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to varit !, 17:51 152.2 ear, nje pertlay, when timp sa vie jest naje H 1. TL Ly was employel, until
*"1?7***, innemen. Hilie uneniments, wlich, if ne rol.1 plakal, de Erminia to the Senate, and we of 103"N 1 4341 Paul Bimari the Senate wished ritmir: tipa B: 20 ameniment ob* *.10. 10. Tani 17 a 212 er of the majority voted v 12. TAR:
21minar voretien no nos than seven times 1px 19,, 'Iry flas. Veierlay wis Dide the order of le" $3.rtle B. imma wis made for a postprinsessene intii center next, 2nol a very interesting debate
Berl, *xh lasted till canina were lizbeil. In the course ople fingira V:. .ie a confession (an) did it very bar, 140ms which muh surpriseil us as coming from a Virzinin lle cor.fpward the crear superiority of talent on our Rides the minority and sail, le - bowel with reverence to the talents which he saw on our viole of the House, and hoped, notwil,tandin? the severity of this contest, those talents would not be refused in future business which we had to transact." con paveing the bill: area, 39; nays, 32. Dr. Eustis left his party and voted with us, both for postponement and the pas
The members on our side who were absent on Vrsday night, were so ill as to be unable to attend, viz.: General Shepard, General Mattoon, Jr. Barnard, and Mr. J. C. Brnith. The last hail been the Chairman of the Committee of the Whole, and by the extreme fatigue he had suffered in the discharge of that duty, was quite sick, and is still confined to his chamber. Thus I have given you a longer detail than I intended, when I began, of the closing scene of this momentous business. This event will form a memorable era in the government of our country. Our happy Constitution, the pride of our Country, and the ark of our safety, is now no better than a blank paper. It came into operative existence
sage of the Bill.
Ull the 4111 Of March, in the year 1709, in the morning, and expired, after suffering extreme convulsions, on the 3d of March, 1802, in the evening, aged just 13 years.
On passing the bill there was no exulting on the side of the majority, but a solemn gloom was strongly marked on many of their countenances. But to exhilarate their spirits, and in triumph of victory, they are this day celebrating the downfall of the Judiciary branch of our government in a civic feast, at Stille's Hotel, and the hotel this evening is to be illuminated. Many of them, however, are too sensible to attend.
A great number of the members of our House are very unwell. General Shepard is very sick. I have just returned from visiting him. The member from the South-west Territory, Mr. Ilunter, I am told, is not expected to live many days. It is supposed to be owing to the fatigue of our long and tedious sitting, long abstinence from food, and the suffocating air of the hall during this most unhappy business. I feel very much unwell myself, but attended business in the Hall today. We had scarcely enough to make a quorum, and sat but a short time. I feel the want of exercise, having had very little the last fortnight. Great impression is made upon the minds of people here, and especially on the property of this city. One gentleman, Colonel Stoddard, had contracted with a number of moneyed gentlemen, in Baltimore, for the sale of city lots, to the amount of 30,000 dollars. He had prepared his deeds, and went with them to Baltimore yesterday to receive his money, but was told that, although they had intended to make this the place of their residence, finding the Judiciary bill had passed, they had changed their minds. The instability of government had discouraged them; they would not give him one dollar apiece for lots. He was obliged to return without getting a cent of money. Will you tell me how it is with you? Will Governor Strong be chosen ?
Your affectionate parent,
WASHINGTON, March 14, 1802. My Son :
Here I have every thing to render my situation agreeable ; as much so as, perhaps, it can be at
arming situation in which our country appears to me to be placed.
Before I came, I was apprehensive that as I was a clergyman I might meet with some unpleasant things on that account. I viewed myself a speckled bird, because I presumed I should be viewed so by others. But the case has been far otherwise. The President has paid me more particular attention (I believe) than to any one Federalist in either House of Congress, though he well knows I am not only a determined, but an active, Federalist. The heads of Departments have been very complaisant, particularly General Dearborn ; and the Worcester Farmer* bows, and pays the usual compliments whenever I meet with him, and always gives me one of his smiles, which he gives to every body with whom he has any conversation. From members of Congress I have received every civility I could desire, not with our own party only, but I often converse freely with those of the opposite side, and in the most cordial manner. The Speaker of the House has been particularly complaisant, who, by the way, I do believe is as honest a man as a Democrat can be, and has something about him which is quite engaging. I believe, however, that he is not in the secrets of the Cabinet-has been insensible of the tendency of the rash measures that have been and are still being pursued. But (I do believe) he now feels more alarmed than any of his party.
* Levi Lincoln, Attorney-General of the United States, was the Worcester Farmer.” He wrote a series of letters for the Boston papers, attacking the administration of John Adams, which were called “ Farmer's Letters," Mr. Lincoln was a native of Hingham, Mass., a graduate of flarvard, 1772. He settled in Worcester in the practice of law in 1775, and became eminent in the profession. He was a member of the Massachusetts General Court, 17961; of the State Senate, 1797; member Congress, 1799 to 1801; Attorney General of the United States, 1801 to 1805; Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts, 1807; acting Gorernor, 1809; appointed Justice of the United States Supreme Court, 1811, but declined He was an original member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He died at Worcester, 18:20. His son, Levi, was Governor of Massachusetts, 1825 to 1831. His son, Enoch, was Governor of Maine, 1827 to 1829.-See Drake's Dict. Am. Biog.
He has taken care to give me a full share of Committee business, and more than common to a new member.
With these agreeable circumstances are connected a spirit of party of which I had no conception, great grounds to fear our country is fast approaching to a most deplorable state.
I can say to you, what I would not say to every one, that to be a member of the councils of a great nation, to take a part in the measures of government of the first magnitude at a time when the best of all governments is crumbling to ruin, to be the witness (though the feeble opposer) of the worst of measures, which must be followed in the common course of things with consequences destructive of our liberties and independence, and which may lead to scenes of which we may now be incapable of forming any conception; when employed in a work like this, is trying indeed.
Not that I expect any immediate agitations among the people. I hope nothing will be attempted, at present, but in a regular manner and through the proper organs of the state government. The people can do nothing to effect by tumult, but it is of the last importance that their eyes should be opened; that they choose proper men in the state government, and are directed by the collective wisdlom of the whole in some proper mode. We must believe, we do believe, when the debates of the House are circulated among the people, on the Judiciary, that the people must see their danger. Many of the members of Congress think there will not be another session under the present government,
A bill passed the Committee of the whole, on Friday, to relinquish to the debtor states the balance due on the account of final settlements of the expense of the Revolutionary War, amounting to 3,507,584 dollars. All the New England States are credit states. There is due to Massachusetts near two millions. But this bill establishes a principle by which Congress may wipe off all the balances due to the credit states, and this is the object. This ought to give serious alarm to Massachusetts. On this occasion, for the first time, all the members from Massachusetts voted together.
We feel much alarmed about your approaching election of Goy
mono w lear.
you to see and converse with the principal people, and mention to them, as my earnest request, that they make every exertion to re-elect Governor Strong. Let Hamilton keep up its character, and never have we seen the time when more exertion ought to be made. It depends more upon Vassachusetts than any state in the l'nion to save us from civil war, and, in the event, a despotic government. When the time comes, depend upon it, there is a Bonaparte ready to hurl Jefferson from his chair, and to take the reins of government into his own hands. He is now in this city. I believe many of the Democrats are in all his plans. He is hated and despised by the Federalists. But, when government breaks, the chance is in his favor. If some unforeseen event does not take place, which Heaven grant there may be, I must believe this state of things is coming upon us.
If you see Dr. Torrey, you may, if you please, show him this letter; at any rate, urge him to use his influence in Danvers in favor of Governor Strong. I will write to him, if I can snatch a few minutes of time. I wish also to write to several in Hamilton, but doubt whether I shall be able. I begin now to count the days when I hope to set my face homeward. We hope we shall adjourn on the 12th of April, but I think it doubtful. We find there are certain things to be done before the majority will rise, and very much doubt whether they can be done by that day. Since the passing the Judiciary law, the minority have said very little on any subject. We have let them go on in their own way, only voting against them. Yeas and nays are taken on almost every question in the House, except on private business. Debate only lengthens out the time, and does no good. I think I shall return by water, if there should be a good vessel bound to Salem, ready at the time, but I have not determined.
Yesterday we attended the funeral of one of our House, Mr. Hunter, of the South-western or Mississippi Territory. The members of the House were put in mourning by wearing black crape on the left arm. The two Houses of Congress and their officers, and the Heads of the Departments, walked in procession from the house where he died, in the city, to Georgetown, where he