First, I say, That the best Men may and often do meet with Sufferings here in this Life. This is here plainly suppos'd, for the Apostle's reckoning the present Sufferings not fit to be compard with our future Glory, manifestly implies, that he reckon'd upon them; and fo must we too, while we live here, or elle we shall find our felves much out in our Reckoning: for this World is the Scene of Misery and Trouble, and no Vertue or Goodness, how great foever, can exempt us from them; yea, sometimes the greater it is, the more it exposes to Envy and Trouble. Fob, the richest and best Man in the East, had a large share of them : David, a Man after God's own Heart, was more than ordinarily exercis'd with them: yea, the Son of God himself, the great Example of all Holiness and Vertue, could not have this bitter Cup pass from him, and many of his Followers and Disciples have ever since drank deep of the same; which made the Apostle say, All that will live godly in Christ Jesues must suffer Perfecution. The Way to Heaven is not strew'd with Roses, but beset with Thorns, and we are thro many Tribulations to enter into the Kingdom of Heaven. This is the way that all the Saints and Martyrs have gone before us ; they endur'd the Cross before they obtain'd the Crown, and 'twill be in vain for us to hope to arrive at it any o

Sufferings then must be reckon'd upon here in this Life; which are sent to us, to keep us humble, to try our Patience and Constancy, to wean us from this World, and to prepare us for a better. And this will lead us,

Secondly, To the next thing suppos’d or taken for granted in these words; to wit, That there is a future Glory referv'd as a Reward for our present Sufferings: for the Apostle's mentioning here a Glory to be reveald in us to crown our present Sufferings, plainly supposeth the Truth of both; and that as we now feel the one, we shall e'er long receive the other. This future Glory is express'd in Scripture, sometimes by a Kingdom, sometimes by a Crown of Righteousness, sometimes by an Inheritance immortal, undea filed, and that fadeth not away, reserved in Heaven for us : Which Happiness was only guess'd at by the wiselt Heathens, who from the Amictions of good Men, and the Profperity of bad, concluded that there will be another Life, in which these things will be set right, when Vice fhall reL2


ther way.

ceive its just Punishment, and Vertue its due Recompence of Reward.

But what they learn'd only by the faint Conjectures of natural Reason, we are better assur'd of by the clearer Dif coveries of Divine Revelation ; Life and Immortality being brought to light unto us by the Gospel : where we read the Words of eternal Life, and have a full Assurance of a blesfed Immortality.

'Twas this that supported the Saints and Martyrs in all Ages under all their Sufferings; of whom we read, that they had an eye to this Recompence of Reward. Thofe famous Worthies, mention'd in the 11th Chapter to the Hebrems, did and suffer'd the great things there rehears'd, by the Strength of their Faith, and the Hopes of Glory : Yea, our Blessed Saviour himself is said to have endur'd the Cross for the Glory that was set before him ; Heb. 12. 2.

In short, Africtions must be counted upon, and provided for whilst we are here, being not only expedient, but necessary for many great and wise Ends; which if they attain, we may comfortably expect a happy and speedy De-. liverance from them, and that they will shortly end in un. speakable Bliss and Glory: both which things are here plainly suppos’d and taken for granted.

But is this future Glory a sufficient Ballance and Compensation for the present Sufferings we here endure in hopes of it? Yes, and vastly greater; for so the Apostle, in the

Third place, expresly tells us; I reckon (faith he) that the Suserings of this present time are not worthy to be compar'd with the Glory that all be reveald in us. If they be put in the Ballance together, the former will be so far outweigh'd by the latter, that there is indeed no Comparison to be made between them. For the fame Apostle elsewhere tells us, that these light Aflictions, which are but for a moment, work out for us a far more exceeding and eternal Weight of Glory; 2 Cor.4.17. where the Apostle, considering these things together, observes a vast Difference and Disproportion between them; and that chiefly in these two things :

ist, In the Weight; they are but light Afictions, but an exceeding Weight of Glory,

adly, In the Duration; the Ami&tions are but for a moment, but 'tis an eternal Weight of Glory. And what Comparison can there be between the Lightness of a Feather, and the Weight of a heavy and ponderous Body?


Or who would compare a Moment with Eternity ? And yet this and far greater is the Disproportion between the Sufferings of this present time, and the Glory that shall be reveal'd in us. The better to clear this, I say,

Ijt, The Lightness of Afflictions makes them unworthy to be compar'd to a Weight of Glory. I know 'tis hard to perfuade any under Trouble that their Afflictions are light; for no Chaftisement for the present is joyous, but grievous : Ali Sufferings are against the grain of Nature, and most Men are apt to complain of the Burden of them; but yet there are many Considerations that may alleviate the Evil, and lighten the Burden of them. As, first, by comparing what we suffer with the much greater Punishments that we deserve, and that will mightily lessen our Sense and Opinion of it: if one that is condenin'd to die comes off with a little whipping, we account the Punishment light and easy and if we who are sentenc'd to eternal Death, are pardon'd and preserv'd from it by a little Correction, we can have no reason to complain. Again, if we compare our Sufferings with the infinitely greater Sufferings of Christ for our fake, we may easily reckon ours to be but light and gentle AMictions. Moreover, if we compare the Sufferings of this Life with the unspeakable Torments of the Damned in the next, to which Sin naturally leads; we may reckon then not worthy to be nam'd or mention'd together. But lastly, if we compare the Afflictions of this Life, which upon all these accounts may be justly thought light, with that exceeding excessive Weight of Glory, which they work out for us in the next, we shall find them to vanish into nothing, less than nothing, and Vanity. But,

2dly, Not only the Lightness, but the Shortness of these Amičtions, nakes them unworthy to be compar'd with the Glory to be reveal'd in us; for these Afflictions are but for a moment, but 'tis an eternal Weight of Glory that follows them. All the Sufferings we meet with here will be foon over; Sorrow may endure for a Night (faith the Pfalmift) but foy cometh in the Morning. The longelt Term of their Duration is for the short space of this Life; and if they end not sooner, Death will surely put a period to them: but this future Glory is everlasting, and knows neither End nor Decay ; 'tis a Kingdom that can never be mov'd, and a Crown that shall never be taken from us. And now what Comparison is there between a Minute, and the boundless Duration of Eternity ? What Proportion between the light


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Dust of the Ballance, and the heavy Globe of the Earth? or between the small Drop of a Bucket, and the whole 0cean? And yet this and much greater is the Difference and Disproportion between light momentany Afflictions, and an exceeding, excessive, and eternal Weight of Glory : where the Apostle seems to labour how to express as well as bear it; 'tis xant Cosploalueis Ewes Borlo diánov Baię o sógns; which ime plies such a heavy maffy Crown of Glory, that 'twill be as niuch as the Soul will be able to bear or stand under. And therefore the Apostle rightly reckons the Sufferings of this present time not worthy to be nam'd or compar'd with the Glory that shall be reveald in us; which is enough to set all good Christians a longing for it, not to value any thing here below, whether prosperous or adverse, but to wait with Patience for the revealing of it. This we should the rather do, because, as the next words tell us, The earnest Expectation of the Creature waiteth for the Manifestation of the Sons of God. What this earnest Expectation of the Creature is, what the Manifestation of the Sons of God, and how the Creature is faid to wait for it, are Matters of fome difficulty to understand, and are therefore variously expounded by Interpreters,

Some understand these things of the Gentile World, who were then expecting what would befal the Jews, whether the Son of God were truly manifested to them, or who among them should be manifested to be the true Sons of God for the Creature was made subject to Vanity; that is, the Heathen World (say they) were held in a State of Ignorance and Idolatry, which is in Scripture often calld Vam nity; and that not willingly, but by reason of him who hath Subjected the same in Hope : that is, this their dark and forTorn Condition was none of their own Choice, but 'twas by the Will of God, who suffer'd them to continue awhile in those Idolatries, in hopes of being better instructed and enlighten’d by the Gospel. So the next words intimate; Because the Creature it self also hall be deliver'd from the Bondage of Corruption into the glorious Liberty of the Children of God: meaning, as they expound it, that the Heathens themselves should, by the Gospel or Grace of Christ, be rescu'd from the Slavery they were in to Satan and the Bondage of Idolatry, and be instated in the Rights and Privileges of the Sons and Children of God, and so be made capable of the Glory that shall be reveal'd in us. For we know (as the Apostle goes on) that the whole Creation groan.


eth, and travaileth in Pain together until now, that is, the whole Gentile World is as it were in Pangs of Travail ever Gnce Christ's Coming, in a manner ready to bring forth Sons and Children of God, being in a good Forwardness to receive the Gospel, which many of the Jews reject. And not only they (faith our Apostle) but our selves also, which have the First-fruits of the Spirit ; even we our selves, groan within our selves, waiting for the Adoption, to mit, the Redemption of our Bodies : that is, not the Heathens only, but we Christians, who have receiv'd Christ, and enter'd upon the Profession of Faith in him, do earnestly desire and expect this Adoption of Sons, waiting for a Deliverance from the Servitude and Oppression of Servants, and to be tranflated into the glorious Liberty of the Children of God, and to receive a Redemption from all Evils by the Resurrection of the Body. This is the Sense that some put upon this obscure Passage of Holy Scripture; for which see the Learned Dr. Hammond on the place.

Others again, and perhaps with greater Reason, interpret this Passage not only of the Heathen World, who may hope to receive this Benefit by Christ's Coming; but of the whole natural World, and all the Creatures in it, who by a natural Instinct may look for some share in the Benefit of it, And the reason of this Expectation may be, because the whole World hath been by Man's first Sin put beside its first and natural Establishment, into which it may perhaps have foine innate Desires and Tendencies to be restor'd. For all the Creatures in it are by the first Transgression faid to be made subject to Vanity, to be put out of their due Course and Order, and made to administer to the vain Defires and corrupt Designs of Mankind; and that too against their will, and without their knowledg, being over-rul'd by a superior Power, to which they are subject, not without some hopes of being one time or other set right again : which Hopes are grounded upon this, that they having suffer'd part of the Curse for Man's Sin, when he shall be reestablish'd in Grace and Glory, they may in fome measure be rescu'd and restor'd too; according to that of Ijaia'), Bebold I create new Heavens and a new Earth, and the former shall not be remembred, nor come into mind; Isa. 65.17. The Psalmist tells us of God's renewing the Face of the Earth, which hath been deform'd by Man's Wickedness: And St. Peter speaks of new Heavens, and a new Earth, wherçin dwelleth Righteousness. Suitable hereunto our Apostle here de


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