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E P Í S T L E III.
TERE then wë rest : « The Universal Cause
end, but acts by various laws."
Look round our World; behold the chain of Love Combining all below and all above. See plastic Nature working to this end, The fingle atoms each to other tend,
lo Attract, attracted to, the next in place Form'd and impelld its neighbour to embrace.
WE are now come to the third epiftle of the Effay on Man. It having been shewn, in explaining the origin, use, and end of the Paflions, in the second epiftle, that Man kath focial as well as selfish paffions, that doctrine natutally introduceth the third, which treats of Man as a sociál animal ; and connects it with the second, which confidered him as an INDIVIDUAL.
Ver. 12. Form'd and impell d, etc.] To make Matter fo cohere as to fit it for the uses intended by its Creator, a proper configuration of its insentible parts, is as necessary as that
Ver. 1. In several Edit. in 4to.
Learn, Dulness, learn! “ The Universal Cause, stco Vol. III.
See Matter next, with various life endu'd,
Has God, thou fool, work'd solely for thy good, Thy joy, thy pastime, thy attire, thy food ? Who for thy table feeds the wanton fawn, For him as kindly spread the flow'ry lawn: 30
quality fo equally and universally conferred upon it, called Attraction. To express the first part of this thought, our. Author says form’d; and to express the latter, impellid.
Ver. 22. One all-extending, all-preserving Soul] which, in the language of Sir Isaac Newton, is, “ Deus omnipræsens “ eft, non per virtutem folam, sed etiam per fubftantiam :
nam virtus fine subftantia subliftere non poteft.” Newt. Princ. Schol. gen. fub finem.
VER. 23. Greatest with the least ;) as acting more strongly and immediately in beasts, whose instinct is plainly an external reason; which made an old school-man say, with great elegance, “ Deus est anima brutorum:”
In this 'cis God directs
Is it for thee the lark ascends and fings?
40 The hog, that plows not, nor obeys thy call, Lives on the labours of this lord of all.
Know, Nature's children shall divide her care ; The fur that warms a monarch, warm’d a bear. While Man exclaims, “ See all things for my “ See man for mine!” replies a pamper'd goose : And just as short of reason He must fall, Who thinks all made for one, not one for all.
Grant that the pow'rful still the weak controul ; Be Man the Wit and Tyrant of the whole : 50
VER. 45. See all things for my use! ] On the contrary, the wise man hath faid, Tbe Lord bath made all things for himself, Prov, xvi. 4.
What care to tend, to lodge, to cram, to treat him !
Nature that Tyrant checks; he only knows,
life his learned hunger craves,
Vzr. 68. Than favour'd Man, etc.] Several of the ancients, and many of the Orientals fince, efteemed those who were struck by lightning as sacred persons, and the particular fa. vourites of Heaven.