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Du will be litt ni much able speaking on both sides the youtie ! ti Viris has shown with distinguished luster. Hidang
su Dieser been wrpaswed, it is said, in either Hz moon in perhaps a more interesting subject " 27. y deliverated by any legislative body in America
. I op in the Senate are impelled by a vindictrees ", r'ne spirit, which nothing can resist or moderate
innifi ant the best constructedl paper descom i popuse when opposed to the interests and pain
the city. The opportunity was embraced by Mr. Breckenridge for bringing forward a motion to discharge the committee. On taking the question-yeas, 16, nays, 14. The bill, of course, in its original shape, was taken up. Very interesting, warm, and pointed debates followed. Your friend and brother,
T.4 atruke now aimed at the vital principle, which :
ars brauch, should it take effect, will prove that in Curry little value. ," wrurity of every political Constitution concies is ? reititude and sound principles of those who a birse When there requisites are so defective as to yield to "??dations of party views and interests, it is met 'i tu pypact l'onstitutional security.
Your aff. parent,
WASHINGTON, Feb. 5, 1802. DR. TORREY:
Dear Sir :— The day before yesterday the Judiciary bill, after a very animated and very pointed debate, continued through a long session, was finished in the Senate. As the sun was setting the question was taken, and the bill passed. Ayes, 16, nays, 15. This circumstance has occasioned an observation, which is much circulated in the city (who are almost all Democrats), that the Sun in the Heavens, and the Constitution of the Country, went down on that fatal day, at the same moment. The Remonstrance from the Philadelphia lawyers, which seems to have originated with the highest Jacobins in the country, Dallas, McKeen, Smith, and others, and being forwarded by Dallas and McKeen, as the committee, has made more impression on the majority than any thing else. They are evidently alarmed at the rash measures their friends are pursuing here, and think they are going so fast as to defeat their own plans. Have you ever seen the little book called “The Progress of Good Intent?” It has been lately printed in Charleston, Mass., and is a most excellent thing. If you have not seen it, wish you by all means to procure it. It is designed to point out the follies of Jacobinism, and to counteract the wretched effects of Godwinism, which is now prevailing in the country. It will afford you a rich entertainment. Your affectionate parent,
WASHINGTON, Feb. 4. IN r Sir:- I take my pen at this moment just to infoa the progress of the Judiciary bill in the Senate.... Teration for passing the bill to the third reading the 're 15 and navs, 15. Of course the Vice-President for * ! a vote, which was in favor of the bill
. Erers base C! its progress was given up. The next morning . lors unexpectedly, a motion was brought forwania n liether any, and what, amendments were necessari
in the Juuliviary system of the United States. In on, peas, 15, na vs. 15. The Vice-President gare të te in favor of it. A committee of fire were chosez
hom to the surprise of all) were warm opposers
WASHINGTON, Feb. 21, 1802 (evening). TO REV. DR. DANA.
I informed you that the Judiciary bill came to the House, and was made the order of the day for last Monday,
\r. Dayton, Calhoun, and Morris). A glimmer ei ituned, but soon vanished. Mr. Bradly, who bai t, arrived, and Mr. Howard happened to be out of
110use came to order.
Mr. Bayard moved that a consideration of it be postponed until the third Monday in March. He urged reasons which were unanswerable, in a speech of considerable length, and the majority evidently intended not to attempt to answer, as appeared by a vociferous call for the question. But they were not able to get rid of the motion so easy. Several members on our side rose and insisted on the right of speaking. At length they were compelled to take a part in the debate, which continued till after 5 P. M. Question by yeas and nays: for the motion, 35; against, 61. Mr. Dennis then moved for postponement for one week, on account of his own ill-health, and that of a number of the members who had very hoarse colds. Yeas and nays as before, excepting that three or four members happened to be out of their seats. The House then (about 6) went into Committee of the Whole. Mr. John C. Smith, of Connecticut (of our family), in the chair. As soon as the bill was read, the Committee rose and the House ad journed.
It gives you some idea of the spirit with which this highly interesting business is taken up, and, I believe, the numbers as they will stand on the final decision.
Tuesday, the 16th. Gallery and Lobby very full at an early hour. The Senate met and adjourned. Vice-President and members, with a large number of ladies and gentlemen, on the floor of the House. Soon after the House came to order, went into Committee on the bill, and the debates commenced. A solemnity appeared in every part of the Hall worthy of the occasion, and an awe seemed to be impressed upon every countenance. Agreeably to previous arrangement, which was to meet the bill in a direct and dignified manner, Mr. Henderson, of North Carolina, rose and moved to strike out the first section of the bill (which, in technical language, is to try the principle of the bill), and followed his motion with a manly, nervous speech of more than an hour. He was followed by one of his colleagues, Mr. Williams, on the opposite side, a pompous man, but by no means burdened with ability. On this occasion he appeared, perhaps, in part, from embarrassment, smaller than usual. Mr. Ilemphill, a
up on that day immediatelratec Loup came to order. Vr. Bavaril moved that a consideration of it be patien ..) the third Monday in March. He urged reasure the por unanswerable, in a speech of considerable length .
majority evidently intended not to attempt to be betred bs a vociferous call for the question. Be 'p not able to get rid of the motion so easy. Severale:
on our side rose and insisted on the right of speak; Lowath they were compelled to take a part in the des li soontinued till after 5 P. M. Question br reas antes file motion, 35: against, 61. Mr. Dennis then moved to 10498ement for one week, on account of his it of a number of the members who had rerr ben · Yeas and pays as before, excepting that three orí: it's happened to be out of their seats. The House te ti; went into Committee of the Whole. Mr. Jeho of Connecticut (of our family), in the chair. disz
sitting, to a late hour, in a modest, correct, argumentative speech, confined to the most prominent points, free from the asperity of party, and at the close quite impressive. He far exceeded the expectations of his friends, and by many thought to excel any speech made in the Senate. The greatest decorum was preserved through the sitting.
Wednesday, 17th. Spectators as yesterday. Mr. Thompson, of Virginia, Mr. Davis, of Kentucky, Mr. Brown, of Mass., followed each other in support of the bill. All of them quite indifferent. Mr. T. Morris, of N. York (a good Federalist and a very sensible man),
closed the debate. Thursday, 18th. Mr. Giles * rose, and began his speech with an attack upon the late administration; criminated almost every measure and
every character concerned in it, on the Federal side ; particularly severe on the great Washington; called up to view minute circumstances of the late election of President and Vice-President, and, with pointed severity (naming many persons), condemned the passing the laws now to be repealed. In his rambles, frequently exulted that the time was come to bring to the test, what was called a vital principle of the Constitution, the independence of the Judiciary; boasting that he had been for years studying the subject, and was able to prove the inconsistency and danger of such an independence; but took care to pass over without notice the words of the Constitution, which declare that the "Judges shall hold their office during good behavior,” and every argument pertinent to the great point of Constitutionality. Ile continued his speech until nearly the usual time of adjourn
bil was read, the Committee rose and the Houses
, which ma
. Vr. Hender orth Carolina, rose and moved to strike out the firs the bill (which, in technical language, is to try to of the bill), and followed his motion with a mosnik
* William Branch Giles, born, Amelia Co., Va., August 12, 1762; died at Richmond, December 4, 1830. N.J. Coll., 1781. Admitted to the bar, and practiced at Petersburg about 1790. Embarked in politics first as a Federalist, afterward as a Democrat; member of Congress, 1790-5 and 1801–2; U. S. Senator, 1804–15; Governor of Virginia, 1827–30; member of Legislature, 1829–30. He separated from the Federalists on the question of establishing a United States bank in December, 1790. January 23, 1793, he charged Hamilton with corruption and peculation. In 1796, he opposed the creation of a navy, and the ratification of Jay's treaty, and the proposed war with France in 1798. He was an able debater.-- Drake's Dict. Am. Biog.
peech of more than an hour. He was followed by
colleagues, Mr. Williams, on the opposite sides nan, but by no means burdened with ability. In on he appeared, perhaps, in part, from embarras tier than usual. Mr. Hemphill, a new Federa
reiterated plaudits of his friends, but fell far short of accomplishing as much as his opponents expected. When he sat down, Mr. Randolph rose, a countenance looking much like the bird of wisdom; eulogized the speech, and moved that the Committee and Ilouse would then rise, that “members might retire for reflection, while the deep impressions they must have received were fresh upon their minds." It was no sooner said than done.
Friday, 19th. Mr. Bayard * rose, and followed the course which Giles had taken, tracing him in every step, confuting and lashing him in a manner I am unable to describe, after which he took up the expediency of the system to be repealed. This part he treated in a manner far exceeding any thing offered in the Senate. After speaking almost four hours, he observed to the Chairman that he had come to the Constitutional part of the question, but it was much, beyond the usual hour for adjourning, and it would take some time to make the remarks he intended, he would sit down that the Committee might rise, and conclude his observations the next day,ʻunless the Committee would indulge him to go on.
At first there was a call to proceed, but having sat a few minutes, he found himself faint and scarcely able to rise from his chair. Several members near him interposed, and moved for the Committee to rise, which was agreed.
On this day the llouse was more crowded than it had been on any preceding day. Through the whole time, every eye seemed to be fixed upon the speaker, and every sentence to make impression.
While the house was adjourning, he nearly fainted.
* James A. Bayard was born in Philadelphia, 1767, and educated at Princeton College, In 1784, he engaged in the study of the law, and on admission to the bar, settled in the State of Delaware. Elected to Congress toward the close of the administration vf Mr. Adams. In 1804, elected to the Senate of the United States by the Legislature of Delaware. In 1813, appointed by President Madison one of the ministers to conclude a treaty of peace with Great Britain, and assisted in the successful negotiations at Ghent in the following year. Died, July,
uut rulence of " rated plaudits of his friends, but fell far short of a virs as much as his opponents expected. Walls !1. Mr. Randolph rose, a countenance looking .nl of wisdom; eulogized the speech, and moved to
.tittrop and House would then rise, that may i trip to tertion, while the dip impressions thing ..lur frixh upon their minds." It was no se les
jone. 1.119, 19h. Vr. Bayard * rose, and followed the ri
Giles had taken, tracing him in every step. ciebie ishing him in a manner I am unable to describe xx i he took up the experiency of the system to be moje part be treated in a manner far exceeding app I in the Senate. After speaking almost four bour. I im to the Chairman that he had come to the Const
part of the quention, but it was much, berond the as ios adjourning, and it would take some time to make i - he intended, he would sit down that the Cosmith riwe, and conclude his observations the next dar,"pala
mittee would indulge him to go on. At first there is " proceed, but having sat a few minutes, he found is 11 and scarcely able to rise from his chair. Serien im Dear him interposed, and mored for the Compact which was agreed.
day the House was more crowded than it had been preceding dlay. Through the whole time. Pretep o be fixed upon the speaker, and every sentence ression.
While the house was adjourning fainted.
should not be able to attend ; he, however, found himself so far recruited as to take his seat by the time the Committees were formed. He rose, and after a few sentences recovered his usual ease and vivacity in speaking. Reassuming his subject on the Constitutionality, he spoke two hours and a half, and, if possible, exceeded, in luminous, impressive reasoning, the preceding day. I can attempt no description, but must refer you to the speech, which I think you will find a rich entertainment. It was delivered in a truly parliamentary style, and said here, by many, never to have been equaled by Fox, Burke, or Chatham. No speech in the Senate will bear a comparison. After he sat down, Mr. Randolph rose, spoke about two hours, and closed the sitting. The inferiority of this Virginia orator extremely mortified his party. It might have been thought better at another time; but, at any time, it would have been a miserable, disconnected harangue. The House rose between five and six, and adjourned to Tuesday, for the purpose of giving opportunity to workmen to fix some ventilators, which were greatly wanted in the Hall. At the moment the Speaker was putting the question to adjourn for the above purpose till Tuesday, one of our friends observed, there was another reason for adjourning over Monday. It was the natal day of the great Washington; he presumed so much respect would be paid to his memory that the Legislature would do no business on that day. It was the intention of those who venerated that great character to devote the day to a commemoration of the man in whose illustrious name his country gloried. This observation produced an effect which you would think incredible. When the motion was made to give Monday to the workman, that the ventilators might be fixed, for the want of which every member had suffered severely, I dare say every member was in favor of it. But, naming the nativity of Washington, the adjournment was opposed. When the vote was taken in the usual form, viva voce, the sound of the no's was stronger than ayes. A division called, members pro and con rose, and the vote was carried only by a small majority. Have we lived to see the day, has it so soon arrived, that the memory of Washington should
i Basard sran torn in Philadelphia, 1767, and educatele!
In 1784, he engaged in the study of the law aldus 'o the bar, settled in the State of Delaware. Electeilte
and the clowp of the administration of Mr. Adam: 13 I to the Senate of the l'nited States by the Legislature / in 1913, appointed by President Madison one of the micia "ride in treaty of peace with Great Britain, and assisted is vi begotiations at Ghent in the following year. Diedl.des