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mashit to the existence of the pare 1:.The traily to doubt my veracity, were lux ::::* Tuethods which are pursuei ere

::.- furry to gain the applause of ube

issulich is so assiduously cuirties

1, without some solid ground for its : ::: ekte any serious apprehension, were i

..leo medures which in the meantine are

1. • Past!!lent of the session very little baixo ... Mich gw humor has apparently pere ...:"Tto tie polies intended to have free pos

, la compelled the friends of the greates Din all the management of business reye .."But the ball is now beginning to 7:31 have been agitated. This bar the

:n, 1.pos las been broached in both Houses 5 : * od wil luf, and what turns and twists it maraming

to say. The plan, in its full erzeut, se Til le varied, whatever it is as street 2

}":n???!(*p* may dictate. It is, in itself, a sci "11?" and interesting nature, and the more v. : . proper generally, and a large proportion of the Ta ·i. #.??!! sue the fatal consequences

. The Judices impulmate but a co-ordinate part of the governs Kredt barrier between the government and the ** in the bulwark of our liberties, the vital princip ::6:16201, and it is, by that instrument, as curetid I secured a», perhaps, it was possible to do on pak

Siestions of the party are effectel, of which I otis 110 doubt, the Constitution is gone. Is the dezik

Federalists rather doubtful about the expediency of abolishing them, but with what views is very uncertain. There are two objects in view--one is to attack the funded debt, and the other, a direct tax upon the people; but they find much caution and contrivance necessary to accomplish them. At this session nothing more than some preparatory steps is expected.

The tales that are told about a cheap government and the retrenching of expenses are perfectly idle. I believe, upon evidence which appears to me conclusive, that greater sums of public money have been unnecessarily and foolishly lavished away since the 4th of March than during the preceding twelve years' administration. Much has been said about a short session, but it is the opinion of the best judges, that the business which ought to be done this session would not be completed, if we were to sit till June. It is, however, my present opinion, that on principles of popularity the adjournment will take place the last of February or the first of March, whatever

may

be the state of business. Many of our friends at the eastward have hoped that much information would be given to the people from the Federal debates in Congress. Undoubtedly, the first characters for real ability and talent in public speaking are on their side. Though their number is so small, they abound with good speakers. A very great proportion of their best speakers have not yet opened their mouths on the floor.

On the other side, there are only two who deserve the name of speakers. Eustis, of Boston, has been forward, but extremely awkward and blundering. Bacon is often up, chopping his logic, but never without exciting ridicule. Notwithstanding, the hopes of our friends must be disappointed, for the man who takes down the debates is a flaming Democrat, and the speeches of the Federalists are either omitted or strangely mutilated, while those on the other side are corrected, amended, and in some instances nearly fabricated. Under the new order of things, there are no Levees, but the members are invited to dine with the President in rotation, and what is strange (if any thing done here can be strange), only Federal

VOL. II.-5

rirtunately, is more subservient to the views of the ļ than the House, it is to go through its first onda

inter

nation of our country is, my friend, at this momen: i critical and alarming. Var kind Hearen in

a time past, in the hour of extremity. With regain

I taxes, it is impossible to form any opinion of what

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are invited, there is one of the heads of Departments, which makes nine. Mr. Read and myself were honored with a pretty early invitation. I believe about a fortnight ago. Generals Shepard and Wadsworth * (of Mass.), General Morris (of Vt.), Mr. Morris and Van Rensselaer (N. Y.), and Mr. Hill (N. Carolina), were our company. All decided Federalists. We enjoyed ourselves very well; were social, and handsomely received and entertained. On New Year's day, a number of the Federalists were determined to keep up the old custom, though contrary to what was intended, of waiting on the President, with the compliments of the season. We went at eleven, were tolerably received, and treated with cake and wine. We had, likewise, the honor of viewing the mammoth cheese. It had, a little before, on this morning, been presented with all the parade of Democratic etiquette. The President invited us to “Go into the mammoth room to see the mammoth cheese." Last Sunday, Leland, the cheesemonger, a poor, ignorant, illiterate, clownish preacher (who was the conductor of this monument of human weakness and folly to the place of its destination), was introduced as the preacher to both Houses of Congress, and a great number of gentlemen and ladies from I know not where. The President, contrary to all former practice, made one of the audience. Such a performance I never heard before, and I hope never shall again. The text was, “And behold a greater than Solomon is here.” The design of the preacher was principally to apply the allusion, not

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* Major-lieneral Peles Wadsworth, born, Duxbury, Mass., May 6, 1748; died at Iliram, Maine, November 18, 18:29; Harvard University, 1769. Joined the Revolutionary Army as Captain of minute men at Roxbury; Aide to General Ward, and afterward Adjutant-General for Massachusetts. Was Brigadier-General of Milica in 1777. In 1792, he was elected State Senator; was member of Congress in 1792-1806. His son, Lieutenant Henry Wadsworth, L', S. V., distinguished in the Tripolitan war, died off Tripoli, September +, 1804, a ved 19, by the explosion of a fire slip. - Drake's Dict. Am. Bing.

+ William Van Rensselaer was born in 1763; was a member of Congress from New York from 1801 to 1811, after which he retired to private life, and died in New York City, June 18, 1815.

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Tu III a day is generally eight, and when the Federas are invited, there is one of the heads of Department Dahes nine. Mr. Read and my-elf were honored vdora Pirly invitation. I believe about a fortnight apo, len Spard and Wadsworth * (of Mass.), General Mom Mr. Morris and Van Rensselaer i X. Y., ani Mr. Carolina', were our company. All decided Falender

Sed ourselvirom very well; were social, and landbouers

trand entertained. On New Year's day, a number Honeralines were determined to keep up the old custeite

rary to what was intended, of waiting on the free , the compliments of the season. We went at elere, va orably received, and treated with cake and wine. Tous hr Wine", the honor of viewing the mammoth cheese

. Its -o'p before, on this morning, been presented with al. rule of Democratie etiquette. The President invited's in into the mammoth room to see the mamroch die of Sundav, Leland, the cheesemonger, a poor, ignorat !ite, clownish preacher (who was the conductor of

present. Such a farrago, bawled with stunning voice, horrid tone, frightful grimaces, and extravagant gestures, I believe, was never heard by any decent auditory before. Shame or laughter appeared in every countenance.

Such an outrage upon religion, the Sabbath, and common decency, was extremely painful to every sober, thinking person present. But it answered the much-wished for purpose of the Democrats, to see religion exhibited in the most ridiculous manner. On Friday last, Messrs. IIillhouse, Davenport, J. C. Smith, Mattoon, Perkins, Tallmadge, and Goddard, and myself, made a visit to Mount Vernon, to pay our respects to Mrs. Washington. We were received in the most polite and cordial manner, and handsomely entertained. She appeared in good health, but like one who has sustained a loss that will always remain fresh in her mind. She spoke of the General with great affection, and observed that, though she had many favors and mercies, for which she desired to bless God, she felt as if she was become a stranger among her friends, and could welcome the time when she should be called to follow her deceased friend.

My time has lately been so occupied, that it has not been in my power to write so frequently to my friends as I have wished. Some matters before Congress, respecting navigation, have rendered it necessary to write repeatedly to commercial gentlemen for particular information. But, particularly, much time has been employed, and must still be, as one of the committee for investigating the expenditures, appropriations, and accounts of the heads of Departments, foreign ministers, and other public officers, since the establishment of the present government. An intention to stigmatize the character of Mr. Pickering has occasioned the appointment of this committee. You will see, by the debates, that Mr. Nicholson originated the motion.

The business has taken a turn very different from what was intended, or was even apprehended. The motion, instead of being confined to Mr. Pickering, has been extended to all the heads of Departments, and, as far as the investigation has gone, there is ground to believe defaults will be found, and

.ment of human weakness and folly to the plane of a stron), was introduced as the preacher to both. Ax lydrens, and a great number of gentlemen and ladies br. 10118 not where. The President, contrary to all fire pre", maile one of the audience. Such a performata heard before, and I hope never shall again. The te imu behold a greater than Solomon is here." The to if the preacher was principally to apply the allusion se

jsteril Peleg Hadsworth, born, Duxburr, Van Nor

ilus lirim. Maine, November 18, 18:29; Harvard Universiti 1,110 the Revolutionary Army as Captain of minute Diego to Hide to lieveral Ward, and afterward Adjutant-bener i

Www Brigadser-General of Militia in 1971 In priteid State Senator; was member of Congress in 1792-199 I ;tutenant llenry Il'udsworth, US W., distinguished in 11 18 or, died off" Tripoli, September 4, Isiht, aged 19, bor tibet

it tire ship.--Dizke's Dict. Am. Bing.

111 l'an Rensplaer was born in 1763; was a member of die

a New York from 1801 to 1811, after which he retired ? .-. ind died in New York City, June 18, 1845.

forward. But I am not at liberty to mention any particulars until the investigation is completel.

Your affectionate parent,

M. CUTLER.

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WASHINGTON, Jan. 26.152.
DR. DANA.
Dear Sir:-

The 10th No. of the Furies has come to me in the Boston papers, and we are pleased to find it followed by the able pen of Sulpiciux. So far as I can learn, the Farmer's numbers have not been published in the papers of any description on this side of X. England, excepting in the Aurora, and some extracts of the 10th No., not relating to the clergy, in the Washington Federalist. These extracts are followed with comments hy some writer here. The same kind of mania which the Farmer has discovered in his numbers still rages upon him now he is here. Of all the opposers of Federalism, he is the most virulent, and no doubt can be entertained of a perfectly good understanding between him and his Master in all his measures to support the present administration. The little regard paid to religion among the southern democrats, and the clergy having no kind of influence, may be a reason why the 10th No. has not been published in the southern papers. In speaking of the clergy as wholly destitute of influence, those of the cities of New York and Philadelphia are to be excepteil. Among the democrats of Congress it is a prevailing opinion that the people of the New England states are governed by their clergy, whom they consider as aristocrats, and affect to lament the unhappy state in which those people will continue to be until that influence is destroyed. In a word, every thing, they pretend to believe, which is opposed to the prevalence of Godwinism, is friendly to aristocracy.

Immediately on receiving your queries, I put them in the hands of Mr. IIillhouse, of our family, who,

having been longer in Congress than any present member of the Senate, has, I believe, a better knowledge of the political charac

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The 10th No. of ! ' to me in the Bonton papers, and we are pk ...ne od by the able pen of Sulpicius. So farsileae

Farmer's numbers have not been publiek 17 description on this side of V. Ena?

Surori, ar: some extracts of the 10th VY : in clergy, in the Washington Federalist. Tivers Sewend with comments by some writer here. 29

tolia which the Farmer has discovered 7,1? ra pa upon him now he is here. Of a?:ii pera!ı-ın, he is the most virulent, and no one subted of a perfectly good understanding hersey : Vaser in all his measures to support "..... The little regard paid to religion 2016

ter of the man whose conduct is to be investigated. He feels no hesitation in answering every query, but many of them are of a nature which will not admit that the answers should be substantiated by specific facts, as is the case with many wellfounded historical relations. But he is disposed to afford his aid in collecting such facts, and other material, as can be obtained. I have since put the queries into the hands of Mr. Tracy, who told me this morning he should be able to afford much information, which he was arranging, and would call in a day or two and furnish me with it. I had only a few words with him as we were going into Congress. There are papers in the hands of the Secretary of the Senate that may be useful, to which I can have access, but have not yet found leisure to examine them. Being one of a Committee appointed in consequence of a motion respecting Mr. Pickering, to “inquire whether moneys drawn from the Treasury have been faithfully applied and accounted for," etc., I think there is a probability in the course of this business, in which

which many of the books and papers of the Heads of Departments must be examined, that I may find some documents relating to the queries. Mr. Griswold is on the Committee, to whom I can, with safety, communicate my wishes and obtain his assistance. Mr. Giles, who is of the Committee, has been absent several weeks, which has prevented much progress. But I am not without fears that the opportunity may be prevented, by a determination of the Committee not to pursue the object of their commission. At our last meeting sufficient information was obtained perfectly to exculpate Mr. Pickering, but from strong suspicion of other defaulters, and men of another party, there appeared a disposition to suspend inquiry.

Unfortunately, the spirit of party and the majority in Committee is the same as in the House.

Mr. Nicholson, Giles, and Dickeson were one side, and Mr. Griswold and myself on the other, in every question we discussed. It will be in the power of the majority to close the inquiry when they please. There is a hope, however, that it will be pursued.

The Bill before the Senate for repealing the judiciary laws (which were enacted by the last Congress) was this day passed

the

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? democrats, and the clergy having no kin 1 of inézet pod reson why the 10th No. has not been public **lern papers. In speaking of the clergy do 'of intluence, those of the cities of Ver Todo

j!!a are to be excepted. Among the democrat so it in a prevailing opinion that the people of the la i naies are governed by their clergy, whom the

"jutocrats, and affect to lament the unhappe state ', on people will continue to be until that influence : mil. In a word, erery thing, they pretend to believe opposed to the prevalence of Godwinism, is friends

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14.1707s on receiving your queries, I put them in the

Vr. Hillhouse, of our family, who, .. or in Congress than any present member of the de

I believe, a better knowledge of the politica) chari

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