent in prayer. Such were the fathers, the first formers of the Dissenting interest. Those who knew them not, might despise thein; but your forefathers, wiser and less prejudiced, esteemed them highly in love for their work's sake. The presence and blessing of God appeared in their assemblies, and attended their labours. -Let my soul forever be with the souls of these men !”

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to one, as long as was convenient for certain purposes; and how frequent occasion he had of appearing (never unacceptably) before another.† His grave and amiable aspect commanded both reverence and love. A constant serenity reigned in his countenance; a visible sign of the divine calm in his breast. His natural endowments were much beyond the common rate. His apprehension was quick and clear; clear; his reasoning faculty acute and ready; his judgment penetrating and solid; his wit never light or vain, though facetious and pleasant. His memory was admirable; nor was it impaired to the last. He delivered his sermons memoriter, which, as he said, he continued to do, when in years, partly to teach some, who were younger, to preach without notes. He was reputed one of the best orators of the age. His voice was charming; his language always elegant; his style inimitably polite, yet easy, and to himself the most natural.

His learning was a vast treasure, and his knowledge of books so extensive, that one of the brightest ornaments of the establishment said, "were he to collect a library, he would as soon consult Dr. Bates, as any man he knew." He was well versed in the politer parts of learning, which rendered his conversation highly entertaining to the more

• Charles II. to whom he was chaplain. "

King WILLIAM III. To whom, at his accession to the throne, he presented the congratulatory address of the dissenting ministers. presented their address of condolence on the death of the Queen.

He also

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