fortuna no

Or. 10. P.

SERM. in Navish toil, and in his old age was in reflection upon his

XL. life moved to say, that the days of his pilgrimage had been Gen. xlvii. few und evil. Joseph was maligned and persecuted by his 18.

brethren, sold away for a llave, Nandered for a most oor die heinous crime, thrust into a grievous prison, where his feet ändsving oxà were hurt with fetters, and his foul came into iron. Moses wurē. Socrates, was forced to fly away for his life, to become a vagabond Cato, Re, in a foreign place, to feed sheep for his livelihood ; to gulus, Phocion, '&c. spend afterward the best of his life in contesting with an

obstinately perverse prince, and in leading a mistrustful, exemplum nifi mala refractory, mutinous people, for forty years' time, through invenit.

non a vast and wild desert. Job, what a stupendous heap of misVid. Chryf. chiefs did together fall and lie heavy upon him? (Thou tom. v Or.

169. writest bitter things against me, he might well say.) David, et tom. vi. how often was he plunged in saddest extremity, and re107." duced to the hardest thifts; being hunted like a partridge Job xiii. in the wilderness by an envious master, forced to counterfeit i Sam. madness for his security among barbarous infidels; dispos

fessed of his kingdom, and persecuted by his own most fa. voured fon; deserted by his servants, reproached and scorned by his subjects y? Elias was driven long to sculk for his life, and to thift for his livelihood in the wilderness. Jeremy was treated as an impostor and a traitor, and cast into a miry dungeon; finding matter from his sufferings

for his doleful lamentations, and having thence occasion Lam. iii. 1. to exclaim, I am the man that have seen affliction by the As vii. 52. rod of his wrath, &c. Which of the Prophets were not 1 Cor. iv. persecuted and misused ? as St. Stephen asked. The Apo

Atles were pinched with all kinds of want, harassed with all sorts of toil, exposed to all manner of hazards, persecuted with all variety of contumelies and pains that can be

imagined : above all, our Lord himself beyond expression Chrys. tom. was a man of sorrow, and acquainted with grief, surpaffing

3. all men in suffering as he did excel them in dignity and


xxvi. 20.

and vii.

vi. Or. 93. Isa. liii. 3.

Υ Νυν και πάλαι ίξ και γεγόνασιν άνθρωποι άπαντες οί τω Θεώ φίλοι το συγνώ και επιμόχθω και μυρίων γήμoντι δεινών εκληρώθησαν βίω. Chry/. in Mari. Egypt. f. ν. 532.

'Ey rais reiproudis 5v9 8v os dixzoos, rois ázias ätartas 87w; , cysy • @sos diode 32.146ws. Chryf. in 2 Cor. Or. 27.

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in virtue ; extreme poverty, having not so much as where SERM. to lay his head, was his portion; to undergo continual XL. labour and travel, without any mixture of carnal ease or Mate. viji. pleasure, was his state; in return for the highest good-will,?0.

'Ex wap the and choicest benefits, to receive most cruel hatred and apôtov púrgrievous injuries, to be loaded with the bitterest re- Toode og para proaches, the fouleft Nanders, the forest pains which most să a sportos

: xuipõ Tas ter spiteful malice could invent, or fiercest rage inflict, this was his lot : Am.I poor ? so, may one say, was he to ex- saróras oí.'

• Cowv Isóv iso tremity; Am I Nighted of the world ? so was he notori- süpsiv praeco oully; Am I disappointed and crossed in my designs ? so twy ovu bien

wxéta ára was he continually, all his most painful endeavours having Igász w noo small effect; Am I deserted or betrayed of friends? so was measure

αν και πλείσους be by those who were most intimate, and most obliged žrav tieto him; Am I reviled, Nandered, misused? Was not hem

Π ανιαρούς. so beyond all comparison most outrageously?

Theod. Ep. Have all these, and many more, of whom the world was Heb. xi. 38. not worthy, undergone all sorts of inconvenience, being defiitute, afflicted, tormented; and shall we then disdain, or be sorry to be found in such company? Having such a Heb. xii. 3. cloud of martyrs, let us run with patience the race that is fet before us. Is it not an honour, should it not be a comfort to us, that we do, in condition, resemble them? If God hath thus dealt with those, who of all men have been deareft to him, shall we take it ill at his hands, that he, in any manner, dealeth so with us? Can we pretend, can we hope, can we even wish to be used better, than God's firstborn, and our Lord himself hath been? If we do, are we not monstrously fond and arrogant ? especially confidering, that it is not only an ordinary fortune, but the peculiar character of God's chosen, and children, to be often crossed, checked, and corrected; even Pagans have observed it, and avowed there is great reason for it; God, Sen. de Profaith Seneca, hath a futherly mind toward good men; and "d strongly loveth them therefore after the manner of severe parents, he educateth them hardly, &c. The Apostle doth in express terms assure us thereof; for, whom, saith he, Heb. xii. 6 the Lord loveth, he chasteneth, and scourgeth every fon whom" he receiveth. If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with


c. 2.



SERM. you as with fons--but if ye be without chastisement,
XL. whereof all (that is, all good men, and genuine sons of

God) are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not fons.
Would we be illegitimated, or expunged from the number

of God's true children; would we be divested of his special Ecclus. ii... Táxvov, ki

1. le regard and good-will? if not, why do we not gladly Epoolezo embrace, and willingly sustain adversity, which is by himpier, iroiva self declared fo peculiar a badge of his children, fo conroy The Yu- ftant a mark of his favour? if all good men do, as the χήν σε εις Flugacpír. Apostle asserteth, partake thereof; shall we, by displeafure

at it, shew that we desire to be assuredly none of that

party, that we affect to be discarded from that holy and John xvi. happy fociety? Verily, verily, I say unto you, that ye shall

weep and lament, but the world Mall rejoice. It is pecu

liarly the lot of Christians, as such, in conformity to their Rom. viii. afflicted Saviour; they are herein predestinated to be con

Theft. iii. formable to his image; to this they are appointed. (Let no 3:., ...., man, faith St. Paul, be moved by these afflictions, for ye Phil. iii. 10.

know, that we are appointed thereunto :) to this they are 1 Pet. ii. 20, called, (if when ye do well, faith St. Peter, and suffer for

it, ye take it patiently, this is acceptable with God; for even * Matt. xvi. 24. . 38." hereunto were ye called, this is propounded to them as a 2 Tim. iii. condition to be undertaken and undergone by them as 12. John xvi. 33. such; they are by profession crucigeri, bearers of the cross; μη θλίψιν

* (*if any one will come after me, let him deny himself, and ržizs. take up his cross and follow me; every one that will live buieaman godly in Christ Jesus, must suffer persecution :) by this are guftiarum they admitted into the state of Christians; (by many afflicperpeffus

quitions we must enter into the kingdom of heaven ;) this doth cruci milito. qualify them for enjoying the glorious rewards, which Hier. ad A fel. Ep. 99 their religion propoundeth ; (we are coheirs with Chrift; Vid. Greg

-22 so that, if we suffer together, we shall also together be gloNaz. Ep. rified with him ; if we endure, we hall also reign with 201.4d himz;) and shall we then pretend to be Christians, thall 2 Tim.ii.12. (Phil. iii. 10.)

z It is a privilege of Chriftians, in favour bestowed on them; wir izapirar. Phil. i. 29.

Our glory. Eph. iij. 13.
'Tromoviñs ETI xzuiry. Heb. x. 36.*
Faith and patience are consorts. Heb. vi. 12. Apoc. xiii. 10.


Acts xiv

we claim any benefit from thence, if we are unwilling to SERM. submit to the law, to attend the call, to comply with the XL. terms thereof? Will we enjoy its privileges, can we hope for its rewards, if we will not contentedly undergo what it requireth ? Shall we arrive to the end it propoundeth, without going in the way it prescribeth, the way which our Lord himself doth lead us in, and himself hath trod before us?

In fine, seeing adversity is, as hath been declared, a thing so natural to all men, fo common to most men, so incident to great men, so proper to good men, so peculiar to Christians, we have great reason to observe the Apostle's advice, Beloved, wonder not concerning the fiery 1 Pet. iv.1 2. trial, which is to try you, as if some strange thing happened to you; we should not wonder at it as a strange or uncouth thing, that we are engaged in any trouble or inconvenience here; we are consequently not to be affected with it as a thing very grievous.

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SERM. MOREOVER, considering the nature of this duty itself,

XLI. may be a great inducement and aid to the practice of it. Tim. vi. 1. It is itself a sovereign remedy for all poverty and all

sufferance; removing them, or allaying all the mischief "Esidi piyas in Poves they can do us. It is well and truly said by St. Austin,

Interest non qualia, sed qualis quis patiatur ; It is no matter μετα αυταρ

what, but how disposed a man suffereth : the chief mischief Aug. de

ini. any adversity can do us is to render us discontent; in that

consisteth all the sting and all the venom thereof; which
thereby being avoided, adversity can signify nothing preju-
dicial or noxious to us; all distraction, all diftemper, all
disturbance from it is by the antidote of contentedness pre-
vented or corrected. He that hath his desires moderated
to a temper suitable with his condition, that hath his paf-
fions composed and settled agreeably to his circumstances,
what can make any grievous impression on him, or render
him anywise miserable? he that taketh himself to have
enough, what doth he need? he that is well pleased to be
as he is, how can he be better? what can the largest
wealth, or highest prosperity in the world, yield more or
better than satisfaction of mind? he that hath this most ef-
sential ingredient of felicity, is he not thence in effect molt

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