“ There are two little books published by the Foulis, “Telemachus,' and "Collins's Poems,' each a shilling : I would be glad to have them.

“ Make my compliments to Mrs. Boswell, though she does not love me. You see what perverse things ladies are, and how little fit to be trusted with feudal estates. When she mends and loves me, there may be more hope of her daughters.

“: I will not send compliments to my friends by name, because I would be loth to leave any out in the enumeration. Tell them, as you see them, how well 1 spak of Scotch politeness, and Scotch hospitality, and Scotch beauty, and of everything Scotch, but Scotch oat-cakes, and Scotch prejudices.

• Let me know the answer of Rasay, and the decision relating to Sir Allan.1 I am, my dearest Sir, with great affection, “Your most obliged and most humble servant,

""SAM. Johnson.” After my return to Scotland, I wrote three letters to him, from which I extract the following passages :

“I have seen Lord Hailes since I came down. He thinks it wonderful that you are pleased to take so much pains in revising his ‘Annals.' I told him that you said you were well rewarded by the entertainment which you had in reading them."

“There has been a numerous flight of Hebrideans in Edinburgh this summer, whom I have been happy to entertain at my house. Mr. Donald Macqueen 2 and Lord Monbuddo supped with me one evening. They joined in controverting your proposition, that the Gaelic of the Highlands and Isles of Scotland was not written till of late.”

“My mind has been somewhat dark this summer. I have need of your warming and vivifying rays; and I hope I shall have them frequently. I am going to pass some time with my father at Auchinleck.”


London, August 27, 1775. I am returned from the annual ramble into the middle counties. Having seen nothing I had not seen before, I have nothing to relate. Time has left that part of the island few antiquities; and commerce has left the people no singularities. I was glad to go abroad, and, perhaps, glad to come home; which is, in other words, I was, I am afraid, weary of being at home, and weary of being abroad. Is not this the state of life? But, if we confess this weariness, let us not lament it; for all the wise and all the good say, that we may cure it.

For the black fumes which rise in your mind, I can prescribe nothing but that you disperse them by honest business or innocent pleasure, and by reading, sometimes easy, and sometimes serious. Change of place is useful; and I hope that your residence at Auchinleck will have many good effects.

1 A law-suit carried on by Sir Allan Maclean, chief of his clan, to recover certain parts of his family estates from the Duke of Argyle.--BOSWELL.

2. A very learned minister in the Isle of Skyc, whom both Dr. Johnson and I have mentioned with regard.—Boswell.

“ That I should have given pain to Rasay, I am sincerely sorry; and am therefore

very much pleased that he is no longer uneasy. He still thinks that I have represented him as personally giving up the Chieftainship. I meant only that it was no longer contested between the two houses, and supposed it settled, perhaps, by the cession of some remote generation, in the house of Dunvegan. I am sorry the advertisement was not continued for three or four times in the paper.

“ That Lord Monboddo and Mr. Macqueen should controvert a position contrary to the imaginary interest of lit rary or national prejudice, might be easily imagined; but of a standing fact there ought to be no controversy ; if there are men with tails, catch an homo caudatus ; if there was writing of old in the Highlands or Hebrides, in the Erse language, produce the manuscripts. Where men write, they will write to one another; and some of their letters, in families studious of their ancestry, will be kept.

In Wales there are many manuscripts.

I have now three parcels of Lord Hailes's history, which I purpose to return all the next week : that his respect for my little observations should keep his work in suspense, makes one of the evils of my journey. It is in our language, I think, a new mode of history which teils all that is wanted, and, I suppose, all that is known, without laboured splendour of language, or affected subtlety of conjecture. The exactness of his dates raises my wonder. He seems to have the closeness of Henault without his constraint.

“Mrs. Thrale was so entertained with your 'Journal,'i that she almost read herself blind. She has a great regard for you.

“Of Mrs. Boswell, though she knows in her heart that she does not love me, I am always glad to hear any good, and hope that she and the little dear ladies will have neither sickness nor any other affliction. But she knows that she does not care what becomes of me, and for that she may be sure that I think her very much to blame.

Never, my dear Sir, do you take it into your head to think that I do not love you ; you may settle yourself in full confidence both of my love and my esteem; I love you as a kind man, I value you as a worthy man, and hope in time to reverence you as a man of exemplary piety. I hold you, as Hamlet has it, ‘in my heart of hearts,' and, therefore, it is little to say, that I am, Sir,

“Your affectionate humble servant,




August 30, 1775. “If in these papers 2 there is little alteration attempted, do not suppose me egligent. I have read them perhaps more closely than the rest; but I find nothing worthy of an objection. “Write to me soon, and write often, and tell me all your honest heart.


“I am, Sir,
“Yours affectionately,


1 My “ Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides," which that lady read in the original manuscript.-Boswell.

2 Another parcel of Lord Hailes's " Annals of Scotland."-BOSWELL.


September 14, 1775. “I now write to you, lest in some of your freaks and humours you should ancy yourself neglected. Such fancies I must entreat you never to admit, at least never to indulge; for my regard for you is so radicated and fixed, that it is become part of my mind, and cannot be effaced but by some cause uncommonly violent; therefore whether I write or not, set your thoughts at rest. I now write to tell you that I shall not very soon write again, for I am to set out to-morrow on another journey.

“Your friends are all well at Streatham and in Leicester-fields." Make my compliments to Mrs. Boswell, if she is in good humour with me.

I am, Sir, &c.,


1 Where Sir Joshua Roynolds lived. --Boswell.

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THAT he mentions in such light terms as, “I am to set out to

morrow on another journey,” I soon afterwards discovered was no less than a tour to France with Mr. and Mrs. Thrale. This was the only time in his life that he went upon the Continent.

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Calais, Sept. 13, 1775. We are here in France, after a very pleasing passage of no more than six hours. I know not when I shall write again, and therefore I write now, though you cannot suppose that I have much to say. You have seen France yourself. From this place we are going to Rouen, and from Rouen to Paris, where Mr. Thrale designs to stay about five or six weeks. We have a regular recommendation to the English resident, so we shall not be taken for vagabonds. We think to go one way and return another, and see as much as we can. I will try to speak a little French ; I tried hitherto but little, but I spoke sometimes. If I heard better, 1 suppose I should learn faster.

"I am, Sir, your humble servant,

"SAM. Johnson."



Paris, Oct. 23, 1775. We are still here, commonly very busy in looking about us. We have been to-day at Versailles. You have seen it, and I shall not describe it. We came yesterday from Fontainebleau, where the Court is now. We went to see the King and Queen at dinner, and the Queen was so impressed by Miss, 1 that she sent one of the gentlemen to inquire who she was, I find all true that you have ever told me at Paris. Mr. Thrale is very liberal, and keeps us two coaches, and a very fine table ; but I think our cookery very bad. Mrs. Thrale got into a convent of English nuns, and I talked with her through the grate, and I am very kindly used by the English Benedictine friars. But upon the whole I cannot make much acquaintance here; and though the churches, palaces, and some private houses are very magnificent, there is no very great pleasure after having seen many, in seeing more ; at least the pleasure, whatever it be, must some time have an end, and we are beginning to think when we shall come home. Mr. Thrale calculates that as we left Streatham on the 15th of September, we shall see it again about the 15th of November.

“I think I had not been on this side of the sea five days before I found a sensible improvement in my health. I ran a race in the rain this day, and beat Baretti. Baretti is a fine fellow, and speaks French, I think, quite as well as English.

“Make my compliments to Mrs. Williams; and give my love to Francis, and tell my friends that I am not lost. I am, dear Sir,

“Your affectionate humble, &c.,




Edinburgh, Oct. 24, 1775. “If I had not been informed that you were at Paris, you should have had a letter from me by the earliest opportunity, announcing the birth of my son, on the 9th instant ; I have named him Alexander, after my father. I now write, as I suppose your fellow-traveller, Mr. Thrale, will return to London this week, to attend his duty in Parliament, and that you will not stay behind him.

“I send another parcel of Lord Hailes's ‘Annals. I have undertaken to solicit you for a favour to him, which he thus requests in a letter to me: 'I intend soon to give you “The Life of Robert Bruce,” which you will be pleased to transmit to Dr. Johnson. I wish that you could assist me in a fancy which I have taken, of getting Dr. Johnson to draw a character of Robert Bruce, from the account that I give of that prince. If he finds materials for it in my work,

1 Miss Tbrale.--BOSWELL.

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