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of the Lord; this is our comfort, and his promises are our encouragement.
“ April 5.–For forty days it has been the season of 'Lent with the Catholics, during which they abstain from meat, and live on the simplest food. Yesterday was · Good Friday,' and I went to a Portuguese church in the evening, about a mile distant to witness the ceremony of the crucifixion. The house was large, and crowded with people, mostly of their own denomination. As we entered, the priest was speaking, but in a tongue unknown to us, and probably also to most of the audience. The lamps were soon lighted, and afterwards a cross brought out from behind a curtain, which was drawn across one end. At the sight of this the people fell on their knees, the priest in a plaintive tone still haranguing them. It was then removed and concealed by the curtain for a considerable time, which when drawn aside discovered a body extended on the cross, apparently fastened by the hands and feet. At sight of this they again fell on their knees, and soon a clattering sound, representing, I suppose, the earthquake and rending of the rocks, was heard in every part of the house. A solemn, plaintive tone of music followed at intervals--the performers were unseen.
“After a little time, a hearse was brought in, richly covered, which was borne with slow and solemn steps towards the body. Two ladders were also brought and placed against the back of the cross, on each of which a person ascended to prepare the body for the tomb. The head was carefully bound with clean towels, and the body let down and placed on the hearse. It was then carried out with much pomp, and an image of the virgin Mary followed. These ceremonies appear very imposing, and calculated to deceive and captivate the ignorant. Ah! when may we hope to see such a concourse of natives, listening with as much attention and interest to the true gospel, embracing the Saviour indeed with a true and living faith, and conforming their lives to his precepts ? Superstition, custom, and depravity, all combine to resist the retiring, unceremonious, unobtrusive,self-mortifying nature of the doctrines he taught. Yet the heathen shall be given him for an inheritance. This we know, though we may not live to see the day with regard to this people.
“May 16th.-There is a great commotion among the brahmins at present, in consequence of the teachers in the employment of the mission being required to rise in time of prayer : but more especially, because one of their number, who is now our pundit, actually did arise in the face of all present, who refused to do this. Most of our teachers and pupils confessed the requisition was proper, and avowed their willingness to comply, if all would. But two or three set themselves to oppose, and they found a very ready abettor in a pundit, whom we recently dismissed for misconduct. He plead hard to be retained, and with much sensibility, but he was refused, and went away medita- ja ting revenge. The subject of our recent requisition afforded a favorable foundation. He went about exciting the brahminical brotherhood, and every one who appeared disaffected, and strengthened opposition. A learned brahmin from Poonah, now here, was placed at the head, and council after council has been held, trying to make out that adherence to what we require is against caste. The poor, single brahmin who had once stood, was summoned before them, and they now endeavor to convince him he has lost caste. He has not quite firmness - of principle sufficient to sustain him, and is therefore much troubled. I sincerely pity him, but still hope it will result in his eternal good. A spirit of prayer is excited among us in his behalf.
“ June 28th.-Six letters have reached o me, which, though nearly or quite a year
old, are more precious than treasures of gold. The intelligence has caused my
heart to rejoice indeed. I had some hope *of a revival in W. but scarcely dared to ex
pect it. And is it indeed true, that so matony of the dear youth have embraced the
Saviour, and chosen in their best days that good part which can never be taken from them ? And may I number among them so many for whom I have felt especially interested ? Is it true, that while I was sailing on the tempestuous ocean, deprived of Christian ordinances, and Christian intelligence, they were earnestly, crying, What must I do to be saved ??—submitting to Jesus, and thus not only finding peace themselves, but giving joy to saints on earth, and angels in heaven? My heart has truly leaped for joy, and I have received a new im
ulse to encourage and strengthen me in i my duties and labors.”
CHAPTER X I.
The following extracts will show the labors, trials, and encouragements of missionaries, and exhibit the faith and patience they need in their daily intercourse with the heathen.
“July 30th, 1828.—The inspection of native female schools is attended with no small care and anxiety. To please the children and their parents, and keep in what appears to be the line of duty, is often found too hard to accomplish. The Hindoos do not value learning much for their daughters, it is therefore difficult to persuade them to allow their attendance at school for a sufficient length of time to obtain any real benefit. Induced by the hope of obtaining presents, they will often send them for a little time; but perhaps before they can read a word, or even know their letters, something will call them away ;-a festival, a wedding, a removal into the country, or