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nothing save that the MS., a first copy, is in Coleridge's handwriting. It was probably written for and may have been published in a newspaper or periodical. It was certainly written at Highgate.
Of the first drafts and alternative versions of well-known poems thirteen are now printed for the first time. Two versions of "The Eolian Harp', preserved in the Library of Rugby School, and the dramatic fragment entitled • The Triumph of Loyalty', are of especial interest and importance.
An exact reproduction of the text of the ‘ Ancyent Marinere' as printed in an early copy of the Lyrical Ballads of 1798 which belonged to S. T. Coleridge, and a collation of the text of the Introduction to the Tale of the Dark Ladié', as published in the Morning Post, Dec. 21, 1799, with two MSS. preserved in the British Museum, are included in Appendix No. I.
The text of the 'Allegoric Vision’ has been collated with the original MS. and with the texts of 1817 and 1829.
A section has been devoted to “Metrical Experiments”; eleven out of thirteen are now published for the first time. A few critical notes by Professor Saintsbury are, with his kind permission, appended to the text.
The bibliographical record of the successive editions of poems and dramas published by Coleridge himself and of the principal collected and selected editions which have been published since 1834 is long and intricate, but the history of the gradual accretions may be summed up in a few sentences. “The Fall of Robespierre' was published in 1795. A first edition, entitled 'Poems on Various Subjects', was published in 1796. Second and third editions, with additions and subtractions, followed in 1797 and 1803. Two poems, “ The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere' and “The Nightingale, a Conversation Poem', and two extracts from an unpublished drama (Osorio ') were included in the Lyrical Ballads of 1798. A quarto pamphlet containing three poems, 'Fears in Solitude,' France : An Ode,' Frost at
'• Midnight,' was issued in the same year. 'Love' was first published in the second edition of the Lyrical Ballads, 1800. "The Three Graves,' 'A Hymn before Sunrise, &c.,' and 'Idolo
clastes Satyrane', were included in the Friend (Sept.-Nov., 1809). Christabel,''Kubla Khan,' and 'The Pains of Sleep' were published by themselves in 1816. Sibylline Leaves, which appeared in 1817 and was described as “A Collection of Poems', included the contents of the editions of 1797 and 1803, the poems published in the Lyrical Ballads of 1798, 1800, and the quarto pamphlet of 1798, but excluded the contents of the first edition (except the Eolian Harp'), Christabel ', 'Kubla Khan', and The Pains of Sleep'. The first collected edition of the Poetical Works (which included a selection of the poems published in the three first editions, a reissue of Sibylline Leaves, the ‘Wanderings of Cain', a few poems recently contributed to periodicals, and the following dramas--the translation of Schiller's Piccolomini', published in 1800, "Remorse'a revised version of Osorio'--published in 1813, and 'Zapolya', published in 1817) was issued in three volumes in 1828. A second collected edition in three volumes, a reissue of 1828, with an amended text and the addition of “The Improvisatore' and 'The Garden of Boccaccio', followed in 1829.
Finally, in 1834, there was a reissue in three volumes of the contents of 1829 with numerous additional poems then published or collected for the first time. The first volume contained twenty. six juvenilia printed from letters and MS. copybooks which had been preserved by the poet's family, and the second volume some forty 'Miscellaneous Poems', extracted from the Note: books or reprinted from newspapers. The most important additions were 'Alice du Clos', then first published from MS., "The Knight's Tomb’and the 'Epitaph'. 'Love, Hope, and Patience in Education', which had appeared in the Keepsake of 1830, was printed on the last page of the third volume.
After Coleridge's death the first attempt to gather up the fragments of his poetry was made by his 'latest editor 'H. N. Coleridge in 1836. The first volume of Literary Remains contains the first reprint of The Fall of Robespierre', some thirty-six poems collected from the Watchman, the Morning Post, &c., and a selection of fragments then first printed from a MS. Notebook, now known as the Gutch Memorandum Book '.
H. N. Coleridge died in 1843, and in 1844 his widow prepared a one-volume edition of the Poems, which was published by Pickering. Eleven juvenilia which had first appeared in 1834 were omitted and the poems first collected in Literary Remains were for the first time included in the text. In 1850 Mrs. H. N. Coleridge included in the third volume of the Essays on His Own Times six poems and numerous epigrams and jeux d'esprit which had appeared in the Morning Post and Courier. This was the first reprint of the Epigrams as a whole. A new edition of the Poems which she had prepared in the last year of her life was published immediately after her death (May, 1852) by Edward Moxon. It was based on the one volume edition of 1844, with unimportant omissions and additions ; only one poem, “The Hymn’ was published for the first time from MS.
In the same year (1852) the Dramatic Works (not including * The Fall of Robespierre'), edited by Derwent Coleridge, were published in a separate volume.
In 1863 and 1870 the 'new edition' of 1852 was reissued by Derwent Coleridge with an appendix containing thirteen poems collected for the first tinte in 1863. The reissue of 1870 contained a reprint of the first edition of the 'Ancient Mariner'.
The first edition of the Poetical Works, based on all previous editions, and including the contents of Literary Remains (vol. i) and of Essays on His Own Times (vol. ii), was issued by Basil Montagu Pickering in four volumes in 1877. Many poems (including Remorse') were collated for the first time with the text of previous editions and newspaper versions by the editor, Richard Herne Shepherd. The four volumes (with a Supple
. ment to vol. ii) were reissued by Messrs. Macmillan in 1880.
Finally, in the one-volume edition of the Poetical Works issued by Messrs. Macmillan in 1893, J. D. Campbell included in the text some twenty poems and in the Appendix a large number of poetical fragments and first drafts then printed for the first time from MS.
The frontispiece of this edition is a photogravure by Mr.
Emery Walker, from a pencil sketch (circ. 1818) by C. R. Leslie, R.A., in the possession of the Editor. An engraving of the sketch, by Henry Meyer, is dated April, 1819.
I desire to express my thanks to my kinsman Lord Coleridge for opportunity kindly afforded me of collating the text of the fragments first published in 1893 with the original MSS. in his possession, and of making further extracts; to Mr. Gordon Wordsworth for permitting me to print a first draft of the poem addressed to his ancestor on the 'Growth of an Individual Mind’; and to Miss Arnold of Fox How for a copy of the first draft of the lines ‘On Revisiting the Sea-shore'.
I have also to acknowledge the kindness and courtesy of the Authorities of Rugby School, who permitted me to inspect and to make use of an annotated copy of Coleridge's translation of Schiller's Piccolomini', and to publish first drafts of The Eolian Harp' and other poems which had formerly belonged to Joseph Cottle and were presented by Mr. Shadworth Hodgson to the School Library.
I an indebted to my friend Mr. Thomas Hutchinson for valuable information with regard to the authorship of some of the fragments, and for advice and assistance in settling the text of the Metrical Experiments and other points of difficulty.
Lastly, I wish to thank Mr. H. S. Milford for the invaluable assistance which he afforded me in revising my collation of the Songs of the Pixies' and the Introduction to the Tale of the Dark Ladié', and some of the earlier poems, and the Reader of the Oxford University Press for numerous hints and suggestions, and for the infinite care which he has bestowed on the correction of slips of my own or errors of the press.
ERNEST HARTLEY Coleridge,
It should have been stated that Mr. William Heinemann is
Genevieve. (MSS. O., E.]