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sometimes the case. He seem- a variety of subjects. He knew ed to apprehend he should not, however, till his last visit to scarce see this country again; Edinburgh, his happy experi. and when last in tuis place, said ence of the influence of evangelto a friend near him, “ W'ell! ical doctrines, falsely charged We shall not perhaps meet one with a licentious tendency, in another again till we meet in exciting to abound in works of beaven.”
righteousness and beneficence. What we feared, Providence At that time, Mr. Howard haphas permitted. HOWARD is no pened to hear a sermon, in which more! He died at Cherson,* justification through the blood January the 20th,t of a malignant and merits of Jesus, and the confever, which he caugiit by hu- nexion of the belief of that docmanely visiting a person in that trine with holiness of heart and disorder; to whom he adminis. life, were occasionally illustrated. tered the usual medicine, but The next day he acquainted the without effect. The same med- publisher, how congenial the icine he took himself, which short reflections on that subject proving too powerful for his con- were to his sentiments and feelstitution, the fever carried him ings. A deep and humble sense off in ten days. He had the as- of the defects and blemishes of sistance of several physicians ; his best duties, convinced him and great attention was paid him that he needed a better rightby Prince Potemkin, who not eousness than his own for aconly sent him his own physician, ceptance with God. Free justibut visited him himself.
fication by grace through the reThus fell this great and good demption which is in Christ Jeman a sacrifice to humanity. sus, was the great source of his
The publishert became ace comfort, and motive of his genequainted with this wonderful rous and toilsome efforts for sofman when first in Scotland, and tening sorrow. In one of the bad many agrecable and instruc- Greek Islands, he was surprised tive conversations with him, on to see exposed to sale, two ser
mons by Mr. William Bridges on A settlement of the Empress of the sinfulness of sin and the fulRussia, toward the northern extremi. ty of the Euxine or Black Sea, not farness of Christ, which he immefrom Oczakow.
diately purchased and read with † 1790.
pleasure and edification. The Ś A few days after the publication publisher has been credibly inof the sermon, from which this ac. count is taken, the person who at
formed, that he was ambitious, tended Mr. Howard on his journey, that his only son, who had the and in whose arms he expired, arrive prospect of inheriting a handed from Cherson. From him, among some fortune, should study diother particulars, I learn that he met vinity, and, as a dissenting clerdeath with submission, composure, and fortitude ; and that he retained gyman, publish to men the goshis senses to the last, expressing the pel of Christ. But Providence pleasing satisfaction he felt in the denied the gratification of his prospect of "going home to his Fa- wishes, for reasons which he ther and his God."
! The late Rev. Dr. Erskine of now sees to be wise and just Edinburgh.
THE LIFE OF REV. JOHN SER
ble to the disciples of Jesus, who take an interest in the exertions,
which are now made for extendBroor APHICAL sketches of ing the blessings of the gospel virtuous and good men must al- among the heathen.
This was ways be useful. By being con
the object, which was dear to his versant with the excellent of the
heart, and to the promotion of earth, we shal) catch somewhat of it he devoted his life. their spirit. The patience with The materials for the followwhich they sustained the most ing memoirs are principally de weighty afflictions, will teach us rived from a *pamphlet publishnot to sink under the troubles of ed many years since, which is life. The resolution with which
now in the hands of but few ; they encountered the difficulties
and the words of the author will that were thrown in the way of occasionally be adopted. uprightness, will excite in us an Mr.John SERGEANT was born elevation of mind ; the zeal, at Newark, in New Jersey, in which they manifested in the
the year 1710. A wound in his cause of truth, must impel us to hand deprived him of the power exertion, and while we view them of labour in early life, and indistinguished for qualities, which duced him to seek the improvewe do not possess, and yet hum- ment of his mind. As great an ble and pepitent for sin, and re- evil, as it might have seemed, nouncing all pretensions to mer. it was the means of opening to it, we inust be impressed with him the sources of human learnthe folly of nourishing any proud ing, and of introducing him into conception of our own worth.
the ministry of the gospel. He If we measure the excellence
wag educated at Yale College, and of character by the ardour of be
soon after receiving the degree nevolent feeling, and by the of Bachelor of Arts, in 1729 cheerful sacrifice of earthly bles
was elected tutor, in which of. sings in attempting to promote fice he continued four years with the glory of God in the salvation honour to himself and advantage of sinners, those holy men, who
to those, who were committed have renounced the pleasures of to his instruction. Being detercivilized society for the disgust- mined to devote himself to the ing intercourse of savages, who work of the ministry, and poshave exchanged the cultivated sessing those endowments and field for the dreary wilderness, acquirements, that penetration that they might cause the desert and learning, that sweetness of to rejoice in the knowledge of temper, cheerfulness of mind, God, must surely occupy a high
" Historical Memoirs relating to place in our estimation. But
the Ilousatunnuk Indians, or an account while Eliot, the Mayhews, and
of the methods used and pains taken Brainerd are held in deserved for the propagation of the gospel aremenibrance, the name of Sermong that heathenish tribe, and the grant is not so generally known. success thereof under the ministry of Some notice therefore of his
the late Rev. JOHN SERGEANT. By
Samuel Hopkins, A.M. Pastor of a character and labours, it is church in Springfield. Boston. S. thought, will not be unaccepta- Kneeland. 1753. pp. 182.
openness of manners, and cour- English commenced their settleteousness of address, which ments near them, and Kurikapot, could not fail to render him the principal person at Hrnhk. pleasing and acceptable ; if tukook, was soon discovered to worldly distinction had been his be an industrious and worthy object, his prospects were flat- man, who was inclined to eintering in no common degree. brace the Christian religion. But he was not infuenced by The character of Kunkapot reachselfish desires. His heart, it ing the ears of the Commissioners would seem, was weaned from for Indian affairs, at Boston, of the world. While a member of whom Gov. Belcher was une, sollege he apprehended that he they dispatched the Rev. Messrs. was the subject of a saving change Bull of Westfield, and Williams wrought by the Spirit of God, of of Springfield to Housatonic to a renovation of soul, of conver- confer with the Indians upon sion from sin unto holiness; and their willingness to receive a he had long regarded with com- missionary among them ; and passion the rude and barbarous at the same time it pleased the natives of this country, daily sup- Governor to bestow upon Kunplicating God to render him in- kafol the commission of Captain, strumental in turning them from and upon Umpachenee, another darkness unto light. His prayers Indian well disposed towards the were heard, and an unexpected English, and the principal per way was opened for his entrance son at Skatekook, that of Lieutenamong the heathen.
ant. In Juiy, 1734, the Indian's In that western part of the were visited by the genilemen state of Massachusetts, which appointed for the purpose, and now constitutes the county of they cheerfully agreed, after four Berkshire, there was a small days' consultation, to receive a tribe called the Housatunnuk, minister among them, who should Houssatonnoc, or Housatonic In- teach them to read and instruct dians, probably because they live them in the truths of the gospel: ed upon a river to which they At the close of the conference a had given this name, and which belt of wompum* was presented retains it to this day. It signi- to them by the Rev. Mr. Wilfies over the mountain, They liams, as a solemn ratification of were considered as attached to what had been transacted. the larger tribe of River Indians, Every obstruction to the estaba most of whom lived in the state of New York. Of these Indians
*“ A wompum is a small cylinder the General Assembly, about the about one third of an inch long and as year 1720, purchased two town- large as a straw, with a hole drilled ships on the river abovemention- the shell of some sea-fish polished ve.
through it length-wise. It is made of ed, with the reservation of two
ry smooth. A number of these strung small tracts, the one called Skat• upon smell threads and knit together ekook, wbich is now included in form a belt of wompum.” Strings of Sheffield, and the other Inahk- wompum were useri as crnaments, and tukuok, in Stockbridge. At each answered the purposarf money. Belts of these places there were a few mations of treaties, and records of
of wompum are preserveci as confir. families of Indians, when the erents, Vol. II. No. 8.
lishment of a mission at Housa- burn in the fire, than forsake the tonic, on the part of the Indians, truth,” after engaging to " forbeing thus removed, the next ob- sake heathenish darkness, and ject was to find a suitable person embrace the light of the gospel to undertake the arduous em- and the way of holiness," and ployment; and Mr. Sergeant promising " by the help of diwas the man in every respect vine grace to cleave to the Lord, qualified for the work.
His de- with purpose of heart, &c.” he sire to carry the glad tidings of was baptized by Mr. Bull at the pardon and salvation to those, house or wigwam of the Lieutenwho were ignorant of divine ant. Thus was the mission truth, being known, he was re- smiled upon at its very comquestet to accept the proposed mencement. mission, and he cheerfully con- Mr. Sergeant persuaded the sented. In Oct. 1734, he bid adieu Indians, who, it has been observe to the pleasures of his situation ed, lived at Skatekook and in an excellent seat of learning, Wnaliktukooki, 8 or 10 miles and proceeded towards the place distant from each other, to fix of his future labours. From upon an intermediate spot beWestfield he was accompanied tween them, and to live together by Mr. Bull. “ We sat out,” in one place for the greater conhe says in his journal, “ on venience of assembling on the Thursday, October 11th, in the Sabbath and of having their chilafternoon, designing to lodge at dren instructed. Here they a house about 15 miles onwards cheerfully built a house, which upon the road, which was the answered the double purpose of only house before we came to a school-house and a house of Housutonic. But night coming worship; around which they on too soon for us, we were forc- constructed small huts for the ed to lodge in the woods without accommodation of their families. fire or shelter. The next day This establishment, however, we got to Housatonic, a little be- was only for winter, for in the fore night, through a most dole- summer they separated, and reful wilderness, and the worst turned to their little tracts of road, pernaps, that ever was rid.” land to plant corn and beans,
Oct. 13th, I made a short dis- which were the only vegetables course to the Indians by an in- ' they cultivated. Their princiterpreter, an Indian called Eben- pal reliance for subsistence was ezer, to which the adults, about' upon hunting. 20 in number, gave very good at- Ebenezer informed Mr. Sertention, especially Capt. Kunka
some of the Indians pot, their chief, and his family. whom he had known, were atheI adapted my discourse, as well ists, who supposed all things as I could, to their capacity and began, continued, and ceased acmanner of thinking."
cording to their several natures Ebenezer possessed a considere without any cause or direction able knowledge of the principles from a superior hand. Others of the Christian religion, and the believed the sun to be God, or at next day, at his request, after de- least the body or residence of the claring that “ he would rather deity ; but that now they gener
ally believed the existence of one the chase in the spring and hold -suprenie, invisible Being, the it all summer; by the fall they anaker of all things. He men- have wounded it, and that the tioned also sundry ridiculous blood turns the leaves red: by things, which they believed ; as the winter they have killed it, that the seven stars were so man and the snow is made of its fat ; ny Indians translated to heaven which being melted by the heat in a dance; that the stars in of the summer makes the sap Charles' Trein are so many men of trees.” hunting a bear ; that they begin
(To be continued.)
“ I determined not to make known CRITICISMS ON SCRIPTURE PASSAGES.
any thing, &c.”
But suffer me
to query, for what reason, or by Messrs. Editors,
what authority ? He informs us
that the Seventy use the neutral In the following remarks, verb saw in an active or transitive which I beg leave to address to
sense, to quicken, or cause, 10 live, you, on the criticisms of. The- and adds : “ the same Hebrew ophilus,* I shall aim to unite the idiom we find in the New Testarespect which is due to his tal- ment," immediately referring to ents, with the freedom which be- the Greek onda, as affording inlongs to an inquirer after the
stances. But I would ask, with truth. I readily acknowledge deference, how it appears that that all his communications in this is the same idiom? The inthe Panoplist display both learn- stance in 119th Psalın in the vering and ingenuity. But as to the sion of the Septuagint, is that of correctness of some of his “crit
an intransitive neutral verb used ical observations,” you will per- in a transitive sense, to answer mit me to express my serious
the meaning of the Hebrew doubts. In the first place, I have Hiphil. But in the other passanot been able to satisfy myself ges mentioned by Theophilus, with the construction he gives there appears no change from a of the passages, in which differ-meutral signification of a verb to ent forms of the Greek verb suda
an active, nor from an active to a are used. As I Cor. ij. 2. I de
neutral. According to his contermined not to know any thing struction, the meaning of the verb among you, save Jesus Christ and undergoes an essential change, him crucified. Considering adevæı
so that sdw, an active, or transi. as having the power of the He- tive urb, signifies the same as brew conjugation Hiphil, The Towersw, another active verb. The ophilus renders the passage thus; neutral verb Saw is indeed used in
an active sense by the Septua. * See Panoplist, No. 16, p. 160. gint. We find it in other psalms