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[From Timothy Pickering.]
WASHINGTON, March 8, 1806. Dear Sir:-It gives me pleasure that at length I can inclose you one Washington Federalist in which you will find some amusement.
John Randolph has repeated in public the reproaches which, with closed doors, he had uttered against our noble President, who is, indeed, a most miserable visionary in politics, and ridiculously creclulous in all things, even in his favorite pursuit, Natural History. I do not think any Federalists view him with more contempt than many of his own adherents.
He is evidently fast sinking into contempt; and, before his term expires (going on as of late), he will be glad to seek refuge in Carter's or any other mountain, not from an enemy, but from the scorn of the whole American world.
[From Hon. Samuel Taggari.]
WASIIINGTON, March 4, 1813. My Dear Sir :-I received yours of the 25th ult. on the evening of the second instant. From some things in it I am rather led to expect to hear from you to-day, but as I shall be so busy packing up that I shall not have time to write after the mail comes in, I thought I would write a few lines this morning for the last time during my present residence in Washington. My fellow-boarders are all gone, so that for the day I am left alone, but shall, I hope, be on the road to-morrow morning, when I expect to find the traveling, especially this part of the way, to be bad in the extreme. The 12th Congress closed its political existence last evening at nearly 12 o'clock. I was not in at the death.
I retired to my lodgings between nine and ten. The house had then nothing to do, and was waiting for the Senate. Some bills were afterwards returned from the Senate with amendments, which were lost in the House for the want of a quorum. Some exertions were made to obtain a quorum by sending for members at their homes, and a number returned, but not enough to make I shall begin this where I closed my last, which I believe was when the treaty was before the Senate undecided. The decision took place without a dissenting voice as soon as it conld consistent with their established rules, i.e. after it had lain over one day. This was on Thursday last. Friday morning it was expected the treaty would have been published in form ; and the reason why it was not was that Mr. Baker, who was the bearer of the ratification of the Prince regent, which he was to exchange for that of the President of the United States, had not arrived in Washington. He arrived on Friday evening about 8 o'clock. The ratification was presently exchanged, and on Saturday morning the treaty, together with the President's proclamation, declaring it to be ratified and become the supreme law of the land, was published. The treaty will probably meet your eye before you receive this letter, as it will be on the way two, if not three, days sooner than this.
The treaty I call a good one, because it secures to us the blessing of peace, which is beyond all price; and even if it was much less advantageous than it is, I should rejoice in it. I think it is as good as we had any right to expect, and better than I expected we could obtain. But it falls far short of the extravagant demands of our government at the commencement of the war, and what they would have still continued to be had Bonaparte continued all-powerful in Europe. As gooil, and probably a better, treaty might have been obtained when a cessation of arms was asked for by Admiral Warren, and an immense saving both of blood and treasure have been made. Our war-hawks, some of them at least, affect to speak of it as a glorious war and an honorable peace; but the treaty guaranties no one object for which the war was commenced. It is entirely silent about free-trade and sailors' rights, or the doctrine of blockades and impressment, nor does it say a word about either the India trade or the fisheries, which may, notwithstanding this treaty, be placed upon a worse footing than before the war; and it is thought that the stipulated running of the lines will take something off from our terri
the northern frontier of Vermont and New York-that it will encroach so far as to include Burlington and Plattsburg within the bounds of Canada.
There is another consequence of this war, which I think I clearly foresce. I do not know whether it strikes others in the same light it does me, i. e., this war which was waged for the express purpose of humbling Great Britain, and to compel her to do us justice, according to the common slang of the day, will render this country tributary to her, for perhaps half a century to come, in this way. Interest on public stocks is low in England, averaging not more than four per cent. Great numbers of the hollers of American stocks wish to avail themselves of it as a mercantile capital. It will be either so or exchanged for British gooils. This stock, on account of its bearing a higher interest, will be eagerly sought after by the moneyed capitalists of Europe, and it would not be strange if within three years much the largest portion of our public stocks should be owned in Great Britain. The interest will have to be paid in a foreign country in specie, and this will make a constant drain of the precious metals. But with all these and greater inconveniences Peace is a blessing beyond all price.
There is one observation farther, which has occurred to me. We live in an eventful period. Probably there has not been so long, so destructive, and so extensive a war in the civilized world as has been during the last 20 or 25 years. How sudden and how great is the change within the last 18 montlis. Perhaps there has not been a period within the recollection of any person now living in which the European world has been so generally at peace as at this moment. The United States were the last in getting into the vortex, and they have been the last in tasting the blessings of peace. May this peace among the nations prove the happy prelude of the universal reign of him who is the Prince of peace.
What the effect of peace will be on the state of political parties in this country, it will be impossible to foresee on any other grounds than conjecture. There is no doubt but endeavors will be used to make the public believe that it is an My Brother:-Give no offense in any thing, that the Ministry be not blamed. Let it be your concern to exemplify the doctrines and duties you preach, in your own life and conversation. Seek after a growing acquaintance with the power of religion in your soul, and study to live as the humble, watchful, faithful servant of God in all the walks of life, going before your people in the ways of piety and charity, of peace and righteousness.
You are entering on your work at a time when the ministers of the gospel may be called to peculiar labors and trials. To contend for the faith once delivered to the saints; to adhere with firmness to the plan of religion which we believe is evidently contained in the sacrel scriptures; to preserve peace and order ; to prevent those inclosures from being broke down, which have ever been the safety and ornament of the church; to guard the unwary from being blown about by every wind of doctrine, is, undoubtedly, the duty of every gospel minister. You are, therefore, not to view it as a post of honor, but of difficulties and trials, to which you are called. Unwearied diligence, unremitting vigilance, much self-denial, and unceasing intercession at the throne of grace, are necessary to discharge the duties which devolve upon you. But, however arduous your work may appear, listen to no discouragements. The Master, to whose service you have devoted yourself, has given you the encouraging and animating promise: Lo, I am with you alway. My Grace is sufficient
In the course of your ministerial labors you will administer the sacraments of the New Testament. Admit to baptism those who have a right to this ordinance. Suffer little children to come to Christ, and forbid them not. Invite to the table of the Lord those who give evidence of gospel qualifications. In the discharge of this very important part of your ministerial duty make the word of God your rule, and not the devious doctrines of men. Dispense with impartiality the discipline which Christ has appointed in his church. Exercise the authority you have now received in separating
on no man.
And may you, my dear sir, have the joy to see the work of the Lord prosper in your hands. May it please God to support you in all your trials, and comfort your heart in all your sorrows. May you be a burning and shining light, and be made happily instrumental in bringing many to glory. When you are called from your labors on earth, may you receive the reward of a faithful servant, and go to be forever present with the Lord. AMEN.]
[The interleaved Almanac for 1807 is lost.]
June 7, 1808. Set out for Hampton, to attend the installment of Mr. Webster. Dea. Math. Whipple went with me. Dineil at Captain Allen Dodge's, in Newburyport, and lodged at Colonel Tappan's, in Hampton.
June 8. The Council, consisting of 20 churches, about 50 in number, formeil at 9 o'clock, A. M. I was chosen loderator, and Mr. D. Dana, Scribe. Interesting matters came before the Council respecting Vr. Webster's dismission from Chebacco. Unanimous vote passed to proceed to installment. Procession formed at 12, and proceeded to the Meeting Ilouse. I stated to the church and congregation generally the doings of the Council. The Scribe read the list of Council, and all the proceedings. I then called on the church to renew their call, and Mr. Webster to reply. Some good pieces of music performed as we went in, and before prayer. Dr. Buckminster prayed, Mr. Worcester* preached, Dr. Thayer prayed before the charge, Mr. Peabody gave the charge, Mr. Abbot the Right hand, and Mr. Dow the last prayer. A very large, crowded Assembly, and perfect order. The Council richly entertained at Colonel Tappan's.
July 4, Monday. Independence. We went to Salem. Pro
* Rev. Samuel Worcester, D.D., clergyman; born at Hollis, V. 11., 1770, and died at Braiparı, Tenn., June 7, 1821; Dartmouth College, 1795. He was pastor of the Tabernacle Church, of Salem, Massachusetts, from 1803 to the time of his death; Corresponding Secretary of Foreign Missions, 1810). Rev. Dr. Samuel Melancthon Il'orcester was his son.-- Drake's Dict. Am. Bing.