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Religious Intelligence.
INDIA.

Testament is nearly all translated in. Extracts of Letters from Mr. Carey to to Mahratta and Qareea ; and a gena Friend in Edinburgh.

tleman translating the New TestaSept. 27, 1804.

ment into Malay. The means afforded of spreading gospel light, by dispersing the word of God and pamphlets, have been

Extract of a Letter from Mrs. Marshgreat, and the exertions of our friends

man, Wife of one of the Mission

aries. very generous, and though the light struck up be but as a spark, it has

“ As it is the desire of our breth. glanced upon very many. Yet, from ren to spread the gospel as widely as a calculation made a few days ago, it possible, they mean, as often as any appears that it will require the ex- brother can be spared from home, to penditure of a sum not less than place him out, after he bas learned the 250,0001. sterling, to furnish every language, at the distance of 50 or 100 tweifth person in Bengal with a New miles ; putting him at the same time Testament, at the cheapest rate that into a little way of business, wherewe can print them : What then must by he may employ a number of the we say of the whole of Hindoostan patives, and at the same time make and the surrounding countries? The known to them something of the bles. prospect on one side almost sinks our sed way of life. Thus brother Cham. hopes ; but the promise and faithful- berlain is stationed at Cutwa, about ness of God encourages us to go on.

100 miles up the river. We bought • The earth must be filled with the him a piece of ground, built him a knowledge of the Lord.” This bungalow, and put him into the cloth knowledge must be conveyed by the way. He employs a number of wearword of his grace, published and ers, gives them a little money in hand; preached. Compared with the great they find every thing, and inake the ness of the work, the means are but cloth at their own houses; when done small; and, perhaps, three-fourths of they bring it home, and receive the those means which God has commit- rest of the money; with which we ted to his church are withheld, by the supply him from Serampore. influence of custom, preconceived

“My first business in the morning opinions of church government, tim- is to see that the children (forty or idity, conformity to the world, luxu- forty-five in number) are bathed and ry, covetousness, or other evils ; per- dressed fit for the day. At seven, the baps few feel, as they ought, the sin writing-school commences ; at eight, of not devoting all their talents, in- worship and breakfast ; at nine, school Auence, and substance to the Lord. begins again, and continues till the

bell rings for dinner, at half past one ; 8th Feb. 1805. at three, school again, which ends at The second edition of the New Tes. half past five; and by the time every tament is getting forward. We skip thing is put in order, tea is ready : ped over Luķe, Acts, and Romans, and after tea, worship immediately. intending to print 10,000 copies of By the time all is over, and the chalthese three books to give away, where dren are in bed, it is generally nine a whole New Testament might be im

o'clock; after which time is my holyproper. We are now in the first epis. day, to read, write or work. But I am te to the Thessalonians; and of the often so overcome with fatigue, and 10,000, Luke is nearly finished. The the scorching heat of the day, that I ten first chapters of Matthew are feel neither will nor power to do any printed in Mahratta, at Dr. Hunter's thing at all; and when I sit down to press; Matthew, and part of Mark, converse with you, it is with a weary in Hindostanee ; and the third vol- body, a stupid soul, and dim eyes. But name of the Old Testament, Job and I am sure of having all my faults the second edition of the Psalms to lightly passed over, and all covered Psalm 136, are printed. The New with love."

Evan. Mag.

VACCINA-
LIVES OF

THE

THOUSANDS.

Literary Intelligence.
VACCINATION.

of deaths from this discase was as five Da. DE CARRO, of Vienna, has re- to four. ceived accounts from the East Indies, Hence it would appear that inoculathat no less than 145,840 persons were tion has done a great injury to socie. vaccinated there between Sept. 1, ty at large, and the difficulty of ex

1802, and April 30, 1804. - The Ra- tending it generally so as to convert jah of Tanjore is a zealous supporter it truly into a public benefit is attend. of vaccination ; and the Devan of Tra- ed with almost insuperable difficulty. ramore has himself submitted to the For, to make a law, that inoculation process. Among the vaccinated per. shall be general and periodical, apsons were 4141 Brahmins, 41,806 Mal. pears both cruel and arbitrary, abars, 10,926 Mahometans.

where security of life cannot be given Chris. Obsero. to all ; and is what no government,

grounded on the basis of general SMALL POX DESTROYS,

liberty, would venture to adopt. T103 SAVES,

But through the kindness of Divine

Providence the means of obviating From a statement of facts extract. all these difficulties and dangers have ed chiefly from a late work, published at length been placed within our in London in favour of vaccination, power, by the invaluable discovery it appears, that the Small Pox has made public by Dr. Edward Jenner, destroyed more lives, than all the that the Cow Pock, which has never wars throughout the world.

been known to prove fatal, effectually To lessen in some degree this secures the constitution from the attacks destruction of the human race, in. of either the natural or inoculated Small oculation was introduced, by which Pox. the mortality of the disease was pre- The following annual statement of vented, as far as it respected those, deaths by the Small Pox within the wbo submitted to the operation. London bills of mortality, in the pre

But as the benefit of inoculation sent century, has lately been publishcannot be extended to society, as is ed by the Jennerian Society of that observed by a popular writer, by any city. other means than by making the prac- A. D. 1800

(deaths 2409 tice general ; while it is confined to a 1801

1461 few it must prove hurtful to the 1802

1579 whole. By means of it the contagion 1803

1173 is spread and is communicated to ma- 1804

622 ny, who might otherwise have never As the society remarks, it is hoped had the disease. Accordingly it is the knowledge of these facts will be found that more persons die of the strongly promotive of the beneficial Small Poş now than before inocula- practice of Vaccine inoculation ; it tion was introduced ; and this impor. appearing that the fatal disease of tant discovery, by which alone more Small Pox has progressively declined Lives might be saved than by all the as the inestimable discovery of Dr. other endeavours of the faculty, is in Jenner has been introduced. A great measure lost by its benefit not Vaccination was introduced into being extended to the whole com- Vienna in 1801. Its effects in de. munity. Dr. Heberden in his ob. creasing the deaths by Small Pox are servations on the increase and de. evident from comparing the deaths crease of different diseases observes, since that period with those of the that be examined carefully the bills preceding years. of mortality, and comparing the de. In 1800 835 died of Small Pox. struction occasioned by the Small Pox 1801

164 in Great Britain before and since 1802

61 inoculation, reluctantly was brought to

1803

27 this melancholy conclusion, that at the 1804

2 only. present period, the proportional increase

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A Comparative View of the Natural Small Pox, Inoculated Small Pox, and Vaccination, in

their Effects on Individuals and Society.

INOCULATED SMALL POS.

NATURAL SMALL POX.

VACCINATION
Por twelve centuries this disorder has been known to For the most part mild, but sometimes Is an infallible pre-
continue its ravages, destroying every year an immense pro- violent, painful, loathsome and dangerous to ventive of the Small
portion of the population of the
world.

life; always Contagious, and therefore gives Pox, always mild, free
It is in some few instances mild, but for the most part rise to the Natural Small Box, and has actual. from pain or dan-
violent, painful, loathsome, dangerous to life, and always ly, by spreading the disease, increased the gen-ger, nerer fatal, not
CONTAGIOUS.

eral mortality seventeen in every thousand. contagious.
One case in three dangerous, one in six dies. At least One in forty has a dangerous disease, one No eruption but
half of mankind have it, consequently one in twelve of the hu- in three hundred dies. And in London, one in where vaccinated. No
man race perish by this disease. In London three thousand an hundred.

confinement, loss of
die annually, forty thousand in Great Britain and Ireland. Eruptions are sometimes very considerable, time, or expense nec-
The eruptions are numerous, painful, and disgusting. confinement, loss of time, and expense cer- essary:

No precau-
Confinement, loss of time and expense are certain, and more tain, and more or less considerable; prepa- tion, no medicine re-
or less considerable. Precautions are for the most part ration by diet and medicine necessary, ex quired, no consequent
unavailing. Medical treatment necessary, both during the tremes of heat and cold dangerous; during deformity. No sub-
disease, and afterwards. It occasions, pitts, scars, scams, ill health, teething and pregnancy to be avoid sequent disease,
&c. disfiguring the skin, particularly the face. The subseed, medical treatment usually necessary.
quent diseases are scrophula in its worst forms: diseases of When the disease is severe, deformity proba.
the skin, glands, joints, &c. and loss of sense, sight or hear- ble, and subsequent disorders as in the Natu-
ing frequently follow.

ral Small Pox.

It is attempting to cross a large and rapid stream by swimming, when one in six perishes.

It is passing the river in a boat subject to accidents, where one in three hundred perishes and one in forty suffers partially.

It is passing over a safe bridge.

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Parents and others are earnestly rior advantages of the Cow Pock may requested to attend seriously to the be fully experienced by the objects of preceding comparison, and to the fol. this charity.” lowing certificate and recommenda- Therefore, Resolved, That we do tion :

entirely accord with the sentiments Philadelphia, April 12, 1803. of the physicians ; and earnestly re. We the subscribers, Physicians of commend to the poor of the city, to Philadelphia, having carefully consid. embrace the means now offered of ered the nature and effects of the new- preserving themselves and families ly discovered means of preventing, from a dangerous and loathsome dis. by Vaccination, the fatal consequen- ease by the newly discovered and ces of the Small Pox, think it a duty happy mode of inoculation for the thus publicly to declare our opinion, Cow Pock; which will be daily perthat inoculation for the Kine or Cow formed by the physicians at the DisPock, is a certain preventive of the pensary. Small Pox; that it is attended with Published by Order of the Board of no danger, may be practised at all Managers, ages and seasops of the year, and we WILLIAM WHITE, President. do therefore recommend it to general April 25, 1803. use. John Redman, John Porter,

After a mature consideration of W. Shippen,

Felix Pascalis, the preceding statement of facts and A. Kuhn,

James Stewart, recommendations, we would venture Samuel Duffield, James Dunlap, to ask every person of reflection, Benj, Rush, James Proudfit, WHETHER IT IS JUSTIFIABLE TO Thomas Parke, Thos. T. Hewson, CONTINUE TO INOCULATE FOR THE Benj. Say, James Gallaher, SMALL Pox! Philips. Physick, Charles Caldwell, [Ext. from a pamphlet pub. Phil. C. Wistar, jun.

Thos. C. James, Saml. P. Griffitts, Wm. P. Dewees, John R. Cose, Benj. S. Barton, Jas. Woodhouse, Isaac Sermon, NEW GERMAN PUBLICATIONS. Saml. F. Conover, George Pfeiffer, Essay on the German inhabitants of the Pl. F. Glentworth, Jos. P. Minnick, Austrian dominions. 2 vols. Svo. E. Perkins,

Wm. Barnwell, Vienna. Wm. Currie,

Adam Seybert, The author of this work is Mr. M. Leib,

James Mease, Joseph Rohrer, Commissary General Wm. J. Jacobs, John C. Otto, of the Police at Lemberg, who, by his Isaac Cathrall, J. Reynolds, frequent journies in all parts of the John Keemle, J. Church, Austrian territories, has examined J.C. Rousseau, Arthur Blayney. almost every thing in person ; and has Rene La Roche, Monges, collected many important facts relative Elijah Griffiths, William Budd, to the statistical history of these Geo. F. Alberti, Joseph Pfeiffer, states. Joseph Strong, Edw. Cutbush. This work, with the following,

combine a mass of information al. Philadelphia, May 26, 1806. most wholly new. They are divided N. Chapman, Peter Miller, into, 1. Population. 2. Bodily Con. John S. Dorsey, Joseph Parrish, stitution. 3. Food. 4. Dresses. Isaac Cleaver, S. Bleight. 5. Occupations. 6. Arts and La. Wm. Shaw,

bours. 7. Character. 8. Religion.

9. Manners of the inhabitants. PHILADELPHIA DISPENSARY. The number of the German inhabi. The attending and consulting phy. tants of the Austrian States, is sicians having informed the mana- 6,300,000, making not more than one gers, “That they had, for these fourth part of the whole population, eighteen months past, inoculated for but by far the most important part in the Cow Pock, and found it mild, un- respect to activity, commerce, indus, attended with danger, and a full se. try, and ingenuity in general. curity against the Small Pox, and ex- The Austrian has considerable pressing their wishes that the supe. bodily strength, and loves good

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cheer. The Emperor Joseph II. increased, as to form one sixth part added greatly to the advantages of of the population. Eclectic Review. his people, by infusing and directing a spirit of activity, of industry, and

RUSSIA. of commercial adventure among Count Potocki has lately pubthem. Arts and letters are in es. lished, in 1 vol. 4to. a History of the teem ; and especially music and en- Primitive Inhabitants of Russia, with graving; in which Austria and Bo- a full explanation of their local cushemia have produced excellent pro- toms and national traditions, illustrafessors. Letters, properly speaking, tive of the Fourth Book of Herodo. enjoyed but a small period of liberty, tus. It is the result of researches and that was during the reign of Jor and travels continued during twenty seph II.

years; and is explanatory of the

Mosaic history, concluding with a Essay on the Jews of the Austrian commentary on the tenth chapter of

monarchy. By the same author. Genesis.

This part of our author's labours A committee of censure is es. is the most interesting, as it contains tablished at Petersburgh over the various plans for rendering the Jews press, composed of three members useful to the community.

and a secretary, receiving together The general principle adopted by salaries, which amount to 5370 mur M. R. is, that the state, which ad. bles. If a writer thinks they have mits Jews to the privileges of citi- treated him with injustice, he can zenskip, has a right to exact from appeal to the supreme direction of them all the duties, which belong to studies. The censors have not the that station : and his conclusion is power to suppress a work on account that so long as this people are suffer. of some reprehensiblc passages ; but ed to evade the occupations of agri. it is their duty to point them out to culture, trades, and regular com- the author, that he may correct merce ; so long as they are permit. them ; but they are forbidden to ted to pursue their vagabond irregu- make the correction themselves. larities, usury, and traffic; so long A splendid embassy is about to be will they be miserable as a people, sent from the Russian government and a dead weight on well organized to China, from which great advanta. states. It is truly remarkable, that ges, both commercial and scientific, all the endeavours of the Emperor are expected. Joseph, whether by persuasion, en. The emperor has granted to the couragement, or even by constraint, Jews the privilege of educating their effected nothing. Their number in children in any of the schools and the Austrian territories is estimated universities of the empire ; or the es. at 422,698. At Lemberg, the coun. tablishment of schools at their own try of the author, they are so greatly expense.

Christian Ob.

List of Dew Publications. The advantages of God's presence the Washington Society, and publish. with his people in an expedition ed at their request. By James Muir, against their enemies : A sermon D. D. pastor of the Presbyterian preached at Newbury, May 22, 1755, church at Alexandria. Alexandria. at the desire and in the audience of S. Snowden. Col. Moses Titcomb, and many oth- A sermon preached in Sharon, Ver. ers enlisted under him, and going mont, March 12, 1806, at the ordina. with him in an expedition against the tion of the Rev. Samuel Bascom. By French. By John Lowell, a. M. pas. the Rev. Tilton Eastman, pastor of tov of a church in Newbury. Newbu- the Congregational church in Ran. Typort. E. W. Allen. 1806.

dolph, Vt. Hanover, N. H. 1806. The Messiah's reign; a sermon

Moses Davis, preached on the 4th of July, before The Commonwealth's Man, in &

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