Superconducting Super Collider Program and the Department of Energy's Budget for Fundamental Science: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Energy Research and Development of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session, ... April 24, 1990


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Page 105 - Sciences research is $80.2 million. This program will continue to emphasize molecular and cellular studies to examine how key biological processes operate, as well as studies of the structure of key macromolecules like DNA. Using this knowledge, researchers can learn more about how physical and chemical agents affect living processes. The research also identifies early indicators of biological damage, teaches us how cells repair themselves, and leads to new techniques for analyzing biological damage...
Page 111 - A major research needs assessment on coal liquefaction was also completed and will provide valuable information to help guide the program for the next several years. In addition to carrying out technical assessments and analyses, the ERA program plays a key role in coordinating the Department's involvement in acid rain research. Specifically, the program provides funds under the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) for summarizing the state of the science in acid rain research and...
Page 65 - Agencies, as well as with the Office of Management and Budget, the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Homeland Security Council.
Page 107 - These more precise measurements are crucial to further progress in understanding indoor radon, as well as damage to DNA and to the environment from energy-related missions. The FY 1991 budget request for Environmental Research is $44.7 million. This research activity, together with the Carbon Dioxide Research activity, which 1 will discuss next, provides information needed to address a number of important issues, including atmospheric chemistry, global climate processes, the resiliency of ecosystems...
Page 59 - Expenses request also includes funding to support longrange accelerator and detector research and development to develop the new concepts and technologies that are essential to the efficient operation, continued enhancement, and extension of accelerator and detector capabilities.
Page 62 - The SSC will be the world's preeminent facility for high energy physics research into the next century. The SSC is a proton-proton collider with an energy of 20 TeV per beam whose principal feature is two rings of approximately 10,000 superconducting magnets located in an underground tunnel 54 miles in circumference. The two rings of magnets will steer and focus the proton beams in opposite directions until they are made to collide at the various interaction regions where large detectors record the...
Page 53 - There is increasing anticipation that the unification of the strong nuclear and the electroweak forces into one "grand unified" framework may be possible, thus reducing the apparent number of forces in nature to two. The ultimate goal is a "super-grand" unification that would bring all of the forces in nature into a single unified framework.
Page 107 - FY 1gg0 request for the Analytical Technology activity is $16.2 million. This request will provide for research directed at developing new and more sensitive Instruments to make physical, chemical and biological measurements of energy-related emissions. These Instruments will also assist scientists in measuring human exposure and biological response to those emissions. Over the years, the Department's Medical Applications research has been at the forefront of important medical discoveries and has...
Page 113 - Watkins has made support for science education a personal and Departmental goal. He was an active participant in the President's Charlottesville Summit Conference. Last October, shortly after the Conference, the Secretary and Nobel Laureate Glenn Seaborg cohosted a Math/Science Education Action Conference in Berkeley, California. Over 200 senior representatives from Federal agencies, Congress, education associations, States, industry, and the National Laboratories met in working groups to formulate...
Page 14 - The spirit of a nation and the pride of its people can only be enhanced when science, including the exploration of our planet, solar system, galaxy, and universe is among its highest priorities.

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