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2d. A spirited dissertation on the influence of Commerce on public manners, by GEORGE THORNDIKE, distinguished by sentiments of the purest nature, mingled with a glowing zeal for the simplicity of ancient times, and the incorrupt integrity of "days of yore." And if, in some instances, this zeal led to severe invective against the mercenary, avaricious, and meanly interested trader, it ought not to have been construed, as derogating from the value and respectability of the fair and honourable merchant, or of a profession which serves to unite mankind in bonds of mutual benefits.
3d. The Forensic disputation on the question, Whether utility be the foundation of moral obligation, by JoйN DAVIS and BENJAMIN TITCOMB, was conducted with accurate investigation, and a discriminating attention to the theories of writers on ethics, and the insidious distinctions of modern philosophists.
4th. A dissertation on the use of history, by RICHARD COBB, exhibited a maturity of mind, and extent of read. ing and observation, highly honourable to the genius and industry of the speaker. It contained energetic and judicious remarks; the style was perspicuous and appropriate, and the benefits of historical knowledge to le. gislators and professional men, princes, patriots and heroes, were displayed with glowing eloquence. The eulogy on our countrymen, who fell before Tripoli, was calculated to
"rouse even cowards to emulate the actions of the brave."
5th. An ingenious and discursive disquisition on the powers of language, by JOHN O'BRIEN, evincing a nice attention to the subjects connected with eloquence, and to the influence of oratory on the human mind and passions in every age, with an indig. nation against innovators, and corruptors of our idiom, characteristic of the critical and cassic scholar.
tem, by MosES QUINBY, leading the mind from a contemplation of the wonders of creation to admire the wisdom and power of the Creator.
The science of astronomy was traced con amore through the stages of its progress to the present times. The speculations of ancient and mod ern sages, and the ingenious theories of philosophers, from Pythagoras to Newton, and from Newton down to Darwin, were passed in review by the orator, and proved his attachment to mathematic calculation, and philosophic inquiry.
6th. An English oration by JOHN DAVIS. This composition was markéd with the features of judgment, seriousness, and piety. Its subject was "the Powers of Man," and it afforded evidence of the tender feelings, moral perceptions, and studious application of its author,
7th. A disquisition on the solar sys
8th. An English Oration on the progress of Refinement, by ISAAC FOSTER COFFIN, led the enchanted attention of the audience through all the steps of human advancement, "from passion and debasement" to the highest polish of civilized society; and, if elegance and urbanity of man. ners, ease of elocution, and dignity of sentiment are entitled to applause, this young gentleman was highly entitled to it. Indeed the whole exhibi tion, of which a sketch is here given, excited lively emotions of pleasure in a literary, respectable, and attentive audience, and gave an earnest of the future hopes of society from an institution, fostered by public munificence, and private benefaction, and governed with paternal fidelity aud profes sional skill.
After these exercises, the following excellent ADDRESS was made by the President to the candidates for their first degree.
Having finished the course of studies, prescribed by the laws of this institution, you are now to receive its first honours, and soon to enter up, on public life. I trust you need not be assured, that the governors and patrons of the society, and we espe cially, who have had the immediate direction of your studies, feel deeply interested in your usefulness and happiness in life. As instruction here commenced with you; on you, more than on any succeeding class, will depend the reputation of this infant seminary.
As the broadest, firmest, and surest foundation of your future usefulness and respectability, let me earnestly recommend to you piety to
vards God, and a life of virtue, found- and guided by sincerity and truth. ed upon evangelical principles. You Avoid every dishonest art to advance will make a very dangerous mistake, your interest or reputation, and prob; if you think it sufficient to maintain a ably the world will do justice to your decent character, formed on worldly characters ; but if not, you will have principles, and governed by worldly for your consolation the testimony of notives. I am not unwilling that re- your consciences, which is infinitely ligious principles and resolutions better than the plaudits of millions. should be strengthened by a regard to reputation ; but the gospel of our The degree of Bachelor of Arts blessed Redeemer directs our su. was then conferred on the following preme regard to Him, who knows the young gentlemen, alumni of Bowdoin secret springs of all our actions. And College ; Richard Cobb, Isaac Foster God forbid that you should ever be Coffin, John Davis, John O'Brien, ashamed to be governed by the prin Moses Quinby, George Thorndike, ciples of the gospel of Jesus Christ. and Benjamin Titconb. If you heartily embrace the religion It was indeed a novel enjoyment to of the Redeemer, it will furnish you witness the refinements of science in with the most powerful motives to a country not long since reclaimed practise the things that are virtuous from the wilderness, and to view a and praiseworthy; and, in a humble literary seminary, “ Cirrha procul et dependence on divine aid, you will re
re- Permesside lympha,” promising the solve with holy Job, that your heart benefits and ornaments of erudition to shall not reproach you so long as you the youth of unborn generations. live. Would you maintain conscien
ATTICUS. ces void of offence towards God and Bath, Sept. 1806. man, without which you cannot be happy, shun the pestilential society of those, who are enemics to the relig. SINGULAR PHENOMENON. ion of Christ. In the commerce of the world you inust sometimes fall Extract of a letter from Overton coun, into the company of such, but let ty, Tennessee, dated Nov. 1806, to one them never be your chosen compan. of the Editors of the Panoplist. jons. Evil communications corrupt I have reserved room to sketch good manners. Let your chosen you a short account of a rare occur. companions be men of virtue, men rence in the world of meteors. It who fear God and keep his command.
was witnessed at Knoxville, on the ments. He that walketh with wise 27th of August last. Our attention men shall be wise, but a companion was attracted between 9 and 10 in of fools shall be destroyed.
the morning, by a number of extraor. Whatever profession in life you dinary circles about the sun. The may choosc, whether law, physic or
first was a common halo ; though of divinity, you ought never to imagine colours uncommonly vivid ; the sun that the talents, which the Author of in the centre, as usual; and the area nature has given you, or the instruc. very dark between the sun and circle, tions you have had in the first ele. like the space between the outer and ments of science, will supercede the inner rainbow. This circle was crossnecessity of diligence in the prosecu- ed by another considerably larger; tion of your studies. Inquire among of a whitish colour ; its periphery the living, or among the dead, and running through the sun and its cen. you will find no cxample of great em- tre at or towards the zenith. The Inence without industry:
third and fourth were much larger And in whatever stations the prov
than the second; paler, resembling á idence of God may call you to act your lunar rainbow, but the peripheries, respective parts, let your whole con- narrower and better defined, not con duct be directed by an inviolable re. stantly complete ; one projected togard to duty, and that delicate sense wards the southwest, and the other of honour and propriety, which shuns towards the northeast, each encom. the appearance of evil.' In your in. passing the halo, and intersecting the tercourse with the world, let your second circle and one another at a bebaviour bc marked with candour, point opposite the sun, from which a
line drawn to the centre of the sun would, it was judged, be equally divided by the meridian. The place of intersection was bright and tinetured with different colours. And easterly and westerly there were fragtsents of a larger circle varying in length, coloured like a rainbow, and of sufficient size, it is believed, if complete, to have included all the rest, and to have exten-led southerly far below the horizon, altogether different from a rainbow in situation and magnitude. The scene varied a little from time to time; and probably was various in different parts of the country. It is said the number of circles seen in some places was seven. In an hour or two it had disappeared at Knoxville, but came on again in the afternoon, only reversed; the point of intersection of the three circles being northeast from the sun, and all appearances changed accordingly. It was seen through a region of country of several hundred miles in extent, and how much farther I am not in-formed. I have waited to see if any
thing similar was noticed in your part of the Union: but suppose not, as no mention was made in the papers. There had been no rain at Knoxville for some days preceding;
and there was none for several days after, though at the time the air was a little hazy, as usual when baloes appear; but what disposition of the vapours could produce such a wonderful play of refraction and reflection, I do not pretend to determine. As it continued so long, I regret that I had no quadrant to ascertain altitudes and angles, though there was nothing remarkable in a horizontal view of things, except that the air appeared rather darker than usual, something as it does in a partial eclipse of the sun; yet the scene above was so brilliant, that my eyes, though remarkably strong, were immediately so overpowered, that I could only take sudden glances of the phenome non, till I had procured a smoked glass. No one present, though there were persons who had lived in different parts of America and Europe, had ever beheld, as they said, or recol lected to have read or heard of the like,
OBSERVATIONS upon baptism, de-. livered at Ipswich, south parish, June 12, 1806. By Joseph Dana, D. 1). pastor of the church in that place; with a view of introductory circumstances and proceedings in the said church. pp. 24. Blunt. Newburyport.
The duty and character of a gospel bishop illustrated. A sermon preached Oct. 30, 1803, at the ordination of the Rev. William B. Wesson, to the pastoral office over the church and society in Hardwich. By Jos. Lee, A. M. pastor of the church in Royalston. Northampton. Wright,
A sermon preached at the ordination of the Rev. Nathan Waldo, A. B. at Williamstown, Vt. Feb. 26, 1806. By Elijah Parish, A. M. pastor of the church in Byfield, Mass Hanover, N. H. Moses Davis.
i No. 1. of the Monthly Register,
We understand that Mr. Carrigain, Secretary of the state, and Mr. Merril, are engaged in making such surveys of different parts of New Hampshire, as may enable them shortly to publish an accurate map of this State.
List of New Publications.
Magazine, and Review of the United States for December. Being a continuation of the Monthly Register and Review newly arranged. This work will be conducted as before, by S. C. Carpenter, in connection with another gentleman of first rate acquirements in every department of literature. Price 6 dollars per an num. 8vo. pp. 64. New York.
No. I. Vol. I. of the Christian Magazine, intended to promote the knowl edge and influence of evangelical truth and order. pp. 120, 8vo. Pub lished quarterly. Price $1,50 a year. N. York. Hopkins & Seymour. Sold by J. & T. Ronalds.
The Sacred Minstrel No. 1. Con. taining an introduction to psalmody, practical essay on modulation, and a collection of sacred music, suitable for religious worship. Selected and
composed by Uri K. Hill. Price 50 vents. Boston. Manning & Loring.
The baptism of believers only, and the particular communion of the Bapist churches, explained and vindicated. In three parts. The first-published originally in 1789; the second -in 1794; the third-an appendix, containing additional observations and arguments, with strictures on several late publications. By Thomas Baldwin. Boston. Manning & Loring. 1807.
A new and compendious Geographical Dictionary or Gazetteer, improv ed. Illustrated by eight maps. Originally written by R. Brooks, M. D. First American edition from the latest European edition, with great additions and improvements in every part. 1 large 8vo. vol. Price $3,50 bound. Philadelphia. J. Johnson.
A Translation of the Alcoran of Mahomet. Worcester. 1. Thomas, jun.
The Works of the Right Hon. Edmund Burke. Vol. 1. 8vo. pp. 491. Boston, published by John West, 75, Cornhill, and O. C. Greenleaf, 3,
IN THE PRESS.
A familiar Survey of the Christian Religion, and of History as connected with the introduction of Christianity, and with its progress to the present time. Intended primarily for the use of young persons of either sex, during the course of public or private education. By Thomas Gisborne, A. M. New-York. Bernard Dornin.
Sir Wm. Forbe's Life of Beattie. 2 vols. 8vo. New-York. Riley & Co. Mrs. West's Letters to her Daughter. New-York. Riley & Co. PROPOSED BY SUBSCRIPTION.
A view of the economy of the Church of God, as it existed in its primitive form, under the Abrahamic dispensation and the Sinai Law; and as it is perpetuated under the more luminous dispensation of the Gospel; particularly in regard to covenants. By Samuel Austin, A. M. Minister of the gospel in Worcester, Massachusetts. Worcester. Thomas & Sturtevant.
young; the young invited to the communion; early piety the comfort of old age; discourse to the aged; dry bones restored; birds and beasts preaching to men; Joab laying hold on the horns of the altar; nothing to be withheld when Christ has need the gate of heaven strait; the causes why many cannot enter the gate; the awful condition of such as are excluded; Pilate's inscription on the cross of Christ; the disciples gazing at the ascending Saviour; the rainbow around the throne; no temple in heaven; universal praise for redemption; the wheels of providence; the temper of a Christian with regard to moral good and evil; the impiety of pleading God's promise in excuse for neglecting plain duty-(and several others.) By Joseph Lathrop, D. D. Pastor of the First Church in WestSpringfield. H. Brewer. Springfield. The vol. is to contain about 400 pages 8vo. Price, bound and lettered, $1,75.
Fifty-two Sermons, by W. Hazlett, for the use of families. 2 vols. 8vo. Price $5 in boards.
Letters of the late Lord Lyttleton, only son of the venerable Lord George Lyttleton, and chiefjustice of Eyre, &c. Two volumes complete in one. The first American, from the eighth London edition. To which will be added, a memoir concerning the author, including an account of some extraordinary circumstances attending his death. 8vo. between 260 and 300 pages, on fine wire-wove paper. Price $1,75 in sheep, $2,25 in calf binding. Troy, N. Y. Wright, Goodenow, and Stockwell.
A volume of Sermons on the following subjects, viz. To little children; the duty of speaking to the
Lectures on the Elements of Chemistry. By Joseph Black, M. D. Professor of Chemistry in the University of Edinburgh. First American edition, with plates. 3 vols. 8vo. wove paper. Price $7 to subscribers. Philadelphia. Matthew Carey.
Major Thomas U. P. Carlton, attorney-general of Georgia, is preparing for the press a work, to be entitled, "The Life of Major-General James Jackson, and a history of the Revolution in the State of Georgia."
A part of the Works of the late Dr. Tappan, Hollis Professor of Divinity, in the University of Cambridge, consisting of a volume of his Sermons, and his Lectures on Jewish Antiquities: each volume to contain about
B. C. D. on the resurrection of Christ, Philalethes on the same subject, Luther's reply to J. C.. Memoirs of the life of Stephen Smith. Esq. Leighton on the influences of the Holy Spirit, Quolquum's sketch of David's character, H. on self-acquaintance, Theophilus on the divinity of Christ, (inserted in this number,) with his exposition of Heb. vi. 4 to 7, are received.
We are particularly obliged to our correspondent for his translations for the Panoplist. The result of the members from Zeland of the synod of Dort, on the question, "In what manner should candidates be prepared for the sacred ministry ?" is excellent and peculiarly seasonable; as are also, "the sentiments of the British divines at the synod of Dort, on some interesting points of divinity," inserted in the present number. We are always gratified by the communications of this correspondent.
Orton's sketch of Dr. William Bates, with preliminary observations, is. thankfully received. His design to send us a succession of the lives of some eminent non-conformist divines, and of the members of the celebrated Westminster Assembly, meets our cordial approbation, and we have no doubt his communications will be highly gratifying to our readers, and promotive of the great object of our work.
N. B. Subscribers are informed that Mr. CALEB BINGHAM, bookseller, No. 44, Cornhill, Boston, will in future act as agent for the editors in Boston, in the distribution of the Panoplist, and receiving payments and communica tions for the work.