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a narrow foot-path, much trodden, and shaded with trees, passes round it. Here Mrs. Washington, in gloomy solitude, often takes her melancholy walks. Here every visitor, in slow and solemn steps, approaches this venerable mound. We all of us took boughs from the trees as precious relics of our own and our country's best friend. I shall inclose a twig of the cypress, and a leaf of the holly, from this ever to be revered mound of earth. After we had taken a melancholy leave of the tomb, we rambled over the gardens and shrubbery, which discovered much taste and neatness of design in its former owner. . . . I collected a quantity of seeds, which I shall forward by water. . . .
Mrs. Washington urged us to tarry to dine, but we were obliged to return to Washington. She was likewise pressing in her invitation to make her another visit before the close of the session, and was so complaisant as to assure me, after offering any of the shrubbery or young trees, if I would come again toward the spring* I should find a very different appearance, and be furnished with whatever I wished to send home.
We tarried till about half after two, and then took our leave. I must acknowledge that I am deeply in debt to the Doctor for kind letters. ... With my affectionate regards to him, and love to the children, be assured that I am your tender parent,
Jan. 3, 1802, Sunday. The two Houses of Congress were insulted by the introduction of Leland,* the Cheese monger, as a preacher, ... text, “ And behold a greater than Solomon is here.” Jefferson was present; the allusion was in
* Julin Leland, clergiman; born at Grafton, Mass., May 14, 1754; died at North Adams, Mass., January 14, 1841. A Baptist preacher in Virginia in 1775-91. From 1792, until his death, he was settled in Chebire, Mass. llis literary pr ductions, including essays, etc., published in 1945. lle was a man of great eccentricity and shrewdness, and a 2-alons Democrat. In the latter part of 1801 he went to Washinqton to present to Mr. Jefferson a mammoth cheese, weighing 1,450 pounds, as a testimonial of the esteem and confidence of the people of Cheshire in the new chief magistrate.-- Drake's Dict, Am. Biog.
tended and obliquely directed more to him than the glorious Christ to whom the text refers...His first observation was: “Solomon was born with a silver spoon in his mouth, and a scepter in his hand.”
Jan. 4, Monday. Apportionment bill before the House ; long debate; sat late.
Jan. 5, Tuesday. In Committee of the whole on same. Debates long, warm, and acrimonious. Sat till dark. Committee rose and reported.
Jan. 6, Wednesday. On the question of recommitment, debates still more acrimonious and personal. Political parties took their ground. Sat late. Vote 55 and 34, yeas and nays; not carried. Bill accepted.
Jan. 7, Thursday. Sore throat; did not go out.
Jan. 8, Friday. Mr. Governeur Morris * delivered in the Senate a truly Ciceronian phillipic on the repeal of the Judiciary.
Jan. 9, Saturday. Spent the day in writing letters.
Jan. 10, Lord's Day. Mr. Austin preached a flighty ser'mon in the Hall.
Jan. 11, Monday. Fine day. Nothing very special.
Jan. 12, Tuesday. An attempt to refer the duty on Salt to the Com. of Ways and Means; not obtained.
Jan. 13, Wednesday. Went with Messrs. Hillhouse, Foster, Read, and Perkins, to wait on the Vice-President, Burr, to pay our respects on his arrival in the city. Letters from Mr. Bartlett, Dr. Torrey and wife.
Jan. 14, Thursday. Judiciary bill before the Senate. .
.;* , ini. Tie iwo II vases of Congress Fere" Printre care of Leand, the Cheese mnoget de
... ieri, '.1:4 behold a greater tha: N ''. He was present: the allusio! Fa*
*Governeur Morris, statesman and orator; born, Morrisania, N. Y., Jan. 31, 1752; died, Nov. 6, 1816. King's College, 1768. Son of Lewis Morris (signer of Declaration of Independence). Member of Continental Congress, 1777-80. In July, 1720, he was colleague of Robert Morris, as Assistant Superintendent of Finance. Ile was one of the Committee who drafted the Federal Constitution in the Convention of 1787, In 1788–91, he was in France, occupied in selling land. Minister to France, 1792 to October, 1794. Was United States Senator, 1800-3; acting with the Federalists, and actively opposing the abolition of the judiciary system, in 1802, in speeches of great ability. He was prominent in the great canal project of New York. Passed his latter years in munificent hospitality.--Druke's Dict. Am. Biog.
15 m vle House. Mr. Read and I found the length of the Capitol, from N.E. corner to S.E., one hundred and twenty paces; the N. end, forty paces ; making the end 8 rods, and the front 24 rods—covering more than one acre of ground. But this includes the central area in part; but the part connecting the wings projects back beyond the line of the opposite side, drawn from the two external corners.
Miss Anna gave us some good music this evening, particularly the “ Way-worn Traveler," " Ma Chere Amie,” “The Tea," “ The Twins of Latona” (somewhat similar to " Indian Chief "'), “ Eliza,” “ Lucy, or Selim's Complaint." These are among my favorites. But “ Denmark,” “ Old IIundred,” “St. Martins," and several other old tunes, she plays incomparably well. The foot organ is a prodigious addition to FortePianos. . . .
Jan. 16, Saturday. No session.
Jan. 17, Sunday. At the IIall. Chaplain Parkinson preached....
Jan. 18, Monday. Little done in the House. Walked to Georgetown. Spent part of the evening at Mr. Balch's.
Jan. 19, Tuesday. ..Little done in the House. Report for repeal of Judiciary in the Senate.
Jan. 20, Wednesday. Not much done in House. Mr. Balch, of Georgetown, dined with us.
Jan. 21, Thursday. Attempts to bring forward a motion to inquire whether it be expedient to reduce duties on Bohea Tea, Brown Sugar, and Coffee-to no effect.
Jan. 22, Friday. Very little done. Adjourned to Monday.
Jan. 23, Saturday. Wrote letters. Delivered Spofford's papers to Clerk of the Court, Jr. Forsyth. Obtained an order or a check on the bank at the Treasury ofice for $230, and in cash, $10....
Jan. 21, Lord's Day. Preaching very indifferent in the Hall, by Mr. Parkinson. Few members of Congress, many ladies, and full gallery.
Jan. 25, Monday. Question to inquire into the expenditures in collecting each duty of the internal tax-Yeas and Nays, lost-Salt, loaf Sugar, Tea, and Coffee. The Demos
--- ... wtuale, voting rerriu pa in the Houwe. Mr. Read and I found the bear to 15.01, froin .E. corner to S.E., one hundred and can ..*; the W. end, forty paces; making the end Star po front + role-covering more than one acre of you * -incluile- the central area in part; but the e :!* the winus projects back beyond the line of the .*; de, drawn from the two external corners. '1.-s.Inna gave us some good music this evening, worin,
the "War-worn Traveler," - Ma Chere.Amie." . ;" · The Twins of Latona" (somewhat similar to "I 111, - E!111," Lucy, or Selim's Complaint." The
my favorites. But " Denmark," -(1J Hundred.*1.3,," and several other old tunes, she plays incongan : The foot organ is a prodigious addition to 12
the questions, nor a word offered in answer to any on our side. Thus business goes much against us.
Jan. 26, Tuesday. Weather still very fine.
Jan. 27, Wednesday. House passed several bills. Thermometer, 58o.
Jan. 28. Ther., 65°. . . .
Jan. 30, Saturday. Went early in the morning to Georgetown, where Mr. Frank Dodge, Mr. Tenney, and myself, took horses, and went up to the great falls, about 12 miles. Visited on our way the cannon foundry; saw them boring the solid cast-iron cannon. Viewed the locks at the lower falls, where the boats pass with ease. The canal is about 2 miles in length. Passed the great bridge, which is a very handsome one, and well built, in the form of the bridge over the Merrimac above Newburyport. The river very narrow near and at the bridge, but said to be deep. Arrived at the great falls, and put up at Mr. Myers'. The appearance of the river is singular; filled with rocks about three-fourths mile—no large cataracts, but frequent falls, and brought into a narrow bed with high rocky banks at the locks. At the lower locks, appeared about 40 feet wide; said to be 35 feet deep. The work of the locks, 6 in number, very neat. The lower lock cut through a solid rock, by blowing, about 47 feet deep and 12 feet wide. The water was to have passed this day; but, not being quite completed, is to be opened for the passage of boats on Tuesday. The canal is three-fourths of a mile. It is a place capable of much business by water-works, but indolence reigns, and the country through which we passed the picture of laziness, negligence, and poverty. Old fields and woods. Returned.
Jan. 31, Sunday. Attended Mr. McCormick in the Capitol. Preached a pretty good sermon on forbearance.
.10. Szunlu. Vo session. ". 17, Sunday. At the Hall. Chaplain Parkse?
1.1 m m . Little done in the House. Wale !#$n. Spent part of the evening at Mr. Balch : 1.1!", Thexidiny. .. Little done in the House. is repeal of Judiciare in the Senate. . ). Ii inexility. Not much done in House. Mr. Belt p pptown, dined with us.
1, Thuraili14. Ittempts to bring forward a motor " Whether it be expedient to reduce duties on B.: rown Sugar, and ('offee-to no effect. .. Friliny. Verr little done. Adjourned to Vonary
)Syurity. Wrote letters. Delivered Spriforli 10 ('lerk of the Court, Mr. Forsyth. Obtained an art ck on the bank at the Treasury office for $230, 1). . .
WASHINGTON Jan. 4, 1802. Rev. Dr. DanA.
Dear Sir:- . . Some trying questions have been agitated. An attempt to appoint Duane the printer of the House, and to constitute him an officer of government with
't. Luril's Day. Preaching very indifferent in the
Vr. Parkinson. Few members of Congress, mar hd full gallery. 1. Jonidan. Question to inquire into the expeedflecting each duty of the internal tax-Yeas ab
Salt, loaf Sugar, Tea, and Coffee. The Dees
You would be ready to doubt my veracity, were I to recite to you the debasing methods which are pursued here and in this part of the country to gain the applause of the multitude.. The low popularity which is so assiduously courted must be of short duration, without some solid ground for its support, and ought not to excite any serious apprehension, were it not for the destructive measures which in the meantime are to be accomplished.
Since the commencement of the session very little business has been done. Much good humor has apparently prevailed, and, contrary to the policy intended to have been pursued, mere necessity has compelled the friends of the government to take the lead and the management of business very much upon themselves. But the ball is now beginning to open. Some trying questions have been agitated. This day the Judiciary business has been broached in both llouses. What form it will assume, and what turns and twists it may undergo, it is impossible to say. The plan, in its full extent, is unknown, and will be variell, whatever it is, as strength and other circumstances may dictate. It is, in itself, a subject of the most serious and interesting nature, and the more so, because the people generally, and a large proportion of the well informed, will not see the fatal consequences. The Judiciary is not a subordinate but a co-ordinate part of the government; it is the great barrier between the government and the people; it is the bulwark of our liberties, the vital principle of our Constitution, and it is, by that instrument, as carefully and fully secured as, perhaps, it was possible to do on paper. If the intentions of the party are effected, of which I think there is no doubt, the Constitution is gone. As the Senate, very unfortunately, is more subservient to the views of the Executive than the IIouse, it is to go through its first ordeal in that branch.
The situation of our country is, my friend, at this moment, extremely critical and alarming. May kind Heaven interpose, as in time past, in the hour of extremity. With regard to internal taxes, it is impossible to form any opinion of what