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ments; and from that time commenced an intimacy, delightful and instructive to me beyond that afforded me by any other man, and which continued till his death, in July, 1823. Being for some time out of employment, I often passed several hours a day in his study, hearing from his lips the relation of incidents respecting his journey to Ohio ; and of the prominent men and events while he was a member of Congress, particularly of John Randolph, and of the debate concerning the increase of the navy; of his journey to the White Mountains, eating fried rattlesnake in one of the huts, etc.; but I forbear. These and other things about him, of his wise counsel, of his unbounded influence in the community where he lived, and of his faithfulness as a pastor and friend for more than half a century; but these have doubtless been communicated by abler persons than myself.”
Dr. Cutler's interest in the intellectual advancement of the young people of his charge was constant, and manifested itself in the careful supervision of the public schools, in securing the most competent teachers and the best methods of instruction, and was not relaxed until the infirmities of age forbade the effort. The Private Boarding School, which he began near the close of the Revolutionary War, and continued, except during temporary absences, for thirty-five years, had afforded instruction in that period to hundreds of youth from abroad, and also to many who came, as day.scholars, from families in his own parish.* The fact that he had so much to
*In a letter written in September, 1853, the venerable Jonathan P. Felt, of Salem, Massachusetts, gives a partial list of persons from that vicinity who attended Dr. Cutler's school, as follows:
"... In the first place, from my friend, Captain Samuel Dudley Tucker, a gentleman having a good knowledge of many of our oldest inhabitants, he gives me the names of some who went to the Doctor's school. He names three, Vathaniel Silsbee, Willard Peele, and Andrew Oliver.
Nathaniel Silsbee became one of the earliest East India captains, and a member of the East India Marine Society, and afterward a successful merchant in the Trade to the East Indies. He has been in our State Legislature, a representative and Speaker in one, if not in both row --- avec... --~ purvog-v- wawe wameo --v marcow wa wewww over whom he was so long placed, may account for the remarkable unanimity with which they acted in religious and
Houses. He was many years a Representative in the House, and a Senator for twelve years in the Senate of the U. S.
Willard Peele became one of our eminent merchants and large shipowners, and for many years was Master of the Marine Society.
Daniel Oliver belonged to an ancient and highly respectable family. Ile did not go to sea. Captain Tucker speaks of an uncommon severe storm of snow and hail taking place while they were at the Doctor's, so that, when they came home, their route was over the center of Wenham Pond, no roads having been made on the regular route. .
Captain Holten J. Breed and Captain Ephraim Symonds were aniong the students in navigation of Dr. Cutler in 1803. The latter died some years since, a highly respected ship-master of Salem. ('aprain Breed, after some time spent in studying navigation, became one of our most successful East India Captains (a member of the Marine Society), and during the late War with England, was commander of a number of our private armed ships, cruising all the War with great success; but some of the strongest of the enemy made stout l't sistance, which he always overcame.
Captain William Molloy was another of the Doctor's scholars. He died some years ago, after many years of successful navigation, and a commander during the late War with England.
John Leach and Thomas Holmes were students in navigation. John Leach died young, when mate of a vessel. Captain Ilolmes, after studying with the Doctor, and sailing many years at ship-ma-ler, became a merchant at Cayenne, S. America. At present living in Salem.
Jonathan Willard Peele, son of the above named Willard Peele, says, besides his father and Nathaniel Silsbee, Dr. Oliver Hubbard was at Dr. Cutler's school. Dr. Hubbard went out to the East Indies as surgeon of the ship America, of Salem; John (rowninshield, commander. After his return, he practiced as a physician in Salem, and died a few years since, leaving a large property to his relatives.
Captain Zachariah Silsbee, brother of Nathaniel, also one of the students, was many years a captain to the East Indies, and has since been living on shore; has been, and now is, concerned in the trade to the East Indies.
Also Joshua Goodale, supercargo to the East Indies, some years a merchant in New Orleans. He spent the latter part of his life in Boston, where he was a Public Weigher of Teas, and died about two years since.
Captain William P. Richardson, as commander of Bark Active, of Salem, was among the very first to engage in the trade of the Feejee
Ile was himself orthodox in his belief, and from the pulpit, as well as by oral instruction and teaching, the “Westminster
Islands and Canton, since when the trade has much increased. Ile was a merchant many years in Salem, where he died.
Captain Daniel Treadwell, of Ipswich, was at school in 1810. Dur. ing the War, was an officer of the private armed ship America, of Salem; afterward, a ship-master from Boston. He died some years since,
Daniel Pierce, of Salem, went to Sea, but died very young.
Francis Dodge, of Ilimilton, became a successful merchant at Georgetown, D. C., where he died a few years since.
Captain Ebenezer Dodge, several years a ship-master, and a long time an extensive Flour Merchant in Salem. Benjamin Knowlton, of Ilamilton. Timothy Appleton, of Ilamilton. Captain Parker Brown, of Hamilton, a pupil, and many years a ship-master; afterward, a mer. chat at San Francisco. He is now at Salem, but is soon to return to San Francisco. Captain Brown names as Dr. Cutler's pupils:
Captain Jacob Berry, a ship-master from Salem, in the East India trade. Married Lavinia Cutler, daughter of Dr. Cutler.
Captain William Francis, after being a ship-master, remained on shore, a mechanie in Danvers.
Captain Zachariah Lamson, of Beverly, many years a ship-master; aiterward, a merchant in South America, where he died.
Fitch Poole, of Dauyers. Married Betsey Cutler, youngest daughter of Dr. C.
Captain Elisha Whitney, of Beverly, many years a ship.master to the East Indies and Europe. Died at Beverly.
Benjamin Ilodges, of Salem, went to Sea, but died very young.
llenry Blanchard, of Wenham, some years Supercargo to the East Indies from Salem.
Francis Blanchard, of Wenham, a merchant in Boston some years, where he dierl.
Rogers Treadwell, of Ipswich went to Sea; died young.
Benjamin Chapman, many years a ship-master; died a little over a year since.
William Luscomb, of Salem, a very respectable mechanic, died many years ago.
Captain William Fairfield, of Salem. In 1810, he commanded ship Margaret, from Saples, for Salem. On the passage, in a heavy gale, she was capsized, from which she partly righted, which enabled those on board her to remain on deck, she being full of water, in which situation she was left by Captain Fairfield and a boat's crew, who were picked up; afterward, another boat left, with about five more, who
vun vunom, mova, uv wurug vunumu un vu qurumunun doctrines of the Bible,” he sought to establish his people in the same faith. He, however, availed himself of Sundayschools as a valuable aid, and established one in his church as early as 1811. He had endeavored to interest the youth in the object, and one Communion Sabbath, after the two sermons were over, and an interval of ten minutes had passed, Dr. Cutler opened his first Sunday-school, of which he writes in his diary : “I began Sunday-school. Between forty and fifty attended, of which thirty-five were females. Read a chapter, which I expounded. Repeated twenty answers in the catechism. I asked them where the text was, morning and afternoon, and the heads of the sermons.” For several weeks he conducted and taught the school without assistance. It was an experiment, not the thoroughly organized institution it afterward became. Before it closed for the winter, he writes: “Sunday-school very full; about 80 males and females. Made two classes. Mr. Azor Brown assisted.”
Dr. Cutler, as early as 1780, had united, with Messrs. Cleaveland, Dana, and Frisbie, in the observance of a Quarterly Fast and Concert of Prayer for the coming of Christ's kingilom. These meetings were held in rotation in the four churches, and the pastors alternately delivered a discourse prepared for the occasion. The venerable Mr. Cleaveland died in 1799, Mr. Frisbie, who had much of the missionary spirit, died in 1806, but their successors continued to observe the Quarterly Fast. Dr. Dana and Dr. Cutler lived to witness the ordination of many missionaries, for the home and foreign field, and rejoiced in the hope of a triumphant future for the Church of God on earth.
Dr. Cutler was in the habit of holding meetings, for worship and instruction, in the houses of his parishioners in different parts of the town. These were generally well attended.
were also picked up. Those who remained, part died, and part were probably lost with the wreck. For particulars, see Felt's Annals, Vol. 2, page 326.
Elliot Woodbury, of Beverly, a long time respectable ship-master, now living in Beverly; and Jacob Woodbury, of Beverly, for many years a respectable ship-master, also still living in Beverly."
daughter, who was unable to attend public worship. These were continued with more or less regularity until Dr. C'utler's failing health compelled him to relinquish them, a few years before his own death.
Rev. Dr. Wadsworth observes of Dr. Cutler, that, as a minister, “his object was to win souls to Christ, and establish them intelligent, judicious, and exemplary Christians. His de votional exercises were fervent, breathing the spirit of primitive piety. He was of easy access and ready to communicate, remarkably conversant with his people, and took a deep interest in all their concerns. Conciliating in his disposition, he consulted the things that make for peace and edification."
Temple Cutler, Esq., states: “ During the early years of Dr. Cutler's pastorate there were several seasons of uncommon religious interest, and in 1799 occurred a marked revival, commencing among the young people of the congregation, and resulting in very considerable additions to the church. Many of these were intelligent and excellent persons; three of them afterward became settled ministers of the Gospel in other towns. An evidence of the thoroughness of this work was the fact that the church, in no instance, found it necessary to deal with any of them on account of irregularities. A number of conversions occurred in the latter part of his ministry.”
Dr. Cutler writes to his son, Ephraim Cutler, in the Northwestern Territory, July 1, 1800 : “ There has been a very remarkable attention to religion in this town since last fall. It is general, but more especially among young people. It has been still, and without the smallest appearance of excitement, Some instances have been very remarkable, in the alteration which has taken place in the most thoughtless, loose, and careless. Through the winter I gave much attention to it, and now it calls for the whole of my time. I frequently meet with them in small societies; have had many private lectures, and almost daily conferences. Between thirty and forty have been adiled to the church, and many more will soon be added. I found it necessary to be with them myself as much as possible to prevent enthusiasm, extravagance, or errors. There has