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sympathy on Ireland's behalf; and that, on the wings of many a prayer her sorrows are borne into the “holiest of all.” But, notwithstanding this, England has never unitedly and practically stood forth to the accomplishment of her entire evangelization. In her great and allabsorbing concern for the distant heathen, she seems to have almost overlooked the millions of her own unhappy subjects, who live and die on the sister isle, unnoticed and unsaved. Gratitude, however, cannot overlook the operations of the various important societies, which British benevolence has sustained on Ireland's behalf; but, without cherishing the least semblance of ingratitude, we cannot but feel that those operations, valuable and important as they are, are vastly inadequate to meet the claims of a perishing country. England has given much of her money, and, true it is, that little can be done without it; but it is equally true, that money is comparatively useless to any missionary society destitute of men. It is men that Ireland wants,---men, all heart, and zeal, and prudence-men, whose souls are full to overflowing of love to Christ and poor perishing sinners-men, that will adapt themselves to the very peculiar state of the country-men, that will value the smile and the blessing of the poor and the depressed, and that will delight to enter the cabin among the mountains, as well as the mansions of the rich, there to make known the unsearchable riches of Christ. Oh! yes, sir, such men may find a home in the affections and sympathies of a people, capable of warm and grateful attachment to those who may bless them.
It is often said, that Ireland can hate, and, when her giant indignation is aroused, she certainly can; but, oh! she can love as well as hate, and love with all her heart. Let but her evangelization be accomplished, and earth with all its amplitude will be contracted enough for a display of her affectionate regard. Her own shores will not limit the overflowings of her pitying heart, the outburstings of her diffusive benevolence.
But, is not Ireland inaccessible to the gospel ? is a question often suggested by our friends in England. Inaccessible ! Oh! no. Were it not that I should be guilty of egotism, I could tell of many hundreds, yea thousands of her children, who have appeared delighted to listen to the accents of mercy from my own lips. Yes, sir, it has been my happiness, during a two months' missionary tour, through a large district of the country, to witness multitudes of precious souls rallying around the standard of the cross, on some of Erin's most beautiful mountains, as well as in some of her most lovely valleys. Many a spot in her moral wilderness became beautiful beneath the radiance of gospel light, and much of her moral atmosphere grew sweet and fragrant with our songs of praise. On these hallowed occasions, I have seen hundreds of our Roman Catholic brethren, meeting with their Protestant friends of almost all denominations, and, looking each other in the face, have reciprocated the rich smile of patriotism, and the bland recognition of social affection, for which Ireland is so distinguished. I have seen them delightfully forgetful of their names and distinctions, under a deep sense of their common value as intelligent, immortal, and
responsible beings. When the melting narrative of the overflowings of a Saviour's heart towards men has been the missionary's theme, I have seen the big tear of penitence roll down the flushed cheek of the hardy looking Irishman, and a scene has been presented, which no heart susceptible of feeling could possibly resist. I have seen them on these interesting jubilee occasions crowding around the ambassador of peace, to pour upon him the warmest and best blessing their gratitude could suggest. With avidity they would receive the tract from his hands, or especially anything written in Irish, which is the language of their country and their feeling. I have seen them crowding upon the shore, or in the street, or into some adjacent demesne to listen to the glad tidings of salvation. Hundreds, in our larger and more benighted towns, who, perhaps, had never heard the gospel before, flocked to listen to its sound : nor were they at all mindful to suppress their feeling on the matter. On one occasion they exclaimed, “We have nothing to say against that:”- and on another, a poor Romanist observed, “ And sure, that's the religion that is to spread all over the world."
Many a dear missionary, perhaps, sir, could disclose similarly important and encourging facts. Ireland inaccessible to the gospel ! Certainly not. Naturally an Irishman is a religious being. How devoted is he to the superstitions, rites, and ceremonies of that system which he has so unhappily embraced. Besides, will any one say an Irish heart is incapable of feeling the power of the Cross, or of admiring the excellencies of the Saviour ? But, in many parts of Ireland, no access has been sought,-multitudes of her children have never heard the voice of a christian missionary, and how can they accept or believe the gospel unless it be sent them? Numbers of beautiful islands stud her coast, whereon the standard of the cross has never been planted. Millions are perishing“ because no man careth for their souls !" But will England permit this? Will she restrain her almost unbounded goodness from blessing the land of her care ? Shall India, and China, and Africa, participate in that goodness, and shall poor Ireland be overlooked ? Besides, Ireland is her own, and “ how can she bear to see the destruction of her kindred ?” She cannot-she must not deny herself. Will not England, then, send us some men as well as money? Ireland has not men sufficient in number to meet her pressing demands. Perhaps, in some places, England might be burdened with men, and it would be an ease to the country to spare a hundred or so of them for Ireland. Oh! what an impression & hundred men, all devoted to Christ and souls, would make in Ireland ! But if there are not men already ripe for the work, how happy should we be to hail among us a goodly band of warm-hearted, intelligent, and zealous young brethren, who would devote their lives and energies to the salvation of the land ; and sure I am that any sacrifice they might make in leaving the land of their birth, their feelings and their prayers, would be amply repaid them in the smile, in the gratitude, and affections,' in which dear christians in Ireland would destine them to live. Oh! yes, there is a feeling, a warmth, a something better experienced than explained, which exists in the Irish bosom, and which adapts itself to a certain class of an Englishman's feelings, which he does not meet with any where else. But, oh! there are motives far greater than these, and which tell more mightily upon the christian's mind,-motives which should weigh much with England on behalf of Ireland, motives, which, in the first instance, cluster with imperishable tenderness around the cross of Jesus,_motives, which stand connected with the immense value, as well as with the solemn destinies of immortal souls,-motives, which regard England's own happiness, and the happiness, prosperity, and glory of the whole world. But, perhaps, many a young brother in England will enquire, “ How can I engage myself in Ireland's behalf? If I enter Highbury, or Coward, or Exeter, I am expected to labour at home. If I enter the ranks of Home or Foreign Missions, it must be on conditions that will exclude my devoting myself to Ireland." These are difficulties which I myself have felt. i had often looked upon the sister land with great concern, and with great regard ; my sympathy on her behalf seemed to know no vehicle or medium through which I could put it into practice. I did not know of even the existence of the Dublin Theological Institution, and especially I did not know that its important advantages were open to Englishmen; and I am sure I
upon me to say, that that valuable Institution is open to any similarly circumstanced, who may
wish to devote themselves wholly to the salvation of Ireland. Young men studying for the ministry in Ireland, have this further advantage, of adapting themselves to the feelings and habits of the country of their adoption, during their preparation for the work. The brethren of the Institution have the opportunity, during their vacation, of visiting large districts of the country; and certain I am, that they never return from these pioneering excursions, without being pained at the reflection, that, after all the delightful interest produced in those districts, there are none to follow up their labours. In many parts of the country, the operations of the Church of England Home Mission have ceased. Its agents were blessed to the salvation of many souls; but our solitary places are no longer glad for them, and our deserts, which smiled and blossomed beneath their culture, are sinking back again into their former barrenness and sterility. Alas! that human laws should interfere with the salvation of a country! Gladly would we hail our brethren back to the sweet scenes of their important labours; but, whilst we are waiting for these, a country is being lost, and souls are everywhere perishing. Oh! that England knew how ripe Ireland is for her aid ! Surely if she refuse to give it, the blood of unhappy millions will rest upon her head,
May the Lord, in his infinite
Ireland ! In all her weakness and wretchedness, may He pity her; in all her wickedness and guilt; may He forgive her! By the influence of his grace, may He engage the warm missionary hearts of England on her behalf ! May many an ambassador, not of a sect, but of Jesus and his gospel, respond to her cry, “ Come over and help us,”-that Ireland, herself leavened, may go forth, in the greatness of her might, to the salvation of a world!
I remain, dear Sir, your's, &c. A STUDENT. DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.
SAILORS' HOME, MR. BUCKINGHAM'S SPEECH.
(From the ' Nautical Magazine.')
Mr. BUCKINGHAM said, that he rejoiced to see before him so convincing a proof, as this overflowing audience furnished, of the deep interest which had at length been awakened in the sailor's behalf. This was the third public meeting that he had had the privilege of attending in New Orleans, during the past week, on this subject each increasing in interest, until they had now arrived at a point, when all the city seemed to be awakened to its importance. He felt therefore the full force of the responsibility that lay upon him; the largeness and respectability of the audience, the sacredness of the day, and the solemnity of the place, added to the interest of the cause itself, made him feel the greatest anxiety that the proceedings of the evening should be conducted in the most efficient and becoming manner, and that its results should be worthy of the occasion that had brought them together.
He said, the order in which he desired to present this subject to his hearers, was the following: First—To show that sailors were a most neglected class, and to assign the reasons for this. Secondly, to show that they had powerful claims to our attention and support. Thirdly, to enumerate the disadvantages under which they laboured, as com. pared with other classes. Fourthly, the temptations to which they were exposed, and the sufferings and injuries to which they were subjected on this account. Lastly, to point out the mode by which their condition could be improved ; and to show, by the example of other sea-port towns, what good has been done by such modes being adopted.
First, as to the fact of sailors being a neglected class, no man acquainted with their history or condition could doubt it. There were benevolent institutions, clubs, societies, associations for almost every class but seamen ; and therefore it was, that no portion of the community derived so little assistance from their fellow-men as sailorsfewer of their number rose from the common ranks to the superior, than of any other class, and much fewer • laid-by' the means of providing for themselves in sickness or old age; so, that when these came among them, being unprovided, they were without relief. One great cause of this, no doubt, was the state of separation in which they lived from the rest of the world. They passed the greater part of their lives on another element from that occupied by men in general
“ Their march was on the mountain wave,
Their home was on the deep.”
And, therefore, being constantly removed from the presence of their fellow-men, they enjoy but little of their sympathy; thus proving the truth of the old adage, “out of sight, out of mind."
Secondly, their claims, however, to the sympathy and assistance of their fellow-men, were as strong as that which could be presented by any class of the community; as would be seen by a very slight enumeration of them. 1st, They were the chief instruments by which the Deity had chosen that the world should be progressively made known to its own inhabitants ; for, from the day when the ark rested on Arrarat up to the present hour, all great discoveries of continents, islands, and seas, had been made by intrepid and hardy navigators; and though we dwelt chiefly on the names of the leaders of such expeditions, they would have been nothing without the seamen. How much we venerate such leaders and honor even their descendants, might be seen in the fact, that at the present moment there had just arrived in the city of New Orleans, a Florentine lady, the lineal descendant of the great Amerigo Vespucci, one of the early discoverers of this continent; and all classes of citizens, from the members of congress at Washington, to the humblest member of the community, vied with each other, to pay her homage. This was a noble feeling, worthy of all commendation ; but if he could only summon up from their graves, the departed navigators of the olden time, Da Gama, Columbus, Vespucci, and Raleigh, and others of that heroic age, and bid them tell the audience by whose bravery, firmness, energy, patience, perseverance, and skill, their voyages had been accomplished, and their discoveries achieved, there would not be one who would not say—“To our intrepid mariners were we mainly indebted for success; and to them, in future, be accorded a full share of the honours we enjoy.” 2nd, As the agents of commerce, as well as of discovery, they are also fairly entitled to our support. The two countries of Britain and America owe more to their ships and seamen than to almost any other agency, the great prosperity they now enjoy. What would it avail England to be the largest manufacturers in the world, but for her
convey these products to distant quarters of the globe for sale? And what would it avail the United States, though her fertile lands yield so much more of food in grain, and materials in cotton, sugar, rice, indigo, and other valuable products, were it not that her seamen transport this surplus to every shore, in search of purchasers, who give it all the value it possesses ? The opulent planter and the wealthy merchant of America, as well as the extensive manufacturer and rich trader of England, are indebted, in a great degree, to the seamen of their respective countries for the wealth they enjoy : and almost every member of the community in both nations, if they but look around on all they eat, drink, wear, and consume in their dwellings in a single day, will see how much of it is foreign produce, which never could be purchased or procured but by the agency of ships and seamen who produce and fabrics of their own country, and bring back, in return, the productions of almost every other region under the sun, from the Frozen Sea to the Torrid Zone, and from California to the Equator.
carry out the