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suspected it. For ourselves, indeed, we situation, to shake off the Falstaffs of the rather incline to believe, from the total | age, and all those forlorn accomplishments silence of Lyttelton himself and of all his , which had so long stifled and depressed his relations and correspondents, that the young abilities. Forgive an old man the hint he man's conduct was so bad, that in charity to takes the liberty of giving, and be assured his father they never mentioned him; and he ardently wishes to see what your Lordship this opinion seems confirmed by their rejoic- calls his partiality justified by a conduct ings on his return home in 1772.

which will make him happy in calling bimThe father, in the hope that marriage self, my dear Lord, your most affectionate might reclaim his son, looked out for a pro- and obedient servant." per match,—and a lady was selected. But The reader has now seen something-all the scapegrace, wbo even in 1772 could do that is known—of the training of this Junius nothing like a rational being, though all par- of the Quarterly up to the summer of 1765, ties were agreed, must needs, as the father —and heard his father's report of it. He says, “steal a march on the family,”—and has read, also, the character given of him get married. As might have been expected, in, or to be inferred from, the letters of his within a few months he stole another “march father, of Chatham, and of Temple, at the on the family,”—deserted his wife, and close of the “

great labors” of Junius in bolted to the Continent;--whence he re- 1772. , Let us again remind him that to turned only on his father's death, in August, complete the argument of the Quarterly, he 1773.

. What influence, if any, the profligate is required to believe that all the Miscellanefolly of this profligale man had on that ous Letters in the edition of 1814 were writfather may never be known; but we believe ten by Junius, contrary to known and notorithere is reference to it in the account of the ous facts; and that the “ Letters of Thomas, father's death written by the physician who Lord Lyttelton” are genuine, contrary to attended him :-“ His Lordship's bilious and the declarations of all who have referred to hepatic complaints seemed alone not equal them, from the executors of Lord Lyttelton to the expected mournful event; his long down to Mr. Combe, who acknowledged want of sleep, whether the consequence of himself to be the writer. This premised, he the irritation in the bowels, or, which is more will proceed “with what appetite he may," probable, of causes of a different kind, ac- to the old, endless, profitless talk about style, counts for his loss of strength and for his coincidences, analogies, and so forth ; and to death very sufficiently.” On this melancholy arguments deduced from the somewhat nooccasion, Temple, the old friend and relation torious fact, that passages may be found in of the family, who would have hugged speeches made between 1773 and 1779, Junius to his heart and gloried in him,- reported by Mr. (Memory) Woodfall and thus wrote to the Junius of the Quarlerly : others, after the free fashion of the day,

- You have an hereditary right not only and in Letters written after 1773, no matter
to my affection, but to every real service it by whom,—which will remind him that
could be in my power to show you; the Junius's Letters were published before either
great figure you may yet make depends on the letters were written or the speeches were
yourself. Henry the Fifth had been Prince spoken.
of Wales; he knew how, with chanye of

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Mr. Catlin, the well-known collector of Red Indian as exist of these and similar races ; and it is a rerelics, has brought before the public his scheme- Aection on the Governments of England and of the long talked of in private-for establishing what he United States that they bave bitherto remained so calls a “ Museum of Mankind." There is a bold

indifferent in the matter,--that being severally cusand alliterative grandeur in the sound. But when todians of certain interesting and rapidly obliteratMr. Catlin comes to explain his idea, it turns out that he defines the word “mankind,” for his pur suffer the final extinction of the record to take place

ing pages of the book of human history, they should pose, as meaning no more than the expiring mem- before their eyes without any attempt to preserve bers of the great human family--the Red Indian, its lessons for futurity. Mr. Catlin has done work the native Australian, the Greenlander, the Peru- which will enti him to the lasting gratitude of vian--and so forth. Measures, no doubt, might be ethnographical inquirers. taken for obtaining and preserving such memorials

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The principal works published and reviewed in She-a pietist in religion—had made a vow at her the critical journals of Great Britain during the last husband's grave never to marry again,—and she month, are mentioned in the following lists :-- was disposed to keep her vow. As she could not

marry Niebuhr herself, he asked her to choose a History, BIOGRAPHY, TRAVELS, &o.

wife for him ;-and, after some thought, she selected The Life and Letters of Niebuhr, though embra. her own sister Amelia. In bis union with this lady cing essays by Chevalier Bunsen and Professor Bran Niebuhr was happy for some years. He succeeded dis, appears to disappoint the learned world. It is in the world, -served the State in various high a very good book intrinsically, but does not satisfy offices,-acquired the friendship of the first men in the expectations excited by its title. Nearly all Germany, -and through the delivery of his lectures the letters in the massive volumes are translated on Roman History at Berlin raised himself to a high from Madame Hensler's Lebensnachrichten über B. place in the intellectual hierarchy of Europe. His G. Niebuhr, and but very few are original. The wife died—and he again solicited Dora Hensler to essays of Bunsen and Prof. Brandis are also re-accept his hand. But she adhered to her vow ;prints from previously published works; so that, so and again failing in his suit, he again requested her far from being a new work, it is a reproduction, on a to provide a substitute. It would seem that the smaller scale, of Madame Hensler's work. The vow only stood between her and himself,—for she journals find considerable fault with the deception. still retained him in the family. This time, she The Athenæum gives the following interesting view selected her cousin Gretchen, and strange as all of Niebuhr's epistolary habits and relations :- this seems to us-he married her. Dora's refusals

“From early youth, Niebuhr was a constant and do not appear, therefore, to have caused any, even an attractive letter writer. As yet there was no momentary, suspension of the friendship between cheap and uniform postage system-no express Niebuhr and hereelf

. His letters to her---ever kind, trains and electric telegraphs to supersede the old serene, affectionate-present an unbroken series. habits of epistolary correspondence between parted The moment he parted from her, he began to write friends. In his time, men yet wrote their histories to her regularly. In the most trying situations of in their private letters. Niebuhr had numerous his life-during the fierce bombardment of Copencorrespondents ; among the chief of whom were- hagen-amid the terrors of the flight to Riga before the Crown Prince of Prussia, the miuisters Stein the victorious French-in the sickness of bis first and Hardenberg, Goethe, Jacobi

, Savigny, De Serre, months in Italy-amid the excitement of his openValckenaer, Carsten Niebuhr, (his father,) Count ing lecture session in Berlin-bis letters never failed. Adam Moltke, and Madame Hensler. Only a few He wrote a long epistle to her only a few days of his many letters to these eminent persons have before he died. Dora Hensler must have been an as yet been published; those addressed by him to extraordinary woman. Out of the bighest region of Madame Hensler herself-excised and reduced at men—the Goethes, the Savignys, and the Schleierthe suggestion of her fancy-formed the chief basis machers—Niebuhr could hardly find a man with of the Lebensnachrichten.' Many of his most whom he deemed frequent intercourse either profitimportant letters—such as those written to Valck-able or endurable. The learned men of Italy, of enaer and De Serre-remain inedited; and until France, and of England-with the exception of our we obtain public possession of these, and of some scientific professors-were so far below his level of others written to his English friends, it will not be acquirements as to fail altogether in the interest of easy to draw the historian's figure with true fullness their conversation and correspondence; yet he wrote and vivacity

to Dora Hensler on nearly every subject in which “Madame Hensler's relations to Niebubr were his eager and wide-ranging intellect found employvery curious and very German. During his resi- ment. He related to her many of his thoughts on dence as a student at Kiel, she became a young and politics, finance, and diplomacy,—kept her familiar beautiful widow. He was an extremely shy and with the nature of his most recondite researches nervous boy--though a man already in ripeness of into Greek and Italian antiquities,—and made her character and in grasp of intellect;

and in reference the depositary of his doubts and speculations in the to his first interview with Dora Hensler, he wrote highest regions of faith, morals, and philosophy. to his father :- I felt to a painful degree my timid. His letters to her are therefore a mine of wealth for ity and bashfulness before ladies; however much the admirers of his genius.” I'improve in other society, I am sure I must get worse and worse every day in their eyes. Dora's Mr. Alison has expanded his Life of Marlborough father-in-law, Dr. Hensler, was a profoundly learned into two volumes, by incorporating more of the bisman: but he was even then astonished at the bash- tory of the War of the Succession into his biography: ful boy's extraordinary knowledge of the ancient he has accompanied the text with maps, and with world and at his faculty of historical divination. plaps of battles after Kausler's great work. In his family circle Niebuhr was soon at home. The ladies were very kind to him,—and he made Anderson's Reminiscences of Dr. Chalmers, though the young Madame Hensler an offer of his hand. conceded to contain many interesting notices of the great orator, is not regarded with much favor. The dition, and we are therefore prepared to make those opinion of the Literary Gazelte is a specimen of the reasonable allowances in each case which must be treatment it receives :

made in all, and to submit questionable points to " From the ‘Reminiscences' of one who professes the test of like authorities. The volumes contain to have long been intimate with Dr. Chalmers, and the letters from and to Lord Temple and his brother to have kept memoranda of his public discourses George Grenville—with the private diaries of the and private conversations, we expected to derive latter--and extend from 1742 to the close of 1764. many new materials for knowing a character so They are to be followed, as we understand the preworthy of study. But we are sadly disappointed. face, by other volumes—the whole extending over a Mr. Anderson had neither the opportunity nor the period of thirty or more years. Such a work must capacity to Boswellize Chalmers. The bulk of the be acceptable. It must throw light, more or less, book consists of unconnected scraps of sermons and on a hundred obscure points of interest; and espespeeches, transferred from the compiler's note-book, cially on the last few glorious years of George the while the personal recollections are few and trivial. Second and the first ten inglorious years of George Some letters from Dr. Chalıners are scattered through the Third, -with which, whether in the ministry or the volume, such as one in wbich he declines an in- in the opposition, the names of Pitt, Temple, and vitation to dinner, and another in which he asks Mr. | Grenville are for ever associated. Anderson, who it seems was a publisher, some “The Grenvilles, as our readers will remember, questions about his manuscripts. The whole con- were the children of Mr. Richard Grenville, of Wottents of the four hundred pages could easily have ton, by Heeter Temple, sister and co-heir of Sir been compressed into forty. The few grains of Richard Temple, Viscount Cobham of Stowe. Their worth in the mass of useless matter might have mother succeeded to the peerage by special reformed a good article for a magazine, or might have mainder, and was soon after advanced to the dig. been put at the disposal of the biographer of Dr. nity of Countess Temple. Mr. Pitt married their Chalmers; but to have made a large volume of only sister. Besides Lord Temple and Mr. George such materials is the outrageous excess of a fault Grenville, there were three other brothers—James, which Dr. Hanna, in his 'Life and Memoir,' has Henry, and Thomas and if we mistake not they also to some extent committed.”

were all in Parliament. This was a formidable

phalanx--in number, character, and ability--while Mrs. Bray's Life of Stothard, the painter, is well in alliance; but, as with other and less holy allispoken of." The Literary Gazette opens its highly ances, self-interest and ambition often separa:ed its eulogistic notice by the following anecdote, which members, and they were at times opposed—brothers serves to show what estimate the artist was held in and brothers-in-law-with all the bitterness of disby Sir Joshua Reynolds :

appointed affection." ** Canova was once asked to execute a statue for the University of Cambridge. He was busy at the Lord Mabon's continuation of his History of Eng. time, and declived to undertake it, adding, that he land, from the Peace of Utrecht, elicits from the was, moreover, not the proper person to apply to, Athénaum a most elaborate and able defence of the since England could give the very sculptor fit for the character and life of the celebrated John Wilkes. work. The Cambridge Committee of Taste' His Lordship, together with almost every historian wrote again to ask the name of this native artist of those times, had classed Wilkes with the profli“I am sorry,' was Canova's reply, that in England gates of that era, and imputed to his private life you possess a Flaxman, and do not know it.' Not

immorality and personal worthlessness. The Athelong before this, Sir John Hawkins applied to Sir neum reviews the prominent events of Wilkes's life, Joshua Reynolds to design the frontispiece for a and finds in them not only do proof of profligate work. "Go to young Stothard,' was Sir Joshua's habits, but the reverse. The long desence, which is reply, ‘he will design it much better than I can' very conclusive, is thus summed up at the concluWalking one day in the streets of London, Flaxman sion:was struck with some prints in a shop window. " All, then, that we dare now say of him is, that They were illustrations of the Novelist's Library,' with all his faults he was a true-born Englishman, by Stothard. The sculptor determined to make the with the marking characteristics of one, good and acquaintance of an artist whose taste seemed con- bad; who, having once taken up a position, even genial with his own. The sympathy of which this though driven to do so by his adversary, would passing incident was the germ grew into a friend maintain and defend it with, pertinacity, ship deep and enduring. Not in genius and taste and at all costs, personal, political and social. His alone, but in their whole nature, Stothard and Flax- courage amounted almost to reckless daring; and man were kindred spirits. Both were distinguished, he would resent an insult, whether it came from a not more by their excellence as artists than by their Chatham, a Grafton, an Onslow, a Martin, or even worth as men. Great was their mutual regard and a Grenville, though it should cost him the friendship affection, and as they were loved and revered by all of a Temple. He was a good, kind, and dutiful who knew them, so will their memory be dear to son,-a gentle, tender, and affectionate father. There every admirer of the good and the beautiful.” is something morally beautiful in the fact that when

challenged by Lord Talbot, bis last act before the The Grenville Papers, advertised by Mr. Murray, mad moonlight devilry began was, to write to Lord have appeared, and meet with a cordial welcome. Temple thanking him for the friendship which he The Atheneum says :

had ever shown to him, and entreating as a last and " These volumes are of a class and character always crowning favor, that he fell his Lordship and welcome; no matter whether lively.or dull, of Lady Temple would superintend the education greater or of less value,--they contain facts. It is of his daughter. Though drinking and gaming quite true that the facts to be found in contemporary were amongst the vices of his age, he was no letters and memoirs are often distorted by preju- gambler,—and his abstinence was remarkable dice or colored by passion ; but this is a known con. and a subject of remark. He rose early and

read diligently. Indeed, his reading was extensive | to help us through obscurities and doubts, -and we and varied beyond that of most men of bis age not may add Memoirs like those before us, which-withbeing professed scholars ; not merely in the Classics, out reference to the important documents that they which he especially loved, but in most of the modern contain—are written with an earnest endeavor to languages that had a literature, French, Spanish, discover and develop the truth. We often differ and Italian. As the amusement of his leisure hours, from Lord Albemarle in his estimate both of men and of that qu et domestic life which in truth he and of events, but never without the respect wbich loved, he published editions of Catullus and Theo- is due to conscientious opinion. He appears to us phrastus, said to be almost unrivalled for accuracy, at times as if his mind were preoccupied with fam--and translated Anacreon so well

, that Dr. Joseph ily traditions and bis heart too full of traditional Warton, no bad judge, pressed him to publish it. sympathies and feelings ;--he looks on the men of Of society, when he entered it, he was the delighted the age with the eyes of the conqueror of the Haand delighting spirit,-always welcome, always vana, the petted and patronized of the Whig hero cheerful. He knew nothing there of politics or polit- of Culloden,-and sometimes, from his position, ical differences. In brief, and in conclusion, Wilkes overlooks men who were not without influence was a highly educated and accomplished gentleman, though their names may not be recorded in the court who, once admitted into their presence, 'won golden register. Occasionally, too, he takes the character opinions' from all sorts of men,-froin Johnson, as of these on trust and from the popular reports of is known, and froin a hundred others of fame and the day. To others, however, the marking men of reputation. Even Gibbon, who met him at the re- the age, be bas done justice; and his short memoirs gimental mess—then a young man whose conversa- are often vigorous, clear and truthful." tion bad too much of the flavor of his associates,

LITERATURE 'my lords' and the Medmenbam brotherhood, to suit the better taste of the future philosopher and his- Dr. Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman torian—even Gibbon bas recorded that he .scarcely Geography is greeted as a most acceptable offerever met with a better companion; he has inex- | ing to students in ancient literature” by the Literary haustible spirits, infinite wit and humor, and a great Gazette :deal of knowledge. Later in life his old political op

“ Dr. Smith's excellent Dictionary of Antiquities, ponent, that accomplished “Scot,' Lord Mansfield, Biography, and Mythology left nothing to be desired said of him to Mr. Strachan, Mr. Wilkes was the so far as the subjects of which they treated were pleasantest companion, the politest gentleman, and concerned :—and what was wanted to make up a the best scholar he ever knew. With the testimony complete cyclopædia of antiquity, was, an equally of such men in his favor, we are content to leave him.” good Dictionary of Geography. This we may now

confidently expect to have ere long. The first part Another invaluable contribution to the History of justifies that expectation taken as at once an earnest the reign of George III. has been made in the pub- and a specimen of what is to come. So far as we lication (by BENTLEY) of the "Memoirs of the Mar- have examined it, it seems worthy to take rank with quis of Rockingham and his contemporaries with its predecessors in all essential points. The editor original letters &c, by the Earl of Albemarle." is the same accomplished scholar who by the classi. The Athenæum announces the first volume with cal learning, able management, and faithful care this suggestive survey of the period, and the liter-displayed in the former Dictionaries has won for ature now extant respecting it :

himself so high a position among men of letters. “ Eighteen hundred and fifty-one will, it is generally The peculiarity in this Dictionary as regards Dr. believed, be the marking year of the nineteenth cen-Smith is, that hitherto it contains a greater number tury; yet we must admit that, in our own narrow of articles than usual from his own pen :--all those circle, eighteen hundred and fifty-two opens with on Greek geography having been, we believe, writextraordinary promise. The unlocking of the muni-ten by himself. The rest of the number is furment chests at Wotton and at Stowe was, in a liter- nished by the principal contributors to the prerious ary and historical point of view, an important event; Dictionaries, and is distinguished by the same enyet

, before January has closed, we have ‘Memoirs terprising spirit of scholarship as characterized those of the Marquis of Rockingham,' illustrated with standard works. Both editor and contributors are original letters and papers, not only from the ar- determined not to be behind the times. No im. chives of the Fitzwilliam family, but from those of portant addition to our knowledge of antiquity the Albemarle, Hardwicke, Richmond, and of Mr. escapes their observation, whether it be due to our Lee, attorney-general to the Rockingham adminis- own or to foreign scholars. All the latest and best tration. Here are treasures,-long-buried secrets, works have been assiduously studied, -and the out of which history may be written. Heretofore results are briefly stated with great perspicuity.” we have all been, more or less, groping in the dark, or led by blind guides, and often astray by false Selections from the Dramatic Works of William lights. Now, we have such a mass of authentic T. Moncrieff, is thus noticed by the Spectator :information that no careful writer can wander very “The name of Moncrieff conjures up memories of far from the truth. We have not only Walpole's the melodrama (if not of the drama) in its palmy contemporary histories, but his voluminous letters, days ; carrying remembrance back to the dead, and -the Waldegrave, Dodington, Barrington, Lyttelton even beyond some of them. Tom and Jerry' was and other memoirs,—the letters and correspondence the rage at the Adelphi ere Terry, Yates, and of Chesterfield, Chatham, Bedford, Rockingham, Mathews set up their standard there. Elliston Temple, Grenville, Mitchell, Burke,-minor contri- figured in ‘Rochester, or Charles the Second's Merry butions from Hume, Cumberland, Glover, Gibbon, Days,' before that piece was transferred to Covent Wraxall, and numbers numberless,—the historians Garden, with Charles Kemble for its bero. GioMohun, Adolphus, Belsham,—to say nothing of end- vanni in London' run ere Vestris brought it to its less papers and volumes which touch only incident culminating point at Drury. Old habitués of the ally on political subjects, but often serve as guides theatre may remember how Gattie burst upon them in the Frenchman in 'Monsieur Tonson,' and “ These Recollections of Miss Mitford are not a younger playgoers must recollect Mathews in regular autobiography; but something more varied,


Monsieur Mallet.' These and many more than probably more attractive. Books and authors are these pieces are collected, with prefaces and occa- the real subjects of the writer, around which she sionally appendices, apropos to something connected weaves a variety of personal reminiscences, sketches with the particular drama, or anecdotes relating to of characters, and pictures of landscapes or in-door its representation.”

scenes, interspersed here and there with direct The Poems of John Edmund Reade are spoken ter and manner of Our Village,' chastened, ma

family or biographical information. It is the matof with great respect by the Athenæum :

"In these days when, with few exceptions, brevity tured, varied, extended, and made more real by the and finish are the characteristics of our poets, the

restraint which actual persons and facts impose large and various designs of the present author are

upon the most exuberant imagination. Sixty-five a novelty and in themselves a merit. In many in; her eye, depressing or souring her spirits, lessening

years have passed over the writer without dimming stances, too, Mr. Reade bas dared themes which her vivacity of mind or geniality of feeling. She task to the utmost the vision and the faculty has still as keen a relish for the simple or cultiva. divine ; and his volumes contain examples of ted beauties of English scenery as when she first almost every form that poetry can take-lyrical looked apon village nature and village life with a drama, tragedy, the simple lyric, the philosophical view to describe them. Her zest for them is still poem, the narrative poem, and the ballad. We take our leave of these volumes with a full sense

as keen, her power of painting as firm and distinct,

but richer, and more mellowed by time. The wideof the accomplished mind and various powers of the writer, — with respect for a tone of thought habitual spread sympathy with all that lives, and all that is ly pure and just, and even for the patience which stately park to the retired lane or the cottager's

looked upon, from the peer to the peasant, from the by its slow processes has sometimes taxed our

homely garden, is as warm and fresh as io 'life's own."

morning march.' Time may have touched her hair; Note-Book of a Naturalist, by Professor Broderip, rheumatism as she hints, and the grand climacfirst published_in Fraser's Magazine, is warmly teric, may have taken some of her litheness of praised. The Examiner thus sums up the merits limb; but her heart is an evergreen, her anima of the work:

fourishing in perpetual youth. “Mr. Broderip prays well, we are certain, if the “The range of Miss Mitford is wide, and often Ancient Mariner spoke truth in his farewell moral takes in authors who are half forgotten-overlooked to the wedding guest. This book is full of genial in the modern whirl of new inventions, endless pab character, and its good-humor visibly embraces man, lications, and rapid movement. Such are ansted and bird, and beast. It is in fact written in the of the . Pleader's Guide,' Holcroft, Herrick, Witbtrue spirit of a naturalist, with an abundance of ers, Lovelace, and the better known names of Cow. pleasant knowledge about, and consequently loving ley and Ben Jonson—though the writings of these pleasure in, every animated thing. From the pet two may not be more read by the public at large. beaver, who comes first in the procession, through Sometimes the reader is introduced to contempothe entire march of animals across the pages of the raries, whose merits in Miss Mitford's judgment have book, not one comes about whom the friend of all not met with their deserved fame, or authors of has not his good word and his pleasant memories. whose life she has something to tell. Then we are Familiarly acquainted with his subject, brimful of carried across the waters and presented to our information, a ripe scholar in all the best senses of Transatlantic cousins and their poets, with occasionthe word, and a man of the largest humanity, Mr. ally a prose writer ; the introduction being accomBroderip pours out with an easy manner and a panied by anecdotes connected with the author cheeful face large stores of that delightful talk through Miss Mitford's acquaintance with him or which makes no mortal talker more agreeable than with some common friends. Scenes where the the genuine and upaffected naturalist, who loves writers have been read, and sometimes occurrences the beasts, and birds, and reptiles, for themselves, which prevented their reading on that occasion, are and not for the hard names they bear."

described with the minuteness, the brightness, the Guizot's Treatise on Shakspeare and his Times, charm, that distinguished similar things in Our is a reproduction of an old work with

a new treatise Village, though, as we have already observed, more on Hamlet. This latter performance is thus spoken

sobered and chastened in style." of by the Literary Gazetie :

Arvine's Cyclopædia of Moral and Religious "We have but one word to say on it-it has dis- Anecdotes, is characterized by the Atheneum as an appointed us. When such a man as M. Guizot olla podrida consisting of a collection—in which the proceeds to speak of one of the most sublime and agency of paste and scissors is more conspicuous one of the most bizarre creations of poetical genius, than that of taste and judgment-of incidents, narwe not unnaturally expect him to present it alto- ratives, exam ples, and testimonies, arranged on gether in a new light; to strip it of all the doubts what is called “ a new plan, with copious topical and the dimodess which the poet has cast around it; and scriptural indexes." or, at the very least, to say something new and piquant respecting it. This he has not done. On

AMERICAN BOOKS. leaving his hands, Hamlet is what he has always been, and what probably he will ever be a grand President Edwards, on Christian Charity, issued

The recently published posthumous work of and rather fearful mystery, which no two men see in the same light or interpet in the same way.”

from the press of the Carters in this city, is warm.

ly received abroad. The Literary Gazette has the Miss Mitford's Recollections of a Literary Life is following eulogistic notice of the great author of the well received. The Spectator's notice is a type of work:the general expressions of the press :

" President Edwards is recognized in this country

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