as I can-and to serve my Lord and Master as faithfully as I can, until he shall think proper to call me home." Mr. W. still urged for an explicit answer to his question, in case the time of death were left to his own choice. Mr. Tennent replied, "I have no choice about it; I am God's servant, and have engaged to do his business, as long as he pleases to continue me therein. But now, brother, let mé ask you a question. What do you think I would say, if I was to send my man Tom into the field to plough; and if at noon I should go to the field, and find him lounging under a tree, and complaining," Master, the sun is very hot, and the ploughing hard and difficult, I am tired and weary of the work you have appointed me, and am overdone with the heat and burden of the day do master let me return home and be discharged from this hard service?" What would I say? Why, that he was an idle, lazy fellow; that it was his business to do the work that I had appointed him, until I, the proper judge, should think fit to call him home. Or, suppose you had hired a man to serve you faithfully for a given time in a particular service, and he should, without any reason on your part, and before he had performed half his service, become weary of it, and upon every occasion be expressing a wish to be discharged, or placed in other circumstances? Would you not call him a wicked and slothful servant, and unworthy of the privileges of your employ?" The mild, pleasant, and Christian like manner, in which this reproof was administered, rather

increased the social harmony and edifying conversation of the company; who became satisfied that it was very possible to err, even in desiring, with undue earnestness, "to depart and be with Christ," which in itself is "far better" than to remain in this imperfect state; and that it is the duty of the Christian in this respect to say, "All the days of my appointed time will I wait till my change come."

Among Mr. Tennent's qualifications, none were more conspicuous than his activity both of body and mind. He hated and despised sloth. He was almost always in action-never wearied in well doing, nor in serving his friends. His integrity and independence of spirit were observable on the slightest acquaintance. He was so great a lover of truth, that he could not bear the least aberation from it, even in a joke. He was remarkable for his candour and liberality of sentiment, with regard to those, who differed from him in opinion. His hospitality and demestic enjoyments were even proverbial. His public spirit was always conspicuous, and his attachment to what he thought the best interests of his country, was ardent and inflexible. He took an early and decided part with his country in the commencement of the late revolutionary war.


About the latter end of February, or beginning of March, 1777, Mr. Tennent was suddenly seized with a fever, attended by violent symptoms. He sent for his family physician, who was in the act of setting off for the legislature of the state, of which he was a member. He

called on his patient on his way, but could spend but a few minutes with him. He, however, examined carefully into Mr. T.'s complaints, and the symptoms attending the disorder. With great candour the physician informed his patient, that the attack appeared unusually violent; that the case required the best medical aid, and that it was out of his power to attend him. He feared that, at his advanced age, there was not strength of nature sufficient to overcome so severe a shock, and that his symptoms scarcely admitted of a favourable prognostic. The good old man received this news with his usual submission to the divine will; for, as he had always considered himself as bound for eternity, he had endeavoured so to live, that when the summons should come, he would have nothing to do but to die. He calmly replied, "I am very sensible of the violence of my disorder, that it has racked my constitution to an uncommon degree, and beyond what I have ever before experienced, and that it is accompanied with symptoms of approaching dissolution; but, blessed be God, I have no wish to live, if it should be his will and pleasure to call me hence." After a moment's pause, he seemed to recollect himself, and varied the expression thus: "Blessed be God, I have no wish to live, if it should be his will and pleasure to call me hence, unless it should be to see a happy issue to the severe and arduous controversy my country is engaged in; but, even in this, the will of the Lord be done."

continued perfectly resigned to the divine will, until death was swallowed up in victory, on the 8th day of March, 1777. His body was buried in his own church, at Freehold, a numerous concourse of people, composed, not only of the members of his own congregation, but of the inhabitants of the whole adjacent country, attending his funeral.

Mr. Tennent was rather more than six feet high; of a spare thin visage, and of an erect carriage. He had bright, piercing eyes, a long, sharp nose, and a long face. His general countenance was grave and solemn, but at all times cheerful and pleasant with his friends. It may be said of him with peculiar propriety, that he appeared, in an extraordinary manner, to live above the world, and all its allurements. He seemed habitually to have such clear views of spiritual and heavenly things, as afforded him much of the foretaste and enjoyment of them. His faith was really and experimentally "the substance of things hoped for, and the evidence of things unseen." Literally his daily walk was with God, and he lived" as seeing him who is invisible." The divine presence with him, was frequently manifested in his public ministrations, and in his private conduct. His ardent soul was seldom satisfied, unless he was exerting himself, in some way or other, in public or private, in rendering kind offices and effectual services of friendship, both in spiritual and temporal things to his fellow men. Take him in his whole demeanour and conduct, there are few of whom it might more emphatical

During his whole sickness, he ly be said, that He lived the life,

Sir?" Mr. Tennent answered, "You have been sending your whole congregation, synod and all, to perdition, and you have not even saved yourself. Whenever I preach, I make it a rule to save myself," and then abruptly left him, without his knowing, who spoke to him.

At Mr. Tennent's death, the poor mourned for him, as their patron, their comforter and support; and the rich lamented over him as their departed pastor and friend. The public, at large, lost in him a firm assertor of the civil and religious interests of his country. He was truly a patriot, not in words and pretences, not in condemning all who differed from him to proscription and death, but in acting in such a manner, as would have rendered his country most happy, if all had followed his example. He insisted on his own rights and freedom of sentiment, but he was willing to let others enjoy the same privilege; and he thought it of as much importance to live and act well, as to think and speak justly.


May all, who read the memoirs of this amiable and useful man, fervently and constantly beseech that God, with whom is the residue of the Spirit, that their life may be that of the righteous, so that their latter end may be like his and that the Great Head of the church, while he removes faithful and distinguished labourers from the gospel vineyard, may raise up others, who shall possess, even a double portion of their spirit, and, who shall be even more successful in winning souls unto Jesus Christ, the great Bishop

and died the death of the right


He was well read in divinity, and was of sound orthodox principle. He professed himself a moderate Calvinist. The doctrines of man's depravity; the atonement of the Saviour; the absolute necessity of the allpowerful influence of the Spirit of God, to renew the heart and subdue the will; all in perfect consistence with the free agency of the sinner, were among the leading articles of his faith. These doctrines, indeed, were generally interwoven in his public discourses, whatever might be the particular subject discuss ed. His success was often answerable to his exertions. His people loved him as a father; revered him as the pastor and bishop of their souls;, obeyed him as their instructor; and delighted in his company and private conversation as a friend and brother. He carefully avoided making a difference between his doctrines publicly taught and his private practice. Attending a synod, a few years before his death, a strange clergyman, whom he never had before seen, was introduced to the synod, and asked to preach in the evening. Mr. Tennent attended, and was much displeased with the sermon. As the congregation were going out of the church, Mr. Tennent in the crowd, coming up to the preacher, touched him on the shoulder, and said, "My brother, when I preach, I take care to save myself, whatever I do with my congregation." The clergyman looked behind him with surprise, and seeing a very grave man, said, "What do you mean of souls.

standing this judicious counsel, LIFE OF LUTHER.

Melancthon began to counte. (Continued from page 9.)

nance them, attended their meete

ings, and even procured scholABOUT this period, that spirit ars for them. Carlostadt also of fanaticism which afterwards favoured their schemes ; and is raged with such violence, and said to have gone so far as to was productive of so much disor- burn every classical author which der and bloodshed in Germany, he possessed, declaring that hufirst began to appear. Stork, a man learning was unnecessary, clothier at Zwickaw, a town of and the Holy Spirit the only inUpper Saxony, as the leader of a structor who ought to be attended sect, chose, from among his fel. to. Luther determined to leave low-tradesmen twelve apostles his retreat, to correct, if possible, and seventy-two disciples, who these fatal mistakes of his friends all enthusiastically imagined that and fellow-citizens, and wrote the they had received clear and com- Elector that this was his determimanding intimations from God, nation. Accordingly, though the with whom they had familiar Elector dissuaded him in the communications, of their being most urgent terms, by stating called to preach the gospel. the probable effect which this Their pretended revelations, step might have on the reformtheir fantastic dreams, and celes- ation in general, he was firm tial visions, of which they talked to his resolution, trusting in the with great solemnity and appear- protection of the God of heaven.* ance of veracity, not only im- « God,” said he, “ calls and imposed on the ignorant and super- pels me; I will not resist the stitious, but startled Carlostadt call :---the consideration either and Melancthon, who knew not of your displeasure or of your what to think of them. In this favour, nay, the hatred and fury perplexity, they wrote an account of the whole world are to be disof all the circumstances to the regarded, when the state of relige Elector, and requested an inter- ion requires it.” With confiview with Luther, in whose dis- dence, he added, “I am firmly cernment they had full confi- persuaded that my word, or the dence. The Elector, though beginning of the gospel preached prejudiced against these impos. by me, is not of myself, but of tors, listened to Melancthon's God. Nor shall any form of letter, and though he refused to persecution, or death, make me set Luther at liberty, he recom- think otherwise, if God stand by mended caution towards the fa

And I think, I more natics, to prevent the spread of than conjecture when I say, that their opinions at Wittemberg. neither terror nor cruelty shall Lather, however, being consult- be able to extinguish this light of ed by letter, advised Melancthon life.”+ In pursuance of his purto distrust the high pretensions pose he left his retreat, which he of the fanatics, and to require the same proof of their divine mission which the apostles gate, Seckend. $ 118. Add.

* Beausobre, tom. ii. p. 205-216. by working miracles. · Notwith

† Seckend. $ 120.p. 196.


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used to call his Patmos, on the 4th of March, 1522; having been concealed in it exactly ten months."* To justify, in some measure, this conduct, at Frederic's request, who trembled for the consequences of his enlargement, he wrote a letter to him, in which he stated, that he had left his confinement for three reasons: because he was under the strong est obligation to carry on the reformation which he had begun; because the people over whom he was appointed to labour entreated his presence; and be cause he was anxious to check the rising spirit of sedition, which had appeared among these fanatics.t

He arrived at Wittemberg the 6th of March, and was received with great joy by the people. He immediately declared his dissatisfaction with Carlostadt's precipitation in new modelling the form of religious service, and abolishing images, as well as in countenancing the seditious and fanatical disciples of of Stork. Whether Luther adopted this measure from a wish to preserve moderation, and to please the Elector, who had advised caution and deliberation, or from jealousy of the honour which Carlostadt would derive from executing a plan which had been pointed out to him, is now difficult to be determined; both may, perhaps, have been combined in giving this direction to his conduct. He, however, gave audience to the fanatics in presence of Melancthon and after hearing, in silence, their narrative, instead of condescending to refute

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it, he only earnestly exhorted them to renounce their opinions as the illusions of frenzied minds, or the suggestions of a lying spirit. Their indignation was raised almost to madness; they accused him of blasphemy, and left him with the most outrageous threatenings, and confidence in their own miraculous powers. To prevent the effects of Carlostadt's rashness, he also published a small treatise, On Communion under both kinds, with animadversions on the changes which had been introduced, in which he recommended, that, in the ordinary worship, the bread only, should continue to be used, but that the cup also should be given to those who wished it; that confession should precede communicating, but that none should be compelled to confess; that images should be allowed to remain, and priests have the liberty of marrying. With whatever moderation he wrote concerning the mode of communion, he shewed none to the Pope and Bishops, who did not cease, in the spirit of their furious bull, to do all in their power to persecute him, but published a small volume, entitled, Against the Misnamed Spiritual Order of the Pope and Bishops, in which he compressed every argument which he could think of, to prove, that they were any thing but messengers of Christ, in a state of condemnation, and the cause of ruining the souls of the people. This treatise, though agreeable to the people, who saw, with pleasure, the vices and authority of those powerful prelates, whose

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