Black Athena: The linguistic evidence
Rutgers University Press, 1987 - 807 pagina's
Could Greek philosophy be rooted in Egyptian thought? Is it possible that the Pythagorean theory was conceived on the shores of the Nile and the Euphrates rather than in ancient Greece? Could it be that Western civilization was born on the so-called Dark Continent? For almost two centuries, Western scholars have given little credence to the possibility of such scenarios. In Black Athena, an audacious three-volume series that strikes at the heart of today's most heated culture wars, Martin Bernal challenges Eurocentric attitudes by calling into question two of the longest-established explanations for the origins of classical civilization. The Aryan Model, which is current today, claims that Greek culture arose as the result of the conquest from the north by Indo-European speakers, or "Aryans," of the native "pre-Hellenes." The Ancient Model, which was maintained in Classical Greece, held that the native population of Greece had initially been civilized by Egyptian and Phoenician colonists and that additional Near Eastern culture had been introduced to Greece by Greeks studying in Egypt and Southwest Asia. Moving beyond these prevailing models, Bernal proposes a Revised Ancient Model, which suggests that classical civilization in fact had deep roots in Afroasiatic cultures. This long-awaited third and final volume of the series is concerned with the linguistic evidence that contradicts the Aryan Model of ancient Greece. Bernal shows how nearly 40 percent of the Greek vocabulary has been plausibly derived from two Afroasiatic languagesAncient Egyptian and West Semitic. He also reveals how these derivations are not limited to matters of trade, but extended to the sophisticated language of politics, religion, and philosophy. This evidence, according to Bernal, confirms the fact that in Greece an Indo-European people was culturally dominated by speakers of Ancient Egyptian and West Semitic. Provocative, passionate, and colossal in scope, this volume caps a thoughtful rewriting of history that has been stirring academic and political controversy since the publication of the first volume.Martin Bernal, formerly a fellow of King's College, Cambridge, and professor of government at Cornell University, is now retired.
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HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS AND THE IMAGE
THE NOSTRATIC AND EUROASIATIC HYPER
Archaeological evidence for the origin
Language and genetics
Loans from other languages into PIH
Development of an IndoEuropean gender system based
MORE SEMITIC LOANS INTO GREEK
The elements of the Greek linguistic amalgam
The phonologies of IndoHittite and IndoEuropean
Summary on syntactical changes
Ancient Greeks sense of lexical borrowing
GREEK BORROWINGS FROM EGYPTIAN PREFIXES
The Egyptian word pr house temple palace
R entry or local prefix
Dr Rdr drw
SIXTEEN MINOR ROOTS
Twins Apollo and Artemis
Anubis Hermes and Sparta
Late borrowings and Lykurgos
ATHENA AND ATHENS
Athens as a colony from Sais?
Ht ntr nt Nt Athenaia
Greek Words and Names with Proposed Afroasiatic Etymologies
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
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Aegean Afroasiatic languages Afroasiatic root Akkadian Anatolia Anatolian ancient Apollo appears Arabic Aramaic argued Armenian Artemis associated Astour Athena attested Bernal Bomhard Bomhard and Kerns borrowing Bronze Age Canaanite century BCE Chadic Chantraine Chap cluster cognate connection Coptic cult culture Cushitic derived divine Egyp Egypt Egyptian etymology etymology etymon explain Frisk and Chantraine Gamkrelidze and Ivanov Gardiner goddess Greece Greek words Hebrew Herodotos Hittite Homer Iliad indicates Indo Indo-European etymology Indo-European languages Indo-European root Indo-Hittite initial Jasanoff and Nussbaum Khoisan labiovelars language families Late Egyptian later Latin Linear linguistic loan meaning Millennium BCE Mycenaean Neit Nile Nostratic noun Orel and Stolbova origin parallel Pausanias Phoenician phonetic possible proposed provides reconstructed rendered Sanskrit scholars Second Millennium semantic Semitic root sense shift Spartan speakers suffix suggests Szemerényi Takács term tian tion toponym Ugaritic Urheimat verb vocalization vowels Vycichl West Semitic Zeus
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