FOURTH SESSION is Congress—DIARY, 1804– LETTER FROM Tios. Cosing


Nov. 5, 1804, Monday. Arrived at Washington at 4 P. M. The House had met, formed a quorum, and adjourned. Senate had not a quorum. Went to the Capitol, and took my old seat. But we are now to sit in the Library, which is fitted up for the reception of the House, as the other wing was not finished. Went to Mr. Speak's, where I dined, and found Colonel Hough, Mr. Claggett, Chamberlin, and Chittenden.

Nov. 6, Tuesday. Attended House. Senate not a quorum. Find myself well accommodated at Mr. Speak's, with a snug room by myself.

Nov. 7, Wednesday. Senate made a quorum. House adjourned early. Fair held in the city for three days. This morning, paid the homage of my high respects to his Democratic Majesty, the President, and was very graciously received.

Nov. 8, Thursday. At 12 o'clock, the President's Secretary brought to the two houses the Message. It was immediately read in our House. Sent off a large number to my friends.

Nov. 9, Friday. Adjusting matters in my chamber, where I abound in conveniences, so far as my little apartment will admit. Wrote letters.

Nov. 10, Saturday. The House did not sit. Went to Georgetown. Called on Mr. Balch and Mr. King. Borrowed of Mr. King 5th and 6th vols. of Harvey.

Nov. 11, Sunday. Attended worship at our Hall. Mr. McCormick preached a very good sermon on Charity—the good Samaritan. At 3, service was attended in the Court Room, and a Mr. Spear, from the town of Greensburg, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, preached an excellent sermon

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at the Hall in the morning.

Nov. 13, Tuesday. House came to order half an hour before eleven, and instantly adjourned, 28 to 25, on account of the races. Attended the races.

First race I did not see. It was a match race of two two-year old colts—one belonged to Tayloe, and the other to Devaul—for $1,000. Tayloe won. The second race I saw. Three four-year olds-a four mile heat-ran in eight minutes. The Democrat, Bonaparte, The Makepeace—the latter belonged to Tayloe, and beat. The bet was the Jockey purse of 500 dollars. A vast collection of people, about the same as last year.

Nov. 14, Wednesday. Did not attend the races. At the House, Short session.

Nov. 16, Friday. Have this week been reading Murray's Elements of Chemistry, a most excellent work, in two vols. Borrowed it of Mr. Rapine.

Nov. 20, Tuesday. So much engaged in making extracts from Murray's Principles of Chemistry, that I did not go to the Hall. This is an excellent work, containing the new nomenclature of airs, acids, etc.; giving clear, philosophical ideas of the principles of all natural bodies in the three king. doms, and a general and useful view of the operation and products of natural and artificial Chemistry.

Nov. 21, Wednesday. All our family, but General Wadsworth and myself, went to Mt. Vernon by water. Found I had a severe cold coming on. After Congress adjourned, walked with Mr. Pickering from the Capitol to Holt's Garden. When I got home, found myself quite exhausted, and had a very sick night.

Dec. 2, Sunday. Attended worship at the Capitol. Mr. McCormick preached. Mr. Jefferson and his Secretary, Burril, attended. Do not recollect to have seen his last Secretary, Harvey, at meeting. These are the men that broke


William and Mary's College, and were afterward expelled from New Jersey College for atheism and infidelity.

Mr. Taggart and myself attended the funeral of Mr.

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Balch, Mr. Wiley, McCormick, Taggart, and myself rode to the grave at Georgetown in the coach with the corpse. A large number of coaches.

Dec. 3–7. Attended at the Hall.

Dec. 9, Sunday. At the Capitol. Mr. McCormick preached on Profane Swearing, “ Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain." A pathetic, good sermon.

In the afternoon, attended Mr. Laurie's funeral sermon on the death of his child, “ I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me."

Dec. 12–14. Attended at the Capitol. Let Jess. have two dollars.

Dec. 16, Lord's Day. Attended in the Hall. A Mr. Glendy,f now settled in Baltimore, preached. He was on a moral subject—Live peaceably as much as possible with all men. His language remarkably refined and elegant, his mat

* Rev. James Laurie, D.D., was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1778, and educated at the University of Edinburgh. He came to America in 1802, to enter the service of the Associate Reformed Church. In 1803, he was installed pastor of the Associate Reformed Church at Washington, D. C., of which Ilon. Joseph Nourse, Register of the United States Treasury, was a leading member. Mr. Laurie continued pastor of this church until his death, in 1853. For the same time, fifty years, he was a clerk in the Register's office, a position to wbich be liad been appointed by Mr. Vourse. Williams College conferred the degree of D.D. upon him, 1815.-See Sprague's Anna's oj the American Pulpit.

† John Glendy, D.D., was born near Londonderry, Ireland, in 1755. He graduated at the University of Glasgow; studied theology, and was ordained to the ministry of the Presbyterian Church, and accepted a call from the church in Londonderry, where he soon acquired great influence among the people. He was outspoken against the policy of (reat Britain toward Ireland, and rendered himself obnoxious to the government. A troop of horse sent to arrest him burned his house on discovering his escape. He surrendered himself to the authorities, was tried, and condemned to perpetual exile. The ship in which he embarked put in at the port of Norfolk, Virginia, in distress. Mr. Glendy preached a sermon in the Court-house, by invitatior of the Captain, to the passengers and crew. Many citizens attended. Attracted by his eloquence and learning his story, they interested themselves in his behalf. This was in 1799. He soon received a call from Staunton, Virginia, where he supplied both the churches of Staunton and Bethel. In 1803, he was installed pastor of the Second Presbyte

the President disgusting. He is a flaming Irish patriot. A rebellion arose pretty much in his society; many were executed. He fled, and came to Virginia, and has now a large congregation in Baltimore. A Jr. Emmet, brother to Emmet, the Lawyer, who was executed, was with him.

Dec. 17–21. At the Capitol. Finished reading third volume of Gibbon's Roman History. Returned it, and took out the fourth volume.

Dec. 22, Saturday. No setting of the House. In my chamber all day. Studied hard.

Dec. 23, Sunday. Attended worship at the Treasury. Mr. Laurie alone. Sacrament. Full assembly. Three tables ; service very solemn; nearly four hours. Cold day.

Dec. 24, Monday. At the Capitol. Studied hard and late.

Dec. 25, Tuesılay, Christmas. Mr. Chittenden, Mr. Claggett, and myself went to the Catholic Chapel at Georgetown. A pretty good sermon by a Catholic Priest from Philadelphia. Singing solemn. Much ceremony, particularly in elevating the Cup and Wafer.

Dec. 26, Wellnesılay. Did not go to the Capitol. Very thin House, and nothing done. Studied hard.

Dec. 27, Thursday. At the Capitol. Dined with Mr. Nourse,* at his country-seat, back of Georgetown. Mr. Pickering, Hillhouse, and Smith, of Ohio, of the Senate; Mr. Taggart, Morrow, and myself, of the House; Mr. Laurie and lady, Mr. Van Ness and lady, made up our company. Returned early in the evening. Studied late.

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rian Church of Baltimore, where he continued until his death, in 1832.
IIc was Chaplain of the House of Representatives in 1806, and of the
United States Senate in 1815 and 1816.-See Sprague's Annals of the
American Pulpit.

* Joseph Nourse was born in London, 1754; died near Georgetown, D. C., 1861. He came to America in 1769; served during the Revolution as Secretary to General Charles Lee, Auditor of Continental Board of War, and Assistant Auditor-General. He was appointed Register of the United States Treasury in 1789, and held the office forty years.

He was Vice-President of the American Bible Society.See Drake's Dictionary Am. Biog.

work I had intended.

Dec. 30, Lord's Day. Attended at the Capitol. Mr. Laurie preached a good sermon. It was ingenious and handsomely delivered. People very attentive.

Dec. 31, Monday. At the War Office, on Mr. Cleaveland's business. Attended at the Capitol.

[From Thomas C. Cushing.]

SALEM, Nov. 15, 1804. REV. DR. CUTLER.

Dear Sir :—Before this reaches you, you will have learned that the result of that I was going to say, foolish-method of our Legislature, prescribed for the choice of electors, is such as our Virginia masters wish. A majority of our representatives to the next Congress will probably be of the same cast, and probably another election will make the whole so. Indeed, I am inclined to think it would be better that our representation should be wholly of this character, than of the mixed kind it now is. Parties, in that case, would probably soon assume a new name, and New England Democrats become in reality Federalists under such a new name. The Virginians are now so strong, even in the camp of their adversaries, that it appears impossible to prevent great concessions to her demands, which will undoubtedly make the difficulty of regaining our rights very great; but the men who will not reason or foresee consequences, and who are now making all the mischief among us, will by and by be convinced by their feelings, and will be most noisy, if not the most efficient, opposers of Virginia claims.

The difficulties into which the Virginia measures are leading the nation, I imagine, will be in some degree manifested in your present session, and it is not easy to see how government will manage the subject of Louisiana. The Message, which we now begin to expect, will no doubt gloss it over with a sufficient degree of sophistry. It is a matter of curiosity and inquiry, whether that — Burr will have the audacity to take his seat in the Senate, and, if he does, how will he be received and treated by that body. Can they submit to the degradation

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