« VorigeDoorgaan »
The people of the county fully appreciate the advantages of the County Fair. The number of entries would doubtless have been greater, but for a rule of the Board, requiring a per cent, on the premium to be advanced by the exbibiter; but the rule is approved by those of our citizens who have had the greatest observation and experience in the management of County Fairs.
The display in the several departments, especially in that of horses, cattle, and sheep, evidences a very decided improvement in the quality of the exhibitions.
The culture of the Cashmere goat is an enterprise which our Board has to some extent encouraged. Two years ago there was in this class but one entry, last year eight, and this year fifteen. The Cashmere seems well adapted to this climate, and the cross with the common goat is successful. There are now in this county about two hundred thoroughbred and grade Cashmere goats.
The establishment, in some of the townships, of Township F«irs, and in others the formation of societies for the discussion of agricultural subjects and the mutual improvement of their members in agricultural science, indicate a proper appreciation of the relative importance of agricultural pursuits.
It is very desirable to have the attendance on each day of the Fair as equal as possible, and to furnish to exhibiters the means of knowing on what day, and time of day, each animal or article will be exhibited. This was satisfactorily effected by a printed programme, setting 'orth the order of exercises, on slips of convenient size, distributed throughout the county.
The Logan County Agricultural Society have the honor to make to you their report for the past year.
The society held its annual Fair on the 24th, 25th, 26th and 27th days of September, and, considering the difficulties in which our county is involved, and the war excitement, it was successful beyond expectation. The number of entries
were as follows:
Jacks and mules 27
Total live stock 370
In all other classes 266 LORAIN COUNTY.
The sixteenth annual Fair of the Lorain County Agricultural Society came off at Elyria on the 25th, 26th, 27th and 28th days of September. The Fair, taking all things into consideration, was a good one, and may be considered equal to any of its predecessors; but, at the same time, the Fair had many things to contend with; among them may be named the general one of the war spirit which pervades all classes, and particularly the agriculturists. Then again President Lincoln's fast came on the second and most important day of the Fair, and to cap the chapter of set-backs to which we were subjected, it rained on each and every day of the last three of our Fair. But, notwithstanding all this, there was a good show of stock of all kiads, a fair show of fruit, garden vegetables, domestic manufactures, ornamental work, and military, and a good turn out of the people.
Whole number of entries, 903.
The Lorain County Agricultural Society may be considered in a generally flourishing condition, and a fixed and permanent institution. The directors had arranged a very liberal premium list, and had it not been for the fast day and the rain, our sixteenth annual Fair would have far exceeded any previous Fairs, and as it was, the number of entries and the receipts were greater than any other iair ever held by the Society.
The past season has been, so far as the weather was concerned, one of the most delightful The crops have been about an average. Wheat was good; oats and barley lair; hay not quite up to an average; corn about an average crop; potatoes not up to the average; fruit, but little. But take the season, all in all, it has been a pleasant and prosperous one to all classes, and particularly to the husbandman; always setting aside the evils produced by the great rebellion, which is desolating many a fireside even in Lorain county.
The last day of the Fair was devoted mainly to the military. A flag was presented to the best military company on exhibition. There were seven military companies, all of them well uniformed and drilled. Tbe banner was awarded to the " Chase Cadets," of Oberlin, Capt W. H Rice.
Number of members of the society, 422.
Butter made in the county 1861, 1,216,200; cheese, 1,325,181. Average bushels per acre 1861: wheat, 16; corn, 39; oats, 34; rye, 18; barley, 22; buckwheat, 18; potatoes, 119.
The striking characteristics for the season of 1861, were a cold, backward spring, with a "killing frost" on the morning of May 2d, and from that time to the end of the year the weather was delightful; so pleasant and fine was the season that if it had been made to order it could not have been beat. The grass-hoppers, in some portions of the county, and the army worm, so called, in other portions, were very destructive to potatoes and mmy other crops.
The general prospects of agriculture are good in Lorain county. Our farmers are beginning to comprehend the importance of more thorough agriculture, and among the most important that may be named in this respect is underdraining. When the cultivated lands of our county are thoroughly underdrained, then, and not till then, will Lorain county produce to its full capacity.
The period of dissatisfaction in the history of this society was fully reached at the close of the last year, and it was impossible to persuade our best men to accept and hold the offices of the society. The undersigned was, therefoie, elected president, and acted also as secretary. We held the fourth Fair at Toledo, on the 24th and 25th of September. The show was, in some respects, inferior to the last; but in horses and implements superior. The display of fruit was good. The ladies contributed liberally the products of domestic industry, and the show of rare flowers and leaf plants by Mr. Lenk was a brilliant feature of the exhibition. Our people, always generous on such occasions, filled the grounds. The "Gallant Fourteenth" favored us with a dress parade. Our finances are improved and sound, and, with a good board of officers for the ensuing year, we are quite hopeful.
Our county is improving, the climate is favorable, no serious drouth has affected this region in the ten years of my residence here. The crops of grass, corn, potatoes and fruit are unusually sure, and command good prices, so many and diverse markets are opened to us by the numerous and convenient channels of commerce. The system of drainage provided for in our ditch laws is working a cure for most of the disadvantages of the "north-west," and it may be safely claimed that no portion of the country now offer* better inducements to the enterprise of the young farmers of Ohio than this.
DARWIN E. GARDNER.
Our Society is in a more flourishing condition than since its organization, and during the past year has liquidated a debt of over 8309.
During the last fair, which was held on the 4th, 5th and 6th of September, 1861, no family tickets were sold, and we find the sale of single tickets more remunerative and equally satisfactory. The fair was not so good in point of display as on former occasions, and in this only were we disappointed.
This, however, must be attributed to the distracted condition of the country, and not to lack of interest or failure on the part of the management.
The crops were very gord, although not equal to the preceding year, and may be termed a fair average of all the products.
The crop of corn may be estimated at one and a half million of bushels, and the average product, 50 bushels per acre; wheat two hundred and fifty thousand bushels, and the average product, 20 bushels per acre. The season was very good.
Our fair was held on the 1st, 2d, 3d and 4th of October, 1861. It would be exceedingly tedious to give a lengthy account of the proceedings of the Agricultural Society of this county, but suffice it to say, that the Society is in a flourishing condition, its success during the last year being unequalled by any previous year since its earliest organization. The board as a general thing has been filled by the most energetic and active men in the county, men who have a concern for the welfare of the agricultural, manufacturing and mechanical interest of the county.
The number of members during the last year was three hundred and twenty.
The present prospects for its usefulness and progress have heretofore been unparalkled, and the finances are now in a betler and more encouraging condition than they have been for several years past, and the members generally evince a determination to render the organization permanent in its character and useful in its work.
The crops upon an average have been excellent during the past year. We have no striking1 char icteristics to report, nothing of any importance having happened to the crops of our county during the last year.
The different crops have been somewhat larger and of equally as good quality for the last year as ihey have been heretofore, and abundantly repaying the hand of industry and honest toil.
About the only destructive insects that have done any damage to the growing crops have bea n the yr-iss hoppers; they done some damage to the hay, and also injured the corn 8 'me. Wbile the damage done to t<ie hay crop has raised the price of hay p r ton io a price somewhat higher than usual, yet the scarcity of it is not gt-neraily felt by our farmer?.
As to a general view of agriculture in this county, we can only say, that the agricultural interests of the county are in a healthy and flourishing condition, the land gener lly bi-in,' un^er a fiae state of cultivation and usually producing fair crops, whi';h are gra-lu «lly and steadily enriching the county.
The principal crops raised in the county are wheat, of which there was stwn during the last year, (as nearly as we can now ascertain) about 10,837 acres, and yielding on an average about 13 bushels per acre; rye, number of acres sown about 1,180; corn, number of acres plmted during the last yeir, 13,742, an i producing on nn average about 3U bushels to the acre; oits, number of acres sown about 12,4 f 5, mid producing about 34 bushels to the acre on an average.
There was about 31,850 acres of meadow, which produced about 46,875 tons of hay.
The horses of the county are usually good. The farmers mostly look well to the " breed " of their horses and have the stock now well improved
Some of the finest cattle are raised in this county that can be found in Northern Ohio. Sheep of all kinds improving constantly. Much credit is due our farmers for their improvement in this department of stock.
The eleventh annual exhibition of the Marion County Agricultural Soc'ety, was advertised to be held on the Society s grounds, on 25th, 26th and 27th days of September, but owing to the National Fast being on the 26th, was postponed to the 2d, 3d and 4th days of October, 1861. The fair was what might be considered good these war times. Total number of entries 623.
There was no competition for premiums on field crops, the objection raised by most persons, is in being compelled to comply with the law; the expense and trouble is more than the majority of agriculturists are willing to undergo, especially on wheat, oats, rye and c;rass, as they come in a season of the year that time is precious with farmers. The number of members for 1861, was 94.
Marion county may be considered a grazing and grain growing county; the southern and somh-eastern to grain growing, the northern and western to grazing. The principal crops raised are, corn, hay, wheat, oats, buckwheat and rye, the three first named crops will be below an average this year.
Horses.—There has been considerable pains taken ol late years to improve the horse stock, several thorough bred horses having been introduced in the county, which have given every satisfaction. Several of our enterprising stock growers introduced a French Norman draft horse this season, but had the misfortune to lose him by disease, soon after. There has been quite a number of hor.-es shipped from this county for the army, as near as can bs ascertained 1,000 head, averaging 8S5 00 per head, making $85,000 for horses. The number of horses returned by assessors were 7 689 head, valued at $390,066. The number of entrie< at the fair were 83 head, most of which were very good.
Mules—There are some mules raised ia this county, mostly tent south, to K-'itucky, at weaning time ; value this season $30 00, other seasons 840 00 to StJO 00. The number of mules returned by assessors were 81 head, valued at $5,480. The number of entries at the fair was three.
Cattle.—In the stock of cattle there has been a great improvement in the last few years, mostly in Short-Horn and grade Short-Horn cittle. The grade cattle in this county are very good, some competing successfully wi h thorough bred cattle for sweepstake premiums (Why not have a grade list in S'.ate Fair premium list, if the great portion of our cattle in the State are to be improved, it